Examination of (suspected) neonaticides in Germany: a critical report on a comparative study.


:In cooperation with the Crime Investigation Agency (Landeskriminalamt) of North Rhine-Westphalia, we carried out a study of 150 cases of (suspected) neonaticide dating from 1993 to 2007 from all over Germany. The autopsy reports and additional expert opinions (if performed) were evaluated for a minimum of 78 variables. Emphasis was placed on the application of special preparation techniques and other special questions arising during the examination of a deceased newborn child. Forty-five percent of the cases remained unsolved, which means that the mother could not be identified. Twenty-seven percent of the corpses were in a state of such severe putrefaction that forensic examination was limited. The main causes of death were all forms of suffocation. The signs of maturity (such as length, weight, and fingernails) were recorded in more than 95 % of the cases. Hydrostatic test of the lung was performed in 96 %, and that of the gastrointestinal tract in 84 %. Given the results of the study, standard protocols and checklists are recommended to facilitate comparability and to ensure the completeness of findings. Full-body X-rays or CT scans should be used to complete viability examinations.


Int J Legal Med


Schulte B,Rothschild MA,Vennemann M,Banaschak S




Has Abstract


2013-05-01 00:00:00












  • X-chromosome STR sequence variation, repeat structure, and nomenclature in humans and chimpanzees.

    abstract::Qualitative information on the sequence composition of the allele and locus structure of the X-STRs DXS8378, DXS9898, DXS6789, GATA31E08, and GATA172D05 was generated in this study. Sequence data were obtained from chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and diverse human population groups including Africans, Caucasians, Asians...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomes I,Prinz M,Pereira R,Bieschke E,Mayr WR,Amorim A,Carracedo A,Gusmão L

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic analysis of 29 Y-STR loci in Han population from Dongfang, Southern China.

    abstract::In the present study, blood samples of 984 unrelated Han individuals were collected from Dongfang, Southern China, after informed consent. A total of 29 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) were analyzed, including DYF387S1, DYS19, DYS385ab, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS43...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang J,Mo X,Shang L,Jin X,Chen D,Zhu H,Zhang Y,Kang B,Li W,Ye J

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Updating the risk profile of fatal head trauma: an autopsy study with focus on age- and sex-dependent differences.

    abstract::Fatal head trauma (FHT) represents one of the most frequent causes of death diagnosed in forensic pathology. However, profound statistic autopsy data on FHT is still sparse. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the circumstances and injury patterns of FHT with particular focus on age and sex, and ad...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kronsbein K,Karger B,Budczies J,Pfeiffer H,Wittschieber D

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Concentrations of cyanide in blood samples of corpses after smoke inhalation of varying origin.

    abstract::Cyanide (CN) blood concentration is hardly considered during routine when evaluating smoke gas intoxications and fire victims, although some inflammable materials release a considerable amount of hydrogen cyanide. CN can be significant for the capacity to act and can in the end even be the cause of death. Systematic d...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stoll S,Roider G,Keil W

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • ABH-related antigens in human male genital tract. A histochemical examination.

    abstract::The localization of ABH related antigens in human male reproductive tract was examined using monoclonal antibodies and an avidin biotin complex method. No positive reaction with blood group antibodies on spermatozoa was observed in testis and ductus epididymidis apart from erythrocytes and endothelial cells. The expre...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nishi K,Fukunaga T,Yamamoto Y,Yamada M,Kane M,Tanegashima A,Rand S,Brinkmann B

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Biomechanical investigation of the hyoid bone using speckle interferometry.

    abstract::Speckle interferometry is a non-destructive measurement technique using a laser. The principles of the method are described. Human hyoid bones (n = 10) were investigated. Loads were applied to individual points on the anterior surface of the body of hyoid bones. All hyoid bones showed an asymmetric displacement. The d...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kasprzak H,Podbielska H,von Bally G,Fechner G

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • The potential of bone disease for personal identification: a case of tuberculosis.

    abstract::In the forensic anthropology practice, bone diseases are rarely considered for personal identification. In this paper, we present a forensic skeletonized case with tuberculous bone lesions, for which bone pathology may provide an indicator for positive personal identification. Antemortem hospital records were availabl...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martrille L,De Angelis D,Blum A,Gauchotte G,Cattaneo C,Biehler-Gomez L

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and characterization of two novel human polymorphic STRs on the Y chromosome.

    abstract::From sequence database information, we have identified two male-specific and polymorphic tetranucleotide STRs, DYS 441 (GDB:10013873) and DYS 442 (GDB: 10030304), on the Y chromosome. Analysis of 184 males allowed 7 and 5 alleles to be distinguished in the DYS 441 and DYS 442 systems, respectively, yielding 21 haploty...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iida R,Tsubota E,Matsuki T

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Allele frequencies of 17 autosomal STR loci in the Va ethnic minority from Yunnan Province, Southwest China.

