Psychological resilience in older U.S. veterans: results from the national health and resilience in veterans study.


BACKGROUND:Although a large body of empirical research has examined negative psychological outcomes in older veterans, relatively little is known about the prevalence and determinants of psychological resilience in this population. METHODS:A nationally representative sample of 2,025 U.S. veterans aged 60 and older (mean = 71.0, standard deviation = 7.1, range = 60-96) completed a web-based survey as part of the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS). Cluster analysis of measures of lifetime potentially traumatic events, and current PTSD, major depression, and generalized anxiety symptoms was used to classify psychological outcomes. RESULTS:A three-group solution best fit the data: Control (low number of lifetime traumas, low current psychological distress; 60.4%); Resilient (high number of lifetime traumas, low current psychological distress; 27.5%); and distressed (high number of lifetime traumas, high current psychological distress; 12.1%). Among older veterans with a high number of traumas, 69.5% were in the Resilient group. Compared to the Distressed group, the Resilient group was more likely to have college or higher level of education, and to be married or living with a partner. They also scored higher on measures of emotional stability, social connectedness (i.e., secure attachment style, social support), protective psychosocial characteristics (e.g., community integration, purpose in life), and positive perceptions of the military's effect on one's life; and lower on measures of physical health difficulties and psychiatric problems, and openness to experiences. CONCLUSIONS:Among older U.S. veterans who have endured a high number of traumas in their lifetimes, nearly 70% are psychologically resilient in later life. Prevention efforts targeted toward bolstering social connectedness, community integration, and purpose in life may help promote psychological resilience in older veterans who endured a significant number of traumas in their lives.


Depress Anxiety


Depression and anxiety


Pietrzak RH,Cook JM




Has Abstract


2013-05-01 00:00:00












  • Can left prefrontal rTMS be used as a maintenance treatment for bipolar depression?

    abstract::Numerous studies have examined the acute antidepressant effects of prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). However, there is little information on whether TMS can be used as a maintenance treatment to maintain normal mood once subjects have responded. We describe seven adults with bipolar depression who re...

    journal_title:Depression and anxiety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li X,Nahas Z,Anderson B,Kozel FA,George MS

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Residual symptoms following prolonged exposure and present-centered therapy for PTSD in female veterans and soldiers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), some symptoms, such as sleep disturbance, can be difficult to treat regardless of treatment type. METHODS:We examined residual PTSD symptoms in 235 female veterans and soldiers who were randomized to receive 10 ...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schnurr PP,Lunney CA

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Tic disorders: some key issues for DSM-V.

    abstract::This study provides a focused review of issues that are relevant to the nosology of the tic disorders and presents preliminary recommendations to be considered for DSM-V. The recommended changes are designed to clarify and simplify the diagnostic criteria, reduce the use of the residual category, tic disorder not othe...

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    authors: Walkup JT,Ferrão Y,Leckman JF,Stein DJ,Singer H

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) was developed to overcome some of the barriers in accessing best practice face-to-face CBT. iCBT affords many benefits, such as high fidelity, greater accessibility, convenience, and reduced cost to patients and health-care systems. Recent meta-analyses of iCBT fo...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andrews G,Williams AD

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders have been gaining increased attention and empirical study in recent years. Despite this, research on transdiagnostic anxiety treatments has, to date, relied on open trials, or comparisons to waitlist conditions, published benchmarks, or re...

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    authors: Norton PJ,Barrera TL

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barzilay R,White LK,Moore TM,Calkins ME,Taylor JH,Patrick A,Huque ZM,Young JF,Ruparel K,Pine DS,Gur RC,Gur RE

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00


    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning has been implicated in the development of stress-related psychiatric diagnoses and response to adverse life experiences. This study aimed to investigate the association between genetic and epigenetics in HPA axis and response to cognitive behavior therapy...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Roberts S,Keers R,Lester KJ,Coleman JR,Breen G,Arendt K,Blatter-Meunier J,Cooper P,Creswell C,Fjermestad K,Havik OE,Herren C,Hogendoorn SM,Hudson JL,Krause K,Lyneham HJ,Morris T,Nauta M,Rapee RM,Rey Y,Schneider S

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Depression and Parkinson's disease: a new look at an old problem.

    abstract::A National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke; National Institute of Mental Health; National Institute on Aging) working group meeting focused on the non-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD). Below is the summary of the meeting presentations and recommendations for a res...

    journal_title:Depression and anxiety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edwards E,Kitt C,Oliver E,Finkelstein J,Wagster M,McDonald WM

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychodynamic psychotherapy versus cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder: an efficacy and partial effectiveness trial.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bögels SM,Wijts P,Oort FJ,Sallaerts SJ

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fristad MA,Shaver AE

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Blanco C,Schneier FR,Schmidt A,Blanco-Jerez CR,Marshall RD,Sánchez-Lacay A,Liebowitz MR

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

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    authors: Thase ME,Demyttenaere K,Earley WR,Gustafsson U,Udd M,Eriksson H

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

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    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

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    authors: van Liempt S,van Zuiden M,Westenberg H,Super A,Vermetten E

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    authors: Joyce PR,Mulder RT,McKenzie JM,Luty SE,Cloninger CR

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  • Approach-avoidance coping conflict in a sample of burn patients at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Fauerbach JA,Lawrence JW,Fogel J,Richter L,Magyar-Russell G,McKibben JB,McCann U

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Distinct associations of computer/mobile devices use and TV watching with depressive symptoms in adults: A large population study in China.

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  • Complicated grief associated with hurricane Katrina.

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    journal_title:Depression and anxiety

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    authors: Shear MK,McLaughlin KA,Ghesquiere A,Gruber MJ,Sampson NA,Kessler RC

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    journal_title:Depression and anxiety

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    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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