Follicle-stimulating hormone and insulin regulation of 17 beta-estradiol secretion and granulosa cell proliferation within immature rat ovaries maintained in perifusion culture.

Abstract:

:The present study examined the effects of FSH and insulin (IN) on 17 beta-estradiol (E2) secretion and granulosa cell proliferation. For these studies, immature rat ovaries were maintained in perifusion culture and continuously exposed to FSH (0-800 ng RP-1 eq/ml) and /or IN (0.2 U/ml). At specific times, the ovaries were removed from perifusion, and the perifusate was assayed for E2 by RIA. The ovaries were then incubated with [3H]thymidine ([3H]T) in order to estimate granulosa cel mitotic activity. FSH increased E2 secretion in a dose-dependent manner (P less than 0.05), but did not enhance [3H]T incorporation (P greater than 0.05) after 48 h of perifusion. Conversely, IN increased [3H]T incorporation (P less than 0.05) without stimulating E2 secretion (P greater than 0.05) after 48 h of perifusion. FSH alone or in combination with IN stimulated [3H]T incorporation at 24 h of perifusion compared to both zero hour control (P less than 0.05) and IN treatments (P less than 0.05). The inability of FSH to stimulate [3H]T incorporation after 48 h did not appear to be due to increased E2, since IN stimulated [3H]T incorporation in the presence of 100 ng E2/ml. Further, continuous exposure to FSH was required to maintain E2 secretion, demonstrating that after 24 h, FSH loses its capacity to stimulate granulosa cell [3H]T incorporation, but not E2 secretion. Finally, when ovaries are pretreated with FSH for 48 h and then exposed to FSH and/or IN, [3H]T incorporation was stimulated, and E2 secretion inhibited. These data suggest that 1) initially, FSH acts to stimulate mitosis then promotes granulosa cell E2 secretion; and 2) once granulosa cells begin to secrete E2 they are still capable of mitosis, but their mitotic activity is no longer directed by FSH.

journal_name

Endocrinology

journal_title

Endocrinology

authors

Peluso JJ,Delidow BC,Lynch J,White BA

doi

10.1210/endo-128-1-191

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1991-01-01 00:00:00

pages

191-6

issue

1

eissn

0013-7227

issn

1945-7170

journal_volume

128

pub_type

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