Congenital cataract extraction with primary aphakia and secondary intraocular lens implantation in the posterior chamber.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:To evaluate visual outcomes, eye movement abnormalities, and postoperative complications after secondary posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in aphakic children who had initial LAC correction. METHODS:A retrospective study was carried out on 53 patients (94 eyes). Following aphakic surgery and LAC correction the patients received secondary IOL implantation in the posterior chamber. Special attention was paid to factors that may have influenced their visual outcomes, such as eye movement abnormalities, cataract unilaterality, and cataract density. RESULTS:No association was found between age at surgery and the onset of strabismus (p=0.611) or with visual acuity (p=0.086). However, unilaterality and total cataract density were found to have a negative association with poor vision (p<0.001). Strabismus and nystagmus were found to have a statistically significant negative association with visual acuity (p=0.002). Posterior capsule opacification occurred in six eyes of five patients following cataract extraction; IOL dislocation occurred in four eyes after IOL intraocular implantation, and secondary glaucoma occurred in one eye. CONCLUSIONS:IOL implantation before 12 months of age may be useful in unilateral cataract; in bilateral cataract, simultaneous surgical aphakia, LAC correction, and then IOL implantation at 2.5-3 years of age, together with anti-amblyopic therapy when strabismus or asymmetric cataract density occur, are efficient methods to obtain visual recovery. Extraocular muscle surgery may be required to correct strabismus.

journal_name

Eur J Ophthalmol

authors

Magli A,Fimiani F,Bruzzese D,Carelli R,Giani U,Iovine A

doi

10.1177/112067210801800608

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-11-01 00:00:00

pages

903-9

issue

6

eissn

1120-6721

issn

1724-6016

journal_volume

18

pub_type

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