A case-control study on the occurrence of Salmonella spp. in the environment of pigs.


:The objective of this study was to compare the occurrence of Salmonella spp. found in the animal environment in pig herds with different Salmonella risks (61 herds with low seroprevalence, 81 herds with high seroprevalence) on a broad scale. The environmental samples were divided into two types: direct (n=1105) and indirect (n=1220) environmental samples. All samples were tested for Salmonella spp. via real-time polymerase chain reaction. Most of the indirect environments were more often Salmonella-positive in the high-seroprevalence herds than in the low-seroprevalence herds; significantly higher were compartment aisles [odds ratio (OR) 3·45, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·61-7·41], driving boards (OR 3·06, 95% CI 1·38-6·92) and the central aisle of the barn (OR 3·03, 95% CI 1·35-6·83). The overall results show that especially areas in the indirect environment are the major, but mostly underestimated causes of residual Salmonella.


Epidemiol Infect


Gotter V,Blaha T,Klein G




Has Abstract


2012-01-01 00:00:00














  • Serodiagnosis of human plague by an anti-F1 capsular antigen specific IgG/IgM ELISA and immunoblot.

    abstract::Plague is a re-emerging disease endemic in at least 24 countries. Non-endemic countries should be able to confirm plague to prevent outbreaks due to imported cases. We established a combination of a IgG/IgM screening ELISA and a confirmation immunoblot employing F1 capsular antigen (CA) for the serodiagnosis of plague...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neubauer H,Rahalison L,Brooks TJ,Aleksic S,Chanteau S,Splettstösser WD

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei-like strains.

    abstract::Previous reports in the literature suggest that Burkholderia pseudomallei strains can be differentiated on the basis of animal virulence. Twenty environmentally and clinically derived isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei were examined for the production of exoenzymes, morphological and biochemical phenotypes and viru...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brett PJ,Deshazer D,Woods DE

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Improved hepatitis C treatment response in younger patients: findings from the UK HCV National Register cohort study.

    abstract::In a cohort of 272 treatment-naive individuals with chronic hepatitis C infection acquired on a known date who were enrolled in the UK HCV National Register, a progressive improvement in response to treatment was found with the evolution of antiviral therapies from 20% (25/122) for interferon monotherapy to 63% (55/88...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harris HE,Costella A,Amirthalingam G,Alexander G,Ramsay ME,Andrews N,UK HCV National Register Collaborators.,UK HCV National Register Steering Group.

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Differentiation between serological responses to Brucella suis and Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:9 after natural or experimental infection in pigs.

    abstract::False-positive serological reactions (FPSR) due to infections with Yersinia enterocolitica serotype Oratio9 (YeOratio9) are a problem in tests for brucellosis. In the present study, FPSR in classical and novel tests for brucellosis following experimental infections of pigs with YeOratio9 were compared with responses o...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jungersen G,Sørensen V,Giese SB,Stack JA,Riber U

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating infectious diseases incidence: validity of capture-recapture analysis and truncated models for incomplete count data.

    abstract::Capture-recapture analysis has been used to evaluate infectious disease surveillance. Violation of the underlying assumptions can jeopardize the validity of the capture-recapture estimates and a tool is needed for cross-validation. We re-examined 19 datasets of log-linear model capture-recapture studies on infectious ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Hest NA,Grant AD,Smit F,Story A,Richardus JH

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • An outbreak of norovirus GI-6 infection following a wedding in North West England.

    abstract::In August 2015 a gastroenteritis outbreak occurred following a wedding. An outbreak investigation was undertaken and a cohort study was conducted using an online survey. Of 140 guests, 134 received the survey and 113 responded (84·3% response rate). Seventy respondents met the case definition of vomiting and/or diarrh...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith KC,Inns T,Decraene V,Fox A,Allen DJ,Shah A

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Influenza hospitalizations in Australian children.

    abstract::Australia's National Immunisation Program (NIP) provides free influenza vaccination for children at high risk of severe influenza; a pilot-funded programme for vaccine in all children aged 6 months to <5 years in one of eight states, has seen poor vaccine impact, related to recent vaccine safety concerns. This retrosp...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li-Kim-Moy J,Yin JK,Blyth CC,Kesson A,Booy R,Cheng AC,Macartney K

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Human listeriosis in Britain, 1967-85, a summary of 722 cases. 2. Listeriosis in non-pregnant individuals, a changing pattern of infection and seasonal incidence.

    abstract::Clinical information was collected on 722 cases of Listeria monocytogenes infections in humans occurring in Britain between 1967 and 1985. This series comprised 34% (248 cases) associated with pregnancy and 66% (474 cases) in non-pregnant adults and juveniles. The cases not associated with pregnancy comprised: 76% in ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLauchlin J

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • Numerical index of the discriminatory ability of biotyping and resistotyping for strains of Escherichia coli.

