Neural systems underlying arousal and attention. Implications for drug abuse.

Abstract:

:The monoaminergic and cholinergic systems are implicated in different forms of behavioral arousal that can be dissected in terms of their forebrain targets and the nature of the behavioral processes they modulate in distinct regions. Thus, evidence in rats with selective neurochemical manipulations tested behaviorally using an analog of an attentional task developed for human subjects indicates that the coeruleo-cortical noradrenergic system is implicated in divided and selective attention, the basal forebrain cholinergic system in stimulus detection, the mesostriatal and mesolimbic dopaminergic systems in response speed and vigor, and the mesencephalic serotoninergic or 5-HT systems in response inhibition. Our recent studies have focused on fractionating, in the same task, the differential contributions of the dorsal and median raphé 5-HT systems as well as elucidating the functions of the mesocortical dopaminergic system, each of which may be relevant to understanding the behavioral and cognitive sequelae of cocaine administration in human subjects as well as in experimental animals.

journal_name

Ann N Y Acad Sci

authors

Robbins TW,Granon S,Muir JL,Durantou F,Harrison A,Everitt BJ

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1998-06-21 00:00:00

pages

222-37

eissn

0077-8923

issn

1749-6632

journal_volume

846

pub_type

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