A review of relative risks associated with four types of contact lenses.


:This paper reviews the data of Frank et al. in the light of increasing concern over the safety of contact lenses used for extended wear. Relative risks were calculated for four types of contact lenses (CLs): extended wear soft, daily wear soft, rigid gas-permeable (RGP), and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) lenses--worn by a group of patients who presented themselves for emergency ocular treatment. The cases comprised 329 CL wearers who were found to have lens related metabolic disorders, toxic or hypersensitivity reactions, cornea abrasions, microbial keratitis, or some other lens-induced problem. Controls comprised 64 CL wearers whose ocular problems were unrelated to lens use. It was found that extended wear soft lenses were nearly 7 times more likely to be associated with an ocular disorder than PMMA hard lenses, and approximately 3.4 times more likely than daily wear soft lenses. Furthermore, extended wear soft lenses were nearly 5 times more likely to be linked with microbial keratitis than daily wear soft lenses, and approximately 7.5 times more likely than RGP lenses. Metabolic disorders were also more common with extended wear lenses (relatively risk: 3.3) than with either RGP (1.8) or daily wear soft lenses (2.0) or PMMA lenses (1.0). If the association between extended wear soft lenses and ocular complications is borne out in large population studies, eye-care professionals may need to reconsider the wisdom of prescribing these lenses for the cosmetic correction of vision.






Bailey CS




Has Abstract


1990-01-01 00:00:00


S59-61; discussion S62-3






9 Suppl 1




  • Experimental transplantation of corneal epithelium-like cells induced by Pax6 gene transfection of mouse embryonic stem cells.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Corneal epithelial stem cells are deficient in cases of limbal disorders, leading to conjunctival epithelial ingrowth, vascularization, and eventually visual disturbance. We introduced the eye development-associated transcription factor pax6 to embryonic stem (ES) cells and tested whether pax6-transfected cells...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ueno H,Kurokawa MS,Kayama M,Homma R,Kumagai Y,Masuda C,Takada E,Tsubota K,Ueno S,Suzuki N

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Heterozygous Avellino corneal dystrophy 9 years after photorefractive keratectomy: natural or laser-induced accelerated course?

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)-treated patient who first developed stromal opacities with a typical granular pattern 9 years after surgery, which was confirmed as heterozygous Avellino dystrophy by DNA analysis. METHODS:A 37-year-old woman, who had undergone PRK 17 years ago, has been followed f...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park SH,Mok J,Joo CK,Kim MS

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Femtosecond laser-assisted superficial lamellar keratectomy for the treatment of superficial corneal leukomas.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To determine if superficial lamellar corneal excision with femtosecond laser followed by phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) using a masking substance improves visual acuity and optical quality of patients with severe corneal opacities. METHODS:Twelve eyes with corneal haze or scarring underwent confocal micros...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alió JL,Agdeppa MC,Uceda-Montanes A

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Fungal keratitis caused by Scedosporium apiospermum: report of two cases and review of treatment.

    abstract:PURPOSE:We report our experience in treating two cases of Scedosporium apiospermum keratitis and provide a review of basic scientific and clinical data regarding the treatment of this visually devastating disease. METHOD:We present a case report and literature review. RESULTS:A 35-year-old woman and a 73-year-old man...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wu Z,Ying H,Yiu S,Irvine J,Smith R

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Positive End-Expiratory Pressure as a Risk Factor for Severe Positive Vitreous Pressure During Combined Penetrating Keratoplasty and Cataract Extraction.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report the potential risk of severe positive vitreous pressure during combined penetrating keratoplasty, cataract extraction, and intraocular lens implantation (triple procedure), using positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during general endotracheal anesthesia. METHODS:This is a case report of a 32-year...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pillar A,Jeng BH,Munir WM

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Manual Provocation Test for Intermittent Involutional Entropion.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the manual provocation test (MPT), a novel test for intermittent involutional entropion of the lower eyelid. METHODS:Retrospective review of patients with intermittent entropion who presented with ocular irritation and documented inward eyelid rotation by them or their referring physicians, but who...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tonk RS,Meyer DR

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Xylene keratopathy: a case report and review of the literature.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a case of direct contact xylene-related vacuolar keratopathy. METHODS:Interventional case report and review of the literature. RESULTS:Xylene keratopathy is a distinct clinical entity characterized by significantly decreased visual acuity, increased corneal thickness, and the presence of corneal epi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Trujillo F,Dang D,Starck T

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Conjunctival involvement in chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a case of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) with conjunctival involvement. METHODS:Retrospective chart review. RESULTS:A 10-year-old girl who complained of fatigue and debilitating pain in both hips and legs for >1 year had recurrent episodes of redness and discharge in both eyes wit...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozbek Z,Makay B,Unsal E,Durak I,Gunes D,Anal O,Ozer E

