Aspiration pneumonia and the laryngeal mask airway.


:A case of aspiration pneumonia is reported after the use of a laryngeal mask airway in a young woman undergoing an elective cholecystectomy. The case illustrates the hazards of regurgitation with the laryngeal mask airway and the need for further evaluation when used with controlled mechanical ventilation.






Griffin RM,Hatcher IS




Has Abstract


1990-12-01 00:00:00












  • Which intravenous induction agent for day surgery? A comparison of propofol, thiopentone, methohexitone and etomidate.

    abstract::Eighty day patients for the vaginal termination of pregnancy were randomly allocated to receive thiopentone, propofol, methohexitone or etomidate as intravenous induction agents. The same anaesthetist administered the anaesthesia and all the observers were blind to the agents used. The results show that thiopentone an...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Heath PJ,Kennedy DJ,Ogg TW,Dunling C,Gilks WR

    更新日期:1988-05-01 00:00:00

  • Dutch case-control study of anaesthesia-related morbidity and mortality. Rationale and methods.

    abstract::To date, anaesthesia-related mortality, morbidity and risk factors have almost exclusively been studied qualitatively rather than quantitatively. Therefore, knowledge of the relative risk associated with many anaesthesia-related factors is still lacking. Recently, a quantitative study of the determinants and preventio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Arbous MS,Grobbee DE,van Kleef JW,Meursing AE

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence and association with transfusion, intensive care unit stay and mortality of pre-operative anaemia in a cohort of cardiac surgery patients.

    abstract::Anaemia is increasingly prevalent in the United Kingdom. Despite recommendations to the contrary, many patients undergo cardiac surgery with undiagnosed and untreated anaemia. According to the World Health Organization definition, 1463/2688 (54.4%) patients undergoing cardiac surgery between 2008 and 2009 in our insti...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hung M,Besser M,Sharples LD,Nair SK,Klein AA

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical indicators and other complications in the recovery room or postanaesthetic care unit.

    abstract::Clinical indicators and complications occurring in the recovery room or post anaesthetic care unit were recorded for patients who had an anaesthetic procedure during 1995, 1996 and 1997 (n = 13 266). Clinical indicators measured were those developed by the Australian Council on Healthcare Standards in conjunction with...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peskett MJ

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • Neutral head position for placement of internal jugular vein catheters.

    abstract::A new approach to the internal jugular vein is described which keeps the head and neck in the neutral position and uses bony and cartilaginous landmarks for guidelines. Venous puncture is made along an axial line drawn superiorly from the lateral edge of the bony depression caused by the insertion of the sternocleidom...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Willeford KL,Reitan JA

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • A multipurpose rubber adaptor.

    abstract::A multipurpose rubber right-angle adaptor has been described. Thic can connect the patient to both masks and endotracheal tubes in several anaesthetic systems. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gran L

    更新日期:1976-05-01 00:00:00

  • Topical benzydamine hydrochloride for prevention of postoperative sore throat in adults undergoing tracheal intubation for elective surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Postoperative sore throat has a negative impact on patient satisfaction and recovery. Benzydamine hydrochloride is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug available for topical use. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of topical application of benzydamine to prevent post...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Kuriyama A,Aga M,Maeda H

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Peri-operative management of an adult patient with type 2N von Willebrand's disease scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft.

    abstract::We describe a patient with type 2N von Willebrand's disease scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft for severe three-vessel coronary artery disease with involvement of the left main stem. He was given a pre-operative bolus of 3000 IU factor VIII/Willebrand factor concentrate (approximately 40, f...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gerling V,Lahpor JR,Buhre W

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Decreasing delays in urgent and expedited surgery in a university teaching hospital through audit and communication between peri-operative and surgical directorates.

    abstract::National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death guidelines for urgent surgery recommend a fully staffed emergency operating theatre and restriction of 'after-midnight' operating to immediate life-, limb- or organ-threatening conditions. Audit performed in our institution demonstrated significant decreases...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cosgrove JF,Gaughan M,Snowden CP,Lees T

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Deliberate self-poisoning with dapsone. A case report and summary of relevant pharmacology and treatment.

    abstract::We report the case of a 14-year-old girl who deliberately ingested 8-9 g of dapsone and presented with severe methaemoglobinaemia and altered mental status. Prompt treatment with repeated doses of methylene blue and organ support brought about control of the methaemoglobinaemia and averted organ failure. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ferguson AJ,Lavery GG

