A behavioural intervention incorporating specific glycaemic index goals improves dietary quality, weight control and glycaemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes.


OBJECTIVE:A lower glycaemic index (GI) diet is associated with a reduction in glycosylated Hb (HbA(1c)) in people with diabetes. Yet, little research has been conducted to determine the effects of specific goals regarding consumption of low GI (LGI) foods on diabetes outcomes. The present study evaluated a behavioural intervention on dietary intake, weight status and HbA(1c), which included a goal to consume either six or eight servings of LGI foods daily. DESIGN:A parallel two-group design was used. Following the 5-week intervention, participants were randomly assigned to the group of six (n 15) or eight (n 20) servings of LGI foods daily and followed up for 8 weeks. Dietary intake was assessed using the mean of 4 d food records. SETTING:A metropolitan community in the USA. SUBJECTS:Individuals aged 40-65 years with type 2 diabetes of ≥1 year and HbA(1c) ≥ 7·0 % were eligible. RESULTS:There was no significant difference between goal difficulty groups with regard to GI servings at the end of the study. However, mean consumption of LGI foods increased by 2·05 (SE 0·47) and 1·65 (SE 0·40) servings per 4184 kJ in the six (P < 0·001) and eight (P < 0·001) LGI serving groups, respectively. For all participants combined, there were significant decreases in mean HbA(1c) (-0·58 (SE 0·21) %; P = 0·01), weight (-2·30 (SE 0·78) kg; P = 0·01), BMI (-0·80 (SE 0·29) kg/m(2); P = 0·01) and waist circumference (-2·36 (SE 0·81) cm; P = 0·01). CONCLUSIONS:An intervention including a specific goal to consume six to eight servings of LGI foods daily can improve diabetes outcomes. Clinicians should help patients set specific targets for dietary change and identify ways of achieving those goals.


Public Health Nutr


Public health nutrition


Miller CK,Headings A,Peyrot M,Nagaraja H




Has Abstract


2011-07-01 00:00:00














  • Family support and weight-loss strategies among adolescents reporting sustained weight loss.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The current research aims to describe the weight-control strategies and family support for young people reporting sustained weight loss in a large, population-based sample. DESIGN:Data were collected as part of Youth'07, a nationally representative survey of the health and well-being of New Zealand youth. S...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Utter J,Denny S,Dixon R,Ameratunga S,Teevale T

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Feedback in web-based questionnaires as incentive to increase compliance in studies on lifestyle factors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We explored the use of feedback in interactive web-based questionnaires for collecting data on lifestyle factors in epidemiological studies. DESIGN:Here we report from a cohort study on lifestyle factors and upper respiratory tract infections among 1805 men and women. We introduced interactivity in the form ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bälter O,Fondell E,Bälter K

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Red and processed meat consumption and purchasing behaviours and attitudes: impacts for human health, animal welfare and environmental sustainability.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Higher intakes of red and processed meat are associated with poorer health outcomes and negative environmental impacts. Drawing upon a population survey the present paper investigates meat consumption behaviours, exploring perceived impacts for human health, animal welfare and the environment. DESIGN:Structu...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Clonan A,Wilson P,Swift JA,Leibovici DG,Holdsworth M

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Healthful and less-healthful foods and drinks from storefront and non-storefront businesses: implications for 'food deserts', 'food swamps' and food-source disparities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Conceptualisations of 'food deserts' (areas lacking healthful food/drink) and 'food swamps' (areas overwhelm by less-healthful fare) may be both inaccurate and incomplete. Our objective was to more accurately and completely characterise food/drink availability in urban areas. DESIGN:Cross-sectional assessmen...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lucan SC,Maroko AR,Patel AN,Gjonbalaj I,Elbel B,Schechter CB

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Canadian adaptation of the Newest Vital Sign©, a health literacy assessment tool.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The Newest Vital Sign© (NVS) was developed in the USA to measure patient health literacy in clinical settings. We adapted the NVS for use in Canada, in English and French, and created a computerized version. Our objective was to evaluate the reliability of the Canadian NVS as a self-administered computerized ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Mansfield ED,Wahba R,Gillis DE,Weiss BD,L'Abbé M

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Diet, nutrition and the prevention of cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the epidemiological evidence on diet and cancer and make public health recommendations. DESIGN:Review of published studies, concentrating on recent systematic reviews, meta-analyses and large prospective studies. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:Overweight/obesity increases the risk for cancers of ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Key TJ,Schatzkin A,Willett WC,Allen NE,Spencer EA,Travis RC

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Nutritional and eating education improves knowledge and practice of patients with type 2 diabetes concerning dietary intake and blood glucose control in an outlying city of China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices of type 2 diabetics in Yakeshi City and to assess the effect of implementation of nutritional and eating education in enhancing knowledge and practices regarding a healthy diet. DESIGN:A questionnaire-based survey was conducted with 162 diabetics to determin...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Wang H,Song Z,Ba Y,Zhu L,Wen Y

