Aspiration pneumonia and the laryngeal mask airway.


:A case of aspiration pneumonia is reported after the use of a laryngeal mask airway in a young woman undergoing an elective cholecystectomy. The case illustrates the hazards of regurgitation with the laryngeal mask airway and the need for further evaluation when used with controlled mechanical ventilation.






Griffin RM,Hatcher IS




Has Abstract


1990-12-01 00:00:00












  • Effect of perioperative steroids on renal function after liver transplantation.

    abstract::Subclinical renal dysfunction is thought to occur as a systemic manifestation of ischaemia-reperfusion injury of other organs. Liver transplantation is associated with major ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Thirty-four patients undergoing elective liver transplantation were randomly allocated to receive either saline or ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Turner S,Dhamarajah S,Bosomworth M,Bellamy MC,Leeds Liver Transplant Group.

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary shunts in the prone position.

    abstract::Pulmonary shunting (Qs/Qt with the FIO2 = 1) was determined in ten young healthy non-obese patients prior to anaesthesia, 30 min after induction in the supine position and 1 h later during surgery in the prone position. Respiration was spontaneous in awake patients and was controlled following the induction of anaesth...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone JG,Khambatta HJ

    更新日期:1978-06-01 00:00:00

  • Ketamine and the oculocardiac reflex. Dysrhythmia in pediatric strabismus surgery: the role of intravenous atropine.

    abstract::Fifty children in the age-group 1.75-10 years, admitted for cure of strabismus, were anaesthetised with intramuscular ketamine. Half the patients, at random, were given intravenous atropine, while anaesthetised, 5 minutes before operative interference. ECG recording of Lead 2 showed an oculacardiac dysthythmic respons...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Apivor D,Ravi PK

    更新日期:1976-01-01 00:00:00

  • EchoComTEE - a simulator for transoesophageal echocardiography.

    abstract::Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) requires extensive hands-on training, and it is for this purpose we have designed EchoComTEE, a simulator for TOE. It consists of a manikin and dummy probe; according to the position of the dummy probe (tracked by an electromagnetic sensor), two-dimensional (2D) images are calcu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weidenbach M,Drachsler H,Wild F,Kreutter S,Razek V,Grunst G,Ender J,Berlage T,Janousek J

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • An international consensus statement on the management of postoperative anaemia after major surgical procedures.

    abstract::Despite numerous guidelines on the management of anaemia in surgical patients, there is no pragmatic guidance for the diagnosis and management of anaemia and iron deficiency in the postoperative period. A number of experienced researchers and clinicians took part in a two-day expert workshop and developed the followin...


    pub_type: 共识发展会议,杂志文章,评审


    authors: Muñoz M,Acheson AG,Bisbe E,Butcher A,Gómez-Ramírez S,Khalafallah AA,Kehlet H,Kietaibl S,Liumbruno GM,Meybohm P,Rao Baikady R,Shander A,So-Osman C,Spahn DR,Klein AA

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Pharmacological characteristics and side effects of a new galenic formulation of propofol without soyabean oil.

    abstract::We compared the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety profile of a new galenic formulation of propofol (AM149 1%), which does not contain soyabean oil, with a standard formulation of propofol (Disoprivan 1%). In a randomised, double-blind, cross-over study, 30 healthy volunteers received a single intravenous b...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Paul M,Dueck M,Kampe S,Fruendt H,Kasper SM

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility. Management during pregnancy and labour.

    abstract::A case of pregnancy complicated by malignant hyperthermia susceptibility is reported. Serum CPK and electrolyte concentrations were measured during pregnancy and labour. Labour and delivery were managed successfully under epidural analgesia using plain bupivacaine 0.5%. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Willatts SM

    更新日期:1979-01-01 00:00:00

  • All that wheezes is not asthma.

    abstract::A case is presented in which the inhalation of a foreign body caused a respiratory arrest and was subsequently diagnosed and treated as an attack of acute asthma. The presentation, diagnosis, investigation and treatment of this condition is discussed and a review of the literature is presented. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lloyd-Thomas AR,Bush GH

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of micropore filters on the aspiration test in epidural analgesia.

    abstract::Continuous epidural analgesia may be complicated by intravascular or subarachnoid injection of local analgesic, with disastrous consequences. One of the techniques described to prevent these complications is the aspiration test. It is the current standard of practice to employ a micropore bacterial filter for epidural...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Charlton GA,Lawes EG

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ropivacaine plasma levels following high-dose local infiltration analgesia for total knee arthroplasty.

