Self-worth mediates the effects of violent loss on PTSD symptoms.

Abstract:

:Although research has confirmed that violent losses can exacerbate grief reactions, few investigations have explored underlying mechanisms. In this study, the authors used a dataset on bereaved spouses and bereaved parents at 4- and 18-months postloss to examine the mediating effects of self-worth and worldviews (benevolence and meaningfulness beliefs). Persons bereaved by violent causes had significantly more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), grief, and depression symptoms at 4- and 18-months postloss than persons bereaved by natural causes. Moreover, self-worth but not worldviews mediated the effects of violent loss on PTSD and depression symptoms cross sectionally and PTSD symptoms longitudinally. Findings underscore that self-views are a critical component of problematic reactions to violent loss, but fail to support the role of "shattered" worldviews.

journal_name

J Trauma Stress

authors

Mancini AD,Prati G,Black S

doi

10.1002/jts.20597

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-02-01 00:00:00

pages

116-20

issue

1

eissn

0894-9867

issn

1573-6598

journal_volume

24

pub_type

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