[Review of the effectiveness of cognitive interventions in preventing cognitive deterioration in healthy elderly individuals].


BACKGROUND:In the last few years, several non-pharmacological interventions have been developed to prevent age-associated cognitive deterioration, specifically memory deterioration. The effectiveness of these interventions has not been sufficiently evaluated. OBJECTIVE:To determine the effectiveness of cognitive interventions in preventing age-associated memory impairment by means of a literature review. METHODS:An exhaustive search was carried out in PubMed. Studies published from 1990 onwards that assessed the effectiveness of cognitive interventions on memory outcomes in older adults without mild cognitive impairment or dementia were included. The studies were classified according to their quality. The short- and long-term effects of the interventions on objective and subjective memory tasks and transfer of gains to other cognitive domains were assessed. RESULTS:Twenty-five studies met the inclusion criteria. Eleven (44%) were considered high-quality, of which all except one reported improved memory outcomes. The most common type of memory assessed was recent verbal objective memory, which improved in eight out of nine high-quality studies. Recent non-verbal and association objective memory, mainly assessed in medium-quality studies, improved in four out of seven and in 10 out of 11 studies, respectively. The results concerning subjective memory were heterogeneous. Transfer of gains was only observed in one out of seven high-quality studies. CONCLUSIONS:The results of this study suggest that certain cognitive interventions performed in healthy older adults are effective in preventing cognitive deterioration, especially recent verbal memory.


Gac Sanit


Gaceta sanitaria


Novoa AM,Juárez O,Nebot M




Has Abstract


2008-09-01 00:00:00














  • ICF disability measured by WHO-DAS II in three community diagnostic groups in Madrid, Spain.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The planning, provision and monitoring of medical and support services for patient groups with chronic ailments may require disability assessment and registration. The purpose of this study was to assess disability in three groups of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic heart fa...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Pedro-Cuesta J,Alberquilla Á,Virués-Ortega J,Carmona M,Alcalde-Cabero E,Bosca G,López-Rodríguez F,García-Sagredo P,García-Olmos L,Salvador CH,Monteagudo JL

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • [An extended version of the Font-Roja job satisfaction questionnaire].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Several studies have shown the need to include the physical work environment among the dimensions included in job satisfaction evaluation. However, this dimension was not included in the Font-Roja questionnaire. The present study introduces two items exploring this dimension and adheres to the hypothesis t...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Núñez González E,Estévez Guerra GJ,Hernández Marrero P,Marrero Medina CD

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Impact of primary care socio-educational groups in mental health of women].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To present part of the results of the evaluation of this strategy. METHOD:Longitudinal (pre-post) and quasi-experimental (experimental and control group) design, collecting information from 228 women (114 each group) in four moments (one month before the program; one month after the end of the program; six m...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palacios-Gálvez MS,Morales-Marente E,Iáñez-Domínguez A,Luque-Ribelles V

    更新日期:2020-04-28 00:00:00

  • The local burden of emotional disorders. An analysis based on a large health survey in Catalonia (Spain).

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Mental health conditions are associated with a significant burden on individuals. Using data from a large population health survey, the present study aimed to quantify the burden of emotional disorders (depression and anxiety) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the region of Catalonia (Spain) for ev...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sabes-Figuera R,Knapp M,Bendeck M,Mompart-Penina A,Salvador-Carulla L

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Health services access survey for Colombian households].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to design and validate a health services access survey for households in Colombia to provide a methodological tool that allows the country to accumulate evidence of real-life access conditions experienced by the Colombian population. METHODS:A validation study with experts and a pil...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arrivillaga M,Aristizabal JC,Pérez M,Estrada VE

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Access to sterile syringes among young drug injectors in Madrid and Barcelona and its association with risk behaviour.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To evaluate access to sterile syringes and its association with injection risk behaviour in Madrid and Barcelona. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Cross-sectional community study by computer-assisted personal interview in 465 young heroin injectors between 2001 and 2003. RESULTS:Some 4.2% had not obtain...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bravo MJ,Royuela L,Barrio G,Brugal MT,Domingo A,de la Fuente L,Itínere Project Group.

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of the quality of the websites of pharmacoeconomics and health economics centers through a validated questionnaire].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the quality of websites of pharmacoeconomics centers and organizations in the countries of the European Union, the United States and Canada through a validated system with explicit criteria. METHODS:The websites of institutions and centers related to pharmacoeconomics and health economics in the...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Domínguez-Castro A,Iñesta-García A

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding Urban Health Inequalities: Methods and Design of the Heart Health Hoods Qualitative Project.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Qualitative methods may help to understand features related to health urban inequalities as a way to include citizens' perceptions of their neighbourhoods in relation to their health-related behaviours. The aim of this article is to describe the methods and design of a qualitative urban health study. METHODS...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rivera Navarro J,Franco Tejero M,Conde Espejo P,Sandín Vázquez M,Gutiérrez Sastre M,Cebrecos A,Sainz Muñoz A,Gittelsohn J