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships between children's sugar consumption at home and their food choices and consumption at school lunch.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the relationships between children's food and drink choices at school lunch for children who consume high and low sugar intakes at home. DESIGN:Children's food and drink consumption at home was assessed using diet diaries over three consecutive days. Children were classified as 'high' or 'low'...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baghlaf K,Muirhead V,Pine C

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary guidelines for the breast-feeding woman.

    abstract::Sociodemographic and economic changes in Spain have played a role in the choice of infant feeding as more and more women enter the workforce. Nevertheless, the prevalence of breast-fed-only infants at 6 weeks remains fairly high, at 65.5% in 1999, although there is a sharp decline by 3 and 6 months postpartum. Achievi...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cervera P,Ngo J

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Diet and overweight and obesity in populations of African origin: Cameroon, Jamaica and the UK.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the relationship of diet to overweight and obesity among populations of African origin. DESIGN AND SETTING:Cross-sectional data were obtained from adults aged 25-74 years in rural Cameroon (n = 686), urban Cameroon (n = 975), Jamaica (n = 924) and Afro-Caribbeans in the UK (n = 257). Dietary da...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jackson M,Walker S,Cruickshank JK,Sharma S,Cade J,Mbanya JC,Younger N,Forrester TF,Wilks R

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Selecting a healthy diet score: lessons from a study of diet and health in early old age (the Boyd Orr cohort).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe the selection and modification of an appropriate diet score to assess diet quality in early old age. DESIGN AND SETTING:Cross-sectional analyses of the Boyd Orr cohort - a long-term follow-up of men and women whose families took part in a survey of diet and health in pre-war Britain. Dietary dat...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maynard M,Ness AR,Abraham L,Blane D,Bates C,Gunnell DJ

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Strategies to promote healthier food purchases: a pilot supermarket intervention study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To pilot the design and methodology for a large randomised controlled trial (RCT) of two interventions to promote healthier food purchasing: culturally appropriate nutrition education and price discounts. DESIGN:A 12-week, single-blind, pilot RCT. Effects on food purchases were measured using individualised ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ni Mhurchu C,Blakely T,Wall J,Rodgers A,Jiang Y,Wilton J

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of selected nutrient intakes derived from three diet assessment methods used in a low-fat maintenance trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In the vast majority of surveys and research in humans, dietary data are obtained from self-reports: recalls; records; or historical methods, usually food frequency questionnaires (FFQ). This study provides a rare opportunity to compare data derived from all three methods. DESIGN:A crossover study of dietary...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hebert JR,Hurley TG,Chiriboga DE,Barone J

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Factors affecting fruit and vegetable school lunch waste in Wisconsin elementary schools participating in Farm to School programmes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine characteristics potentially associated with school lunch fruit and vegetable waste, both overall and pre/post implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act. DESIGN:Multi-year (2010-2013) cross-sectional study using pre- and post-meal digital photographs of students' school lunch trays to est...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bontrager Yoder AB,Foecke LL,Schoeller DA

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Household food insecurity is associated with low dietary diversity among pregnant and lactating women in rural Malawi.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the association between household food insecurity and dietary diversity in the past 24h (dietary diversity score (DDS, range: 0-9); minimum dietary diversity (MDD, consumption of three or more food groups); consumption of nine separate food groups) among pregnant and lactating women in rural Malawi...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kang Y,Hurley KM,Ruel-Bergeron J,Monclus AB,Oemcke R,Wu LSF,Mitra M,Phuka J,Klemm R,West KP,Christian P

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity and underweight in French children, aged 4-12 years, from 2013 to 2017.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in French children from 2013 to 2017. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study performed in fourteen regions of France. Physical measures included weight, height and BMI. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined according to age- and sex-specific BM...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vanhelst J,Baudelet JB,Thivel D,Ovigneur H,Deschamps T

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of psychological eating behaviour domains on the association between socio-economic status and BMI.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The current study investigates potential pathways from socio-economic status (SES) to BMI in the adult population, considering psychological domains of eating behaviour (restrained eating, uncontrolled eating, emotional eating) as potential mediators stratified for sex. DESIGN:Data were derived from the popu...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Löffler A,Luck T,Then FS,Luck-Sikorski C,Pabst A,Kovacs P,Böttcher Y,Breitfeld J,Tönjes A,Horstmann A,Löffler M,Engel C,Thiery J,Villringer A,Stumvoll M,Riedel-Heller SG

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • 'I don't have to go to the gym because I ate very healthy today': the development of a scale to assess diet-related compensatory health beliefs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Nutritional interventions to decrease energy intake, aimed at portion sizes and front-of-package labelling, are effective only if people do not compensate for their reduced energy intake. Since several observational studies indicate that these interventions could prompt compensation behaviour, it is important...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poelman MP,Vermeer WM,Vyth EL,Steenhuis IH

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in beverage consumption from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy in the Norwegian Fit for Delivery study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe changes in consumption of different types of beverages from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy, and to examine associations with maternal age, educational level and BMI. DESIGN:Cross-sectional design. Participants answered an FFQ at inclusion into a randomized controlled trial, the Fit for Delivery...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Skreden M,Bere E,Sagedal LR,Vistad I,Øverby NC

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing methods for handling missing values in food-frequency questionnaires and proposing k nearest neighbours imputation: effects on dietary intake in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study (NOWAC).

