When less is more: feedback, priming, and the pseudoword superiority effect.


:The present study combined masked priming with electrophysiological recordings to investigate orthographic priming effects with nonword targets. Targets were pronounceable nonwords (e.g., STRENG) or consonant strings (e.g., STRBNG), that both differed from a real word by a single letter substitution (STRONG). Targets were preceded by related primes that could be the same as the target (e.g., streng-STRENG, strbng-STRBNG) or the real word neighbor of the target (e.g., strong-STRENG, strong-STRBNG). Independently of priming, pronounceable nonwords were associated with larger negativities than consonant strings, starting at 290ms post-target onset. Overall, priming effects were stronger and longer-lasting with pronounceable nonwords than consonant strings. However, consonant string targets showed an early effect of word neighbor priming in the absence of an effect of repetition priming, whereas pronounceable nonwords showed both repetition and word neighbor priming effects in the same time window. This pattern of priming effects is taken as evidence for feedback from whole-word orthographic representations activated by the prime stimulus that influences bottom-up processing of prelexical representations during target processing.


Brain Res


Brain research


Massol S,Midgley KJ,Holcomb PJ,Grainger J




Has Abstract


2011-04-22 00:00:00












  • The projection from striate and extrastriate cortical areas to the superior colliculus in the rat.

    abstract::Following single injections of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the superior colliculus (SC) and [3H]proline in the striate cortex of rats, a close correspondence was observed in the topographical arrangements of extrastriate cortical fields of HRP retrograde label and of isotope anterograde label. These results suppor...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olavarria J,Van Sluyters RC

    更新日期:1982-06-24 00:00:00

  • Involvement of the mammillary bodies in spatial working memory revealed by cytochrome oxidase activity.

    abstract::In view of the inconclusive findings relating the nuclei of the mammillary bodies (MB) with spatial memory, we evaluated the oxidative metabolic activity of the medial and lateral nuclei of the mammillary bodies (MB) after training young rats (30 days) of both sexes in the Morris water maze. Different groups were trai...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Conejo NM,González-Pardo H,Vallejo G,Arias JL

    更新日期:2004-06-11 00:00:00

  • Photostimulation alters c-Fos expression in the dorsal raphe nucleus.

    abstract::Retinal afferents to the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) have been described in a number of species, including Mongolian gerbils, but functional correlates of this optic pathway are unknown at present. To determine whether temporally modulated photostimulation can affect c-Fos expression in the gerbil DRN, quantitative ana...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fite KV,Wu PS,Bellemer A

    更新日期:2005-01-21 00:00:00

  • Selectivity between faces in the responses of a population of neurons in the cortex in the superior temporal sulcus of the monkey.

    abstract::There is a population of neurons in the cortex in the middle and anterior part of the superior temporal sulcus (STS) of the monkey with responses which are selective for faces. If, consistent with the effects of damage to the temporal lobe, these neurons are involved in face recognition or in making appropriate social...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baylis GC,Rolls ET,Leonard CM

    更新日期:1985-09-02 00:00:00

  • Neuronal prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2 responses to oxygen and glucose deprivation are mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK1/2.

    abstract::Prostanoids in the central nervous system define an important linkage between blood pressure and hormonal responses to hypotension/ischemia. Prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (PGHS)-2, the inducible isoform of this enzyme, is induced by cerebral hypoperfusion/ischemia. To investigate the mechanism of the PGHS-2 gene...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang D,Wood CE

    更新日期:2005-10-26 00:00:00

  • Introducing Black-Gold II, a highly soluble gold phosphate complex with several unique advantages for the histochemical localization of myelin.

    abstract::A novel gold phosphate complex called Black-Gold II with improved myelin staining properties has been developed. It differs from its predecessor, Black-Gold, in that it is highly water soluble at room temperature. This unique physical property confers a number of advantages for the high resolution staining of myelinat...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmued L,Bowyer J,Cozart M,Heard D,Binienda Z,Paule M

