Treatment of TBI with collagen scaffolds and human marrow stromal cells increases the expression of tissue plasminogen activator.

Abstract:

:This study examines the effects of combination therapy of collagen scaffolds and human marrow stromal cells (hMSCs) on the expression of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. Adult male Wistar rats (n=48) were injured with controlled cortical impact and treated either with scaffolds suffused with hMSCs (3×10(6)) or hMSCs (3×10(6)) alone transplanted into the lesion cavity 1 week after TBI. A control group was treated with saline. Neurological function was assessed using the Morris Water Maze test (MWM) and modified Neurological Severity Scores (mNSS). The rats were sacrificed 14 days after TBI and brain samples were processed for immunohistochemical analysis and quantitative Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) studies. Enhanced functional improvement was observed on both the mNSS and MWM tests in the scaffold+hMSC-treated group compared to the other two groups. Immunostaining with anti-human mitochondrial antibody (E5204) showed more hMSCs in the injury zone of the scaffold+hMSC group compared to the hMSC-alone group. Triple staining showed that more neurons were tPA-positive in the scaffold+hMSC group compared to the other two groups (p<0.05). Western blot analysis and qRT-PCR showed that scaffold+hMSC and hMSC-alone treatment enhanced the expression of tPA compared to controls (p<0.05), but tPA expression was significantly greater in the scaffold+hMSC group. The induction of tPA by hMSCs after TBI may be one of the mechanisms involved in promoting functional improvement after TBI.

journal_name

J Neurotrauma

journal_title

Journal of neurotrauma

authors

Mahmood A,Qu C,Ning R,Wu H,Goussev A,Xiong Y,Irtenkauf S,Li Y,Chopp M

doi

10.1089/neu.2010.1694

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-07-01 00:00:00

pages

1199-207

issue

7

eissn

0897-7151

issn

1557-9042

journal_volume

28

pub_type

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