Evaluation of 23 cutaneous anthrax patients in eastern Anatolia, Turkey: diagnosis and risk factors.


BACKGROUND:Anthrax is a potentially fatal zoonotic disease. The diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax (CA) may be very difficult, particularly in atypical presentations and nonendemic regions. AIM:To evaluate the clinical features and diagnostic difficulties of 23 anthrax cases seen between May 2004 and September 2006. METHODS:Twenty-three patients with CA were included in this study. The diagnosis of CA was based on clinical findings and/or microbiologic procedures. RESULTS:All patients with a diagnosis of CA were followed up. One patient experienced toxemic shock. Twenty-two patients had a history of animal contact. Only one patient did not recall any history of suspicious contact. The clinical presentation of CA was typical in 20 patients (87%). Two patients were initially misdiagnosed with insect bites and one patient with angioedema. Cultures from the lesions were positive for Bacillus anthracis in seven cases (30.4%). Gram stain from the lesions revealed Gram-positive rods in eight cases (34.8%). Fifteen patients (65.2%) were diagnosed by clinical presentation and a history of contact with sick animals and/or contaminated animal products. CONCLUSION:CA is a very contagious and important infectious disease worldwide. Early and accurate diagnosis dramatically affects the prognosis of the disease. The diagnosis of CA may be difficult, especially in atypical presentations and nonendemic areas. Thus, CA should be kept in mind, especially in these situations.


Int J Dermatol


Ozcan H,Kayabas U,Bayindir Y,Bayraktar MR,Ay S




Has Abstract


2008-10-01 00:00:00














  • Chronic generalized pruritus without primary skin lesions: a longitudinal prospective observational study.

    abstract::Pruritus is among the most common complaints in the field of dermatology. It is also a disturbing symptom of many systemic disorders. Chronic pruritus (CP) refers to the cases of the symptom which last longer than 6 weeks. We conducted a prospective analysis of patients with generalized pruritus without primary skin l...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alizadeh N,Mirpour SH,Golmohamadi R,Darjani A,Eftekhari H,Rafiei R,Gharaei Nejad K,Azimi SZ

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Caspase-9 expression is increased in endothelial cells of active Behçet's disease patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Behçet's disease is a multisystem disease of unknown etiology. Caspase-9 is responsible for initiating the caspase activation cascade during apoptosis. The aim of this study was to examine caspase-9 expression in both endothelial and perivascular infiltrates of patients with active Behçet's disease. METHODS...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oztaş P,Lortlar N,Polat M,Alli N,Omeroğlu S,Basman A

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Antidesmoglein 1 and 3 antibodies in healthy subjects of a population in the Peruvian high amazon.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The objective of this study was to determine the presence of anti-Dsg1 and Dsg3 antibodies in healthy subjects of the high Peruvian Amazon (Tuemal, Rodriguez de Mendoza province, department of Amazonas) to establish the theoretical presence of environmental factors or triggers in the area. MATERIALS AND MET...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramos W,Díaz J,Gutierrez EL,Lazarte JS,Bohnett MC,Ronceros G,Ortega-Loayza AG

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cutaneous manifestations of marantic endocarditis.

    abstract::A 70-year-old patient with a history of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia was referred for evaluation of necrotic toes. The patient had a history of several cerebrovascular accidents during the previous month. Initially, she developed sudden-onset left upper extremity weakness which, over the ensuing 4 days, progr...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kimyai-Asadi A,Usman A,Milani F

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dermatopathological characteristics of dermatofibromas from dermatoscopic clues.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Several types of dermatofibroma (DF) have been identified dermatopathologically and with dermatoscopic correlation, the dermatopathology has been predictable in limited studies so far. We identify DFs with specific dermatoscopic structures and determine the respective dermatopathological correlates. METHODS...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Genc Y,Akay BN,Okcu Heper A,Rosendahl C,Erdem C

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psoriasis and pregnancy: hormone and immune system interaction.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Various hormonal states are known to be associated with the waxing and waning of psoriasis. Patients with psoriasis commonly experience changes in their cutaneous disease during pregnancy or post partum. OBJECTIVE:We evaluated 100 women with psoriasis by questionnaire and interview. The women had been seen ...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boyd AS,Morris LF,Phillips CM,Menter MA

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Role of linoleic acid in arsenical palmar keratosis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic arsenic exposure can lead to palmoplantar keratosis. In the stratum corneum of skin, linoleic acid is of the utmost importance to the inflammation, keratinization, and regeneration processes. OBJECTIVES:The aims of this study were: (i) to present quantitative information on the linoleic acid fractio...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahmed TS,Misbahuddin M