    abstract::Allele frequencies and forensic parameters for 17 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci were investigated from 1542 individuals of Va ethnic minority in Yunnan Province in the southwest of China. Also, genetic distances between Va and 13 published populations were compared, and a neighbor-joining (NJ) phylogenetic ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo F

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Morphology of sweat glands in determining time of death.

    abstract::This study demonstrates post-mortem autolytic alterations in the skin at cellular and subcellular levels and identifies parameters which may assist in determining the time of death in the first few hours post-mortem. Serial skin samples from the ventral surface of the arm were taken at intervals of 3, 6, 9 and 12 h af...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cingolani M,Osculati A,Tombolini A,Tagliabracci A,Ghimenton C,Ferrara SD

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Examining the socioeconomic effects on third molar maturation in a Portuguese sample of children, adolescents and young adults.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on tooth mineralization has seldom been evaluated. This is important because SES can be used as a proxy for quantifying factors in the environmental that can impact mineralization but that can be difficult to measure directly, such as nutrition. OBJECTIVE:The objec...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carneiro JL,Caldas IM,Afonso A,Cardoso HF

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • BamHI polymorphism of locus D2S44 in a West German population as revealed by VNTR probe YNH24.

    abstract::BamHI polymorphism at the VNTR locus D2S44 was investigated, concentrating on band frequencies, mutation rate and confirmation of Mendelian inheritance. In this series 39 restriction fragments showing frequencies less than 10% could clearly be distinguished. No mutations could be observed and the Mendelian character o...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Henke L,Cleef S,Zakrzewska M,Henke J

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Lethal ventricular tachycardia triggered after femoral fracture repair in an obese man with insulin-resistant diabetes.

    abstract::An obese man (height, 178 cm; weight, 160 kg; body mass index, 50.5 kg/m2) with a history of recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT), cardiomyopathy, coronary sclerosis, and insulin-resistant diabetes suffered a right femur fracture in a vehicular accident. His fracture was repaired the following day, but shortly after...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maeda H,Uramatsu M,Nakajima S,Yoshida KI

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Age estimation from fetus and infant tooth and head measurements.

    abstract::Forensic identification comprises legal, social, ethical, and religious aspects where age detection is an important factor. When the case is a fetus or infant, recording various measurements of the body, head, and teeth is essential. The aim of this research is to evaluate the effects of different tooth and body measu...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dagalp R,Aka PS,Canturk N,Kedici I

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiac pathology in death from electrocution.

    abstract::To better characterize the morphologic changes in electrocution, morphologic changes in the hearts of 21 subjects, who died instantaneously of electrocution, were compared to the hearts of decedents with different types of death. Sixteen myocardial samples per heart were processed for histological examination, and sec...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fineschi V,Karch SB,D'Errico S,Pomara C,Riezzo I,Turillazzi E

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of haemorrhages at the origin of the sternocleidomastoid muscles in hanging.

    abstract::Haemorrhages at the periostal-clavicular origin of the sternocleidomastoid muscles were found in 52 out of 54 cases of death by hanging. This cervical haemorrhage is most frequently found in death by hanging, but only seldomly seen in other causes of death and can therefore be regarded as being typical for death by ha...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keil W,Forster A,Meyer HJ,Peschel O

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Allele frequencies for 15 STR loci in a population from the Republic of Macedonia.

    abstract::Allele frequencies of 15 STR loci (D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818, and FGA) were determined in a sample of 163 unrelated individuals from the Republic of Macedonia. AmpFISTR Identifiler Kit (Applied Biosystems) was used for PCR amplificatio...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jakovski Z,Nikolova K,Furac I,Masic M,Janeska B,Kubat M

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Serum lipid feature and potential biomarkers of lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmia (LVTA) induced by myocardial ion channel diseases: a rat model study.

    abstract::To determine the cause of death in myocardial ion channel diseases (MICD)-induced sudden cardiac death (SCD) cases is a difficulty in forensic identification practices. The majority of MICD-induced SCD cases would experience lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmia (LVTA) before deaths; thus, confirming the occurrence of LV...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu J,Wu Q,Dai W,Kong J,Lv J,Yu X,Wang X,Wang D

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • The role of hereditary KCNQ1 mutations in water-related death.

    abstract::Drowning remains one of the major causes of death in most developed countries despite the fact that many of the victims are known to be at least moderate swimmers as well as healthy directly before the event. Here, fatal arrhythmias and especially the long QT syndrome (LQTS) have been proposed as the underlying mechan...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tzimas I,Bajanowski T,Poetsch M

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Victims of lethal hypothermia have decreased levels of thrombomodulin in myocardium and urine.

