Evaluation of association between biomarkers of lead exposure in Sardinian children (Italy).


:The aim of this work is to verify whether there are statistically significant correlations between the concentrations of lead in blood, urine, and hair in children. The sample collected in 2007 consists of 163 children of both sexes from 11-14-year-olds, living in three municipalities of Sardinia (Italy). Inductively coupled plasma atomic mass spectrometry has been used in the determination of lead concentration in biological material. For the overall sample, there is a non-significant partial correlation among the three matrices. However, for subjects with blood lead levels ≥5 μg/dL, there is a significant positive partial correlation between the lead levels in blood and hair, but not between blood and urine or between urine and hair. The results suggest that blood is the preferred biomarker to ascertain lead exposure in human populations, whereas hair can be used as a tool screening when an area is exposed to medium or high lead pollution.


Biol Trace Elem Res


Sanna E,De Micco A,Vallascas E




Has Abstract


2011-12-01 00:00:00












  • Mineral and trace elements content in 30 accessions of tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum L.,) and wild relatives (Solanum pimpinellifolium L., Solanum cheesmaniae L. Riley, and Solanum habrochaites S. Knapp & D.M. Spooner).

    abstract::Tomato quality and its potential health benefits are directly related to its chemical composition. The characterization of nutritional properties of Solanum germplasm is essential to choose suitable donor parents for breeding programs. In this sense, wild species could be very useful for tomato fruit quality genetic i...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernández-Ruiz V,Olives AI,Cámara M,Sánchez-Mata Mde C,Torija ME

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of magnesium sulfate administration on subendocardial and subepicardial perfusion.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to determine the effect of systemic MgSO4 infusion on subendocardial and subepicardial perfusion. Seventeen spontaneously breathing piglets were examined. Myocardial perfusion was measured using radiolabeled microspheres at baseline, 30 and 60 min after either MgSO4 (80 mg/kg) or saline...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fantidis P,Stiris TA,Blanco D,Jarabo RM,Del Cerro MJ,Ruiz MA

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00

  • Selenium Deficiency Influences the Expression of Selenoproteins and Inflammatory Cytokines in Chicken Aorta Vessels.

    abstract::Selenium deficiency is known to cause cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of Se deficiency in causing oxidative damage and inflammation injury to the aorta vessels of chickens is not well known. In the present study, 180 1-day-old chickens were randomly divided into two groups, a low-Se group (L group) and a co...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Du Q,Yao H,Yao L,Zhang Z,Lei X,Xu S

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Supplementation with selenium augments the functions of natural killer and lymphokine-activated killer cells.

    abstract::This study examined the effects of dietary (2.0 ppm for 8 wk) and in vitro (1 x 10(-7)M) supplementation with selenium (Se, as sodium selenite) on the activity of spleen natural killer (NK) cells and plastic-adherent lymphokine-activated killer (A-LAK) cells from C57B1/6J male mice. Dietary supplementation with Se res...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kiremidjian-Schumacher L,Roy M,Wishe HI,Cohen MW,Stotzky G

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of nano-anatase on spectral characteristics and distribution of LHCII on the thylakoid membranes of spinach.

    abstract::In the article, we report that effects of nano-anatase on the spectral characteristics and content of light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) on the thylakoid membranes of spinach were investigated. The results showed that nano-anatase treatment could increase LHCII content on the thylakoid membranes of spinach and the tr...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zheng L,Su M,Wu X,Liu C,Qu C,Chen L,Huang H,Liu X,Hong F

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary Selenium Promotes Somatic Growth of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) by Accelerating the Hypertrophic Growth of White Muscle.

    abstract::As a nutritionally essential trace element, selenium (Se) is crucial for fish growth. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Fish somatic growth relies on the white muscle growth. This study aimed to explore the effects and underlying mechanisms of Se on fish white muscle growth using a juvenile rainbow tr...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang L,Zhang D,Li S,Wang L,Yin J,Xu Z,Zhang X

    更新日期:2020-07-14 00:00:00

  • How Trace Element Levels of Public Drinking Water Affect Body Composition in Turkey.

    abstract::Since waterborne minerals appear in ionic form and are readily absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, drinking water could be a crucial source of mineral intake. However, no comprehensive research has yet determined how trace elements in drinking water relate to body composition. We aimed to assess the relationship b...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Cetin I,Nalbantcilar MT,Tosun K,Nazik A

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Localization of lead and fluoride in cultured tooth germs by laser microprobe mass analysis.

    abstract::Trace elements can influence dental health, possibly by altering tooth resistance during preeruptive development. Therefore, it was investigated whether lead and fluoride would be incorporated into the calcifying matrices or the cellular parts of tooth germs in vitro. Using laser microprobe mass analysis, the localiza...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vandeputte DF,Ameloot PC,Cleymaet R,Coomans D,Van Grieken RE

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Oral treatment of pressure ulcers with polaprezinc (zinc L-carnosine complex): 8-week open-label trial.

