Mindfulness-based stress reduction for patients with anxiety disorders: evaluation in a randomized controlled trial.


:The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for patients with heterogeneous anxiety disorders. Seventy-six self-referred patients were randomized to MBSR or a waiting-list control condition. Eight participants did not complete the eight-week MBSR intervention. Treatment completers improved significantly on all outcome measures compared to controls. The completer sample showed medium to large effect sizes on measures of anxiety (Cohen's d = 0.55-0.97), and a large effect size for symptoms of depression (Cohen's d = 0.97). Intention-to-treat analyses yielded effect sizes in the small to moderate range (Cohen's d = 0.32-0.76). Gains were maintained at six months follow-up. The percentage of participants reaching recovered status was highest for symptom measures of depression and anxiety, and lower for worry and trait anxiety. Mediation analyses indicated that mindfulness fully mediated changes in acute anxiety symptoms, and partially mediated changes in worry and trait anxiety. However, the present study did not find evidence of temporal precedence for the proposed mediator. In the absence of true mediation and an active control condition, it cannot be ruled out that results are due to non-specific aspects of treatment. Despite these and other limitations, we conclude that MBSR is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders and related symptomatology.


Behav Res Ther


Vøllestad J,Sivertsen B,Nielsen GH




Has Abstract


2011-04-01 00:00:00














  • Further exploration memory bias in compulsive washers.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to replicate Radomsky and Rachman's findings on memory bias in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), using the same procedure but an increased sample size, more specific control groups, and a full analysis of contamination attribution data. Sixteen OCD-washers, 16 OCD-checkers, 16 socia...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ceschi G,Van der Linden M,Dunker D,Perroud A,Brédart S

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety sensitivity within the anxiety disorders: disorder-specific sensitivities and depression comorbidity.

    abstract::The tendency to perceive anxious states as aversive and harmful is hypothesized to confer vulnerability to the development of anxiety disorders. The most commonly used measure of anxiety sensitivity, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index [ASI; Reiss, S., Peterson, R.A., Gursky, D.M., & McNally R.J. (1986). Anxiety sensitivity...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rector NA,Szacun-Shimizu K,Leybman M

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • A multi-session interpretation modification program: changes in interpretation and social anxiety symptoms.

    abstract::Previous research suggests that socially anxious individuals interpret ambiguous social information in a more threatening manner compared to non-anxious individuals. Recently, studies have experimentally modified interpretation and shown that this subsequently affected anxiety in non-anxious individuals. If similar pr...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Beard C,Amir N

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • The dissemination of empirically supported treatments: a view to the future.

    abstract::An ideological and scientific struggle spanning decades has borne fruit with the development and documentation of psychological interventions for a variety of disorders and problems with proven efficacy. Termed variously 'empirically supported treatments' or 'evidence-based psychological practice' highly regarded scie...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Barlow DH,Levitt JT,Bufka LF

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in treating depression and suicidal ideation in Veterans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This paper examines the effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for depression (ACT-D), and the specific effects of experiential acceptance and mindfulness, in reducing suicidal ideation (SI) and depression among Veterans. METHOD:Patients included 981 Veterans, 76% male, mean age 50.5 years. Depression ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walser RD,Garvert DW,Karlin BE,Trockel M,Ryu DM,Taylor CB

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Neurocognitive impairment does not predict treatment outcome in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract::There is conflicting evidence pertaining to whether or not neurocognitive task performance at baseline predicts treatment response in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In the present study, we administered a set of executive neurocognitive tests with a putative sensitivity for treatment outcome to a sample of 138 O...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moritz S,Kloss M,Jacobsen D,Fricke S,Cutler C,Brassen S,Hand I

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment manuals in clinical practice.

    abstract::Hickling and Blanchard (1997) [Behavior Research and Therapy, 35, 191-203] summarize the results of treating PTSD patients with a highly structured treatment manual. Presenting a 'clinician's reaction' they argue for the added value of modifying treatment manuals based on the therapist's clinical experience and claim ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Wilson GT

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • Mom told me scary things about this animal: parents installing fear beliefs in their children via the verbal information pathway.

    abstract::This study investigated whether fear beliefs can be installed in children after parents had received negatively tinted information about a novel stimulus. Parents of children aged 8-13 years (N = 88) were presented with negative, positive, or ambiguous information about an unknown animal and then given a number of ope...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muris P,van Zwol L,Huijding J,Mayer B

