Study to investigate the potential of probiotics in children attending school.


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To determine if consumption of yogurt containing a high dose of probiotic (1×10(10) colony-forming unit per 100 ml), Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (B. lactis), decreases absences in children 2-4 years attending daycare/school centers. SUBJECTS/METHODS:We conducted a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, allocation concealment clinical trial in the Washington, DC area. Our active intervention was a strawberry yogurt-based drink supplemented with B. lactis BB-12. The placebo was indistinguishable from the active drink, differing only in absence of the probiotic BB-12. RESULTS:A total of 172 children between the ages of 2 and 4 from the Washington, DC area were enrolled. The primary outcome, missed days of school because of illness per 100 days, was similar in both the active (2.54 days absent/100 school days) and control groups (2.42 days absent/100 school days) (P=0.873). CONCLUSIONS:The probiotic-containing yogurt-based beverage studied did not decrease absences because of illnesses in daycare/school for healthy children ages 2-4 years.


Eur J Clin Nutr


Merenstein D,Gonzalez J,Young AG,Roberts RF,Sanders ME,Petterson S




Has Abstract


2011-04-01 00:00:00














  • Nutrient adequacy and Mediterranean Diet in Spanish school children and adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish school children and adolescents, and their relationship with the Mediterranean Diet. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview. SETTING:Free living children and adolescents of all Spanish regions. SUBJECTS:A random sample of 3166 peo...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Serra-Majem L,Ribas L,García A,Pérez-Rodrigo C,Aranceta J

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of early enteral nutrition on laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with enhanced recovery after surgery protocols.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Protocols for enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) provide comprehensive and evidence-based guidelines to improve perioperative care. It remains elusive whether early enteral nutrition (EEN) will play an active role in the ERAS protocols. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is a sa...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Xiang Q,Yuan H,Cai W,Qie S

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Body composition in patients with an ileostomy and inflammatory bowel disease: validation of bio-electric impedance spectroscopy (BIS).

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To validate bio-electric impedance spectroscopy (BIS) by comparison with other methods for determination of body water compartments in stable subjects with an ileostomy and no or minor small bowel resection for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SUBJECTS:Twenty-one subjects were included, age range 36-65 y (f...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carlsson E,Bosaeus I,Nordgren S

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Excretion of amino acid residues from diets based on wheat flour or oat bran in human subjects with ileostomies.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The effect of consumption of a wheat-flour bread-based low-fibre diet (7.8 g/day fibre; 1.0 portion) or the same diet in which the wheat bread was exchange for a bread based on oat bran with a high fibre content (31.9 g/day fibre; 1.0 portion) on the ileal excretion of amino acid residues and crude protein w...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Abrahamsson M,Aman P,Hallmans G,Zhang JX,Tidehag P

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Fascial planes within subcutaneous fat in humans.

    abstract::We have used B-mode (brightness-mode) ultrasound to investigate the fascial planes within subcutaneous fat at the triceps and abdominal sites in a group of 17 women attending a weight control group over a 12 month period. In most subjects there was a single intralipid fascial plane at each site. As the thickness of ad...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alexander HG,Dugdale AE

    更新日期:1992-12-01 00:00:00

  • Similar responses in hemostatic factors after consumption of wholemeal rye bread and low-fiber wheat bread.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Both epidemiological and experimental evidence suggests a protective effect of dietary fiber against disease, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. The effects of fiber on lipoproteins are modest, indicating that other mechanisms may be involved. As the hemostatic effects of different types of fiber are ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turpeinen AM,Juntunen K,Mutanen M,Mykkänen H

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes of exclusive enteral nutrition in paediatric Crohn's disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is a safe and effective treatment modality for inducing remission in paediatric Crohn's disease (CD). The primary aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of EEN to corticosteroid (CS) therapy in newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve patients with CD. A secondary ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lafferty L,Tuohy M,Carey A,Sugrue S,Hurley M,Hussey S

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide response to low versus high glycaemic index preloads in overweight subjects with and without type II diabetes mellitus.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (7-36) amide (GLP-1) is an insulin secretagogue and potential treatment for type II diabetes mellitus. An alternative to GLP-1 administration is endogenous dietary stimulation. We described a greater GLP-1 release following ingestion of liquids versus solids. We add to t...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Milton JE,Sananthanan CS,Patterson M,Ghatei MA,Bloom SR,Frost GS

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Low body weight and its association with bone health and pubertal maturation in Chinese girls.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the prevalence of low body weight in Beijing pubertal girls and to establish the cut-off for body mass index (BMI) for underweight for Chinese pubertal girls. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. SETTING:Three socioeconomic areas (rural, suburban and urban) in Beijing, China. SUBJECTS:Random sample...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Du X,Greenfield H,Fraser DR,Ge K,Zheng W,Huang L,Liu Z