    更新日期:2008-09-10 00:00:00

  • Hydrolysis of the neuropeptide N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) by cloned human glutamate carboxypeptidase II.

    abstract::Glutamate carboxypeptidase II may modulate excitatory neurotransmission through the catabolism of the neuropeptide N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) and possibly other endogenous peptide substrates. To investigate the molecular properties of cloned human GCP II (hGCP II), we analyzed the NAAG-hydrolytic activity convey...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luthi-Carter R,Barczak AK,Speno H,Coyle JT

    更新日期:1998-06-08 00:00:00

  • Control of cell proliferation by neurotransmitters in the developing vertebrate retina.

    abstract::In the developing vertebrate retina, precise coordination of retinal progenitor cell proliferation and cell-cycle exit is essential for the formation of a functionally mature retina. Unregulated or disrupted cell proliferation may lead to dysplasia, retinal degeneration or retinoblastoma. Both cell-intrinsic and -extr...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Martins RA,Pearson RA

    更新日期:2008-02-04 00:00:00

  • The interaction between a Na+-channel toxin and brain microtubule proteins in vitro.

    abstract::The aim of this work was to characterize the interaction of the Na+-channel toxin, purified from venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus, with microtubule proteins in vitro. The toxin enhanced microtubule assembly, causing the formation of microtubule 'bundles'. It interacted with the Na+-channel 270 kDa subunit...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hargreaves AJ,Montejo de Garcini E,Avila J

    更新日期:1986-07-01 00:00:00

  • Differential sensitivity to induction of spreading depression by partial disinhibition in chronically epileptic human and rat as compared to native rat neocortical tissue.

    abstract::Spreading depression (SD) is characterized by a transient breakdown of neuronal function concomitant with a massive failure of ion homeostasis. It is a phenomenon that can be induced in neocortical tissue by raising excitability, e.g. injection of K(+), application of glutamatergic agonists, or blocking Na(+)/K(+) ATP...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Köhling R,Koch UR,Hagemann G,Redecker C,Straub H,Speckmann EJ

    更新日期:2003-06-13 00:00:00

  • Chronic intracerebral infusions of vasopressin and vasopressin antagonist modulate social recognition in rat.

    abstract::To assess the role of androgen-dependent brain vasopressinergic transmission in the modulation of social recognition, castrated male rats which are deficient in vasopressin were implanted intracerebroventricularly with an Accurel collodion mini-device containing 10 micrograms vasopressin (AVP) whereas intact male rats...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bluthé RM,Dantzer R

    更新日期:1992-02-14 00:00:00

  • Neuron-specific enolase-like immunoreactivity in inner hair cells but not outer hair cells in the guinea pig organ of Corti.

    abstract::Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) has been localized only in neurons and cells with characteristics of neurons. The immunocytochemical localization of NSE was examined in guinea pig cochleae to determine if hair cells, which have some neuronal characteristics, would show NSE-like immunoreactive labeling. NSE-like immunore...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Altschuler RA,Reeks KA,Marangos PJ,Fex J

    更新日期:1985-02-18 00:00:00

  • Descending spinal pathways mediating the responses of adrenal tyrosine hydroxylase and catecholamines to insulin and 2-deoxyglucose.

    abstract::We investigated the bilateral organization of the descending spinal sympathetic projections that subserve adrenomedullary stimulation caused by insulin hypoglycemia or 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) cellular glucopenia in adult rats with right-sided hemisection of the cord at C6-C7 (i.e. above the site of origin of the adrenal ...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gagner JP,Gauthier S,Sourkes TL

    更新日期:1985-01-28 00:00:00

  • MK-801 antagonizes methamphetamine-induced decreases in hippocampal and striatal corticosteroid receptors.

    abstract::Administration of methamphetamine (15 mg/kg) to adrenalectomized rats significantly decreased hippocampal type I and II corticosteroid receptors as well as type II receptors in the striatum. Type II receptors in the frontal cortex and hypothalamus were unaffected by methamphetamine administration. Pretreatment with MK...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lowy MT