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Clear cell acanthoma: a rare clinical diagnosis prior to biopsy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Clear cell acanthoma is a rare, benign epidermal tumor with a clinical hybrid appearance and a distinct histological one. It is frequently mistaken for other clinical lesions. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the frequency that clear cell acanthoma was listed in the clinical differential diagnosis of histologically co...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrison LK,Duffey M,Janik M,Shamma HN

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Topical cannabinoid receptor 1 agonist attenuates the cutaneous inflammatory responses in oxazolone-induced atopic dermatitis model.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Even with the widespread clinical use of cannabinoid receptor (CBR) stimulating compounds, such as palmitoylethanolamine, the role of CBR agonists on inflammatory skin diseases is not yet fully understood. This study was performed to investigate the effects of CBR agonists on skin inflammation, using acute a...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim HJ,Kim B,Park BM,Jeon JE,Lee SH,Mann S,Ahn SK,Hong SP,Jeong SK

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cephalic pyoderma gangrenosum (PG)-like lesions as a presenting sign of Wegener's granulomatosis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG)-like lesions can be associated with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG); in rare instances, they could be the presenting sign of WG. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between these two disorders. METHODS:The clinical and histologic data from a case of WG with pr...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Micali G,Cook B,Ronan S,Yadgir J,Solomon LM

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Systemic reactions to topically applied drugs.

    abstract::Topical drugs can be absorbed percutaneously in sufficient amounts to cause untoward systemic effects. Generally speaking, infants and young children appears to be more vulnerable than adults. It has been shown that the prolonged and extensive use of topical corticosteroids can induce iatrogenic hypercorticism and tha...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pascher F

    更新日期:1978-12-01 00:00:00

  • Aquatic dermatology: encounters with the denizens of the deep (and not so deep) a review. Part I: the invertebrates.

    abstract::Aquatic dermatoses encompass a broad spectrum of cutaneous injuries. These injuries may present through contact with invertebrate organisms such as jellyfish, sea urchins, corals, and molluscs. Each organism is equipped with a unique method of causing harm to man, therefore a myriad of presenting signs and symptoms sh...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ottuso P

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Gardner-Diamond syndrome: a systematic review of treatment options for a rare psychodermatological disorder.

    abstract::Gardner-Diamond syndrome (GDS) is a rare psychodermatological condition characterized by the formation of spontaneous, painful skin lesions that develop into ecchymosis following episodes of severe physiological or psychological stress. The majority of GDS cases occur in young adult females, and although the etiology ...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Block ME,Sitenga JL,Lehrer M,Silberstein PT

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Behçet's disease and surgical intervention.

    abstract::Behçet's Disease (BD) is a systemic disorder with an unknown etiopathogenesis. The need for clinical criteria in the establishment of diagnosis is of great importance. We present the case of a 27-year-old man with BD, who had a surgical operation during the active period of his disease and experienced subsequent compl...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bozkurt M,Torin G,Aksakal B,Ataoglu O

    更新日期:1992-08-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of topical calcineurin inhibitors in vitiligo.

    abstract::Topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are indicated for the treatment of atopic dermatitis, but they have been studied in many off-label uses. We reviewed the English language literature to define their roles in treatment of vitiligo. Double-blind studies show that tacrolimus 0.1% ointment combined with excimer laser is...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wong R,Lin AN

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Demodex infestation in a child with leukaemia: treatment with ivermectin and permethrin.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Demodex mites are almost ubiquitous on older adult skin but are infrequent in young children. In immunocompromised patients, demodicosis may be more frequent and severe, and systemic therapy may be needed to achieve clinical resolution. CASE REPORT:A six-year-old boy having maintenance chemotherapy for acut...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Damian D,Rogers M

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ivermectin treatment of three cases of demodecidosis during human immunodeficiency virus infection.

    abstract::Demodecidosis is an ectoparasitosis that is infrequently observed in subjects with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It has a rosacea-like presentation. We present three cases in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Two of these patients had a profuse eruption, and all three cases were ...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clyti E,Nacher M,Sainte-Marie D,Pradinaud R,Couppie P

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Netherton syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.

    abstract::Netherton syndrome is a rare disorder inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern consisting of ichthyosiform dermatosis, hair shaft abnormalities (trichorrhexis invaginata), and an atopic diathesis. Patients with Netherton syndrome have been found to have a mutation on chromosome 5q32 in a gene named SPINK5 (serine p...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sun JD,Linden KG

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in a young adult population in Israel: a long-term survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) medical records offer a unique and valid 28-year view of the striking differences in cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) seasonality patterns and incidence rates between the military and civilian sectors in Israel. AIM:To determine the annual epidemiology and seasonality trends of C...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mimouni D,Balicer RD,Levine H,Klement E,Bar-Zeev Y,Davidovitch N,Zarka S