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • The etiology of social anxiety disorder: An evidence-based model.

    abstract::The current paper presents an update to the model of social anxiety disorder (social phobia) published by Rapee and Spence (2004). It evaluates the research over the intervening 11 years and advances the original model in response to the empirical evidence. We review the recent literature regarding the impact of genet...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Spence SH,Rapee RM

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Fear Survey Schedule for Children--II: a psychometric investigation with American data.

    abstract::The Fear Survey Schedule for Children and Adolescents (FSSC-II) was introduced in 1992 as a revised and updated self-report fear scale by the Australian researchers Gullone and King. The present study examines the factor structure as well as age and gender differences using the FSSC-II with an American sample of youth...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burnham JJ,Gullone E

    更新日期:1997-02-01 00:00:00

  • The role of dichotomous thinking and rigidity in perfectionism.

    abstract::Perfectionism is a complex psychological construct that has been defined in many different ways. Recent conceptualisations of perfectionism have involved dividing the construct into positive and negative components. Negative perfectionism is associated with high emotional distress whereas positive perfectionism is ass...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Egan SJ,Piek JP,Dyck MJ,Rees CS

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of an instructional program for improving medication compliance for chronically mentally ill outpatients.

    abstract::Outpatient medication adherence is a major problem, especially for patients repeatedly hospitalized for psychiatric disorders. This study included 39 such patients who were receiving case management services from a community mental health center. Patients were matched and randomly assigned to receive in a single sessi...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Azrin NH,Teichner G

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Parental history, aversive exposure and the development of snake and spider phobia in women.

    abstract::Parental history and experiential factors in the development of snake and spider phobia were studied. Phobic women (DSM-IV, n = 158) reported on family history of animal phobia and whether direct (being frightened by the phobic object) or indirect (seeing someone else being frightened by and/or being warned of the pho...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fredrikson M,Annas P,Wik G

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • A maintenance program for obsessive-compulsive disorder using exposure with response prevention: 2-year follow-up.

    abstract::Recent literature has emphasized the importance of instituting procedures for preventing relapse in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study presents data documenting the effect of a maintenance program on the long term (2-year) adjustment of a group of patients with OCD treated with exposure and response preve...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McKay D

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Trauma management therapy: a preliminary evaluation of a multicomponent behavioral treatment for chronic combat-related PTSD.

    abstract::The development and initial evaluation of a new, comprehensive and multicomponent behavioral treatment (Trauma Management Therapy, or TMT) for chronic combat-related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is described. The program utilizes elements of intensive exposure therapy, programmed practice, and structured soci...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frueh BC,Turner SM,Beidel DC,Mirabella RF,Jones WJ

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • Interpersonal evaluation bias in borderline personality disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The cognitive theory of personality disorders hypothesizes that the emotional dysregulation and interpersonal problems in individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are, at least partially, caused by dysfunctional cognitive schemas. These schemas lead to biased evaluation of environmental and int...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barnow S,Stopsack M,Grabe HJ,Meinke C,Spitzer C,Kronmüller K,Sieswerda S

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Interpretations of voices in patients with hallucinations and non-patient controls: a comparison and predictors of distress in patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study tested the hypotheses that interpretations of voices will be associated with distress linked to auditory hallucinations, and that patients experiencing hallucinations will exhibit higher levels of negative interpretations in comparison with non-patients. METHOD:The Interpretation of Voices Invent...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrison AP,Nothard S,Bowe SE,Wells A

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Imagery and psychotic symptoms: a preliminary investigation.

    abstract::Recent cognitive accounts of psychotic symptoms have suggested that processes involved in the maintenance of emotional disorders may also be implicated in the maintenance of hallucinations and delusions, and particularly emphasise the appraisals of such symptoms as important. Imaginal appraisals have been identified i...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrison AP,Beck AT,Glentworth D,Dunn H,Reid GS,Larkin W,Williams S

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Processing efficiency in anxiety: Evidence from eye-movements during visual search.

    abstract::It is generally held that anxiety is characterized by an attentional bias for threatening information. In recent years there has been an important debate whether these biases reside at the level of attentional selection (threat detection) or attentional processing after threat detection (attentional disengagement). In...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Derakshan N,Koster EH

