Critical role for CD4(+) T cells in controlling retrovirus replication and spread in persistently infected mice.


:Reactivations of persistent viral infections pose a significant medical problem in immunocompromised cancer, transplant, and AIDS patients, yet little is known about how persistent viral infections are immunologically controlled. Here we describe a mouse model for investigating the role of the immune response in controlling a persistent retroviral infection. We demonstrate that, following recovery from acute Friend virus infection, a small number of B cells evade immunological destruction and harbor persistent virus. In vivo depletions of T-cell subsets in persistently infected mice revealed a critical role for CD4(+) T cells in controlling virus replication, spread to the erythroid lineage, and induction of erythroleukemia. The CD4(+) T-cell effect was independent of CD8(+) T cells and in some cases was also independent of virus-neutralizing antibody responses. Thus, the CD4(+) T cells may have had a direct antiviral effect. These results may have relevance for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections where loss of CD4(+) T cells is associated with an increase in HIV replication, reactivation of persistent viruses, and a high incidence of virus-associated cancers.


J Virol


Journal of virology


Hasenkrug KJ,Brooks DM,Dittmer U




Has Abstract


1998-08-01 00:00:00












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