Evaluation of 23 cutaneous anthrax patients in eastern Anatolia, Turkey: diagnosis and risk factors.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Anthrax is a potentially fatal zoonotic disease. The diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax (CA) may be very difficult, particularly in atypical presentations and nonendemic regions. AIM:To evaluate the clinical features and diagnostic difficulties of 23 anthrax cases seen between May 2004 and September 2006. METHODS:Twenty-three patients with CA were included in this study. The diagnosis of CA was based on clinical findings and/or microbiologic procedures. RESULTS:All patients with a diagnosis of CA were followed up. One patient experienced toxemic shock. Twenty-two patients had a history of animal contact. Only one patient did not recall any history of suspicious contact. The clinical presentation of CA was typical in 20 patients (87%). Two patients were initially misdiagnosed with insect bites and one patient with angioedema. Cultures from the lesions were positive for Bacillus anthracis in seven cases (30.4%). Gram stain from the lesions revealed Gram-positive rods in eight cases (34.8%). Fifteen patients (65.2%) were diagnosed by clinical presentation and a history of contact with sick animals and/or contaminated animal products. CONCLUSION:CA is a very contagious and important infectious disease worldwide. Early and accurate diagnosis dramatically affects the prognosis of the disease. The diagnosis of CA may be difficult, especially in atypical presentations and nonendemic areas. Thus, CA should be kept in mind, especially in these situations.

journal_name

Int J Dermatol

authors

Ozcan H,Kayabas U,Bayindir Y,Bayraktar MR,Ay S

doi

10.1111/j.1365-4632.2008.03665.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-10-01 00:00:00

pages

1033-7

issue

10

eissn

0011-9059

issn

1365-4632

pii

IJD3665

journal_volume

47

pub_type

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