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate item non-response in a postal food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and to assess the effect of substituting/imputing missing values on dietary intake levels in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study (NOWAC). We have adapted and probably for the first time applied k nearest neighbours (KNN) imputat...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parr CL,Hjartåker A,Scheel I,Lund E,Laake P,Veierød MB

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in physical activity status in Catalonia, Spain (1992-2003).

    abstract:AIM:The promotion of a healthy and active lifestyle among the population is essential for the prevention of numerous chronic diseases. Physical activity measurement and surveillance is crucial for understanding and evaluating campaigns to promote its practice. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the 10-year trends in physical activ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Román-Viñas B,Serra-Majem L,Ribas-Barba L,Roure-Cuspinera E,Cabezas C,Vallbona C,Plasencia A

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Urbanisation and cariogenic food habits among 4-24-month-old black South African children in rural and urban areas.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine if social class, education level and group environment (rural and urban) influence particular food habits commonly associated with dental caries incidence among 4-24-month-old black South African children. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS:Information was collected by trained interviewers using a foo...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacKeown JM,Faber M

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and regional variations of coexistence of child stunting and maternal overweight or obesity in Myanmar.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The current study aimed to investigate double burden of malnutrition within households at the national and subnational levels and to identify its association with sociodemographic factors in Myanmar. DESIGN:All the variables were extracted from children's file of the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey 201...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hong SA

    更新日期:2020-07-17 00:00:00

  • The impact of the 2008 financial crisis on food security and food expenditures in Mexico: a disproportionate effect on the vulnerable.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The present paper investigated the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on food security in Mexico and how it disproportionally affected vulnerable households. DESIGN:A generalized ordered logistic regression was estimated to assess the impact of the crisis on households' food security status. An ordinary lea...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vilar-Compte M,Sandoval-Olascoaga S,Bernal-Stuart A,Shimoga S,Vargas-Bustamante A

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of childhood obesity in Athens, Greece.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Childhood obesity is a growing public health problem. We have examined the association between sociodemographic profile and eating and physical activity patterns with overweight among primary-school students in Athens, Greece. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. SETTING:Eleven primary schools in the greater Athen...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lagiou A,Parava M

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Stories of success: a qualitative examination of contributors to excellence in school drinking water access.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Drinking water instead of beverages with added sugar can help prevent obesity and cavities and promote overall health. Children spend much of their day in school, where they have variable access to drinking water. In 2010, federal and state law required California public schools to provide free potable water ...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cooper AY,Altman E,Hecht CE,Bruce J,Patel AI

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Folic acid awareness and intake among women in areas with high prevalence of neural tube defects in China: a cross-sectional study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To measure folic acid awareness and intake rates among women of childbearing age in certain areas of China with a high prevalence of neural tube defects (NTD). DESIGN:A cross-sectional survey was carried out utilising a nineteen-item questionnaire enquiring into individual women's knowledge of, attitude towa...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zeng Z,Yuan P,Wang Y,Ma X,Zhu J

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Does eating family meals and having the television on during dinner correlate with overweight? A sub-study of the PRO GREENS project, looking at children from nine European countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Family meals have been negatively associated with overweight in children, while television (TV) viewing during meals has been associated with a poorer diet. The aim of the present study was to assess the association of eating family breakfast and dinner, and having a TV on during dinner, with overweight in ni...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roos E,Pajunen T,Ray C,Lynch C,Kristiansdottir AG,Halldorsson TI,Thorsdottir I,Te Velde SJ,Krawinkel M,Behrendt I,de Almeida MD,Franchini B,Papadaki A,Moschandreas J,Ribič CH,Petrova S,Duleva V,Simčič I,Yngve A

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sociodemographic factors are associated with dietary patterns in Mexican schoolchildren.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Childhood obesity has increased rapidly in Mexico, along with changes in the food environment. However, little is known about the dietary patterns (DP) of Mexican children. We aimed to characterize the DP of schoolchildren and to analyse their associations with sociodemographic factors. DESIGN:Cross-sectiona...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: García-Chávez CG,Rodríguez-Ramírez S,Rivera JA,Monterrubio-Flores E,Tucker KL

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in food habits and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Native Americans with and without diabetes: the Inter-Tribal Heart Project.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine differences in food habits among Native Americans with and without diabetes. DESIGN:A cross-sectional epidemiological study in which participants underwent a physical examination and answered an extensive interviewer-administered questionnaire to assess differences in food servings, preparation an...

    journal_title:Public health nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Archer SL,Greenlund KJ,Valdez R,Casper ML,Rith-Najarian S,Croft JB

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00