Verb retrieval and sentence production in aphasia.


:This paper presents a subject with a selective verb retrieval deficit. Nouns were produced more successfully than verbs in spontaneous speech, picture naming and when naming to definition. The word class effect was not observed in comprehension tasks, reading aloud or writing. This indicated that it was due to a specific problem in accessing verbs' phonological representations from semantics. The second part of the paper explores the implications of the verb deficit for sentence production. Analyses of narrative speech revealed a typically agrammatic profile, with minimal verb argument structure and few function words and inflections. Two investigations suggested that the sentence deficit was at least partly contingent upon the verb deficit. In the first, the subject was asked to produce a sentence with the aid of a provided noun or verb. The noun cues were not effective in eliciting sentences, whereas verb cues were. The second investigation explored the effects of therapy aiming to improve verb retrieval. This therapy resulted in better verb retrieval and improved sentence production with those verbs. These findings suggest that an inability to access verbs' phonological representations can severely impair sentence formulation. Implications for models of sentence production are considered.


Brain Lang


Brain and language


Marshall J,Pring T,Chiat S




Has Abstract


1998-06-15 00:00:00














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    journal_title:Brain and language

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    authors: Wu YC,Coulson S

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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  • Perception and production of tone in aphasia.

    abstract::An acoustical and perceptual study of lexical tone was conducted to evaluate the extent and nature of tonal disruption in aphasia. The language under investigation was Thai, a tone language which has five lexical tones--mid, low, falling, high, and rising. Subjects included six left brain-damaged aphasics (two Broca's...

    journal_title:Brain and language

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gandour J,Petty SH,Dardarananda R

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  • Nonverbal communication as a compensative strategy for severely nonfluent aphasics? A quantitative approach.

    abstract::Seven severely nonfluent aphasics and one relative or close friend were investigated in an interview situation. The conversation was videotaped and analyzed for the use of nonverbal communication between aphasic and partner. The results indicate that the group of aphasics used significantly more frequently and for a s...

    journal_title:Brain and language

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herrmann M,Reichle T,Lucius-Hoene G,Wallesch CW,Johannsen-Horbach H

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  • Does silent reading speed in normal adult readers depend on early visual processes? evidence from event-related brain potentials.

    abstract::Little is known about the relationship of reading speed and early visual processes in normal readers. Here we examined the association of the early P1, N170 and late N1 component in visual event-related potentials (ERPs) with silent reading speed and a number of additional cognitive skills in a sample of 52 adult Germ...

    journal_title:Brain and language

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Korinth SP,Sommer W,Breznitz Z

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  • Transcortical sensory aphasia in a right-handed patient following watershed infarcts in the right cerebral hemisphere: a 15-month evaluation of another case of crossed aphasia.

    abstract::Well-documented cases of crossed (transcortical sensory) aphasia, especially those with longitudinal evaluation, are rare. We report a case of crossed transcortical sensory aphasia following watershed infarcts in the right hemisphere, from the moment of the accident until 15 months afterward. The aphasia type, and the...

    journal_title:Brain and language

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roebroek RM,Promes MM,Korten JJ,Lormans AC,van der Laan RT

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  • Implicit co-activation of American Sign Language in deaf readers: An ERP study.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schulte E

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    journal_title:Brain and language

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nitzberg Lott S,Friedman RB

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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    authors: Nass R,Myerson R

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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