Isolation and characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from fire stations in two northwest fire districts.


BACKGROUND:Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains were isolated and characterized from environmental surfaces of two fire stations from two independent districts in the northwestern United States. After the first sampling and before the second sampling, education was provided, additional signage was added, and changes in disinfection protocols were put in place. Nasal carriage of MRSA was determined at the second sampling. METHODS:Environmental samples were collected using SANICULT swabs and RODAC plates. Biochemical tests and 16S rRNA sequencing confirmed MRSA isolates. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed, and the mecA gene, multilocus sequence typing, and SCCmec typing were determined by polymerase chain reaction, sequencing, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis. RESULTS:MRSA was isolated from 44 of 1,064 samples examined (4.1%) and included USA300 isolates. The same strains of MRSA were found in both the garage (ie, medic and fire trucks and protective clothing) and the living quarters. Nasal carriage of MRSA from one fire district was 22.5%. CONCLUSION:Community-like and hospital-like MRSA were isolated from the environmental samples. The majority of the nasal MRSA/S aureus isolates were genetically related to the environmental MRSA strains, suggesting possible transmission between personnel and the environmental surfaces. Further research is needed to verify this hypothesis.


Am J Infect Control


Roberts MC,Soge OO,No D,Beck NK,Meschke JS




Has Abstract


2011-06-01 00:00:00














  • The influence of observational hand hygiene auditing on consultant doctors' hand hygiene behaviors: A qualitative study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Compliance with hand hygiene guidelines reduces the risk of health care-associated infection, yet doctors are less compliant than other health care workers. Use of observational hand hygiene auditing with targeted individualized feedback was implemented, with improved hand hygiene of consultant doctors; howe...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smiddy MP,Murphy OM,Savage E,Browne JP

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics associated with hepatitis B vaccination initiation and completion among adults traveling to a country of high or intermediate endemicity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine is recommended for adults traveling to a country of high or intermediate endemicity. METHODS:Data from the 2016 and 2017 National Health Interview Surveys were pooled. RESULTS:The weighted prevalence of HepB vaccination initiation (≥1 dose) was 37.67% in 2016 (weighted number...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tian C,Ding X,Wang H,Wang W,Luo X

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Face touching in the time of COVID-19 in Shiraz, Iran.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Iranian were advice to wear a mask and not touch their face during COVID-19 restrictions in Iran. METHODS:One-thousand people were observed for 15-30 minutes in public places between April 22 and May 9, 2020. The average number of touches to the mucosal zone was calculated per hour and mask wearers (N = 568...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shiraly R,Shayan Z,McLaws ML

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Disparity in infection control practices for multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a lack of empiric evidence regarding the optimal approach to controlling the transmission of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). In this context, we expect that infection control practices for these organisms vary wid...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lowe C,Katz K,McGeer A,Muller MP,Toronto ESBL Working Group.

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Status of nosocomial tuberculosis transmission prevention in hospitals in Thailand.

    abstract::A national survey was conducted during July to September 2009 to determine tuberculosis (TB) prevention activities, problems, and support needed of Thai hospitals. Ninety-seven percent of hospitals established TB isolation policy, 96.3% provided guidelines for caring of TB patients, 95% and 91.8% provided prevention o...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unahalekhaka A,Lueang-a-papong S,Chitreecheur J

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Sex differences in the risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus throat carriage.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Male gender and adiposity are considered to be risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus carriage. We tested whether colonization is related to free testosterone (fT) level and adiposity, measured with body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BFP), in healthy adults. METHODS:Blood sample and throat swabs...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nowak JE,Borkowska BA,Pawlowski BZ

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increasing potential risks of contamination from repetitive use of endoscope.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Medical devices inserted into the human body can be divided into single-use devices and reusable medical devices (RMDs) depending on the method of use. RMDs are applied to >1 patient, and users reprocess them prior to repeat use. Therefore, reprocessing of RMDs has become more difficult, and issues related t...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee DH,Kim DB,Kim HY,Baek HS,Kwon SY,Lee MH,Park JC

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of bedside nursing staff regarding antibiotic stewardship: A cross-sectional study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Nursing engagement in antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) remains suboptimal. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of nursing staff members regarding ASPs and identify barriers to their participation in such programs. METHODS:This cross-sectional study was co...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abbas S,Lee K,Pakyz A,Markley D,Cooper K,Vanhoozer G,Doll M,Bearman G,Stevens MP