    abstract::We measured total and free plasma concentrations of ropivacaine following high-volume, high-dose local infiltration analgesia in 28 patients aged 65 years or over undergoing unilateral total knee arthroplasty. Patients received infiltration of ropivacaine 400 mg followed by infusion at 20 mg.h(-1) through an intra-art...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brydone AS,Souvatzoglou R,Abbas M,Watson DG,McDonald DA,Gill AM

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ultrasound evaluation of the impact of cricoid pressure versus novel 'paralaryngeal pressure' on anteroposterior oesophageal diameter.

    abstract::To assess the degree to which cricoid pressure (Sellick manoeuvre) actually compresses the oesophagus, we measured the effect of cricoid pressure and paralaryngeal pressure on the outer anteroposterior diameter of the upper oesophagus with ultrasound in 39 healthy volunteers. The mean (SD) outer anteroposterior oesoph...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andruszkiewicz P,Wojtczak J,Wroblewski L,Kaczor M,Sobczyk D,Kowalik I

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Interaction of vecuronium and atracurium during halothane anaesthesia in children.

    abstract::The combination of vecuronium and atracurium was studied in 60 children of ASA physical status 1 or 2. In part I, the dose-response relationships were determined in 30 children who were randomly assigned to receive a single bolus of 0.02, 0.025 or 0.03 mg kg-1 of vecuronium or 0.075, 0.01 or 0.0125 of atracuri...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sloan MH,Bissonnette B,Lerman J

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Adverse reaction to methohexitone and gallamine.

    abstract::A case is presented in which a patient developed an acute anaphylactoid reaction after receiving methohexitone and gallamine for the induction of anaesthesia. The problem of eliciting the responsible agent is discussed, which comments on the method of treatment and preventative measures. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harrison GR,Thompson ID

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • Trans-septal left atrial catheterisation.

    abstract::A newly designed 4 FG double-lumen catheter with the second port located either 5 or 7 cm proximal to the tip was tested in five children undergoing open heart surgery. The catheter was inserted percutaneously and initially positioned in the superior vena cava, right atrium or inferior vena cava. During cardiopulmonar...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fukutome T,Kohjiro M,Sese A,Ueno Y

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Anaesthetic staffing in England and Wales.

    abstract::The numbers of anaesthetists and of surgeons in the English Health Regions and in Wales as at September 1978, are given in whole-time equivalents per 100,000 of population. All Regional figures are presented as percentages of the national average so that comparisons between Regions can be made. Marked inter-Regional d...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rees LT

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • Bacterial contamination of PCA and epidural infusion devices.

    abstract::We prospectively audited the bacterial contamination of re-usable analgesia infusion pumps. In a one-month period, 112 samples from the handset and keypads of our analgesia infusion pumps were cultured for bacterial contamination. Forty-five percent of handset swabs and 46% of keypad swabs grew bacteria; the commonest...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rothwell M,Pearson D,Wright K,Barlow D

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of needle dimensions and infusion rates on injection pressures in regional anaesthesia needles: a bench-top study.

    abstract::Animal studies have shown that injection pressures > 75 kPa indicate probable intrafascicular needle tip position. This study describes the flow/pressure characteristics of seven common needle systems. A syringe pump delivered flow rates of 5, 6.67, 10, 13.3, 15 and 20 ml.min(-1) through these needle systems, while ke...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patil JJ,Ford S,Egeler C,Williams DJ

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Patient-controlled epidural analgesia with sufentanil following caesarean section: the effect of adrenaline and clonidine admixture.

    abstract::Sixty patients, scheduled for Caesarean section were randomly allocated to receive by the epidural route in a double-blind fashion one of the following patient-controlled analgesia mixtures for the relief of postoperative pain: sufentanil 2 in 0.9% sodium chloride, sufentanil 2 + adrena...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Vercauteren MP,Vandeput DM,Meert TF,Adriaensen HA

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Is there a need for a new inhalational anaesthetic agent?

    abstract::New anaesthetic agents are continually being developed in an effort to prepare the ideal agent. Isoflurane is the first choice of many anaesthetists, although it clearly falls short of the ideal on a number of counts. The need and place for any new agent depends on comparing the properties of a theoretically ideal age...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones RM,Ward PM

    更新日期:1995-10-01 00:00:00

  • Continuous infusion vs. intermittent bolus injection of furosemide in acute decompensated heart failure: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

    abstract::Loop diuretics remain a fundamental pharmacological therapy to remove excess fluid and improve symptom control in acute decompensated heart failure. Several recent randomised controlled trials have examined the clinical benefit of continuous vs. bolus furosemide in acute decompensated heart failure, but have reported ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Ng KT,Yap JLL

