Learning disabilities with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: parents' and teachers' perspectives.


:Our objective was to delineate the educational and behavioral differences between learning disabled children with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A restrospective (TROHOC) multimeasure comparative design was employed. Parents' and teachers' questionnaires (ANSER system) pertaining to attention-activity, associated behaviors, and scholastic achievements were compared. Parents' questionnaires failed to distinguish between the two groups. Teachers' questionnaires were significantly more sensitive. Significant correlations between educational achievements and attention-activity and associated behaviors scores among children with learning disabilities were evident, no such correlations were found in the group with learning disability with ADHD. The factor analysis identified different educational and behavioral aggregates with language related difficulties and externalizing behaviors more typically aggregated in the learning disabled group with ADHD and recall deficit and internalizing/neurotic behaviors in the group with learning disability only. ADHD appears to be an associated comorbidity and not necessarily a specific learning deficit. However, children with learning disability with ADHD possibly have a different underlying neurocognitive pattern than their peers with learning disabilities only.


J Child Neurol


Tirosh E,Berger J,Cohen-Ophir M,Davidovitch M,Cohen A




Has Abstract


1998-06-01 00:00:00












  • Executive function and cerebrovascular reactivity in pediatric hypertension.

    abstract::Primary hypertension is associated with decreased performance on neurocognitive testing and a blunted cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia. Parents of 14 children with hypertension and prehypertension completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functions. Children underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood press...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ostrovskaya MA,Rojas M,Kupferman JC,Lande MB,Paterno K,Brosgol Y,Pavlakis SG

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis in a young Lebanese girl.

    abstract::Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is a recently recognized autoimmune neurologic disorder that presents with severe neuropsychiatric symptoms in previously healthy children. A 4-year-old Lebanese girl presented with new-onset behavioral changes, orofacial dyskinesias, fluctuation in consciousness,...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Safadieh L,Dabbagh O

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Accessory brains (extracerebral heterotopias): unusual prenatal intracranial mass lesions.

    abstract::Prenatal ultrasonographic evidence of intracranial mass lesions generally results in a diagnosis of primary glial or primitive neuroectodermal neoplasm. We describe two infants, one who was stillborn at 25 weeks' estimated gestational age and one term infant who was born live and died shortly after birth with large in...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harris CP,Townsend JJ,Klatt EC

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Papilledema in Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP): A Pediatric Case and Review of the Literature.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyze the available literature on papilledema in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), report the first detailed pediatric case, and explore the underlying pathophysiology. METHODS:First, we conducted a comprehensive literature review of all cases of papilledema in CIDP. Next...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abrams AW,Sah JP,Pavlakis SG

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term prognosis of pediatric patients with relapsing acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.

    abstract::Although long-term follow-up data are available for cases with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, the findings range widely because of the lack of consistent definitions. Using the International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group definitions strictly, we determined the long-term prognosis of children with acu...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mar S,Lenox J,Benzinger T,Brown S,Noetzel M

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy markers of cognitive and language ability in clinical subtypes of autism spectrum disorders.

    abstract::This study assessed metabolic functioning of regional brain areas to address whether there is a neurometabolic profile reflecting the underlying neuropathology in individuals with autism spectrum disorders, and if varied profiles correlate with the clinical subtypes. Thirteen children (7-16 years) with autism spectrum...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gabis L,Wei Huang,Azizian A,DeVincent C,Tudorica A,Kesner-Baruch Y,Roche P,Pomeroy J

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off in a Trajectory-Constrained Self-Feeding Task: A Quantitative Index of Unsuppressed Motor Noise in Children With Dystonia.

    abstract::Motor speed and accuracy are both affected in childhood dystonia. Thus, deriving a speed-accuracy function is an important metric for assessing motor impairments in dystonia. Previous work in dystonia studied the speed-accuracy trade-off during point-to-point tasks. To achieve a more relevant measurement of functional...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lunardini F,Bertucco M,Casellato C,Bhanpuri N,Pedrocchi A,Sanger TD

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal electroencephalographic (EEG) findings in pediatric anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (anti-NMDA) receptor encephalitis: the Padua experience.

    abstract::To contribute to characterize electroencephalographic (EEG) activity in pediatric anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (anti-NMDA) receptor encephalitis, we reviewed electroclinical data of 5 children with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis diagnosed in our department. We identified 4 longitudinal electroencephalographic phases: in...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nosadini M,Boniver C,Zuliani L,de Palma L,Cainelli E,Battistella PA,Toldo I,Suppiej A,Sartori S

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Episodic migraines in children: limited evidence on preventive pharmacological treatments.

