A behavioural intervention incorporating specific glycaemic index goals improves dietary quality, weight control and glycaemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes.


OBJECTIVE:A lower glycaemic index (GI) diet is associated with a reduction in glycosylated Hb (HbA(1c)) in people with diabetes. Yet, little research has been conducted to determine the effects of specific goals regarding consumption of low GI (LGI) foods on diabetes outcomes. The present study evaluated a behavioural intervention on dietary intake, weight status and HbA(1c), which included a goal to consume either six or eight servings of LGI foods daily. DESIGN:A parallel two-group design was used. Following the 5-week intervention, participants were randomly assigned to the group of six (n 15) or eight (n 20) servings of LGI foods daily and followed up for 8 weeks. Dietary intake was assessed using the mean of 4 d food records. SETTING:A metropolitan community in the USA. SUBJECTS:Individuals aged 40-65 years with type 2 diabetes of ≥1 year and HbA(1c) ≥ 7·0 % were eligible. RESULTS:There was no significant difference between goal difficulty groups with regard to GI servings at the end of the study. However, mean consumption of LGI foods increased by 2·05 (SE 0·47) and 1·65 (SE 0·40) servings per 4184 kJ in the six (P < 0·001) and eight (P < 0·001) LGI serving groups, respectively. For all participants combined, there were significant decreases in mean HbA(1c) (-0·58 (SE 0·21) %; P = 0·01), weight (-2·30 (SE 0·78) kg; P = 0·01), BMI (-0·80 (SE 0·29) kg/m(2); P = 0·01) and waist circumference (-2·36 (SE 0·81) cm; P = 0·01). CONCLUSIONS:An intervention including a specific goal to consume six to eight servings of LGI foods daily can improve diabetes outcomes. Clinicians should help patients set specific targets for dietary change and identify ways of achieving those goals.


Public Health Nutr


Public health nutrition


Miller CK,Headings A,Peyrot M,Nagaraja H




Has Abstract


2011-07-01 00:00:00














  • Associations of psychosocial factors with fruit and vegetable intake among African-Americans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine associations of various psychosocial factors with fruit and vegetable intake in African-American adults. METHODS:A cross-sectional survey of a population-based sample of 658 African-Americans, aged 18-70 years, in North Carolina. Information was collected on diet-related psychosocial (predisposing...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watters JL,Satia JA,Galanko JA

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial mediators of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption in the Faith, Activity, and Nutrition programme.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Performing and publishing mediator analyses, whether significant or null, provides insight into where research efforts should focus and will assist in developing effective and powerful behaviour change interventions. The present study examined whether self-efficacy, social support and church support mediated ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Baruth M,Wilcox S

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Food and nutrition insecurity: a marker of vulnerability to asthma symptoms.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the association between food and nutrition insecurity and asthma in children from Latin America. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. SETTING:São Francisco do Conde, Bahia, north-eastern Brazil. SUBJECTS:The study included 1307 children aged 6-12 years from public elementary schools. Asthma symptoms w...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ribeiro-Silva Rde C,Oliveira-Assis AM,Junqueira SB,Fiaccone RL,Dos Santos SM,Barreto ML,de Jesus Pinto E,da Silva LA,Rodrigues LC,Alcantara-Neves NM

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in beverage consumption from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy in the Norwegian Fit for Delivery study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe changes in consumption of different types of beverages from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy, and to examine associations with maternal age, educational level and BMI. DESIGN:Cross-sectional design. Participants answered an FFQ at inclusion into a randomized controlled trial, the Fit for Delivery...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Skreden M,Bere E,Sagedal LR,Vistad I,Øverby NC

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between mid-upper arm circumference and BMI for identifying maternal wasting and severe wasting: a cross-sectional assessment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the strength of correlation and agreement between mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and BMI, and determine suitable MUAC cut-offs, to detect wasting and severe wasting among non-pregnant adult women in India. DESIGN:Cross-sectional studies were conducted in five high-burden pockets of four Indian ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kumar P,Sinha R,Patil N,Kumar V

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Socio-economic pathways to diet: modelling the association between socio-economic position and food purchasing behaviour.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the association between education level and food purchasing behaviour and the contribution of dietary knowledge to this relationship; and the association between household income and purchasing behaviour and the contribution made by subjective perceptions about the cost of healthy food. DESIGN AN...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turrell G,Kavanagh AM

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of an adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale in urban households in Iran.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the validity of a locally adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in the measurement of household food insecurity (FI) in the city of Tehran. DESIGN:A cross-sectional study. SETTING:Urban households were selected through a systematic cluster sampling method from six different distri...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohammadi F,Omidvar N,Houshiar-Rad A,Khoshfetrat MR,Abdollahi M,Mehrabi Y