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Harlequin ichthyosis due to novel splice site mutation in the ABCA12 gene: postnatal to prenatal diagnosis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is a severe genetic disorder caused by the mutation in the ABCA12 gene. Infants born with this condition have markedly thickened, hard stratum corneum skin all over the body. METHODS:A female child born with a thick white plate of skin with deep cracks all over the body was investi...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sheth JJ,Bhavsar R,Patel D,Joshi A,Sheth FJ

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Tricoadenoma of Nikolowski.

    abstract::The patient, aged 50 years, with no relevant clinical history, complained of a symptomless, soft tumor of the right buttock that had been present for many years. On examination, it was found to be pediculate, oval, somewhat erythematous, firm on palpation, and with a central keratin plug. The greatest diameter of the ...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bañuls J,Silvestre JF,Sevila A,Morell A,Betlloch I,Botella R

    更新日期:1995-10-01 00:00:00

  • Role of vascular endothelial growth factor in keloids: a clinicopathologic study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite their benign nature, keloids are usually associated with considerable cosmetic effects and may lead to functional problems. Recently, it has been reported that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic factor, is overexpressed in keloid tissue and may have a potential role in its...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salem A,Assaf M,Helmy A,Nofal A,Ibrahim S,Eldeeb F,Youssef C

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of stigma among patients with leprosy in rural Tanzania and urban United States: a role for public health in dermatology.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:  Leprosy is a chronic infection of the skin and peripheral nerves caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae, which causes peripheral insensitivity and disfigurements of the skin, limbs, and digits. Social stigma is a common consequence of leprosy and may differ according to level of physical disfiguremen...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roosta N,Black DS,Rea TH

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Venous ulcer: epidemiology, physiopathology, diagnosis and treatment.

    abstract::This review discusses the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and current therapeutic options for venous ulcer. Venous ulcer is a severe clinical manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). It is responsible for about 70% of chronic ulcers of the lower limbs. The high prevalence of venous ulcer has a signif...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Abbade LP,Lastória S

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Transdermal delivery of salicylic acid in the treatment of viral papillomas.

    abstract::Healthy adult (New Zealand, Dutch Belt, and Wild) rabbits were infected with rabbit papilloma virus (Shope variety). The resultant papillomas were treated with salicylic acid in a new transdermal drug delivery system utilizing a karaya gum glycol matrix. Biopsy samples of treated papillomas were taken at 1, 2, and 3 w...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mottaz JH,McKeever PJ,Neveaux JL,Zelickson AS

    更新日期:1988-10-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term follow-up and management of small and medium-sized CD4+ T cell lymphoma and CD8+ lymphoid proliferations of acral sites: a multicenter experience.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Primary cutaneous CD4+ small-medium pleomorphic T cell lymphoma (SMPTCL) is a low-grade cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Its clinical and histopathologic features are comparable with those of CD8+ lymphoid proliferations (LPs) of the ear and acral sites. OBJECTIVES:We performed a retrospective analysis of patient...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Virmani P,Jawed S,Myskowski PL,Horwitz S,Skripnik Lucas A,Moskowitz A,Pulitzer M,Zain J,Rosen ST,Querfeld C

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Coexisting subacute and systemic lupus erythematosus after terbinafine administration: successful treatment with mycophenolate mofetil.

    abstract::A 39-year-old female patient with systemic lupus erythematosus was treated with terbinafine for onychomycosis. After only 7 days of treatment with 250 mg terbinafine, a widespread severe erythematous eruption developed. The results of clinical, histological and immunofluorescent examinations confirmed the diagnosis of...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cetkovská P,Pizinger K

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Lupus erythematosus-like eruption due to D-penicillamine in progressive systemic sclerosis.

    abstract::A 58-year-old woman with progressive systemic sclerosis developed a butterfly erythematous eruption, hemorrhagic maculae, crusting, and erosions on the face 15 days following administration of D-penicillamine. This appeared to be a lupus erythematosus-like eruption due to an adverse drug reaction to D-penicillamine be...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsankov NK,Lazarova AZ,Vasileva SG,Obreshkova EV

    更新日期:1990-10-01 00:00:00

  • Onchocerciasis: clinical presentation and host parasite interactions in patients of southern Sudan.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Onchocerciasis, an infection by the filarial nematode Onchoverca volvulus, is widely distributed in tropical Africa and of great dermatologic interest. This study analyses the dermatologic presentation and tries to determine the correlations between clinical disease and host parasite interactions in onchocer...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stingl P

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of stratifying initial dose of corticosteroids by severity of pemphigus vulgaris on long-term disease severity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a life-threatening disease affecting skin and mucous membranes. The "epitope spreading" theory posits that uncontrolled PV can gradually worsen because of exposure of cellular antigens to the immune system. To this end, high-dose systemic corticosteroids have been advocated as firs...

    journal_title:International journal of dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lyakhovitsky A,Baum S,Scope A,Amichai B,Barzilai A,Rimer J,Trau H

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00