    abstract::The authors conducted a systematic literature review of preventive pharmacological treatments for episodic childhood migraines searching several databases through May 20, 2012. Episodic migraine prevention was examined in 24 publications of randomized controlled trials that enrolled 1578 children in 16 nonrandomized s...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shamliyan TA,Kane RL,Ramakrishnan R,Taylor FR

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Unusual manifestations of pediatric neuromyelitis optica.

    abstract::Neuromyelitis optica is a rare, severe idiopathic disease that predominantly involves optic nerves and spinal cord. Main clinical features of neuromyelitis optica are visual loss, paraparesis or tetraparesis, sensory loss, and sphincter dysfunction. A 13-year-old girl with vision loss and behavioral change was admitte...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yavuz H,Kiresi D

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal lobectomy in early childhood: the need for long-term follow-up.

    abstract::We retrospectively identified 15 children ages 12 years and under with anticonvulsant resistant epilepsy who underwent a temporal lobectomy at Children's Hospital, Boston, between 1978 and 1993. Our aim was to study the long-term seizure outcome. Data pertaining to preoperative evaluation, electroencephalography (EEG)...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sotero de Menezes MA,Connolly M,Bolanos A,Madsen J,Black PM,Riviello JJ Jr

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Manic-depressive illness in children: treatment with lithium carbonate.

    abstract::A behavior questionnaire was used retrospectively in 21 manic-depressive children to quantitate manic-depressive behaviors before and after treatment with lithium carbonate. The study children were matched with 21 control children for age, race, sex, and socioeconomic status. The study children had significantly more ...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Younes RP,DeLong GR,Neiman G,Rosner B

    更新日期:1986-10-01 00:00:00

  • Electroretinography and Visual Evoked Potentials in Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors.

    abstract::This population-based cross-sectional study evaluates the clinical value of electroretinography and visual evoked potentials in childhood brain tumor survivors. A flash electroretinography and a checkerboard reversal pattern visual evoked potential (or alternatively a flash visual evoked potential) were done for 51 su...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pietilä S,Lenko HL,Oja S,Koivisto AM,Pietilä T,Mäkipernaa A

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Should autistic children be evaluated for mitochondrial disorders?

    abstract::Autism is etiologically heterogeneous; medical conditions are implicated in only a minority of cases, whereas metabolic disorders are even less common. Recently, there have been articles describing the association of autism with mitochondrial abnormalities. We critically review the current literature and conclude that...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lerman-Sagie T,Leshinsky-Silver E,Watemberg N,Lev D

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Intrauterine-onset myoclonic encephalopathy associated with cerebral cortical dysgenesis.

    abstract::The intrauterine onset of convulsive syndromes has been documented only rarely, and previous reports have lacked detailed neuropathologic description. This report details a case of severe, intractable myoclonic encephalopathy, which, on the basis of severely abnormal paroxysmal fetal movement patterns confirmed by ant...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: du Plessis AJ,Kaufmann WE,Kupsky WJ

    更新日期:1993-04-01 00:00:00

  • Alexander's disease: unique presentation.

    abstract::Subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy (Leigh syndrome) refers to a nebulous disease entity characterized by lactic acidosis, a wide variety a clinical manifestations, and a consistent conglomeration of pathologic findings. Several abnormalities in metabolism have been delineated in association with Leigh syndrome, ...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gingold MK,Bodensteiner JB,Schochet SS,Jaynes M

    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Primary antiphospholipid syndrome presenting with a branch retinal artery occlusion in a 15-year-old boy.

    abstract::Acute vascular events are rare in the pediatric population, but there is an association with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. When there is no other underlying medical disorder, this is referred to as primary antiphospholipid syndrome. We present a case of a 15-year-old boy who developed an acute superior ...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saxonhouse MA,Bhatti MT,Driebe WT Jr,Freeman BE,Maria BL,Carney PR

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of childhood Guillain-Barré syndrome as a cause of acute flaccid paralysis in Honduras: 1989-1999.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of acute flaccid paralysis in the pediatric population of Honduras over an 11-year period, determine what percentage of acute flaccid paralysis was Guillain-Barré syndrome, and identify the epidemiologic features of Guillain-Barré syndrome. There were 546 ch...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Molinero MR,Varon D,Holden KR,Sladky JT,Molina IB,Cleaves F

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Lack of Association Between Polymorphisms in Dopa Decarboxylase and Dopamine Receptor-1 Genes With Childhood Autism in Chinese Han Population.

    abstract::Genetic factors play an important role in childhood autism. This study is to determine the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in dopa decarboxylase (DDC) and dopamine receptor-1 (DRD1) genes with childhood autism, in a Chinese Han population. A total of 211 autistic children and 250 age- and gender-matched...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu H,Liu J,Yang A,Yang G,Yang W,Lei H,Quan J,Zhang Z