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of surfactants, temperature, and sonication on the virucidal activity of polyhexamethylene biguanide against the bacteriophage MS2.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Virucidal compounds are essential in preventing the transmission of viral infection in the health care environment. Understanding their mechanisms of action is necessary to improve their efficacy. Inactivation of viruses is less documented than that of bacteria notably because different types of virus have d...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pinto F,Maillard JY,Denyer SP

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Examining the inclusion of patients and their family members in infection prevention and control policies and guidelines across Bangladesh, Indonesia, and South Korea.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although familial involvement during inpatient care is not uncommon in western countries, the types of caring activities that family members in Asian countries provide are significantly different. These activities may place the family member at risk from a health care-associated infection. This study aimed t...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park JY,Pardosi JF,Seale H

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Hospital safety climate and its relationship with safe work practices and workplace exposure incidents.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In the industrial setting, employee perceptions regarding their organization's commitment to safety (i.e., safety climate) have been shown to be important correlates to both the adoption and maintenance of safe work practices and to workplace injury rates. However, safety climate measures specific to the hos...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gershon RR,Karkashian CD,Grosch JW,Murphy LR,Escamilla-Cejudo A,Flanagan PA,Bernacki E,Kasting C,Martin L

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Sterile reprocessing of surgical instruments in low- and middle-income countries: A multicenter pilot study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Surgical site infections increase the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with surgical care. An estimated 96.2 million surgical procedures are performed in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) each year. This pilot study assessed the steam sterilization aspect of the surgical instrument reprocess...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: O'Hara NN,Patel KR,Caldwell A,Shone S,Bryce EA

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of cleaning-disinfection wipes and sprays against multidrug-resistant outbreak strains.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hospital rooms play an important role in the transmission of several health care-associated pathogens. During the last few years, a number of innovative cleaning-disinfecting products have been brought to market. In this study, commercially available products combining cleaning and disinfection were compared...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kenters N,Huijskens EGW,de Wit SCJ,van Rosmalen J,Voss A

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of a program to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infection in the zero tolerance era.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is one of the most important health care-associated infections in the critical care setting. METHODS:A quasiexperimental study involving multiple interventions to reduce the incidence of CLABSI was conducted in a medical-surgical intensive care unit (IC...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marra AR,Cal RG,Durão MS,Correa L,Guastelli LR,Moura DF Jr,Edmond MB,Dos Santos OF

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for postoperative endophthalmitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa: possible role of environment.

    abstract::This article describes an investigation to identify risk factors for postoperative endophthalmitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A retrospective case-control study, including 8 cases and 24 controls operated from 2005 to 2009, was undertaken. The risk factors associated with P aeruginosa infection were a particula...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luz RA,Padoveze MC,Falabella P,Morais Lde C,Ghirelli W,Cvintal T

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • An outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia complex pseudobacteremia associated with intrinsically contaminated commercial 0.5% chlorhexidine solution.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is well-known for intrinsic resistance to certain antiseptics. We experienced a sudden rise in Bcc bloodstream infections in a 786-bed hospital. An investigation was conducted to identify the source and to intervene in the ongoing infections. METHODS:The cases were defined...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ko S,An HS,Bang JH,Park SW

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Meta-analysis investigating the relationship between clinical features, outcomes, and severity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We aimed to investigate the relationship between clinical characteristics, outcomes and the severity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pneumonia. METHODS:We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases to assess the clinical characteris...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Li J,He X,Yuan Yuan,Zhang W,Li X,Zhang Y,Li S,Guan C,Gao Z,Dong G

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Varicella vaccine safety, incidence of breakthrough, and factors associated with breakthrough in Taiwan.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Varicella vaccine was first available in Taiwan in 1997. The aims of this study were to investigate varicella vaccine safety and occurrence of breakthrough in Taiwan during the first 3 years. The adverse events, incidence of breakthrough, and factors associated with breakthrough were analyzed. METHODS:A per...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tseng HF,Tan HF,Chang CK

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Staffing requirements for infection control programs in US health care facilities: Delphi project.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The guideline for staffing infection control programs of 1 infection control professional (ICP) for every 250 occupied acute care beds has been used in many health care facilities in the United States since 1985. Since that time, the health care system, patient populations, and expectations about the work of...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Boyle C,Jackson M,Henly SJ

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Acinetobacter calcoaceticus anitratus outbreak in the intensive care unit traced to a peak flow meter.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A cluster of seven cases of Acinetobacter caleoaceticus anitratus in a community teaching hospital intensive care unit was discovered (the seventh case was located in a step-down unit next to an infected patient recently transferred from the intensive care unit.) METHODS:An outbreak investigation, including...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahmed J,Brutus A,D'Amato RF,Glatt AE