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impression cytology study of conjunctival epithelial phenotypes on the healing ocular surface after pterygium excision.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare the process of conjunctival epithelial regeneration after three types of pterygium excision procedures. METHODS:Thirty-eight patients (45 eyes) with primary pterygium were randomly assigned to a bare-sclera procedure (group 1, 15 eyes of 12 patients), bare-sclera with intraoperative mitomycin C (MMC...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Tseng SH,Chen YT,Cheng HC,Huang FC,Lee SC,Chen FK

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Acanthamoeba keratitis in a 5-year-old boy without a history of contact lens usage.

    abstract:PURPOSE:This study was designed to report a case of acanthamoeba keratitis in a 5-year-old child without a history of trauma or contact lens usage. METHODS:The history, clinical presentation, diagnostic, and therapeutic approaches were reviewed. RESULTS:A 5-year-old child without any history of trauma or contact lens...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Demirci G,Ay GM,Karabas LV,Altintas O,Tamer GS,Cağlar Y

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Microsporidial stromal keratitis masquerading as acute graft rejection.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the clinical features, disease course, management, and visual outcome of stromal microsporidial keratitis involving the corneal graft in an immunocompetent patient. METHODS:Case report. RESULTS:We report the case of a 21-year-old immunocompetent woman, who underwent penetrating keratoplasty for ad...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pradhan S,Mascarenhas J,Srinivasan M

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term clinical course of dry eye in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease referred for eye examination.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To assess the long-term clinical course of dry eye in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). METHODS:A prospective case series of 49 patients with cGVHD was conducted. Complete history and ophthalmic examination were performed at baseline and at 36 months (range, 26-53). All patients received...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sáles CS,Johnston LJ,Ta CN

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Fibrin glue-assisted augmented amniotic membrane transplantation for the treatment of large noninfectious corneal perforations.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate and report the efficacy of fibrin glue (FG)-assisted augmented amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in patients with large corneal perforations. METHODS:In a retrospective case series, 10 patients with corneal perforations more than 2 mm in diameter were treated with "FG-assisted augmented AMT."...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim HK,Park HS

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Mycobacterium fortuitum keratitis. Clinicopathologic correlates and corticosteroid effects in an animal model.

    abstract::Mycobacterium fortuitum keratitis is an indolent infection of traumatized corneas in humans. To study this disorder in an animal model, 10(4) M fortuitum organisms (10 microliters) were inoculated into the stroma of both corneas of 16 New Zealand albino rabbits. Eight of the rabbits were also given bilateral subconjun...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paschal JF,Holland GN,Sison RF,Berlin OG,Bruckner DA,Dugel PU,Foos RY

    更新日期:1992-11-01 00:00:00

  • A New Approach for the Calculation of Total Corneal Astigmatism Considering the Magnitude and Orientation of Posterior Corneal Astigmatism and Thickness.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate a new method of calculation of total corneal astigmatism based on Gaussian optics and the power design of a spherocylindrical lens (C) in the healthy eye and to compare it with keratometric (K) and power vector (PV) methods. METHODS:A total of 92 healthy eyes of 92 patients (age, 17-65 years) were ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piñero DP,Caballero MT,Nicolás-Albujer JM,de Fez D,Camps VJ

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Elevated immunoglobulin to tissue KLK11 in patients with Sjögren syndrome.

    abstract:PURPOSE:We have previously reported that mouse kallikrein (KLK) 22 in the lacrimal and salivary glands is an autoantigen that can induce primary Sjogren syndrome (SS) in rats. In this study, we determine whether the production of antibodies against tissue KLK is specific for SS and whether the antibody can be used as a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: El Annan J,Jiang G,Wang D,Zhou J,Foulks GN,Shao H

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pentacam-based big bubble deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty in patients with keratoconus.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the clinical results of Pentacam-based big bubble deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) to achieve an intended 90% depth of initial lamellar trephination. METHODS:Fifty consecutive eyes of 50 patients with keratoconus, keratoglobus, and anterior stromal scars were included. DALK was performed ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Riss S,Heindl LM,Bachmann BO,Kruse FE,Cursiefen C

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Listeria monocytogenes sclerokeratitis: a case report and literature review.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a case of Listeria monocytogenes sclerokeratitis and to review the literature. METHODS:Case report. RESULTS:A 25-year-old non-contact lens-wearing male rugby player was referred with progressive infective sclerokeratitis unresponsive to topical antivirals and antibiotics. On examination, visual acui...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tay E,Rajan M,Tuft S

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Vision-related impact on quality of life in an elderly patient population after corneal transplantation.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to assess the vision-related quality of life (QOL) and satisfaction of elderly patients who underwent corneal transplantations. METHODS:Survey data using a modified version of the Visual Function Index were collected in February-March 2013 from 175 patients (age ≥65 years) of 414 elig...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Puri S,Robinson SB,Wang J,Sikder S

