Mindfulness-based stress reduction for patients with anxiety disorders: evaluation in a randomized controlled trial.


:The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for patients with heterogeneous anxiety disorders. Seventy-six self-referred patients were randomized to MBSR or a waiting-list control condition. Eight participants did not complete the eight-week MBSR intervention. Treatment completers improved significantly on all outcome measures compared to controls. The completer sample showed medium to large effect sizes on measures of anxiety (Cohen's d = 0.55-0.97), and a large effect size for symptoms of depression (Cohen's d = 0.97). Intention-to-treat analyses yielded effect sizes in the small to moderate range (Cohen's d = 0.32-0.76). Gains were maintained at six months follow-up. The percentage of participants reaching recovered status was highest for symptom measures of depression and anxiety, and lower for worry and trait anxiety. Mediation analyses indicated that mindfulness fully mediated changes in acute anxiety symptoms, and partially mediated changes in worry and trait anxiety. However, the present study did not find evidence of temporal precedence for the proposed mediator. In the absence of true mediation and an active control condition, it cannot be ruled out that results are due to non-specific aspects of treatment. Despite these and other limitations, we conclude that MBSR is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders and related symptomatology.


Behav Res Ther


Vøllestad J,Sivertsen B,Nielsen GH




Has Abstract


2011-04-01 00:00:00














  • Methodological advances and developments in the assessment of psychopathy.

    abstract::The last decade has witnessed a number of significant methodological advances and developments in the assessment of psychopathy. The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised and the two-factor model of psychopathy have facilitated the assessment of psychopathy and clarified the differential correlates of the personality- and beh...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lilienfeld SO

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fear of the beast: a prospective study on the effects of negative information on childhood fear.

    abstract::The current study examined the effects of negative information on the enhancement of childhood fear. A large group of normal primary school children aged between 4 and 12 years (N=285) received either negative or positive information about an unknown, doglike animal, called 'the beast'. Children's fears were assessed ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muris P,Bodden D,Merckelbach H,Ollendick TH,King N

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Caffeine effects on mood and memory.

    abstract::The purpose of the present research was to assess whether a psychoactive dose of caffeine would have differential affects on the mood dimensions of arousal versus feelings of pleasantness and whether these mood alterations would influence memory either by (1) the experience of arousal at learning and/or (2) altered an...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Herz RS

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure with response prevention treatment of anorexia nervosa-bulimic subtype and bulimia nervosa.

    abstract::Binge exposure with response-prevention of bingeing (ERP-B) was evaluated in 20 female Ss within an inpatient eating disorders unit over 9 sessions as an adjunct to standard milieu therapy. Subjects met DSM-III-R criteria for either bulimia nervosa (BN) (n = 13) or the bulimic subtype of anorexia nervosa (AN-B) (n = 7...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kennedy SH,Katz R,Neitzert CS,Ralevski E,Mendlowitz S

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of imagery rescripting and imaginal exposure for nightmares: A randomized wait-list controlled trial.

    abstract::Nightmares can be effectively treated with cognitive-behavioral therapies. Though it remains elusive which therapeutic elements are responsible for the beneficial effects on nightmare symptoms, imagery rescripting (IR) and imaginal exposure (IE) are commonly identified as active treatment components of nightmare thera...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kunze AE,Arntz A,Morina N,Kindt M,Lancee J

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Stress reactivity and perception of pain among tension headache sufferers.

    abstract::Twenty-one tension headache sufferers and 21 control subjects were exposed to a series of psychological stressors and an ischemic pain task, involving a tourniquet around the arm. Compared to control subjects, headache patients showed higher heart rates and evidence of more prolonged vasoconstriction in the hands and ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lehrer PM,Murphy AI

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in dyadic communication during and after integrative and traditional behavioral couple therapy.

    abstract::To examine changes in dyadic communication, as well as links between communication and long-term relationship outcomes, 134 distressed couples randomly assigned to either Traditional Behavioral Couple Therapy (TBCT; Jacobson & Margolin, 1979) or Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT; Jacobson & Christensen, 1998...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Baucom KJ,Baucom BR,Christensen A

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Patient adherence and treatment outcome with exposure and response prevention for OCD: Which components of adherence matter and who becomes well?