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • A cluster of nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections in a neonatal intensive care department: Identification of transmission and intervention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We sought to determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of bloodstream infections as a result of Klebsiella pneumoniae. DESIGN AND SETTING:We conducted a prospective cohort study in a neonatal intensive care department from May 1999 to December 2000. METHODS:We performed surveillance of nosoc...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gastmeier P,Groneberg K,Weist K,Rüden H

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Health care-associated infection surveillance system in Iran: Reporting and accuracy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Valid data are a crucial aspect of infection prevention and control programs. The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of routine reporting in the Iranian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System in intensive care units. METHODS:A blinded retrospective review of general intensive care unit medical ...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seifi A,Dehghan-Nayeri N,Rostamnia L,Varaei S,Akbari Sari A,Haghani H,Ghanbari V

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Attitudes and perceptions of health care workers in Northeastern Germany about multidrug-resistant organisms.

    abstract::There were 256 health care workers in 39 facilities who were interviewed about their perceptions of the quality of care of patients with and without multidrug-resistant organisms based on a standardized questionnaire. There are remarkable differences in the responses between facility types (acute care hospitals, long-...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marschall P,Hübner NO,Maletzki S,Wilke F,Dittmann K,Kramer A

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • An agent-based modeling approach to estimate pathogen exposure risks from wheelchairs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Contributions of contaminated wheelchairs to nosocomial pathogen transmission are relatively unknown. Our aim was to develop a model predicting pathogen exposures for patients utilizing wheelchairs and estimate exposure reduction potential of wheelchair disinfection between rides. METHODS:An agent-based mod...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson AM,Verhougstraete MP,Donskey CJ,Reynolds KA

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Classification of nosocomial and community-acquired infections in the neonate.

    abstract::The concept of nosocomial versus community-acquired infection is an important one in terms of hospital surveillance and infection control. Risk factors, time of onset, and type of organism are presented in tabular form to assist in classifying infection in the newborn. ...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gottschalk SK,Pitre JB,Schuth CR

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • Successful implementation of the CDC recommendations during the care of 2 patients with Candida auris in in-patient rehabilitation and intensive care settings.

    abstract::Candida auris presents a unique challenge to practitioners and infection control teams worldwide because of its virulence, alarming resistance profile, environmental fitness, and risk of nosocomial transmission. We describe 2 cases of Candida auris infection managed with the CDC recommendations with no evidence of in-...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reimer-McAtee M,Corsi G,Reed E,Boston KM,Yalamanchili H,Burnazian G,Bassett S,Butler J,McGinnis-Cole T,Chavez V,Wanger A,Ostrosky-Zeichner L

    更新日期:2020-08-20 00:00:00

  • Frequency of outbreak investigations in US hospitals: results of a national survey of infection preventionists.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A survey of infection preventionists was conducted to determine the frequency of outbreak investigations in US hospitals. METHODS:A 2-part electronic survey was sent to Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc, members in US hospitals in January 2010. Part 1 of the survey too...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rhinehart E,Walker S,Murphy D,O'Reilly K,Leeman P

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in cell phones of health care workers from Peruvian pediatric and neonatal intensive care units.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Health care workers (HCWs) use their mobile phones during working hours or medical care. There is evidence that the instruments are colonized with pathogenic microorganisms. Here, we describe levels of Enterobacteriaceae contamination (EC) in cell phones and the risk factors associated with EC in Peruvian in...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Loyola S,Gutierrez LR,Horna G,Petersen K,Agapito J,Osada J,Rios P,Lescano AG,Tamariz J

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Association of hospital-area deprivation with hospital performance on health care associated infection rates in 2018.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are common and often preventable complications of care, with reduction emphasized in national policy. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services introduced an HAI-focused Hospital Acquired Condition Reduction Program in 2015 to penalize poor-performin...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wiemken TL,Wright MO,Johnston KJ

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Influenza immunization coverage of residents and employees of long-term care facilities in New York State, 2000-2010.

    abstract::We describe influenza immunization coverage trends from the New York State (NYS) Department of Health long-term care facility (LTCF) reports. Overall median immunization coverage levels for NYS LTCF residents and employees were 84.0% (range: 81.6%-86.0%) and 37.7% (range: 32.7%-50.0%), respectively. LTCF resident immu...

    journal_title:American journal of infection control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Person CJ,Nadeau JA,Schaffzin JK,Pollock L,Wallace BJ,McNutt LA,Blog D

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00