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • A new anthropometric index to predict percent body fat in young adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To propose a new anthropometric index that can be employed to better predict percent body fat (PBF) among young adults and to compare with current anthropometric indices. DESIGN:Cross-sectional. SETTING:All measurements were taken in a controlled laboratory setting in Seoul (South Korea), between 1 December...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang HI,Cho W,Ahn KY,Shin SC,Kim JH,Yoo S,Park YI,Lee EY,Lee DH,Spence JC,Jeon JY

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between fish intake, n-3 fatty acids, mercury and risk markers of CHD (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Fish consumption has been shown to be inversely associated with CHD, which may be due to n-3 fatty acids. The n-3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA, are naturally found only in marine sources. Dietary intakes of methylmercury from certain fish have been hypothesized to increase the risk of CHD. OBJECTIVE:To investig...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith KM,Barraj LM,Kantor M,Sahyoun NR

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing general public and policy influencer support for healthy public policies to promote healthy eating at the population level in two Canadian provinces.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess and compare the favourability of healthy public policy options to promote healthy eating from the perspective of members of the general public and policy influencers in two Canadian provinces. DESIGN:The Chronic Disease Prevention Survey, administered in 2016, required participants to rank their le...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kongats K,McGetrick JA,Raine KD,Voyer C,Nykiforuk CI

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of the food-based and nutrient-based standards on lunchtime food and drink provision and consumption in secondary schools in England.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess lunchtime provision of food and drink in English secondary schools and the choices and consumption of food and drink by pupils having school lunches, and to compare provision in 2011 with that in 2004. DESIGN:Cross-sectional data collected between October 2010 and April 2011. In each school, food ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nicholas J,Wood L,Harper C,Nelson M

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Stakeholder interactions and the development of functional foods.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This paper investigates the roles of the individual stakeholders involved in the development of functional foods and the implications of their actions for public perception of this new food concept. RESULTS:At a time when consumer awareness of the link between diet and health is strong, a new food concept in...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McConnon A,Cade J,Pearman A

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of psychological eating behaviour domains on the association between socio-economic status and BMI.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The current study investigates potential pathways from socio-economic status (SES) to BMI in the adult population, considering psychological domains of eating behaviour (restrained eating, uncontrolled eating, emotional eating) as potential mediators stratified for sex. DESIGN:Data were derived from the popu...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Löffler A,Luck T,Then FS,Luck-Sikorski C,Pabst A,Kovacs P,Böttcher Y,Breitfeld J,Tönjes A,Horstmann A,Löffler M,Engel C,Thiery J,Villringer A,Stumvoll M,Riedel-Heller SG

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Not water, sanitation and hygiene practice, but timing of stunting is associated with recovery from stunting at 24 months: results from a multi-country birth cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To measure the role of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices on recovery from stunting and assess the role of timing of stunting on the reversal of this phenomenon. DESIGN:Data from the MAL-ED multi-country birth cohort study was used for the current analysis. Generalised linear mixed-effects model...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Das S,Fahim SM,Alam MA,Mahfuz M,Bessong P,Mduma E,Kosek M,Shrestha SK,Ahmed T

    更新日期:2020-05-14 00:00:00

  • Relationships between nutrition screening checklists and the health and well-being of older Australian women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine associations between nutrition screening checklists and the health of older women. DESIGN:Cross-sectional postal survey including measures of health and health service utilisation. as well as the Australian Nutrition Screening Initiative (ANSI), adapted from the Nutrition Screening Initiative (NS...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patterson AJ,Young AF,Powers JR,Brown WJ,Byles JE

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Feedback in web-based questionnaires as incentive to increase compliance in studies on lifestyle factors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We explored the use of feedback in interactive web-based questionnaires for collecting data on lifestyle factors in epidemiological studies. DESIGN:Here we report from a cohort study on lifestyle factors and upper respiratory tract infections among 1805 men and women. We introduced interactivity in the form ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bälter O,Fondell E,Bälter K

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Insights on food and nutrition in the Federated States of Micronesia: a review of the literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Nutrition-related disorders, including vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and chronic diseases, are serious problems in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Many suggest that these disorders are new problems related to dietary and lifestyle changes. In the past four decades, imported foods, such as white rice, ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Englberger L,Marks GC,Fitzgerald MH

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Priority actions for addressing the obesity epidemic in England.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To prioritise policy actions for government to improve the food environment and contribute to reduced obesity and related diseases. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study applying the Food Environment Policy Index (Food EPI) in two stages. First, the evidence on all relevant policies was compiled, through an Internet ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watson F,Taylor A,Rayner M,Lobstein T,Hinks R

