Pancreatic trauma--12-year experience from a tertiary center.

Abstract:

UNLABELLED:Pancreatic trauma is rare and often missed during initial assessment of patients with abdominal trauma. This study reviews our experience of managing pancreatic trauma at a tertiary referral center and discusses the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. METHODS:A retrospective study of our prospectively maintained hepato-pancreatico-biliary database for 12 years preceding December 2007. RESULTS:Twenty-eight patients (23 males, 10 children) with a median age of 11.5 years (range, 6-16 years) in children and 27.5 years (range, 17-54 years) in adults were identified. Nineteen of the 28 had pancreatic duct injury of which 15 were missed on initial evaluation and referred after conservative management (n = 9) or laparotomy (n = 6). Twenty-one patients developed complications including abdominal collections (n = 10), pancreatic fistulae (n = 9), and pseudocysts (n = 2). There were 2 deaths (7%), both of which were associated with multiple intra-abdominal injuries. At a median follow-up of 7.5 months (range, 3-44 months), 19 of 23 patients were asymptomatic and had been discharged from follow-up. CONCLUSIONS:Pancreatic trauma in the United Kingdom is mainly the result of blunt trauma and most commonly affects young males. The presence of pancreatic duct disruption accounts for most of the complications, and in the absence of associated injuries, mortality is rare.

journal_name

Pancreas

journal_title

Pancreas

authors

Thomas H,Madanur M,Bartlett A,Marangoni G,Heaton N,Rela M

doi

10.1097/MPA.0b013e31818d92d7

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2009-03-01 00:00:00

pages

113-6

issue

2

eissn

0885-3177

issn

1536-4828

pii

00006676-200903000-00001

journal_volume

38

pub_type

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