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Propofol use in children with allergies to egg, peanut, soybean or other legumes.

    abstract::Propofol is the most commonly administered intravenous agent for anaesthesia in children. However, there are concerns that the emulsified preparation may not be safe in children with an allergy to egg, peanut, soybean or other legumes. We conducted a retrospective study of children with immunologically confirmed egg, ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sommerfield DL,Lucas M,Schilling A,Drake-Brockman TFE,Sommerfield A,Arnold A,von Ungern-Sternberg BS

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • A simple method for monitoring the concentration of inhaled nitric oxide.

    abstract::Nitric oxide is a potent endogenous vasodilator involved in the homeostatic control of systemic blood pressure. It has also recently been demonstrated that when inhaled in low concentrations it acts as a specific pulmonary vasodilator. The concept of inhaled nitric oxide as a form of therapy is almost an anathema to a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petros AJ,Cox P,Bohn D

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of intra-operative dexmedetomidine on postoperative pain, side-effects and recovery in colorectal surgery.

    abstract::In this double-blind, randomised study, 100 patients undergoing open or conventional laparoscopic colorectal surgery received an intra-operative loading dose of dexmedetomidine 1 μ followed by an infusion of 0.5 μ .h(-1) , or a bolus and infusion of saline 0.9% of equivalent volume. Forty-six patients ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Cheung CW,Qiu Q,Ying AC,Choi SW,Law WL,Irwin MG

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Intra-articular infiltration analgesia for arthroscopic shoulder surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Phrenic-sparing analgesic techniques for shoulder surgery are desirable. Intra-articular infiltration analgesia is one promising phrenic-sparing modality, but its role remains unclear because of conflicting evidence of analgesic efficacy and theoretical concerns regarding chondrotoxicity. This systematic review and me...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yung EM,Got TC,Patel N,Brull R,Abdallah FW

    更新日期:2020-06-29 00:00:00

  • Cardiovascular effects of epidural local anaesthetics. Comparison of 0.75% bupivacaine and 0.75% ropivacaine, both with adrenaline.

    abstract::The cardiovascular effects of 20 ml 0.75% bupivacaine with adrenaline 5 micrograms/ml injected epidurally were compared with those of 20 ml 0.75% ropivacaine with adrenaline. Cardiovascular measurements were performed with a transthoracic electrical bioimpedance monitor. The maximum mean arterial blood pressure decrea...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kerkkamp HE,Gielen MJ

    更新日期:1991-05-01 00:00:00

  • alpha-2 and imidazoline receptor agonists. Their pharmacology and therapeutic role.

    abstract::Clonidine has proved to be a clinically useful adjunct in clinical anaesthetic practice as well as in chronic pain therapy because it has both anaesthetic and analgesic-sparing activity. The more selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonists, dexmedetomidine and mivazerol, may also have a role in providing haemodynamic stab...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Khan ZP,Ferguson CN,Jones RM

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Liquid crystal thermometry during anaesthesia.

    abstract::The use of cutaneous liquid crystal thermometry (EZ Temp) as an estimate of core temperature during routine surgery was investigated in 20 patients. Seventeen per cent of the recordings made with the EZ Temp were more than 1 degree C different from oesophageal temperature. There was a poor correlation between EZ Temp ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lacoumenta S,Hall GM

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Anaesthetic implications of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy.

    abstract::Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, also called right ventricular cardiomyopathy, is a genetically determined heart muscle disease, characterised by life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias in apparently healthy young people. The primary myocardial pathology is that the myocardium of the right ventricular free...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Alexoudis AK,Spyridonidou AG,Vogiatzaki TD,Iatrou CA

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Resistance to vecuronium.

    abstract::A 19-year-old epileptic patient taking carbamazepine was anaesthetised for a sigmoid colectomy. Such patients are reported to show a resistance to the actions of competitive neuromuscular blocking drugs, and a conventional dose of vecuronium (0.1 produced relaxation for only 18 min. Subsequently she received ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Norman J

    更新日期:1993-12-01 00:00:00

  • Choice of anaesthesia for category-1 caesarean section in women with anticipated difficult tracheal intubation: the use of decision analysis.

    abstract::A predicted difficult airway is sometimes considered a contra-indication to rapid sequence induction of general anaesthesia, even in an urgent case such as a category-1 caesarean section for fetal distress. However, formally assessing the risk is difficult because of the rarity and urgency of such cases. We have used ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krom AJ,Cohen Y,Miller JP,Ezri T,Halpern SH,Ginosar Y

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00