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a multipronged beverage intervention on young children's beverage intake and weight: a cluster-randomized pilot study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate whether a multipronged pilot intervention promoting healthier beverage consumption improved at-home beverage consumption and weight status among young children. DESIGN:In this exploratory pilot study, we randomly assigned four childcare centres to a control (delayed-intervention) condition or a 1...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Grummon AH,Cabana MD,Hecht AA,Alkon A,McCulloch CE,Brindis CD,Patel AI

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of iron deficiency states and risk of haemoconcentration during pregnancy according to initial iron stores and iron supplementation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the prevalence of iron depletion (ID), iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) and risk of haemoconcentration during pregnancy and at delivery and to assess the influence of initial Fe stores and Fe supplementation on that prevalence. DESIGN:Longitudinal study. SETTING:Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de R...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arija V,Ribot B,Aranda N

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioural correlates of active commuting to school in Spanish adolescents: the AFINOS (Physical Activity as a Preventive Measure Against Overweight, Obesity, Infections, Allergies, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Adolescents) study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the associations between lifestyle factors and active commuting to school in Spanish adolescents. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. Lifestyle factors (overall/extracurricular physical activity, television viewing, reading as a hobby, sleep duration, breakfast/fruit intake, smoking and alcohol intake) ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martínez-Gómez D,Veiga OL,Gomez-Martinez S,Zapatera B,Calle ME,Marcos A,AFINOS Study Group.

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Health motivation and product design determine consumers' visual attention to nutrition information on food products.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In the present study we investigated consumers' visual attention to nutrition information on food products using an indirect instrument, an eye tracker. In addition, we looked at whether people with a health motivation focus on nutrition information on food products more than people with a taste motivation. ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Visschers VH,Hess R,Siegrist M

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Meals and snacks from the child's perspective: the contribution of qualitative methods to the development of dietary interventions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the everyday consumption of meals and snacks from the child's perspective, among those with healthier v. less healthy dietary habits. DESIGN:The sample in this qualitative study comprised two groups of Danish schoolchildren aged 10 to 11 years, one with a healthier diet (n 9) and the other with a ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Husby I,Heitmann BL,O'Doherty Jensen K

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between perceived stress and BMI and waist circumference in Chinese adults: data from the 2015 China Health and Nutrition Survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the association between perceived stress and adiposity among Chinese adults. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. Perceived stress was assessed using the 14-item perceived stress scale. Associations between quintiles of perceived stress and BMI and waist circumference were assessed using linear regressio...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tan T,Leung CW

    更新日期:2020-12-14 00:00:00

  • Vegetable and fruit consumption associated with anthropometric, dietary and lifestyle factors in Spain. EPIC Group of Spain. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the association of vegetable and fruit intake with several demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and dietary factors. DESIGN AND SETTING:Cross-sectional analysis. Information on habitual diet was collected by means of the diet history method. Association of vegetable and fruit intakes with other...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agudo A,Pera G

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Using unfolding case studies to better prepare the public health nutrition workforce to address the social determinants of health.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The public health nutrition workforce has been reported to be underprepared for practice. The present study aimed to test the ability of an unfolding case study approach to support the public health nutrition workforce for the workplace, with a focus on improved access to nutritious food. DESIGN:Two unfoldin...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palermo C,Kleve S,McCartan J,Brimblecombe J,Ferguson M

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prenatal vitamin D supplementation and infant vitamin D status in Bangladesh.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the effect of prenatal maternal vitamin D supplementation on infant vitamin D status in a tropical region where vitamin D supplementation is not routine. DESIGN:A prospective observational follow-up of a randomized trial. SETTING:Maternal-child health facility in Dhaka, Bangladesh (23°N). SUBJ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Perumal N,Al Mahmud A,Baqui AH,Roth DE

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual dysfunction and the Mediterranean diet.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To discuss present knowledge about the relation between sexual dysfunction, metabolic factors and the Mediterranean-style diet. DESIGN:Review of the literature and personal perspectives. SETTING AND RESULTS:Sexual problems appear to be widespread in society, influenced by both health-related and psychosoci...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Giugliano D,Giugliano F,Esposito K

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Television food advertising to children: the extent and nature of exposure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the pattern and prevalence of food and drink advertisements to children on commercial television in Sydney, Australia, and compare these with advertising regulations set out in the Children's Television Standards and results from a similar study in 2002. DESIGN:Data were collected by recording te...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelly B,Smith B,King L,Flood V,Bauman A

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Adolescent perspectives of the recreational ice hockey food environment and influences on eating behaviour revealed through photovoice.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Unhealthy dietary behaviours are prevalent among adolescents. This might relate, in part, to obesogenic environments, including recreation food facilities. The REFRESH Study (Recreation Environment and Food Research: Experiences from Hockey) aimed to explore, from the perspectives of adolescent ice hockey pla...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caswell MS,Hanning RM

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00