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of midazolam premedication on implicit memory activation during alfentanil-nitrous oxide anaesthesia.

    abstract::Eighty-three patients were given midazolam 0.1 by intramuscular injection as premedication before general anaesthesia with alfentanil-nitrous oxide. During anaesthesia patients were presented (through headphones) with either statements about common facts of some years ago (group A) (n = 43) or new verbal assoc...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: De Roode A,Jelicic M,Bonke B,Bovill JG

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary arterio-venous fistula. A shunt equation exercise during thoracotomy.

    abstract::A report is given of a patient with multiple bilateral pulmonary arterio-venous fistulae who underwent right thoracotomy for this condition. Blood-gas studies before and during surgery showed that the arterio-venous oxygen content differences of 1-16-1-34 mmol/l were less than normal, and the calculated venous admixtu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Purcell GR,Manners JM,Cockburn JS

    更新日期:1977-09-01 00:00:00

  • Torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia following coronary artery spasm during general anaesthesia.

    abstract::We present a patient who suffered two episodes of torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia during general anaesthesia for abdominal surgery. The first occurred on suctioning of the tracheobronchial tree and the second while anaesthesia was light. Since ST segment elevation was in each case noted before the onset of ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mizutani K,Toyoda Y,Kubota H

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Propofol for long-term sedation in the intensive care unit. A comparison with papaveretum and midazolam.

    abstract::Thirty-seven patients with a wide range of illnesses were studied during mechanical ventilation of the lungs in an intensive care unit. Fifteen were sedated with a continuous propofol infusion, with analgesia provided by bolus doses of papaveretum. Twelve received a continuous infusion of papaveretum, supplemented by ...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Harris CE,Grounds RM,Murray AM,Lumley J,Royston D,Morgan M

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00

  • Protocolised thromboelastometric-guided haemostatic management in patients with traumatic brain injury: a pilot study.

    abstract::Coagulopathy in patients with traumatic brain injury is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality. Although timely and aggressive treatment of coagulopathy is of paramount importance, excessive transfusion of blood products has been linked with poor long-term outcomes in patients with traumatic brain inju...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Gratz J,Güting H,Thorn S,Brazinova A,Görlinger K,Schäfer N,Schöchl H,Stanworth S,Maegele M

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ease of insertion of the laryngeal mask airway by inexperienced personnel when using an introducer.

    abstract::The Portex introducer for the laryngeal mask airway was designed as an aid to successful insertion, acting as an idealised 'artificial hard palate' to guide the tip of the laryngeal mask into the correct position. A number of authors have investigated laryngeal mask insertion by unskilled personnel in certain situatio...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dingley J,Baynham P,Swart M,Vaughan RS

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • Blood ordering practices in obstetric units in the United Kingdom.

    abstract::A postal questionnaire on blood ordering practices and blood availability was sent to 89 randomly selected maternity units within the United Kingdom. The replies demonstrated a wide variation in crossmatching practices. Of those units that replied, 56% crossmatch for elective and 64% for emergency Caesarean section, 5...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clark VA,Wardall GJ,McGrady EM

    更新日期:1993-11-01 00:00:00

  • Tracheal intubating conditions using propofol and remifentanil target-controlled infusions.

    abstract::Using target-controlled infusions (TCI) we aimed to determine the most appropriate dose of remifentanil required for intubation, using a steady effect-site concentration of propofol and without the use of neuromuscular blocking drugs. Sixty ASA III patients presenting for elective surgery were randomly allocated to on...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Troy AM,Huthinson RC,Easy WR,Kenney GN

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • The M1 air crash. The demands placed on anaesthetic and intensive care services of two hospitals.

    abstract::The M1 air crash provided an enormous challenge to the anaesthetic and intensive care services of the hospitals which admitted the survivors, many of whom had serious injuries. This account describes some of the problems which were encountered in two of the hospitals, details the workload imposed on the anaesthetists ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coad NR,Jones MJ,Byrne AJ,Pepperman ML

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • Spinal anaesthesia for outpatient surgery.

    abstract::In a prospective study of 51 young male outpatients given spinal anaesthesia through a 25-gauge needle, we found a 37.2% incidence of postdural puncture headache. In addition, 54.9% complained of backache after surgery. Occurrence of headache significantly prolonged the sick-leave from work. General anaesthesia would ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flaatten H,Raeder J