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of mental disorders in the general population of Catalonia. Team of the Health Survey of Catalonia].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of the study is to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population of Catalonia. METHODS:Data comes from the Health Interview Survey of Catalonia (Enquesta de Salut de Catalunya, ESCA) and from an epidemiological study of Tres Cantos (Madrid). The General Health Questionna...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rajmil L,Gispert Magarolas R,Roset Gamisans M,Muñoz Rodríguez PE,Segura Benedicto A

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • [R-ALERGO. Allergy-healthy routes in Valencia].

    abstract::R-ALERGO is a project developed by researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de València and the Hospital Universitario La Fe (Valencia, Spain). The main objective of the project is to create a mobile application identifying, within the city of Valencia, the most favorable routes for allergic individuals. The appli...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Temes Cordovez RR,Moya Fuero A,Martí Garrido J,Perales Chordá C,Díaz Palacios M,Hernández Fernández de Rojas D

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Analysis and classification of hospital emergencies through Ambulatory Patient Groups].

    abstract:AIM:To assess the feasibility and results of application of Ambulatory Patient Groups (APG) patient's classification system to the case-mix of patients seen at the Emergency Departments (ED) of 6 Barcelona metropolitan area hospitals. METHODS:Development of a minimum discharge data set specific for the Emergency Depar...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Conesa A,Vilardell L,Muñoz R,Casanellas JM,Torre P,Gelabert G,Trilla A,Asenjo MA

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Financing regional health services. Problems and possible solutions].

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to highlight the fact that the present financial system of the Health Regional Services is constraining their management and development possibilities and thus, the System designed in the General Law of Health (Ley General de Salud); moreover, it is, hindering the development of the Autono...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanfrutos Velázquez N

    更新日期:1991-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Importance of chronic musculoskeletal problems in the population of Catalonia (Spain): prevalence and effect on self-perceived health, activity restriction and use of health services].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the importance of chronic musculoskeletal problems in the adult population of Catalonia (Spain) and their effect on self-perceived health, activity restriction and use of health services. METHODS:A population-based survey of 15,926 adults was performed. Multistage stratified sampling was perform...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pueyo MJ,Surís X,Larrosa M,Auleda J,Mompart A,Brugulat P,Tresserras R,de la Puente ML

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Incidence of accidental exposure to blood and body fluids among healthcare professionals in a community hospital].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the annual incidence of healthcare professionals' accidental exposure to blood and body fluids in a community hospital and describe their characteristics, associated situations and follow-up. METHOD:A longitudinal, retrospective study of biological accidents voluntarily reported on a yearly basi...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pérez Ruiz C,Torres Salinas M,de la Red Bellvis G,Msabri N,Niño Aragón E,Sobrino Martínez J

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Cost-effectiveness analysis of self-monitoring of blood glucose in type 2 diabetics].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Compare the cost-effectiveness of self-monitoring of blood glucose (MBG) with your non-use. DESIGN:Descriptive and retrospective study covering the period 1995-97 in the 597 type-2 diabetes patients: 286 practicing MBG on a stable basis and 311 not doing so. All are registered in seven health districts in th...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clua Espuny JL,Puig Junoy J,Queralt Tomás ML,Palau Galindo A

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Economic evaluation and budget impact analysis of the Endeavor drug-eluting stent in Spain].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Endeavor is a drug-eluting stent (DES) with superior results to the bare metal stent (BMS) and similar efficacy to other DES in terms of revascularization. The aim of this study was to assess the costs and benefits of Endeavor, other DES, BMS and coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) in Spain. METHODS:A Mark...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moreu J,Cequier A,Brosa M,Rodríguez JM,Crespo C,Hernández JM,Vázquez N,Fernández F,Ruiz-Nodar JM,Brasseur P

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Policies encouraging price competition in the generic drug market: Lessons from the European experience].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe alternative policies aimed at encouraging price competition in generic drug markets in countries with strict price regulation, and to present some case studies drawn from the European experience. METHODS:Systematic literature review of articles and technical reports published after 1999. RESULT...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Puig-Junoy J

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • The parliamentary political agenda: a tool for policy analysis of diabetes priorities in Spain.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyze the political agenda on diabetes in Spain under democracy by considering the frequency and content of initiatives in the Spanish parliament. METHODS:A systematic search of parliamentary interventions (1979-2010) reported on the Spanish Congress of Deputies' web page was carried out using the key w...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agudelo-Suárez AA,Ruiz-Cantero MT,González-Zapata LI,Restrepo-Medrano JC,Ortiz-Barreda GM

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Utilization of health services].

    abstract::Health services utilization has been associated to several socio-demographic factors, as age, gender, or socio-economic status. It has also been associated to the organizational structure and finance of health care, and to health status of the individuals. In the present article main results of studies of health servi...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Borràs JM