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cellular senescence as a stress response.

    abstract:PURPOSE:This review discusses cellular senescence, the state in which normal cells do not respond to growth stimuli, and shows characteristic alterations in their cytologic and biochemical properties and their gene expression profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS:Cellular senescence is elicited by various stresses. It was rec...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ishikawa F

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • The castroviejo square graft: wound healing after 51 years.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the histopathologic characteristics of a 51-year-old Castroviejo square graft that remained functional for more than 50 years and to describe the wound-healing characteristics over this period of time. METHODS:An 80-year-old woman with a history of keratoconus underwent penetrating keratoplasty wit...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Graue-Hernández EO,Harocopos G,Bradley JC,Smith ME,Mannis MJ

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Water Exposure and the Risk of Contact Lens-Related Disease.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the association of water exposure with contact lens (CL)-related disease and explore the guidelines regarding water exposure to CL wearers, provided by CL manufacturing industry, global public health, and CL-related professional associations. METHODS:A review of the literature was conducted by sear...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Arshad M,Carnt N,Tan J,Ekkeshis I,Stapleton F

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Eyelid Tattooing Induces Meibomian Gland Loss and Tear Film Instability.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the changes of meibomian gland (MG) and tear film stability in subjects with eyelid tattoos. METHODS:Forty female subjects were recruited. Ten subjects had eyelid tattoos and 30 subjects did not (control group). Tear film break-up time (TBUT) measurement and fluorescein staining were performed t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee YB,Kim JJ,Hyon JY,Wee WR,Shin YJ

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Corneal Irregular Astigmatism and Curvature Changes After Small Incision Lenticule Extraction: Three-Year Follow-Up.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the long-term changes in anterior and posterior corneal irregular astigmatism and curvatures after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS:Fifty eyes of 28 patients underwent SMILE for myopic astigmatism. All procedures were performed using the VisuMax® femtosecond laser. A Scheimpflug...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sideroudi H,Lazaridis A,Messerschmidt-Roth A,Labiris G,Kozobolis V,Sekundo W

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Limbal stem cell transplantation for the treatment of subepithelial amyloidosis of the cornea (gelatinous drop-like dystrophy).

    abstract:PURPOSE:Subepithelial amyloidosis of the cornea, or gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy (GDD), is a severe form of corneal stromal amyloidosis predominantly found in the Japanese population. GDD causes severe visual disturbances with irritating symptoms, and keratoplasty is inevitably complicated by early recurrence...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shimazaki J,Shimmura S,Tsubota K

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Intraocular lens power calculation after automated lamellar keratoplasty for high myopia.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in 2 eyes that were highly undercorrected by previous myopic automated lamellar keratoplasty (ALK). METHODS:A 35-year-old man underwent bilateral myopic ALK, which caused high residual myopia (-9.0 -4.0 x 171 and -9.5 -4.5 x 74). The patient then underwent cat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee SH,Tsai CY,Liou SW,Tsai RJ,Ho JD

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Combined use of subconjunctival and intracorneal bevacizumab injection for corneal neovascularization.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report on the safety and clinical use of combined subconjunctival and intracorneal bevacizumab for corneal neovascularization. METHODS:The charts of 12 consecutive patients with corneal neovascularization who received combined subconjunctival and intracorneal injections of bevacizumab (2.5 mg/0.1 mL) were r...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeung SN,Lichtinger A,Kim P,Amiran MD,Slomovic AR

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Low Recurrence Rate of Pterygium After Excision With Conjunctival Limbal Autograft: A Retrospective Study With Long-Term Follow-Up.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Pterygium excision with conjunctival limbal autograft (CLAG) has been used successfully for prevention of pterygium recurrence. However, long-term follow-up data in the literature are lacking regarding CLAG. METHODS:Retrospective chart review and standard statistical analysis were performed. The records of 289...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Masters JS,Harris DJ Jr

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Optical coherence tomography anatomy of the corneal endothelial transplantation wound.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The goal of this study was to prospectively assess the deep lamellar endothelial keratoplasty (DLEK) wound anatomy and its evolution during the 12 months after surgery, using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS:The eyes of 8 patients (1 eye per patient) who consecutively underwent DLEK for Fuchs dystro...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ferré LA,Nada O,Sherknies D,Boisjoly H,Brunette I

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical backgrounds of postoperative keratoplasty patients with spontaneous wound dehiscence or gaps after suture removal.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report that spontaneous postkeratoplasty wound dehiscence or gaps caused by suture removal may occur years after penetrating and deep lamellar keratoplasty. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 667 keratoplasty patients (890 eyes). This study included 8 eyes of 8 patients (3 men and 5 ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fujii S,Matsumoto Y,Fukui M,Fujitake J,Kawakita T,Shimmura S,Tsubota K

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00