    abstract::Severe cold stress has been shown to cause changes in the expression and secretion of thrombomodulin (TM), an endothelial protein regulating haemostasis and inflammation. To further evaluate TM as a cold stress indicator, relative TM mRNA and TM protein levels in the myocardium and the concentrations of TM in serum an...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pakanen L,Kaija H,Kortelainen ML,Särkioja T,Porvari K

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Gunshot wound to the head with full recovery.

    abstract::A 28-year-old man was shot in the back of the head at close range by a robber who then locked him in a room assuming that he was dead. The man was discovered 2 days later. The entrance wound of the bullet was in the left occipital region and it passed into the periphery of the right temporal lobe, where it lodged. The...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rothschild MA,Schneider V

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • An empirical comparison of decomposition and fly colonisation of concealed carcasses in the Old and New World.

    abstract::The level of exposure or concealment of a cadaver is known to have an important impact on insect colonisation and decomposition but has been the subject of few investigations. In the present study, 30 pig carcasses were stored in three different types of containers (suitcases, trashcans and drums) with different level...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine



    authors: Lutz L,Moreau G,Czuprynski S,Bernhardt V,Amendt J

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic and toxicologic investigation of Sudden Cardiac Death in a patient with Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) under cocaine and alcohol effects.

    abstract::Cocaine and alcohol toxicity is well known, especially when simultaneously abused. These drugs perform both acute and chronic harmfulness, with significant cardiac events such as ventricular arrhythmias, tachycardia, systemic hypertension, acute myocardial infarction, ventricular hypertrophy, and acute coronary syndro...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cittadini F,De Giovanni N,Alcalde M,Partemi S,Carbone A,Campuzano O,Brugada R,Oliva A

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Paradoxical undressing associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage in a non-hypothermia case?

    abstract::Paradoxical undressing is a phenomenon characterizing some fatal hypothermia cases. The victims, despite low environmental temperatures, paradoxically remove their clothes due to a sudden feeling of warmth. In this report, we describe a case of suspected paradoxical undressing in a non-hypothermia case. The victim, a ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Descloux E,Ducrot K,Scarpelli MP,Lobrinus A,Palmiere C

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary myelomonocyte subtypes in drowning and other causes of death.

    abstract::Three immunohistochemically different myelomonocytic subtypes, i.e. MRP8, MRP14 and 27E10 were quantitatively evaluated in the intraalveolar, alveolar-interstitial and alveolar-intracapillary lung compartments. Lung sections from 5 major groups with defined causes of death, i.e. drowning and death during immersion (DI...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brinkmann B,Hernandez MA,Karger B,Ortmann C

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • A study on the short tandem repeat system ACTBP2 (SE33) in an Austrian population sample.

    abstract::Population genetic studies were carried out on 932 caucasians from Austria using the short tandem repeat system ACTBP2 (SEE33). A sequenced allelic ladder was used for typing (Möller et al. 1995). After native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis all 26 alleles of the ladder were found as well as 194 alleles which migra...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Klintschar M,Neuhuber F

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Coronary artery aneurysms in a young adult: a case of sudden death. A late sequelae of Kawasaki disease?

    abstract::The case concerns the sudden death of a 21-year-old male during a soccer game. The autopsy revealed large, calcified saccular aneurysms at the origins of both the left anterior descending and the right coronary arteries. Histologically, the wall of the aneurysms was thin and composed of an internal fibro-calcified lay...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fineschi V,Paglicci Reattelli L,Baroldi G

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • New insights in the analysis of blunt force trauma in human bones. Preliminary results.

    abstract::Determining the time of injury is an important but still a challenging task in forensic anthropology. In literature, many descriptions can be found to make a distinction between perimortem and postmortem fractures. Characteristics that are more related to fractures in fresh conditions, however, are not extensively inv...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scheirs S,Malgosa A,Sanchez-Molina D,Ortega-Sánchez M,Velázquez-Ameijide J,Arregui-Dalmases C,Medallo-Muñiz J,Galtés I

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Forensic discrimination of three common brands of kitchen knives in China by ICP-AES and infrared absorption.

    abstract::A block of an injury instrument will be left in wounds sometimes, and the suspect instrument can be discriminated by comparison with the block that was left through elemental analysis. In this study, three brands (Shibazi, Zhangxiaoquan, Qiaoxifu) of kitchen knives with forged, chop, and slice application series were ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bai RF,Ma SH,Zhang HD,Chang L,Zhang Z,Liu L,Zhang FQ,Guo ZM,Shi MS

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in sampling techniques on total post-mortem tryptase.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The measurement of mast cell tryptase is commonly used to support the diagnosis of anaphylaxis. In the post-mortem setting, the literature recommends sampling from peripheral blood sources (femoral blood) but does not specify the exact sampling technique. Sampling techniques vary between pathologists, and it...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tse R,Garland J,Kesha K,Elstub H,Cala AD,Ahn Y,Stables S,Palmiere C

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00