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Effective interventions to reduce absenteeism among hospital nurses].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To select and summarize the interventions that have proved effective in reducing absenteeism among hospital nurses. METHODS:A scoping review was conducted through a literature search using Medline, Web of Science, Cinahl, Embase, Lilacs, Cuiden and Cochrane Library Plus databases. Of a total of 361 articles...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Blanca-Gutiérrez JJ,Jiménez-Díaz Mdel C,Escalera-Franco LF

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Knowledge of hormone replacement therapy among menopausal women].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To analyze the information that women have on hormone replacement therapy (HRT), the sources of this information and how it is related to prescription. METHODS:We performed a cross-sectional study through a telephone survey. Information was collected on prescription of HRT, knowledge of HRT and of its healt...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ruiz I,Bermejo MJ

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Effect of psychosocial work environment and job satisfaction on burnout syndrome among specialist physicians].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe the prevalence of burnout syndrome according to medical specialty and to examine the impact of work psychosocial risk factors, job satisfaction and professional characteristics on burnout syndrome among specialist physicians throughout Spain. METHODS:A cross-sectional survey was carried out amon...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Escribà-Agüir V,Artazcoz L,Pérez-Hoyos S

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Training in community health: challenges, threats and opportunities. SESPAS Report 2018].

    abstract::Incorporating community health teaching in the undergraduate nursing and medicine curriculum and postgraduate training programmes contributes to enhance the quality, rigour and sustainability of health-promoting community interventions. In this article, we discuss the failure of Spanish Medical Universities to include...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Valls Pérez B,Calderón Larrañaga S,March Cerdà JC,Oltra Rodríguez E

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Dependency levels and health care services' utilization in psychiatric hospitals in Aragon (Spain)].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the characteristics of patients living in psychiatric hospitals in Aragon, to assess their dependency levels, and to analyze health care services' utilization by these patients. METHODS:We performed a cross-sectional study between July 1 and November 31. The questionnaire used was the Resident ...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Miguel M,Torrijos M,Abad JM,Lou ML

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Reporting new HIV cases in Catalonia, Spain: is technical consensus feasible?].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the process performed in Catalonia (Spain) to design an information system for monitoring new cases of HIV infection. METHODS:A survey was used to evaluate perception of the need for notification of HIV infection by health care professionals (n = 106), as well as their opinions of the various pos...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Casabona J,Romaguera A,Almeda J,Blanch C,Caylà JA,Miró JM,Colom J,Grupo de Trabajo sobre la Declaracion del HIV (GTDHIV).

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Review: hybrid designs of cohort studies and case control studies].

    abstract::Hybrid epidemiologic designs combining elements from case-control studies and cohort studies are reviewed. Firstly, the characteristics of selection of both index group and reference group are commented on. The selection of cases required a population-based disease registry. The type of selection of reference group pe...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Delgado-Rodríguez M,Sillero M

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Epidemiology and risk factors associated with religious pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia. Results of a prospective cohort 2008-2009].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Religious pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia, or Hajj, is a basic tenet of the Islamic doctrine and, after Ramadan, annually represents the largest human concentration (with up to 5% of from the EU) around the world. Such a gathering entails health risks. METHODS:A prospective observational study was conducted of...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Valerio L,Arranz Y,Hurtado B,Roure S,Reina MD,Martínez-Cuevas O,Sabrià M

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Intermediate hospital care for subacute elderly patients as an alternative to prolonged acute hospitalization].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We evaluated the rapid discharge of older patients with reactivated chronic diseases from an acute general hospital to an intermediate care hospital. METHODS:A cohort study was carried out. Compliance with predefined quality standards and patient selection were evaluated. RESULTS:Sixty-eight patients (mean ...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Inzitari M,Espinosa Serralta L,Pérez Bocanegra MC,Roquè Fíguls M,Argimón Pallàs JM,Farré Calpe J

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • [The effects of implementing a smoking cessation intervention in Spain on morbidity, mortality and health care costs].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We estimated the effect that a smoking cessation intervention in the Spanish population of smokers would have on smoking-related morbidity, mortality and health care costs. METHODS:We adopted the model Health and Economic Consequences of Smoking sponsored by the WHO Health Organization and developed by the T...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: González-Enríquez J,Salvador-Llivina T,López-Nicolás A,Antón De Las Heras E,Musin A,Fernández E,García M,Schiaffino A,Pérez-Escolano I

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Listening to the voice of the patient: an imperative. 2008 SESPAS Report].

    abstract::To democratize health services, citizen participation should be free, informed and involve choice. To achieve this, a formal and public system of health services' evaluation is required. The present article aims to argue the need to promote the participation of patients and persons affected by disease to achieve great...

    journal_title:Gaceta sanitaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jovell AJ,Navarro Rubio MD

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00