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Promoting and Implementing the Mediterranean Diet in the Southern Hemisphere: the Chilean Experience.

    abstract::Increasing scientific evidence shows that the Mediterranean lifestyle -including a characteristic dietary pattern as well as psychosocial and cultural features- has beneficial effects on human health. However, production and use of some of the distinctive components (e.g., olive oil, red wine, nuts, legumes, fish and ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Echeverría G,Dussaillant C,McGee EE,Mena C,Nitsche MP,Urquiaga I,Bitran M,Pedrals N,Rigotti A

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of chronic dietary protein intake on the renal function in healthy subjects.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Relatively little is known about the influence of chronic oral protein intake on the kidney function. In most studies only the effect of a short-term change in protein intake [6-28 days] or the effect of an acute protein load on the glomerular filtration rate was studied. The purpose of this study was to inve...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brändle E,Sieberth HG,Hautmann RE

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Existence of iodine deficiency in Hong Kong--a coastal city in southern China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Iodine deficiency is a serious public health problem worldwide which is associated with mental retardation and cretinism. In view of a high incidence of transient neonatal hypothyroidism and a relatively high mean cord blood thyrotropin (TSH) concentration, a pilot study was carried out to analyse the urine i...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kung AW,Chan LW,Low LC,Robinson JD

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Current issues in determining dietary protein and amino-acid requirements.

    abstract::Pregnancy and the first two years of life are periods of rapid growth and yet the knowledge of requirements for protein and dietary indispensable amino acids is very limited. The development of carbon oxidation methods opens the way to studies that should fill these important gaps in knowledge. ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pencharz P,Jahoor F,Kurpad A,Michaelsen KF,Slater C,Tomé D,Weisell R

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences in TNF-alpha levels among obese vs nonobese Latino children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the relationships between TNF-alpha, obesity, and insulin resistance among prepubescent children. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS:Data were collected from 112 nondiabetic Latino schoolchildren from public schools in three South Florida communities. Of the enrolled participants,...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dixon D,Goldberg R,Schneiderman N,Delamater A

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition education in European medical schools: results of an international survey.

    abstract::Consumers and patients are unsure of whom to trust for nutritional advice. Although medical doctors are seen as experts in nutrition and their advice is regularly followed, data are lacking on the amount of nutrition education in European medical school curricula. In line with US research, we distributed a survey on r...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chung M,van Buul VJ,Wilms E,Nellessen N,Brouns FJ

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Refined and whole grain cereals and the risk of oral, oesophageal and laryngeal cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the possible differential role of refined and whole grain cereals on the risk of upper digestive and respiratory tract neoplasms. DESIGN:Hospital-based case-control study. SETTING:University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland. SUBJECTS:A total of 156 incident cases of cancers of the oral cavi...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levi F,Pasche C,Lucchini F,Chatenoud L,Jacobs DR Jr,La Vecchia C

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of bovine serum concentrate, with or without supplemental micronutrients, on the growth, morbidity, and micronutrient status of young children in a low-income, peri-urban Guatemalan community.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the effects of dietary supplements containing bovine serum concentrate (BSC, a source of immunoglobulins) and/or multiple micronutrients (MMN) on children's growth velocity, rates of common infections, and MN status. DESIGN:Randomized, controlled, community-based intervention trial. SETTING:Low...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bégin F,Santizo MC,Peerson JM,Torún B,Brown KH

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D, APOE ɛ4 genotype and cognitive function: findings from the 1958 British birth cohort.

    abstract::Both high and low vitamin D statuses have been associated with lower memory function. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ4 alleles have been associated with reduced memory function, and separately with higher vitamin D concentrations. This report aims to examine if the presence of APOE ɛ4 alleles contributes to the relationship...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maddock J,Cavadino A,Power C,Hyppönen E

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Vitamin C supplementation influences the antioxidant response and nitric oxide handling of erythrocytes and lymphocytes to diving apnea.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We have investigated the influence of vitamin C diet supplementation on the antioxidant response and nitrite levels in lymphocytes and erythrocytes during diving apnea. SUBJECTS:Seven male professional apnea divers participated in a double blind crossover study. Divers were randomly assigned to either vitami...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sureda A,Batle JM,Tauler P,Ferrer MD,Tur JA,Pons A

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Enhancing immunity by dietary consumption of a probiotic lactic acid bacterium (Bifidobacterium lactis HN019): optimization and definition of cellular immune responses.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To define the cellular basis for immune enhancement by a probiotic lactic acid bacteria strain (Bifidobacterium lactis HN019); and to determine whether immune enhancement can be optimized by delivery in oligosaccharide-enriched low-fat milk. DESIGN:A double-blind, three-stage before-and-after intervention tr...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Chiang BL,Sheih YH,Wang LH,Liao CK,Gill HS

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • The evaluation of inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers on coffee-diabetes association: results from the 10-year follow-up of the ATTICA Study (2002-2012).

