Sequential endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation following limited sphincterotomy for common bile duct stones.

Abstract:

:Endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation (EPBD) has been recently used in conjunction with endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) for the removal of common bile duct (CBD) stones. The present study was aimed at assessing the safety and outcome of sequential EPBD following EST for CBD stones. A total of 74 patients (43 females, mean age 41 years) with > or = 10-mm stone(s) in the CBD were selected for the procedure, which included limited EST followed by EPBD with balloon dilators of 10-18 mm in size. Eleven patients had undergone EST and unsuccessful stone removal earlier. Forty-nine patients had symptoms of CBD stones, while 25 were detected on imaging. Eleven patients had previous CBD stent in situ and four had T-tube in situ. The stone size was 10-12 mm in 34, 13-14 mm in 26, and > or = 15 mm in 14 patients. Thirty-one patients had a single stone, while 43 had > or = 2 stones. The successful removal of stones was achieved in 68 (91.9%) patients; 62 in the first attempt, five in the second, and one in the third. Six patients were deemed to be "failures." In two of them, the stones could be removed after mechanical lithotripsy. Complications were seen in 16 patients, with self-limiting pain in 13, self-limiting ooze in five, melaena in one, and mild pancreatitis in two. One patient had impaction of the dormia basket. We conclude that EPBD following EST is safe and effective in removing stones > or = 10 mm in size in over 90% of patients.

journal_name

Dig Dis Sci

authors

Kochhar R,Dutta U,Shukla R,Nagi B,Singh K,Wig JD

doi

10.1007/s10620-008-0534-1

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2009-07-01 00:00:00

pages

1578-81

issue

7

eissn

0163-2116

issn

1573-2568

journal_volume

54

pub_type

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