    abstract::Exposure and response prevention (EX/RP) is an evidence-based treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), yet not all patients achieve wellness with EX/RP. The degree to which patients adhere to EX/RP procedures outside of sessions has been found to predict therapy outcomes, including who achieves post-treatmen...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wheaton MG,Galfalvy H,Steinman SA,Wall MM,Foa EB,Simpson HB

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • The humbling experience of treating obesity: Should we persist or desist?

    abstract::Obesity has humbled one research group after another. Some of the field's brightest scientists have attempted to subdue obesity by treating it, but now, after decades of work, treatment gains remain small, maintenance is poor, and the field produces effects far below what patients want or expect. This can be explained...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brownell KD

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between obsessive beliefs and symptom dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract::Research findings on the specific relationships between beliefs and OCD symptoms have been inconsistent, yet the existing studies vary in their approach to measuring the highly heterogeneous symptoms of this disorder. The Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) is a new measure that allows for the assessment of ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wheaton MG,Abramowitz JS,Berman NC,Riemann BC,Hale LR

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Internet-based guided self-help for university students with anxiety, depression and stress: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

    abstract::Anxiety, depression and stress, often co-occurring, are the psychological problems for which university students most often seek help. Moreover there are many distressed students who cannot, or choose not to, access professional help. The present study evaluated the efficacy of an internet-based guided self-help progr...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Day V,McGrath PJ,Wojtowicz M

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • The etiology of social anxiety disorder: An evidence-based model.

    abstract::The current paper presents an update to the model of social anxiety disorder (social phobia) published by Rapee and Spence (2004). It evaluates the research over the intervening 11 years and advances the original model in response to the empirical evidence. We review the recent literature regarding the impact of genet...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Spence SH,Rapee RM

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Psychopathological correlates of self-reported behavioural inhibition in normal children.

    abstract::The present study examined the relationship between self-reported behavioural inhibition and psychopathological symptoms in a sample of 152 children aged 12-14 years. Children were provided with a definition of behavioural inhibition and then asked to classify themselves as low, middle or high on behavioural inhibitio...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Muris P,Merckelbach H,Wessel I,van de Ven M

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term outcomes and predictors of internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for childhood anxiety disorders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study investigated the long-term outcomes of internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) for children with anxiety disorders, and potential pre-treatment predictors of treatment outcome. METHOD:The sample included eighty-four children (8-12 years old) with anxiety disorders, from both a treatme...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Vigerland S,Serlachius E,Thulin U,Andersson G,Larsson JO,Ljótsson B

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Responsibility to continue thinking and worrying: evidence of incremental validity.

    abstract::This two-part study examined the role of the responsibility to continue thinking, beliefs that one needs prolonged thinking about stressful problems, in the prediction of excessive worry. This construct is considered to reflect high levels of motivation to continue inflexible thinking and the use of rigid stop rules. ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sugiura Y

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Intrusive imagery in severe health anxiety: Prevalence, nature and links with memories and maintenance cycles.

    abstract::Increased understanding of the nature and role of intrusive imagery has contributed to the development of effective treatment protocols for some anxiety disorders. However, intrusive imagery in severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis) has been comparatively neglected. Hence, the current study investigates the prevalenc...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muse K,McManus F,Hackmann A,Williams M,Williams M

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • A psychometric reanalysis of the Albany Panic and Phobia Questionnaire.

    abstract::The psychometric properties of the 27-item Albany Panic and Phobia Questionnaire (APPQ) were evaluated in 1930 outpatients with DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders. Although prior findings of a 3-factor latent structure were upheld in several replications (Social Phobia, Agoraphobia, Interoceptive), three items failed t...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown TA,White KS,Barlow DH

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the DSM-5 severity indicator for bulimia nervosa.

    abstract::This study examined the DSM-5 severity criterion for bulimia nervosa (BN) based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviors. 199 community volunteers classified with BN were categorized using DSM-5 severity levels and compared on demographic and clinical variables. 77 (39%) participants were catego...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grilo CM,Ivezaj V,White MA

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Acceptance of cravings: how smoking cessation experiences affect craving beliefs.

    abstract::Metacognitive models theorize that more negative appraisals of craving-related thoughts and feelings, and greater efforts to avoid or control these experiences, exacerbate suffering and increase chances the person will use substances to obtain relief. Thus far, little research has examined how attempts to quit smoking...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Nosen E,Woody SR

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Beliefs in personality disorders: a test with the personality disorder belief questionnaire.

