Causes of death of patients with methamphetamine dependence: a record-linkage study.


INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Methamphetamine use leads to increased likelihood of premature death. The authors investigated the causes of death and risk of mortality in a large cohort of patients with methamphetamine dependence. DESIGN AND METHODS:A cohort of 1254 subjects with methamphetamine dependence, admitted to a psychiatric centre in Taiwan from January 1990 to December 2007, was retrospectively studied. Diagnostic and sociodemographic data for each subject were extracted from the medical records based on a chart review process. Mortality data were obtained by linking to the National Death Certification System and standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) were estimated. The risk and protective factors for all-cause deaths were explored by means of survival analyses. RESULTS:During the study period, 130 patients died. Of them, 63.1% died unnatural deaths, while the remaining 36.9% died natural deaths. The 1 year cumulative rates for unnatural and natural deaths were 0.018 and 0.006, respectively, and the 5 year rates were 0.046 and 0.023, respectively. The cohort had excessive mortality (SMR = 6.02), and women had a higher SMR for unnatural deaths than men (26.19 vs. 9.82, P = 0.001). For all-cause deaths, comorbidity with other substance use disorders was associated with increased risk of death, despite that being married was associated with a reduced risk. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:A substantial proportion of the deceased died natural deaths, but most died unnatural deaths. The findings show significant evidence to provide valuable insight into premature deaths among methamphetamine-dependent users. This information is valuable for development of prevention and intervention programs.


Drug Alcohol Rev


Drug and alcohol review


Kuo CJ,Liao YT,Chen WJ,Tsai SY,Lin SK,Chen CC




Has Abstract


2011-11-01 00:00:00












  • Alcohol's role in sexual violence perpetration: theoretical explanations, existing evidence and future directions.

    abstract:ISSUES:There is controversy regarding the extent to which alcohol plays a causal role in sexual assault perpetration. APPROACH:This paper critically reviews the relevant alcohol administration and survey research literature. KEY FINDINGS:Alcohol administration researchers have randomly assigned male participants to d...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Abbey A

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment expectations and satisfaction of treatment-refractory opioid-dependent patients in RIOTT, the Randomised Injectable Opiate Treatment Trial, the UK's first supervised injectable maintenance clinics.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The study investigates patients' pre-treatment expectations of, and post-treatment satisfaction with, supervised injectable opiate treatment delivered within UK's first such clinics within the Randomised Injectable Opiate Treatment Trial (RIOTT) (ISRCTN0133807). DESIGN AND METHODS:Data were colle...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Groshkova T,Metrebian N,Hallam C,Charles V,Martin A,Forzisi L,Lintzeris N,Strang J

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Patient-centred tobacco management.

    abstract::Patient-centred tobacco management approaches tobacco smoking as a chronic disease and can be offered to all smokers irrespective of their attitude to quitting. Maintaining a long-term relationship with smokers enables the adoption of flexible solutions and shared goals. It is argued that patient-centred tobacco manag...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gould GS

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol and other drug prevention for older adolescents: It's a no brainer.

    abstract::Older adolescence represents a critical period of brain development whereby the prefrontal cortex, responsible for higher level thinking and emotional regulation, is under construction. During this period, the brain is wired to underestimate risk and overestimate pleasure, which primes young people towards risky, plea...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Debenham J,Newton N,Birrell L,Askovic M

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Methadone maintenance treatment reduces heroin injection in New South Wales prisons.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine whether methadone maintenance treatment reduces injecting risk behaviour (and therefore transmission of blood-borne viral infections) among prisoners in New South Wales (NSW), using comparison of retrospective reports of drug use in prisons for people who received standard drug...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolan KA,Wodak AD,Hall WD

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Deconstructing the associations between executive functioning, problematic alcohol use and intimate partner aggression: A dyadic analysis.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Problematic drinking and executive functioning deficits are two known risk factors for intimate partner aggression (IPA). However, executive functioning is a multifaceted construct, and it is not clear whether deficits in specific components of executive functioning are differentially associated w...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parrott DJ,Swartout KM,Eckhardt CI,Subramani OS

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • A case for clean conferences in gambling research.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Gambling research is characterised by widespread gambling industry involvement. It is likely (as with alcohol and tobacco industry influence) that this will delay or divert effective harm prevention or minimisation measures. Gambling harms are known to be significant and widespread. Effective acti...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Livingstone C

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of amphetamine on corrected-QT interval change during methadone maintenance treatment in Taiwan: a prospective cohort study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Previous studies have suggested that methadone is associated with prolonged corrected-QT (QTc) interval, but published prospective research studies in this area are relatively scarce. This study investigates QTc interval change among methadone maintenance patients and possible associated risk fact...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin NC,Huang CL,Chen CY,Lin TY,Wang HY,Lu YH,Chen LM,Chen VC,Gossop M

