Recent developments in the taxonomic affiliation and phylogenetic positioning of fungi: impact in applied microbiology and environmental biotechnology.


:The goal of modern taxonomy is to understand the relationships of living organisms in terms of evolutionary descent. Thereby, the relationships between living organisms are understood in terms of nested clades--every time a speciation event takes place, two new clades are produced. Life comprises three domains of living organisms, these are the Bacteria, the Archaea and the Eukaryota. Within the eukaryotic domain, the fungi form a monophyletic group of the eukaryotic crown group and are thus high up in the evolutionary hierarchy of life. Fungus-like organisms possess certain morphological features of fungi, such as the hyphal organization of the Oomycota or the spores and reproductive structures inside a fructification of plasmodiophorids (Plasmodiophoromycota) and slime moulds (Mycetozoa). The first group are algae which secondarily lost their plastids during evolution and contain cellulose in their cell walls. Both osmotrophic phyla, the Oomycota and the Plasmidiophoromycota belong to the Chromista and Rhizaria, respectively, whereas the last group, the cellular and plasmodial slime moulds (Mycetozoa) are phagotrophic amoeboid protists belonging to the Amoebozoa. These fungus-like organisms are not considered further in this review. The Fungi sensu stricto comprise a heterogenous, often inconspicuous group of microorganisms which (1) are primarily heterotrophic with an (2) osmotrophic style of nutrition containing (3) chitin and its derivatives in the cell wall. This review discusses species concepts and current strategies in fungal taxonomy, phylogenetic affiliations of miscellaneous fungus-like groups like the microsporidia, perspectives of fungal nomenclature, and their impact on natural product research.


Voigt K,Kirk PM




Has Abstract


2011-04-01 00:00:00












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  • Deletion analysis of the superoxide dismutase (sodM) promoter from Aspergillus oryzae.

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  • Enhanced production of the nonribosomal peptide antibiotic valinomycin in Escherichia coli through small-scale high cell density fed-batch cultivation.

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    journal_title:Applied microbiology and biotechnology

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  • The occurrence of killer, sensitive, and neutral yeasts in Brazilian Riesling Italico grape must and the effect of neutral strains on killing behaviour.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bocian-Ostrzycka KM,Grzeszczuk MJ,Banaś AM,Jagusztyn-Krynicka EK

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Applied microbiology and biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Applied microbiology and biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maharajh D,Roth R,Lalloo R,Simpson C,Mitra R,Görgens J,Ramchuran S

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Applied microbiology and biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xiong J,Wang K,Wu J,Qiuqian L,Yang K,Qian Y,Zhang D

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00