Suppression of antigen-specific T cell proliferation by measles virus infection: role of a soluble factor in suppression.

Abstract:

:Measles virus infection causes a profound immunosuppression. The basis for this immunosuppression is not known. This immunosuppression could be due to virus acting directly on lymphoid cells, the production of an immunosuppressive viral product, or a lymphoid product. We have developed an antigen-specific T cell system to study measles virus-T-cell interactions. We demonstrate that as few as five infectious viral particles added to 1000 T cells results in profound inhibition of antigen-specific T cell proliferation. Supernates taken from measles virus-infected T cells suppress the proliferation of uninfected T cells. Measles-virus-infected HeLa or Vero cells do not produce the factor. The antiproliferative effects of the supernates cannot be attributed to infectious virus, IL-10 or TGF-beta. The soluble factor appears to be larger than 100 kDa, yet retains antiproliferative activity following trypsin digestion with a size less than 10 kDa. Loss of activity is seen following heat treatment at 56 degrees C. The factor is lymphoid cell specific and exhibits cytokine-like behavior yet appears not to be a known cytokine. This soluble factor may be responsible for the overt clinical immunosuppression seen in man and a previously undescribed cytokine induced by measles virus infection of human lymphocytes.

journal_name

Virology

journal_title

Virology

authors

Sun X,Burns JB,Howell JM,Fujinami RS

doi

10.1006/viro.1998.9186

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1998-06-20 00:00:00

pages

24-33

issue

1

eissn

0042-6822

issn

1096-0341

pii

S0042-6822(98)99186-3

journal_volume

246

pub_type

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