The FRCR 2B examination: a survey of candidate perceptions and experiences.


AIM:To survey the views of recent candidates of the Fellowship of the Royal College of Radiologists (FRCR) 2B examination with reference to assessment validity, reliability, and acceptability. MATERIALS AND METHODS:One thousand, two hundred and four UK radiology trainees and consultants were invited to complete an automated internet questionnaire regarding their experiences and perceptions of the FRCR 2B examination. The questionnaire was informed by a review of the literature. Eligible participants were candidates who had taken the examination within the previous 3 years. RESULTS:Four hundred and ninety-seven out of 1204 (41%) responses were received; of which 258/497 (52% of respondents) were eligible for inclusion into the study. The rapid reporting component is perceived to be significantly fairer than the oral section (82 versus 70% agree; p<0.001). The oral component fared poorly in perceived performance-reducing anxiety levels but well in questions relating to validity and reliability. Female candidates are more likely to find the FRCR 2B unfair (p=0.01) and experience performance-reducing anxiety (p<0.001) than males. No gender differences were observed in first-time pass rates (p=0.6). Candidate first language did not affect anxiety levels (p=0.9) or first-time pass rates (p=0.06). Only 12% of candidates agreed that the oral examination should move to an objective structured clinical format. CONCLUSION:Candidates score the FRCR 2B examination well in test validity with little desire for change to the oral examination format. Efforts to help reduce anxiety levels in the oral component would improve perceived fairness.


Clin Radiol


Clinical radiology


Yeung A,Booth TC,Jacob K,McCoubrie P,McKnight L




Has Abstract


2011-05-01 00:00:00














  • Imaging of patellofemoral disorders.

    abstract::Anterior knee pain is a common symptom, which may have a large variety of causes including patellofemoral pathologies. Patellofemoral maltracking refers to dynamic abnormality of patellofemoral alignment and has been measured using plain film, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using static ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Elias DA,White LM

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • High-dose intravenous metoprolol usage for reducing heart rate at CT coronary angiography: efficacy and safety.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the usage, safety, and efficacy of high-dose intravenous metoprolol for heart rate reduction in computer tomographic (CT) coronary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS:As this was retrospective analysis of anonymous data, medical ethics committee approval was waived by the regional health research author...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raju VM,Gosling OE,Morgan-Hughes G,Colliver RJ,Iyengar S,Dissanayake P,Roobottom CA

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of different degree traumatic vertebral bone marrow oedema by virtual non-calcium technique of dual-source dual-energy CT.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the diagnostic performance of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) using the virtual non-calcium (VNCa) technique for the detection of different degrees of vertebral bone marrow oedema. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The present prospective study was approved by the institutional ethics committee. Informed co...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Y,Chen Y,Zheng H,Huang X,Shan C,Bao Y

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cone-beam computed tomography and its applications in dental and maxillofacial radiology.

    abstract::Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was first used in dental and maxillofacial radiology (DMFR) at the end of the 1990s. Since then, it has been successfully established as the standard three-dimensional radiographic imaging technique in DMFR, with a wide variety of applications in this field. This manuscript briefly...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schulze RKW,Drage NA

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of patients undergoing lung volume reduction surgery: ancillary information available from computed tomography.

    abstract:AIM:A number of imaging techniques have been used for the pre-operative assessment of patients for lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). We evaluated whether data currently acquired from perfusion scintigrams and cine MR of the diaphragm are obtainable from high resolution CT (HRCT) of the thorax. MATERIALS AND METHOD...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Cleverley JR,Desai SR,Wells AU,Koyama H,Eastick S,Schmidt MA,Charrier CL,Gatehouse PD,Goldstraw P,Pepper JR,Geddes DM,Hansell DM

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Case report: antenatal diagnosis of congenital glioblastoma.

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McConachie NS,Twining P,Lamb MP

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  • The role of three-dimensional pseudo-continuous arterial spin labelling in grading and differentiating histological subgroups of meningiomas.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the usefulness of pseudo-continuous arterial spin labelling (pCASL) imaging in grading and differentiating histological subtypes of meningiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS:In this prospective study, conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images and pCASL were acquir...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu Y,Xiong J,Yin B,Wen J,Liu L,Geng D

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  • 3D CT cerebral angiography technique using a 320-detector machine with a time-density curve and low contrast medium volume: comparison with fixed time delay technique.

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Das K,Biswas S,Roughley S,Bhojak M,Niven S

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • The application of clinical guidelines for skull radiography in the Accident and Emergency department: theory and practice.

    abstract::Clinical guidelines for the selection of patients with head injuries for skull radiography, based on those formulated by the Royal College of Radiologists, were introduced into the Accident and Emergency department at the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Before the guidelines were implemented 94 skull X-rays were obtained ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clarke JA,Adams JE

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Absence of oesophageal mucosal folds in systemic sclerosis.

    abstract::In a controlled study of barium swallow radiographs in systemic sclerosis, longitudinal oesophageal mucosal folds were absent in eight of 30 patients and in one of 30 control subjects (P less than 0.03). Patients without mucosal folds developed Raynaud's phenomenon at an earlier age than those who retained their mucos...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Owen JP,Muston HL,Goolamali SK

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kim JS,Kim HH,Yoon Y

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Most interest in transrectal ultrasound (US) of the prostate has concentrated on its role in the diagnosis and management of prostatic cancer. The increasingly detailed investigation of male patients with infertility has recently led to interest in the use of US in investigating the structure and function of the ejacu...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clements R,Griffiths GJ,Peeling WB,Conn IG

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dick EA,de Bruyn R,Patel K,Owens CM

