Sustained attention in children with two etiologies of early hydrocephalus.

Abstract:

:Several studies have shown that children with spina bifida meningomyelocele (SBM) and hydrocephalus have attention problems on parent ratings and difficulties in stimulus orienting associated with a posterior brain attention system. Less is known about response control and inhibition associated with an anterior brain attention system. Using the Gordon Vigilance Task (Gordon, 1983), we studied error rate, reaction time, and performance over time for sustained attention, a key anterior attention function, in 101 children with SBM, 17 with aqueductal stenosis (AS; another condition involving congenital hydrocephalus), and 40 typically developing controls (NC). In SBM, we investigated the relation between cognitive attention and parent ratings of inattention and hyperactivity and explored the impact of medical variables. Children with SBM did not differ from AS or NC groups on measures of sustained attention, but they committed more errors and responded more slowly. Approximately one-third of the SBM group had attention symptoms, although parent attention ratings were not associated with task performance. Hydrocephalus does not account for the attention profile of children with SBM, which also reflects the distinctive brain dysmorphologies associated with this condition.

journal_name

Neuropsychology

journal_title

Neuropsychology

authors

Swartwout MD,Cirino PT,Hampson AW,Fletcher JM,Brandt ME,Dennis M

doi

10.1037/a0013373

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-11-01 00:00:00

pages

765-75

issue

6

eissn

0894-4105

issn

1931-1559

pii

2008-15268-010

journal_volume

22

pub_type

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