Study to investigate the potential of probiotics in children attending school.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To determine if consumption of yogurt containing a high dose of probiotic (1×10(10) colony-forming unit per 100 ml), Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (B. lactis), decreases absences in children 2-4 years attending daycare/school centers. SUBJECTS/METHODS:We conducted a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, allocation concealment clinical trial in the Washington, DC area. Our active intervention was a strawberry yogurt-based drink supplemented with B. lactis BB-12. The placebo was indistinguishable from the active drink, differing only in absence of the probiotic BB-12. RESULTS:A total of 172 children between the ages of 2 and 4 from the Washington, DC area were enrolled. The primary outcome, missed days of school because of illness per 100 days, was similar in both the active (2.54 days absent/100 school days) and control groups (2.42 days absent/100 school days) (P=0.873). CONCLUSIONS:The probiotic-containing yogurt-based beverage studied did not decrease absences because of illnesses in daycare/school for healthy children ages 2-4 years.

journal_name

Eur J Clin Nutr

authors

Merenstein D,Gonzalez J,Young AG,Roberts RF,Sanders ME,Petterson S

doi

10.1038/ejcn.2010.290

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-04-01 00:00:00

pages

447-53

issue

4

eissn

0954-3007

issn

1476-5640

pii

ejcn2010290

journal_volume

65

pub_type

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