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the DSM-5 severity indicator for bulimia nervosa.

    abstract::This study examined the DSM-5 severity criterion for bulimia nervosa (BN) based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviors. 199 community volunteers classified with BN were categorized using DSM-5 severity levels and compared on demographic and clinical variables. 77 (39%) participants were catego...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grilo CM,Ivezaj V,White MA

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • The claustrophobia scale: a psychometric evaluation.

    abstract::This article presents a psychometric evaluation of the Claustrophobia Scale (CS), consisting of one subscale for measuring anxiety (20 items, 0-4) and one for avoidance (18 items, 0-2). Participants were 87 claustrophobic patients and 200 normal controls randomly selected from the community. The results show that CS h...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Ost LG

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of negative and positive audience behaviours by socially anxious subjects.

    abstract::Nineteen subjects high in social anxiety and 20 subjects low in social anxiety were asked to give a 5-min speech in front of three audience members. Audience members were trained to provide indicators of positive evaluation (e.g., smiles) and negative evaluation (e.g. frowns) at irregular intervals during the speech. ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Veljaca KA,Rapee RM

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluative decision latencies mediated by induced affective states.

    abstract::Recent priming studies (e.g. Hermans, De Houwer & Eelen, 1994, Cognition and Emotion, 8, 515-533) have demonstrated that response latencies to target stimuli are mediated by the affective relation between prime and target. The time needed to evaluate or pronounce targets is facilitated if preceded by similarly valence...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hermans D,De Houwer J,Eelen P

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in dyadic communication during and after integrative and traditional behavioral couple therapy.

    abstract::To examine changes in dyadic communication, as well as links between communication and long-term relationship outcomes, 134 distressed couples randomly assigned to either Traditional Behavioral Couple Therapy (TBCT; Jacobson & Margolin, 1979) or Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT; Jacobson & Christensen, 1998...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Baucom KJ,Baucom BR,Christensen A

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Psychometric properties of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire in a clinical anxiety disorders sample.

    abstract::With the advent of DSM-III-R, the diagnostic criteria for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) shifted in emphasis from the autonomic arousal to the cognitive component of the disorder, namely worry. The Penn State Worry Questionnaire was developed to assess the trait of worry and has proven to be a reliable and valid m...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown TA,Antony MM,Barlow DH

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Repetitive negative thinking following exposure to a natural stressor prospectively predicts altered stress responding and decision-making in the laboratory.

    abstract::Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) represents a transdiagnostic risk factor for affective disorders, and stress is theorized to exacerbate this vulnerability. One mechanism by which stress may influence individual differences in psychiatric symptoms is through altered decision-making, and loss aversion in particular. ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stamatis CA,Puccetti NA,Charpentier CJ,Heller AS,Timpano KR

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Maladaptive behavioral consequences of conditioned fear-generalization: a pronounced, yet sparsely studied, feature of anxiety pathology.

    abstract::Fear-conditioning experiments in the anxiety disorders focus almost exclusively on passive-emotional, Pavlovian conditioning, rather than active-behavioral, instrumental conditioning. Paradigms eliciting both types of conditioning are needed to study maladaptive, instrumental behaviors resulting from Pavlovian abnorma...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Meurs B,Wiggert N,Wicker I,Lissek S

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Validation of a novel attentional bias modification task: the future may be in the cards.

    abstract::Attentional bias modification (ABM) is a promising therapeutic tool aimed at changing patterns of attentional selectivity associated with heightened anxiety. A number of studies have successfully implemented ABM using the modified dot-probe task. However others have not achieved the attentional change required to achi...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Notebaert L,Clarke PJ,Grafton B,MacLeod C

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Family-based exposure and response prevention therapy for preschool-aged children with obsessive-compulsive disorder: a pilot randomized controlled trial.

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    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lewin AB,Park JM,Jones AM,Crawford EA,De Nadai AS,Menzel J,Arnold EB,Murphy TK,Storch EA

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Prevention of chronic PTSD with early cognitive behavioral therapy. A meta-analysis using mixed-effects modeling.

    abstract::Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is of great interest to public health, due to the high burden it places on both the individual and society. We meta-analyzed randomized-controlled trials to examine the effectiveness of early trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral treatment (TFCBT) for preventing chronic PTSD. System...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Kliem S,Kröger C

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00