    abstract::Polaprezinc (zinc L-carnosine complex) is a tablet commonly prescribed for gastric ulcers in Japan. Recently, we reported the effects of polaprezinc on pressure ulcer healing at 4-week follow-up. We aimed to further evaluate the efficacy and safety of polaprezinc in 8-week treatment for chronic pressure ulcers. Patien...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Sakae K,Yanagisawa H

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of dietary combination of chromium and biotin on egg production, serum metabolites, and egg yolk mineral and cholesterol concentrations in heat-distressed laying quails.

    abstract::Chromium picolinate is used in the poultry diet because of its antistress effects in addition to the fact that the requirement for it is increased during stress. This study was conducted to determine if the negative effects of high ambient temperature (34 degrees C) on egg production, egg quality, antioxidant status, ...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sahin K,Onderci M,Sahin N,Gursu MF,Vijaya J,Kucuk O

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Selenium, Zinc, Copper, and Total Antioxidant Status in the Serum of Patients with Chronic Tonsillitis.

    abstract::Antioxidants can play a significant role in chronic inflammatory process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and total antioxidant status (TAS) of patients with chronic tonsillitis (CT). The study group consisted of 84 patients with CT from 18 to 62 years old an...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Michalska-Mosiej M,Socha K,Soroczyńska J,Karpińska E,Łazarczyk B,Borawska MH

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Selenite or selenomethionine interaction with methylmercury on uptake and toxicity showing a weak selenite protection: studies on cultured K-562 cells.

    abstract::Selenium and methylmercuric chloride (MMC) interactions regarding cellular uptake and selenium protection on MMC toxicity have been studied. Human K-562 cells were pretreated or simultaneously treated with either selenite (5 or 50 microM) or selenomethionine (10 or 50 microM) together with (3.5 or 5 microM) MMC. Cells...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frisk P,Yaqob A,Nilsson K,Lindh U

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of hair mineral testing.

    abstract::The variance of testing was compared between the College of American Pathologists clinical survey and that of a recent review about hair mineral testing. The review suggested that the accuracy of hair mineral testing was unreliable. In general, there was a greater range of variance in the College of American Pathologi...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shamberger RJ

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Zinc deficiency decreases the activity of calmodulin regulated cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases in vivo in selected rat tissues.

    abstract::The effect of zinc deficiency on calmodulin function was investigated by assessing the in vivo activity of two calmodulin regulated enzymes, adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (c-AMP) and guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (c-GMP) phosphodiesterase (PDE) in several rat tissues. Enzymatic activities in brain, heart, and testis o...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Law JS,McBride SA,Graham S,Nelson NR,Slotnick BM,Henkin RI

    更新日期:1988-08-01 00:00:00

  • Selenium supplementation alters gene expression profiles associated with innate immunity in whole-blood neutrophils of sheep.

    abstract::Footrot (FR) is a common, contagious bacterial disease of sheep that results in lameness and significant economic losses for producers. We previously reported that sheep affected with FR have lower whole-blood (WB) selenium (Se) concentrations and that Se supplementation in conjunction with routine control practices a...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hugejiletu H,Bobe G,Vorachek WR,Gorman ME,Mosher WD,Pirelli GJ,Hall JA

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Daily hyperhydration effect on electrolyte deficiency of endurance-trained subjects during prolonged hypokinesia.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a daily intake of fluid and salt supplementation (FSS) on the deficiency of electrolytes, which is characterized by higher rather than lower plasma concentration of electrolytes during prolonged hypokinesia (HK) (decreased number of km taken per day). Forty long dist...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zorbas YG,Yaroshenko YY,Kuznetsov NK,Matvedev SL

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • Body fat percentage and hemoglobin levels are related to blood lead, cadmium, and mercury concentrations in a Korean Adult Population (KNHANES 2008-2010).

    abstract::Body stores of lead, cadmium, and mercury are determined by the levels in the circulation, and their levels in blood may be related to hemoglobin levels and their absorption by soft tissue and bone. We investigated the association of body fat percentage, hemoglobin levels, and nutrient intakes with the blood concentra...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park S,Lee BK

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Trace element profiles in cancer patients.

    abstract::It has become evident over the last two decades that there is an intimate relationship between the trace elements and cancer. Some trace elements have been shown to be carcinogens, others appear to provide protection against cancer. Profound changes in trace element concentrations and distribution occur in patients wi...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pories WJ,van Rij AM,Mansour EG,Flynn A

    更新日期:1979-08-01 00:00:00

  • Age-related changes of elements with their relationships in human cranial and spinal nerves.

    abstract::To elucidate compositional changes of peripheral nerves with aging, the authors investigated age-related changes of elements and their relationships in the optic, trigeminal, vagus, median, radial, ulnar, femoral, sciatic, tibial, and common peroneal nerves by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. T...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Utsumi M,Tohno S,Tohno Y,Azuma C,Moriwake Y,Nishiwaki F,Yamada MO,Minami T

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical effects of cesium intake.

    abstract::The knowledge about cesium metabolism and toxicity is sparse. Oral intake of cesium chloride has been widely promoted on the basis of the hypothesis referred to as "high pH cancer therapy", a complimentary alternative medicine method for cancer treatment. However, no properly confirmed tumor regression was reported so...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Melnikov P,Zanoni LZ

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Aluminum transfer as glutamate complex through blood-brain barrier. Possible implication in dialysis encephalopathy.

    abstract::In vitro distribution of aluminium between plasma and erythrocytes has been studied in the presence of variable amounts of sodium L-glutamate. With a red blood cell suspension in isotonic sodium chloride, aluminium remains confined in erythrocytes even when the sodium L-glutamate concentration increases in the medium....