    更新日期:1990-11-19 00:00:00

  • Lateral parabrachial lesions impair intraperitoneal but not intraventricular methylscopolamine-induced taste aversion learning.

    abstract::The role of the lateral parabrachial area (lPB) in the acquisition of a delayed taste aversion learning task (TAL) was examined by delivering the peripherally acting aversive compound, methylscopolamine (MSP), through two different routes, intraperitoneal and intraventricular. Consistent with previous anatomical, beha...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cubero I,Puerto A

    更新日期:2000-07-14 00:00:00

  • Output organization of the feline entopeduncular and subthalamic nuclei.

    abstract::Entopeduncular nucleus (EPN) cells which project to thalamic and non-thalamic sites were identified by antidromic discharge. Each population of cells, projecting to the ventral anterior nucleus of the thalamus (VA), centrum medianum (CM), the lateral habenula (LHB), and the pedunculopontine nucleus (PP), was distribut...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larsen KD,Sutin J

    更新日期:1978-11-17 00:00:00

  • Two brain cholecystokinin receptors: implications for behavioral actions.

    abstract::The distribution and relative specificity of cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors in the rat brain was mapped by in vitro autoradiography with [125I]CCK-33. We identified two distinct binding patterns, suggesting two CCK receptor types. The first is widespread and relatively non-specific. The second, localized to a few sub...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moran TH,Robinson PH,Goldrich MS,McHugh PR

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide- and substance P-containing primary afferent fibers in the dorsal column of the rat.

    abstract::The dorsal column and its nuclei exhibit a considerable number of fibers containing neuropeptides, such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP), whose origins and functional roles are as yet unknown. The present study attempts to determine the origin and nature of these fibers by means of immuno...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tamatani M,Senba E,Tohyama M

    更新日期:1989-08-21 00:00:00

  • The effect of the volatile anesthetic isoflurane on Ca(2+)-dependent glutamate release from rat cerebral cortex.

    abstract::A major effect of volatile anesthetics is to reduce excitatory synaptic transmission. In the present study the stimulated release of glutamate under the influence of increasing concentrations of isoflurane was studied in vitro by utilizing hippocampal slices from Wistar rats. Ca(2+)-dependent release was calculated by...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larsen M,Grøndahl TO,Haugstad TS,Langmoen IA

    更新日期:1994-11-14 00:00:00

  • Origins and collateralization of corticospinal, corticopontine, corticorubral and corticostriatal tracts: a multiple retrograde fluorescent tracing study.

    abstract::Cerebral cells of origin for the corticospinal (CST), corticopontine (CP), corticorubral (CR) and corticostriatal (CS) fibers in the rat were identified following the simultaneous retrograde transport of propidium iodide (PI), fast blue (FB), fluorogold (FG) and diamidino yellow (DY). PI was injected into the contrala...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Akintunde A,Buxton DF

    更新日期:1992-07-24 00:00:00

  • Dopamine-like action of nicotine: lack of tolerance and reverse tolerance.

    abstract::Rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the substantia nigra became briefly sedated and hypothermic after the acute injection of nicotine s.c. (0.4 or 0.8 mg/kg free base). When nicotine was repeated 5 days per week there was rapid tolerance for the sedation and slower tolerance for the hypothermia and the l...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lapin EP,Maker HS,Sershen H,Hurd Y,Lajtha A

    更新日期:1987-03-31 00:00:00

  • A monoclonal antibody to non-phosphorylated neurofilament protein marks the vulnerable cortical neurons in Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract::Various cytoskeletal proteins have been implicated in the formation of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease. A monoclonal antibody to non-phosphorylated neurofilament protein labels a distinct subset of pyramidal cells in the normal human cortex which have a distribution very similar to that of neurofibrilla...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrison JH,Lewis DA,Campbell MJ,Huntley GW,Benson DL,Bouras C