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this work was to investigate the association between coffee drinking and diabetes development and potential mediation by oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers. SUBJECTS/METHODS:In 2001-2002, a random sample of 1514 men (18-87 years old) and 1528 women (18-89 years old) were ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koloverou E,Panagiotakos DB,Pitsavos C,Chrysohoou C,Georgousopoulou EN,Laskaris A,Stefanadis C,ATTICA Study group.

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Increase in oxidation resistance of atherogenic serum lipoproteins following antioxidant supplementation: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To test the effect of supplementation of diet with ascorbic acid, selenium, alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene on the oxidation resistance of very low (VLDL) + low density lipoprotein (LDL). DESIGN:A randomized placebo-controlled double-masked clinical trial. SETTING:In healthy men aged 30-58 years smoking ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Nyyssönen K,Porkkala E,Salonen R,Korpela H,Salonen JT

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ability of physical activity measurements to assess health-related risks.

    abstract::The aim of this study is to evaluate if two different physical activity (PA) questionnaires have similar ability to rank individuals, and to examine associations with cardiovascular-metabolic risk factors, compared to an objective measure. In a random sample (n=369, age: 65+/-6 years) from the population-based 'Malmö ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li C,Aronsson CA,Hedblad B,Gullberg B,Wirfält E,Berglund G

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Nutritional status, growth and sleep habits among Senegalese adolescent girls.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the relation between sleep habits, nutritional status, growth and maturation in a group of African adolescent girls. The main hypothesis to be tested was that sleep length could be an effective way to spare energy, and thus malnourished girls sleep longer than normal girls. DESIGN:Three repeated yea...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bénéfice E,Garnier D,Ndiaye G

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Healthy Eating Index and obesity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a continuing need to examine the relationship between diet quality and health in the population. The Healthy Eating Index (HEI) has been developed as a composite measure of diet quality by the US Department of Agriculture. OBJECTIVES:The first objective was to use the HEI to assess the diet quality...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo X,Warden BA,Paeratakul S,Bray GA

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry versus skinfold measurements in the assessment of total body fat in renal transplant recipients.

    abstract::Traditional methods for estimating total body fat rely on the assumption that body fat distribution and bone mineral content are constant. However, in patients undergoing renal transplantation rapid changes in body composition occur, with variations in fat distribution and bone mineral content. In order to determine t...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hart PD,Wilkie ME,Edwards A,Cunningham J

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive processes in children's dietary recalls: insight from methodological studies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:This article summarizes 12 dietary-reporting methodological studies with children (six validation studies, one non-validation study, five secondary analyses studies of data from one or more of the six validation studies), identifies research gaps and provides recommendations for (a) improving chil...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Baxter SD

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of body size and sociodemographic characteristics on differences between self-reported and measured anthropometric data in middle-aged men and women: the EPIC-Norfolk study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effects of body size and sociodemographic characteristics on differences between self-reported (SR) and measured anthropometric data in men and women. SUBJECTS/METHODS:This study comprises 9933 men and 11,856 women aged 39-79 years at baseline survey (1993-1997) in the EPIC-Nor...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park JY,Mitrou PN,Keogh RH,Luben RN,Wareham NJ,Khaw KT

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of stunting, wasting and underweight among Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Children born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women are susceptible to undernutrition, but modifiable risk factors and the time course of the development of undernutrition have not been well characterized. The objective of this study was to identify maternal, socioeconomic and child...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: McDonald CM,Kupka R,Manji KP,Okuma J,Bosch RJ,Aboud S,Kisenge R,Spiegelman D,Fawzi WW,Duggan CP

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Banana starch breakdown in the human small intestine studied by electron microscopy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the origin of the poor digestibility of banana starch granules in the human small intestine. DESIGN:The subjects received the same experimental meal. SETTING:Nutrition Research Unit, Laënnec Hospital, CHU, Nantes. SUBJECTS:Six healthy young subjects. INTERVENTIONS:The digestion of raw green b...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Faisant N,Gallant DJ,Bouchet B,Champ M

    更新日期:1995-02-01 00:00:00