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Novel psychoactive substance use by US adolescents: Characteristics associated with use of synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The current study documents the characteristics associated with the use of two novel psychoactive substances: synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones. DESIGN AND METHODS:Nationally representative samples of students in 8th (n = 9665), 10th (n = 10 655) and 12th (n = 10 057) grades across ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick ME,O'Malley PM,Kloska DD,Schulenberg JE,Johnston LD,Miech RA,Bachman JG

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hypomagnesaemia and its potential impact on thiamine utilisation in patients with alcohol misuse at the Alice Springs Hospital.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol rapidly reduces thiamine among alcohol-dependent individuals. Poor diet and alcohol's impact on absorption, storage, activation and excretion of thiamine are thought to be the mechanisms. Previous literature identifies magnesium as an important cofactor in thiamine utilisation, which might...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dingwall KM,Delima JF,Gent D,Batey RG

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Ready to drinks are associated with heavier drinking patterns among young females.

    abstract:AIM:To report patterns of use of ready to drinks (RTDs) and to assess if RTD consumers have heavier drinking patterns. RTDs were introduced in 1995. METHOD:Data from a general population sample of 7201 respondents aged 14-65 years, in New Zealand in 2004, were modelled. RESULTS:Nineteen per cent of respondents consum...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huckle T,Sweetsur P,Moyes S,Casswell S

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • The monitoring of drug trends in Australia.

    abstract::Recently, there has been increased recognition of the importance of drug information systems (DIS), highlighting the need for an internationally coordinated approach to data collection and advocating the regular assessment of a range of areas. Accurate information provides policy makers with the evidence to evaluate c...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shand F,Topp L,Darke S,Makkai T,Griffiths P

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • Unrecorded consumption, quality of alcohol and health consequences.

    abstract:ISSUES:This contribution aims to examine systematically the evidence on the impact of the quality of unrecorded alcohol products on health consequences. APPROACH:Systematic computer assisted review of the literature. KEY FINDINGS:There are a number of pathways related to alcohol quality that may lead to acute or chro...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rehm J,Kanteres F,Lachenmeier DW

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Implementing a smoking cessation program in social and community service organisations: a feasibility and acceptability trial.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Novel ways of accessing and engaging smokers who are socially and economically disadvantaged may help reduce socioeconomic disparities in smoking rates. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of integrating smoking cessation support into usual care at a social and community service ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bryant J,Bonevski B,Paul C,Hull P,O'Brien J

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • 'Weekend on the town': discrete sessions of drug use for a sample of young psychostimulant users.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Few epidemiological studies have examined the behaviours and experiences of young adults during discrete drug-use events. This study was designed to capture a rich, detailed description of discrete occasions or 'sessions' of psychostimulant use. DESIGN AND METHODS:Participants were 220 young psyc...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jenkinson R,Jolley D,Dietze P

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol control policies in Former Soviet Union countries: A narrative review of three decades of policy changes and their apparent effects.

    abstract:ISSUES:The last Soviet anti-alcohol campaign of 1985 resulted in considerably reduced alcohol consumption and saved thousands of lives. But once the campaign's policies were abandoned and the Soviet alcohol monopoly broken up, a steep rise in mortality was observed in many of the newly formed successor countries, altho...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Neufeld M,Bobrova A,Davletov K,Štelemėkas M,Stoppel R,Ferreira-Borges C,Breda J,Rehm J

    更新日期:2020-11-05 00:00:00

  • Stopping petrol sniffing in remote Aboriginal Australia: key elements of the Mt Theo Program.

    abstract::Petrol sniffing is a major form of substance misuse in Aboriginal communities across Australia. This practice has detrimental effects on the health and wellbeing of individual sniffers, their families, communities and wider society. There are few examples of programmes that have successfully stopped petrol sniffing. T...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Preuss K,Brown JN

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Ayurveda and acupuncture in heroin detoxification in Sri Lanka.

    abstract::The Bandaranaike Memorial Ayurvedic Research Institute in Colombo, Sri Lanka, is applying the traditional medical practices of Ayurveda and acupuncture to the management of withdrawal from heroin. This is part of a wider research effort into the application of Ayurveda in contemporary systems of health care. The detox...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDonald D

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Different drinking motives, different adverse consequences? Evidence among adolescents from 10 European countries.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIM:This study, which builds on previous research demonstrating that drinking motives are associated with adverse consequences, investigates the associations between drinking motives and non-alcohol-attributed adverse consequences and disentangles alcohol-related and direct effects. DESIGN AND METHOD:...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wicki M,Kuntsche E,Eichenberger Y,Aasvee K,Bendtsen P,Dankulincová Veselská Z,Demetrovics Z,Dzielska A,Farkas J,de Matos MG,Roberts C,Tynjälä J,Välimaa R,Vieno A