    更新日期:1987-07-28 00:00:00

  • Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation of cultured brain cells. I. Enhancement of the developmental increase in glial enzymatic activity.

    abstract::Serum-free aggregating cell cultures of fetal rat telencephalon grown in the presence of 3 ng/ml (5 X 10(-10) M) epidermal growth factor (EGF) until day 12 showed 2- to 3-fold increased activities in the two glial enzymes, glutamine synthetase (GLU-S) and 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase (CNPase). This effe...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Honegger P,Guentert-Lauber B

    更新日期:1983-12-01 00:00:00

  • Convergence of subthalamic and striatal efferents at pallidal level in primates: an anterograde double-labeling study with biocytin and PHA-L.

    abstract::Small injections of two highly sensitive anterograde tracers, Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) and biocytin, into the striatum and the subthalamic nucleus of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) have revealed a high degree of convergence of striatal and subthalamic fibers upon single pallidal cells. Both affe...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hazrati LN,Parent A

    更新日期:1992-01-13 00:00:00

  • Ultrastructural study of motor endings on long chain intrafusal fibers in muscle spindles of the cat.

    abstract::Five complete poles of long nuclear chain intrafusal fibers of cat tenuissimus muscle spindles embedded in a plastic medium were cut in serial, 1 micron thick transverse sections and stained with toluidine blue. Each fiber pole displayed one plate-type motor ending positioned outside the encapsulated part of the spind...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kucera J,Hughes R

    更新日期:1983-03-07 00:00:00

  • Do the substance P-ergic vagus afferents in cats reinnervate the deafferented superior cervical ganglion?

    abstract::By ligating specific nerves in the cat, the central processes of the nodose ganglion (NG) cells containing substance P-like immunoreactive materials were shown, immunohistochemically, to run through the cross-anastomosis made between the cranial end of the NG and the caudal end of the superior cervical ganglion (SCG),...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hayashi H,Ohsumi K,Fujiwara M,Mizuno N

    更新日期:1983-06-27 00:00:00

  • Comparison of c-fos-like immunoreactivity in the brainstem following intraoral and intragastric infusions of chemical solutions in rats.

    abstract::To examine whether the activation of brainstem neurons during ingestion is due to orosensory afferents or post-ingestive factors, neuronal activation in response to intraoral and intragastric infusions of taste stimuli was compared in the area postrema (AP), nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and parabrachial nucleus (P...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yamamoto T,Sawa K

    更新日期:2000-06-02 00:00:00

  • Noradrenaline induced stimulation of oxidative metabolism in astrocytes but not in neurons in primary cultures.

    abstract::Noradrenaline effects on oxidative metabolism (tricarboxylic acid cycle activity) were examined by measuring the formation of 14CO2 from labeled aspartate in primary cultures of cerebral astrocytes and neurons and of cerebellar granule cells. At all time periods studied, CO2 formation in astrocytes was significantly i...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Subbarao KV,Hertz L

    更新日期:1990-09-17 00:00:00

  • mu-Opioid receptor activation decreases N-type Ca2+ current in magnocellular neurons of the rat basal forebrain.

    abstract::Opioid modulation of calcium currents was studied in acutely dissociated rat basal forebrain neurons using the whole cell patch-clamp recording technique. The mu-opioid receptor agonist DAGO reversibly suppressed high-voltage activated calcium currents and slowed their rate of activation, while neither delta- nor kapp...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Soldo BL,Moises HC

    更新日期:1997-05-30 00:00:00

  • Effect of naloxone on morphine-induced changes in striatal dopamine metabolism and glutamate, ascorbic acid and uric acid release in freely moving rats.

    abstract::Recent findings have shown that systemic morphine increases extracellular dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid concentrations in the striatum of freely moving rats. The morphine-induced increase in DA oxidative metabolism is highly correlated with...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Enrico P,Mura MA,Esposito G,Serra P,Migheli R,De Natale G,Desole MS,Miele M,Miele E

    更新日期:1998-06-22 00:00:00