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Insights on chronic-relapsing opsoclonus-myoclonus from a pilot study of mycophenolate mofetil.

    abstract::Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome is characterized by abnormal lymphocyte trafficking into brain. The authors hypothesized that mycophenolate mofetil, a lymphocyte proliferation inhibitor, might be therapeutic. The cerebrospinal fluid and blood immunophenotypes of 15 children with predominantly chronic-relapsing opsoclonu...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pranzatelli MR,Tate ED,Travelstead AL,Baumgardner CA,Gowda NV,Halthore SN,Kerstan P,Kossak BD,Mitchell WG,Taub JW

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of Oral Glucose Tolerance Test in Children With Epilepsy.

    abstract::Glucose metabolism of children with drug-resistant epilepsy, controlled by antiepileptic drugs epilepsy, and first-time nonfebrile seizures was studied through the performance of an oral glucose tolerance test and through insulin, C-peptide, and glycosylated hemoglobin measurements. In the refractory epilepsy group, t...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Varlamis S,Vavatsi N,Pavlou E,Kotsis V,Spilioti M,Kavga M,Varlamis G,Sotiriadou F,Agakidou E,Voutoufianakis S,Evangeliou AE

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Mental Health of Adolescents With Epilepsy in Enugu, Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    abstract::Adolescence is an important period, marked by significant changes in biological and psychosocial domains. Epilepsy is a chronic neurologic disorder associated with social stigma and prejudice. The etiology of depression in epilepsy appears to be a complex interplay between psychosocial and neurobiologic factors. This ...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nnajekwu CO,Nnajekwu UC,Ikefuna NA,Ojinnaka CN

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Endocrine disorders in two sisters affected by MELAS syndrome.

    abstract::A variety of endocrine and metabolic defects, including hypothalamopituitary hypofunction and diabetes mellitus, has been reported in association with mitochondrial disorders. We describe two sisters affected by mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS) syndrome in whom DNA anal...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balestri P,Grosso S

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Impaired social behavior in children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to assess the emotional and cognitive aspects of social cognition among patients with rolandic epilepsy. A computerized neuropsychological battery was used for cognitive evaluation. Affective and cognitive social cognition were evaluated using two computerized Theory of Mind tasks. Cog...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Genizi J,Shamay-Tsoory SG,Shahar E,Yaniv S,Aharon-Perez J

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental models of epilepsy in young animals.

    abstract::Seizures occur more frequently early in life. Some of these early seizures may eventually become epilepsy. Others are reactive seizures due to excessive environmental stimuli that, in any other age group, might not have elicited a similar response. To understand the developmental aspects of seizures and epilepsy in hu...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kubová H,Moshé SL

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinally extensive optic neuritis in pediatric patients.

    abstract::Extensive optic nerve demyelinating lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adults could indicate a diagnosis other than multiple sclerosis with worse prognosis such as neuromyelitis optica. We report the frequency of longitudinally extensive lesions in children with first events of optic neuritis. Subjects had...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Graves J,Kraus V,Soares BP,Hess CP,Waubant E

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acquired alexia with agraphia syndrome in childhood.

    abstract::The acquired alexia with agraphia syndrome is a conspicuous disorder of reading and writing in the absence of significant other language impairments that has mainly been recorded in adults. Pure cases are rare, with most patients displaying mild aphasic deficits. In children, acquired reading and writing disorders are...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paquier PF,De Smet HJ,Mariën P,Poznanski N,Van Bogaert P

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Novel Mutations in CLN5 of Chinese Patients With Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis.

    abstract::Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis is a hereditary disease, and ceroid-lipofuscinosis neuronal protein 5 (CLN5) has been proved to be associated with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Here we report 3 patients from 2 families diagnosed with CLN5 neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Whole genome sequencing of DNAs from 3 patients...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ge L,Li HY,Hai Y,Min L,Xing L,Min J,Shu HX,Mei OY,Hua L

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Congenital Zika Syndrome and Infantile Spasms: Case Series Study.

    abstract::Recently described, the congenital Zika syndrome caused by the Zika virus has many features of other congenital infections. This case series study reports 22 infants with congenital Zika syndrome in Brazil who developed infantile spasms during their first year of life. The median age of infantile spasms onset was 4.3 ...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alves LV,Mello MJG,Bezerra PG,Alves JGB

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a translational tool for the study of neonatal stroke.

    abstract::More than half of neonatal stroke survivors have long-term sequelae, including seizures and neurological deficits. Although the immature brain has tremendous potential for recovery, mechanisms governing repair are essentially unexplored. We investigated whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) early or late after tran...

    journal_title:Journal of child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dzietko M,Wendland M,Derugin N,Ferriero DM,Vexler ZS

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00