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Encouraging practitioners to use resources: evaluation of the national implementation of a resource to improve the clinical management of alcohol-related problems in Indigenous primary care settings.

    abstract::This paper reports on the evaluation of the implementation of the National Recommendations for the Clinical Management of Alcohol-Related Problems in Indigenous Primary Care Settings undertaken in 2001 through 74 standardized workshops, which sought to determine: (1) whether this approach to implementation influenced ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hunter E,Brown J,McCulloch B

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanisms of influence: Alcohol industry submissions to the inquiry into fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Industry groups with vested interests in policy regularly work to protect their profits via the endorsement of ineffective voluntary regulation and interventions, extensive lobbying activity and minimising the health impact of consumption behaviours. This study aims to examine all alcohol industry...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Avery MR,Droste N,Giorgi C,Ferguson A,Martino F,Coomber K,Miller P

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic review of computerised serious educational games about alcohol and other drugs for adolescents.

    abstract:ISSUES:Serious educational games (SEG) have been shown to be effective in educating young people about a range of topics, including languages and maths. This paper identifies the use of computerised SEGs in education about alcohol and other drugs and reviews their impact on the prevention of alcohol and drug use. APPR...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rodriguez DM,Teesson M,Newton NC

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Public opinion on needle and syringe programmes: avoiding assumptions for policy and practice.

    abstract::Despite evidence for their effectiveness, harm reduction services such as needle and syringe programmes (NSPs) are highly vulnerable to perceptions of community disapproval. This paper reviews Australian research on community attitudes to harm reduction services and its impact on research, policy and practice. The lit...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Treloar C,Fraser S

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Expanding knowledge among Aboriginal service providers on treatment options for excessive alcohol use.

    abstract::Approaches to the prevention of alcohol problems among Aboriginal people in Australia have tended to emphasize primary and tertiary prevention, while neglecting secondary prevention or early intervention. In contrast, members of the wider Australian community can now access a variety of early interventions through gen...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brady M,Dawe S,Richmond R

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • The role of the family in preventing and intervening with substance use and misuse: a comprehensive review of family interventions, with a focus on young people.

    abstract::The family plays a key part in both preventing and intervening with substance use and misuse, both through inducing risk, and/or encouraging and promoting protection and resilience. This review examines a number of family processes and structures that have been associated with young people commencing substance use and...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Velleman RD,Templeton LJ,Copello AG

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Finnish drinking culture: change and continuity in the past 40 years.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:In the past 40 years, per capita consumption has increased dramatically in Finland. We study the core changes in drinking culture over this period by age and sex. DESIGN AND METHODS:We used data from the Finnish Drinking Habit Surveys carried out every 8 years in 1968-2008 (n = 16385, response ra...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mäkelä P,Tigerstedt C,Mustonen H

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Becoming an ex-user: insights into the process and implications for treatment and policy.

    abstract::Studies of the processes by which people give up dependent heroin use are useful in helping services evaluate their treatment practices and in informing drug policy debates. In this exploratory investigation, a diverse group of 18 Canberra-based ex-users was interviewed about stopping, the role of treatment and their ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bammer G,Weekes S

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Potential impacts on the incidence of fatal heroin-related overdose in Western Australia: a time-series analysis.

    abstract::In response to the rising concerns about the rate of heroin-related fatalities, overdose prevention campaigns, run by both users' organizations and government agencies, have been implemented in a number of states across Australia. In Western Australia (WA) in mid-1997, various overdose prevention initiatives were impl...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hargreaves K,Lenton S,Phillips M,Swensen G

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Patients receiving a prescription for diamorphine (heroin) in the United Kingdom.

    abstract::The United Kingdom is unusual internationally in that it is one of few countries able to prescribe diamorphine for the treatment of opiate dependence. Prescribing diamorphine has been part of the UK response to drug problems since the 1920s. Despite this, little is known about who receives diamorphine and how treatmen...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Metrebian N,Carnwath Z,Mott J,Carnwath T,Stimson GV,Sell L

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Phenibut (4-amino-3-phenyl-butyric acid): Availability, prevalence of use, desired effects and acute toxicity.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:There has been a global increase in the availability and use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) over the last decade. Phenibut (β-phenyl-γ-aminobutyric acid) is a GABAB agonist that is used as an NPS. Here, we bring together published scientific and grey information sources to further understa...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Owen DR,Wood DM,Archer JR,Dargan PI

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00