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • The TOF-Guard neuromuscular transmission monitor. A comparison with the Myograph 2000.

    abstract::The TOF-Guard neuromuscular monitor uses an accelerometer to measure the response to nerve stimulation. In this study, we have compared it to a standard mechanomyographic monitor, the Myograph 2000, for neuromuscular monitoring in 28 subjects. A train-of-four mode of stimulation was used in both cases. The times taken...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Loan PB,Paxton LD,Mirakhur RK,Connolly FM,McCoy EP

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of lamotrigine on pain-induced chemo-somatosensory evoked potentials.

    abstract::Lamotrigine, a sodium channel blocker that selectively inhibits the neuronal release of glutamate, has been shown to produce analgesia in acute and chronic pain models in rats without causing noticeable sedation. After oral administration it also reduces pain scores, as assessed by the cold pain test, in volunteers. T...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Klamt JG,Posner J

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Accidental cross-connexion of oxygen and nitrous oxide in an anaesthetic machine.

    abstract::Oxygen and nitrous oxide pipes were cross-connected during the servicing of an anaesthetic machine. This resulted in the delivery of 100% nitrous oxide instead of 100% oxygen at the end of the operation. The patient fully recovered and was discharged on the 13th day. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bonsu AK,Stead AL

    更新日期:1983-08-01 00:00:00

  • Hypercholinesterasaemia and suxamethonium resistance.

    abstract::A case is reported of resistance to the muscle relaxing action of suxamethonium due to the rare inherited condition of hypercholinesterasaemia. Family studies suggest dominant inheritance. It is suggested the condition should be considered whenever there is unexpected resistance to the muscle relaxing action of suxame...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Warran P,Theeman M,Bold AM,Jones S

    更新日期:1987-08-01 00:00:00

  • Epidural anaesthesia and analgesia for liver resection.

    abstract::Although epidural analgesia is routinely used in many institutions for patients undergoing hepatic resection, there are unresolved issues regarding its safety and efficacy in this setting. We performed a review of papers published in the area of anaesthesia and analgesia for liver resection surgery and selected four a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tzimas P,Prout J,Papadopoulos G,Mallett SV

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • The laryngeal mask airway in children.

    abstract::The laryngeal mask airway was used in 200 children during a variety of surgical procedures. Some problem with the use of the device was encountered in 47 cases (23%), but in only five cases (2.5%) were the problems serious enough to warrant abandonment of its use. A clear airway was ultimately achieved in 191 children...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Mason DG,Bingham RM

    更新日期:1990-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ability of radial arterial palpation and observation of the pulse oximetry trace to estimate non-invasive systolic pressure in healthy volunteers and in women undergoing spinal anaesthesia for elective caesarean section.

    abstract::We assessed the ability of palpating the radial arterial pulse and observing the oximeter trace to estimate the automated non-invasive systolic pressure reading in 20 healthy female volunteers and 20 parturients undergoing spinal anaesthesia for elective caesarean section. Using real-time values of cuff pressure durin...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sabharwal A,Strickland T,Yentis SM

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • The alcoholic patient and surgical stress.

    abstract::In order to find out how the response to operative trauma is influenced by chronic alcohol consumption, 53 patients (28 alcoholics and 25 non-alcoholics) were investigated. The chronic alcoholic was defined as a person having a regular, daily alcohol consumption of over 70 g pure alcohol for at least 3 years. The mean...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haxholdt OS,Johansson G

    更新日期:1982-08-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of the reinforced laryngeal mask airway and tracheal intubation for nasal surgery.

    abstract::Airway maintenance and protection during anaesthesia and recovery provided by the reinforced laryngeal mask airway was compared with the sequential use of a tracheal tube followed by the Guedel airway in 66 patients having anaesthesia for nasal surgery. One patient was withdrawn from the laryngeal mask group because t...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Williams PJ,Thompsett C,Bailey PM

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine versus propofol target-controlled infusion for sedation during fibreoptic nasotracheal intubation.

    abstract::Fibreoptic intubation is a valuable modality for airway management. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine vs target controlled propofol infusion in providing sedation during fibreoptic intubation. Forty patients with anticipated difficult airways and due to undergo tracheal intubation for el...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Tsai CJ,Chu KS,Chen TI,Lu DV,Wang HM,Lu IC

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00