    abstract::The hypothesis that each personality disorder (PD) is characterized by a specific set of beliefs was tested in a sample of 643 subjects, including non-patient controls, axis-I and axis-II patients, diagnosed with SCID-I and -II interviews. Beliefs of six PDs (avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive, paranoid, histri...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arntz A,Dreessen L,Schouten E,Weertman A

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of in vivo and vicarious exposure in the treatment of childhood water phobia.

    abstract::The effectiveness of in vivo exposure and vicarious exposure in reducing children's phobic anxiety and avoidance of water was investigated. Forty-eight water phobic children between the ages of 3 and 8 yr were randomly assigned to one of four groups: (1) in vivo exposure plus vicarious exposure (IVVE); (2) vicarious e...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Menzies RG,Clarke JC

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • On nonassociative fear emergence.

    abstract::Poulton and Menzies have articulated a nonassociative alternative to traditional conditioning theories of phobia emergence. Prompted by their essay, I address several issues including controversies about what counts as a conditioning event, difficulties establishing whether a fear functioned as an adaptation throughou...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: McNally RJ

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • The Buried in Treasures Workshop: waitlist control trial of facilitated support groups for hoarding.

    abstract::Hoarding is a serious form of psychopathology that has been associated with significant health and safety concerns, as well as the source of social and economic burden (Tolin, Frost, Steketee, & Fitch, 2008; Tolin, Frost, Steketee, Gray, & Fitch, 2008). Recent developments in the treatment of hoarding have met with so...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Frost RO,Ruby D,Shuer LJ

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional processing deficits in Italian children with Disruptive Behavior Disorder: The role of callous unemotional traits.

    abstract::Research suggests that callous unemotional (CU) traits are associated with poor emotion recognition due to impairments in attention to relevant emotional cues. To further investigate the mechanisms that underlie CU traits, this study focused on the relationship between levels of CU and children's attention to, and rec...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Billeci L,Muratori P,Calderoni S,Chericoni N,Levantini V,Milone A,Nocentini A,Papini M,Ruglioni L,Dadds M

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • The dissemination of empirically supported treatments: a view to the future.

    abstract::An ideological and scientific struggle spanning decades has borne fruit with the development and documentation of psychological interventions for a variety of disorders and problems with proven efficacy. Termed variously 'empirically supported treatments' or 'evidence-based psychological practice' highly regarded scie...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Barlow DH,Levitt JT,Bufka LF

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of self-focused attention on post-event processing in social anxiety.

    abstract::The study investigated the relationship between self-focused attention (SFA) and post-event processing (PEP) in social anxiety. SFA is the process of directing attention to internal stimuli during a social interaction. PEP is a detailed review of performance following an interaction. Highly socially anxious students (...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaydukevych D,Kocovski NL

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Are we really delivering evidence-based treatments for eating disorders? How eating-disordered patients describe their experience of cognitive behavioral therapy.

    abstract::Psychotherapists report routinely not practising evidence-based treatments. However, there is little research examining the content of therapy from the patient perspective. This study examined the self-reported treatment experiences of individuals who had been told that they had received cognitive-behavior therapy (CB...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cowdrey ND,Waller G

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Responsibility attitudes and interpretations are characteristic of obsessive compulsive disorder.

    abstract::The cognitive-behavioural theory of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) proposes that a key factor influencing obsessional behaviour is the way in which the intrusive cognitions are interpreted. The present paper reports an investigation of links between clinical symptoms (of anxiety, depression and obsessionality) an...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salkovskis PM,Wroe AL,Gledhill A,Morrison N,Forrester E,Richards C,Reynolds M,Thorpe S

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive processes in social phobia.

    abstract::Social phobics, anxious controls and non-patient controls took part in a brief videotaped conversation with a stooge in order to investigate the cognitive model of social phobia. Thoughts, behaviour, and attention during the conversation were assessed. Compared to the control groups, social phobics had more negative s...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stopa L,Clark DM

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • The mediational role of panic self-efficacy in cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Cognitive models of panic disorder (PD) with or without agoraphobia have stressed the role of catastrophic beliefs of bodily symptoms as a central mediating variable of the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Perceived ability to cope with or control panic attacks, panic self-efficacy, has also been propos...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Fentz HN,Arendt M,O'Toole MS,Hoffart A,Hougaard E

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00