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deloncle R,Guillard O,Clanet F,Courtois P,Piriou A

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • Concentrations of Mineral in Amniotic Fluid and Their Relations to Selected Maternal and Fetal Parameters.

    abstract::The concentrations of various trace elements in amniotic fluid (AF) change over the course of pregnancy, with gestational age and fetus growth. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the concentrations of selected essential and toxic elements in AF and their relations to maternal and fetal parameters. The study ...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Suliburska J,Kocyłowski R,Komorowicz I,Grzesiak M,Bogdański P,Barałkiewicz D

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of Fluoride on Small Intestine Morphology and Serum Cytokine Contents in Rats.

    abstract::This study aimed to determine the effect of excessive fluoride (F) on the morphological characteristics of the small intestine and the contents of serum cytokines in rats. A total of 48 3-week-old healthy female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 12). The control group was given deionized ...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang HW,Liu J,Zhao WP,Zhang ZH,Li SQ,Li SH,Zhu SQ,Zhou BH

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Alterations of Copper and Zinc Homeostasis in Acute Appendicitis and the Clinical Significance.

    abstract::Copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) are involved in inflammatory process. This study was to investigate the clinical significance of Cu and Zn homeostasis alterations in acute appendicitis (AA). One hundred twenty-two AA patients and 102 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Of which, 85 patients' appendixes were collec...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin W,Han W,Wen K,Huang S,Tang Y,Lin Z,Han M

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Altered copper level and renal dysfunction in Nigerian women using skin-whitening agents.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to determine the concentration of trace elements in serum samples of women who are chronic users of skin-whitening agents as well as the hepatic and renal effects of these agents on these women. The study was conducted among 23 skin-whitening users while 25 women served as the controls. Th...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iyanda AA,Anetor J,Adeniyi FA

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • X-ray fluorescence analysis using synchrotron radiation at the photon factory.

    abstract::X-ray fluorescence experiments at the Photon Factory in Japan are described. An energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence system was combined with various excitation modes, i.e., a continuum and a monochromatic excitation, which consist of a crystal monochromator or a wide band pass monochromator. These excitation modes pr...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gohshi Y,Iida A,Matsushita T

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Selenylation Modification of Epimedium Polysaccharide and Isatis Root Polysaccharide and the Immune-enhancing Activity Comparison of Their Modifiers.

    abstract::Epimedium polysaccharide (EPS) and isatis root polysaccharide (IRPS) were extracted, purified, and selenizingly modified by nitric acid-sodium selenite method to obtain nine selenizing EPSs (sEPSs), sEPS1-sEPS9 and nine selenizing IRPSs (sIRPSs), sIRPS1-sIRPS9, respectively. Their effects on chicken peripheral lymphoc...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li X,Hou R,Yue C,Liu J,Gao Z,Chen J,Lu Y,Wang D,Liu C,Hu Y

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Distributional pattern of zinc, cadmium, mercury, and selenium in livers of hooded seal (Cystophora cristata).

    abstract::The liver of Hooded Seal (Cystophora cristata) consists of six lobes of unequal sizes. Extensive sampling by means of cutout samples covering the depth horizon 2-30 mm below liver surface indicates that the liver may be considered homogeneous as to concentrations of zinc, cadmium, mercury, and selenium (residuals of o...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nielsen CO,Dietz R

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary boron supplementation enhances the effects of estrogen on bone mineral balance in ovariectomized rats.

    abstract::The present study investigated whether boron would enhance the action of 17beta-estradiol (E2) or parathyroid hormone (PTH) on bone mineral balance in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Forty-three days after OVX, the rats were treated for 5 wk with vehicle, boron (5 ppm as boric acid), E2 (30 microg/kg/d, sc), PTH (60 microg...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sheng MH,Taper LJ,Veit H,Thomas EA,Ritchey SJ,Lau KH

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • The alteration of miR-222 and its target genes in nickel-induced tumor.

    abstract::Nickel is an important kind of metal and a necessary trace element in people's production and livelihood; it is also a well-confirmed human carcinogen. In the past few years, researchers did a large number of studies about the molecular mechanisms of nickel carcinogenesis, and they focused on activation of proto-oncog...

    journal_title:Biological trace element research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang J,Zhou Y,Ma L,Huang S,Wang R,Gao R,Wu Y,Shi H,Zhang J

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00