    abstract::A discrimination index was applied to assess the value of biotyping and resistotyping, used alone or together, for the subspecific discrimination of Escherichia coli. The index was high when 599 strains from a wide variety of sources were examined by full biotyping with 10 tests. Although the discrimination achieved w...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crichton PB,Old DC

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • The incidence of varicella and herpes zoster in Taiwan during a period of increasing varicella vaccine coverage, 2000-2008.

    abstract::The introduction and the widespread use of the varicella vaccine in Taiwan has led to a 75-80% decrease in the incidence of varicella in children. However the vaccine's long-term impact on the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) has attracted attention. By controlling gender, underlying diseases, and age effects, a Poisso...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chao DY,Chien YZ,Yeh YP,Hsu PS,Lian IB

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Characterisation of Bordetella bronchiseptica isolated from rabbits in Fujian, China.

    abstract::Bordetella bronchiseptica is a potential zoonotic pathogen, which mainly causes respiratory diseases in humans and a variety of animal species. B. bronchiseptica is one of the important pathogens isolated from rabbits in Fujian Province. However, the knowledge of the epidemiology and characteristics of the B. bronchis...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang J,Sun S,Chen Y,Chen D,Sang L,Xie X

    更新日期:2020-08-24 00:00:00

  • Mumps outbreak in Israel's highly vaccinated society: are two doses enough?

    abstract::Mumps outbreaks in recent years have given rise to questions about the effectiveness of the mumps vaccine. This study examined the epidemiological data from a recent mumps outbreak in Israel and from outbreaks in other countries with high vaccination coverage, and considered whether long-established vaccination polici...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anis E,Grotto I,Moerman L,Warshavsky B,Slater PE,Lev B

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Age, influenza pandemics and disease dynamics.

    abstract::The world is currently confronting the first influenza pandemic of the 21st century [caused by a novel pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus]. Earlier pandemics have been characterized by age distributions that are distinct from those observed with seasonal influenza epidemics, with higher attack rates (and correspondingl...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greer AL,Tuite A,Fisman DN

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in psychiatric patients: a case-control study in eastern China.

    abstract::In recent years, the effect of Toxoplasma gondii infection on the cerebrum and neuropsychiatric patients has been increasingly highlighted. However, there is limited information about the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in psychiatric patients in Shandong province, eastern China. Therefore, through a case-control ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cong W,Dong W,Bai L,Wang XY,Ni XT,Qian AD,Zhu XQ

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • A highly transmissible tuberculosis outbreak: the importance of bars.

    abstract::The transmission of tuberculosis (TB) in bars is difficult to study. The objective was to describe a large TB outbreak in a company's bar and other leisure settings. A descriptive study of a TB outbreak was carried out. Contacts were studied in the index case's workplace bar (five circles of contacts) and other recrea...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Godoy P,Alsedà M,Falguera M,Puig T,Bach P,Monrabà M,Manonelles A

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Phylogenetic and antigenic analysis of influenza A(H3N2) viruses isolated from conscripts receiving influenza vaccine prior to the epidemic season of 1998/9.

    abstract::Roughly half (54%) of the 910 young conscripts at a garrison in Finland were vaccinated with commercial influenza vaccines in autumn 1998. During the influenza outbreak in February 1999, 12 H3N2-subtype virus strains were isolated from vaccinated patients, and 11 such strains were isolated from unvaccinated patients. ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pyhälä R,Ikonen N,Haanpää M,Santanen R,Tervahauta R

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Regional and temporal changes in AIDS in Europe before HAART.

    abstract::In a prospective observational study 4,485 patients from 46 clinical centres in 17 European countries were followed between April 1994 and November 1996. Information on AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were collected together with basic demographic data, treatment history and laboratory results. The centres were divided in...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blaxhult A,Fox Z,Colebunders R,Francioli P,Ben-Ishai Z,Fätkenheuer G,Parkin JM,Vanhems P,Phillips AN,Kirk O,EuroSIDA Study Group.

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Existence of two geographically-linked clonal lineages in the bacterial fish pathogen Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida evidenced by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis.

    abstract::In this work, we applied the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique to evaluate the genetic diversity in Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida (formerly Pasteurella piscicida), an important pathogen for different marine fish. Regardless of the oligonucleotide primer employed, the 29 isolates of Ph. damse...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magariños B,Toranzo AE,Barja JL,Romalde JL

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • The rise and decline in Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis outbreaks attributed to egg-containing foods in the United States, 1973-2009.

    abstract::Salmonella enterica causes an estimated 1 million domestically acquired foodborne illnesses annually. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) is among the top three serovars of reported cases of Salmonella. We examined trends in SE foodborne outbreaks from 1973 to 2009 using Joinpoint and Poisson regression. The ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wright AP,Richardson L,Mahon BE,Rothenberg R,Cole DJ

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Outbreaks of infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on neonatal and burns units of a new hospital.