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mills M,Choi J,El-Haddad G,Sweeney J,Biebel B,Robinson L,Antonia S,Kumar A,Kis B

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • The role of imaging in the evaluation of parotid disease.

    abstract::In this review the imaging features of a range of parotid lesions are presented and the roles of ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of parotid disease are discussed. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Howlett DC,Kesse KW,Hughes DV,Sallomi DF

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vanhoenacker FM,De Schepper AM,Gielen JL,Parizel PM

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • Systematic tutorials in radiology for clinical medical students.

    abstract::The aims and objectives of radiological teaching to clinical medical students at one teaching hospital are defined and the methods of achieving these using systematic small group tutorials are described. The objectives of the course are to enable a newly qualified doctor to request radiological investigations sensibly...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jeans WD,Davies ER

    更新日期:1984-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a newly developed 2D parametric parenchymal blood flow technique with an automated vessel suppression algorithm in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension undergoing balloon pulmonary angioplasty.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the feasibility of two-dimensional parametric parenchymal blood flow (2D-PPBF) to quantify perfusion changes in the lung parenchyma following balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) for treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Overall, 35 consecutive interventions i...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maschke SK,Winther HMB,Meine T,Werncke T,Olsson KM,Hoeper MM,Baumgart J,Wacker FK,Meyer BC,Renne J,Hinrichs JB

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • The role of hepatic arterial embolization in the treatment of spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma.

    abstract::Thirty-three patients presenting with spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) were referred for emergency transcatheter arterial embolization. Blood was present in the ascitic fluid on abdominal paracentesis in all 33 patients. Seventeen patients underwent emergency computed tomography (CT). HCCs were ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ngan H,Tso WK,Lai CL,Fan ST

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • The pulmonary circulation: the radiology of adaptation.

    abstract::In this George Simon Lecture, I have tried to present a simplistic yet philosophical approach to the physiological processes of adaptation of circulatory and respiratory function in response to pathophysiological challenge. The objective of the body is to achieve a normal ventilation-perfusion ratio of 1 in order to o...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grainger RG

    更新日期:1985-03-01 00:00:00

  • Prospective safety evaluation of automated iomeprol 400 injections for CT through peripheral venous cannulas.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate prospectively the safety of contrast medium injection through standard peripheral intravenous cannulas at standard injection sites during clinical routine using iomeprol 400, a contrast agent with high viscosity. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Three thousand, five hundred and fourteen clinical CT examinations u...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stroeder J,Fries P,Raczeck P,Buecker A,Jagoda P

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of nuclear magnetic resonance and intravenous xeroangiography with conventional arteriography in popliteal artery imaging.

    abstract::Twenty-nine patients with peripheral vascular disease had the popliteal artery segment assessed by xeroangiography and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) scanning. The result of each test was compared with conventional contrast arteriography. Nuclear magnetic resonance and xeroangiography correctly predicted popliteal a...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reynolds JR,Mikulin T,Hopkinson BR,Makin GS,Keen DM,Worthington BS,Amar SS,Gregson RH,Gyngell ML

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Isoeffect lines using TDF and CRE concepts.

    abstract::In most of the radiotherapy centres the treatment planning is based on isodose lines. Isoeffect lines are also being drawn based on the concepts of TDFs and CREs. It was aimed in this work to find out whether the isoeffect lines based on the concepts of TDFs, CREs and the physical isodose lines are identical in all th...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Supe SJ,Sasane JB,Gupta MK,Supe DS

    更新日期:1979-05-01 00:00:00

  • Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation using internally cooled wet electrodes for treatment of colorectal liver metastases.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of internally cooled wet (ICW) electrodes, which provide interstitial infusion of saline and intra-electrode cooling simultaneously, in the percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of liver metastases from colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS:From February 2008 to October ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yoon HM,Kim JH,Shin YM,Won HJ,Kim PN

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Multislice computed tomography cardiac imaging: current status.

    abstract::Non-invasive CT coronary artery imaging has previously had little relevance to most UK radiologists due to the limited availability of electron beam CT scanners. Major advances in CT technology have promoted new applications for helical CT, which include cardiac imaging. Widespread installation of 'multislice' helical...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Morgan-Hughes GJ,Marshall AJ,Roobottom CA

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Case report: the ultrasound diagnosis of enterocutaneous fistula.

    abstract::The sonographic diagnosis of post-operative enterocutaneous fistula is presented. This has not previously been reported in the English literature. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tweed CS,Peck RJ

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • COVID-19: looking beyond the peak. Challenges and tips for radiologists in follow-up of a novel patient cohort.

    abstract::As the coronavirus pandemic evolves, the focus of radiology departments has begun to change. The acute phase of imaging a new disease entity whilst rationalising radiology services in the face of lockdown has passed. Radiologists are now becoming familiar with the complications of COVID-19, particularly the lung paren...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McStay R,Johnstone A,Hare SS,Jacob J,Nair A,Rodrigues JCL,Edey A,Robinson G

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Motara H,Olusoga T,Russell G,Jamieson S,Ahmed S,Brindle N,Pillai A,Scarsbrook AF,Patel CN,Chowdhury FU

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Aortic displacement on computed tomography of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis.

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brooks AP,Reznek RH,Webb JA

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Aspiration of high-density barium contrast medium causing acute pulmonary inflammation--report of two fatal cases in elderly women with disordered swallowing.

    abstract::Two cases are reported in which accidental inhalation of barium contrast medium occurred owing to disordered swallowing in elderly women. In each case there was a pulmonary inflammatory reaction followed within a few hours by death. Experimental and clinical reports of barium inhalation are reviewed and the hazard of ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gray C,Sivaloganathan S,Simpkins KC

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00