    abstract::Multiple introductions of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains occurred to a new hospital in Hong Kong. Two years of clinical microbiological surveillance of the resulting outbreaks was combined with laboratory investigation by phage and antibiogram typing, and plasmid profiling. The outbreaks on...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Farrington M,Ling J,Ling T,French GL

    更新日期:1990-10-01 00:00:00

  • The effectiveness of vaccination to prevent the papillomavirus infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Our purpose was to determine the effectiveness and harms of vaccination in patients with any sexual history to prevent the prevalence of papillomavirus infection. A search strategy was conducted in the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE and LILACS databases. Searches were also conducted in other databases and unpublished litera...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: García-Perdomo HA,Osorio JC,Fernandez A,Zapata-Copete JA,Castillo A

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics and TB treatment outcomes in TB patients with viral hepatitis, New York City, 2000-2010.

    abstract::Literature surrounding the burden of and factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in persons with tuberculosis (TB) disease remains limited and focused on populations outside the USA. Cross-matched New York City (NYC) TB and viral hepatitis surveillance data were used to es...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bushnell G,Stennis NL,Drobnik AM,Proops DC,Ahuja SD,Bornschlegel K,Fuld J

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Time-course of antibody responses against Coxiella burnetii following acute Q fever.

    abstract::Large outbreaks of Q fever in The Netherlands have provided a unique opportunity for studying longitudinal serum antibody responses in patients. Results are presented of a cohort of 344 patients with acute symptoms of Q fever with three or more serum samples per patient. In all these serum samples IgM and IgG against ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teunis PF,Schimmer B,Notermans DW,Leenders AC,Wever PC,Kretzschmar ME,Schneeberger PM

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Esterase electrophoresis: a molecular tool for studying the epidemiology of Branhamella catarrhalis nosocomial infection.

    abstract::A new epidemiologic typing method based on electrophoresis of esterases had been developed for differentiating between clinical isolates of Branhamella catarrhalis. Twenty-two epidemiologically significant strains obtained from three Chest Units, a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit and a Paediatric Unit were compared wit...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Picard B,Goullet P,Denamur E,Suermondt G

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • The multifaceted role of mobile technologies as a strategy to combat COVID-19 pandemic.

    abstract::The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China rapidly spread throughout the world, becoming a threatening pandemic with unprecedented consequences. Mobile technologies have led to a revolution in health and their applicability in the context of COVID-19 is promising. In this commentary, we provide an overview of t...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teixeira R,Doetsch J

    更新日期:2020-10-13 00:00:00

  • Transmission of bovine leukaemia virus within dairy herds by simulation modelling.

    abstract::In Argentina, bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) infection is common in dairy herds. The country currently has a National Voluntary Control Programme but relatively few farms have enrolled. However, there is increased interest from authorities and farmers to implement regional compulsory programmes but there is scarce quant...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monti GE,Frankena K,De Jong MC

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • A multi-centre prospective case-control study of campylobacter infection in persons aged 5 years and older in Australia.

    abstract::There are an estimated 277,000 cases of campylobacteriosis in Australia each year, most of which are thought to be sporadically acquired. To explore causes for these infections, we conducted a multi-centre case-control study of patients and community controls across five Australian States during 2001-2002. A total of ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Stafford RJ,Schluter P,Kirk M,Wilson A,Unicomb L,Ashbolt R,Gregory J,OzFoodNet Working Group.

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Increase of immunity to rubella and interruption of rubella transmission in Gipuzkoa (Basque Country, Spain) after an enhanced vaccination programme.

    abstract::In Spain, vaccination against rubella was initiated in schoolgirls in the mid-1970s. In Gipuzkoa, subsequent extensions to the vaccination schedule culminated in 1992 with the introduction of the two-dose measles, mumps and rubella vaccine in children and adolescents of both sexes. Moreover, in 1985 a programme for th...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cilla G,Dorronsoro M,Sáenz-Domínguez JR,Serrano E,Pérez-Trallero E

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular characterization of the genotype G9 human rotavirus strains recovered in Palermo, Italy, during the winter of 1999-2000.

    abstract::Among the known human rotavirus serotypes, types G1-G4 are ubiquitous and account for >80% of global human rotavirus strains. Since 1994 an increase in reports of G9 serotype isolates has been observed in both developed and developing countries. In the winter season of 1999-2000 we detected the appearance of G9 rotavi...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arista S,Giammanco GM,De Grazia S,Migliore MC,Martella V,Cascio A

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Viruses in acute gastroenteritis in children in Pune, India.

    abstract::A 2-year study from January 1981 to December 1982 was undertaken to determine the role of viruses in the causation of diarrhoea in hospitalized children in Pune, Maharashtra State, India. The stool samples of 426 children (213 diarrhoeal and 213 non-diarrhoeal controls) were investigated by electron microscopy and ELI...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh PB,Sreenivasan MA,Pavri KM

    更新日期:1989-04-01 00:00:00