Beliefs about medications: measurement and relationship to adherence in patients with severe mental disorders.


OBJECTIVE:To determine if the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) has satisfactory psychometric properties in patients with severe mental disorders and if their scores differ from those of patients with severe medical disorders. To investigate if the scores are related to medication adherence. METHOD:Two hundred and eighty psychiatric patients completed the BMQ and reported how much of their medication they had taken the past week. Serum concentrations of medications were analyzed. BMQ scores were compared with those of patients with chronic medical disorders. RESULTS:Cronbach's alpha was satisfactory for all subscales. The psychiatric group scored lower on the necessity of taking medication than the medical group. Non-adherent patients felt medication to be less necessary and were more concerned about it than adherent patients. The necessity subscale predicted adherence fairly well. CONCLUSION:The BMQ has satisfactory psychometric properties for use in patients with severe mental disorders. The constructs measured by the BMQ are related to adherence in these patients.


Acta Psychiatr Scand


Jónsdóttir H,Friis S,Horne R,Pettersen KI,Reikvam A,Andreassen OA




Has Abstract


2009-01-01 00:00:00














  • Patterns of overt sexual interaction among acute psychiatric inpatients.

    abstract::An indepth study was carried out over 1 year on all instances of overt heterosexual interactions among acute psychiatric patients on mixed-sex intensive treatment units. Sixteen of the 1060 patients treated on the units were involved in nine instances of overt heterosexual interactions. Analysis of the interactions sh...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Modestin J

    更新日期:1981-11-01 00:00:00

  • Suicide, homicide and the quality of life in various countries.

    abstract::Based on the theory of Henry & Short, it was predicted that suicide rates should be higher and homicide rates lower in countries where the quality of life is better. In 1980, for a sample of 43 countries, this prediction was confirmed for some components of the quality of life (psychological well-being) but not for ot...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lester D

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • Reactions of survivors of suicide victims to interviews.

    abstract::Fifty-eight consecutive suicides committed between 1984 and 1987 by adolescents and young adults (age 15-29 years) in an urban community were the subject of retrospective investigations by means of interviews with survivors. The outcome of the survivors' crisis reactions and the interviewees' capacity to participate i...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Runeson B,Beskow J

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive behaviour therapy with coping training for persistent auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia: a naturalistic follow-up study of the durability of effects.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the durability of positive effects of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) with coping training on psychotic symptoms and social functioning. METHOD:Forty patients with schizophrenia or related psychotic disorders and refractory auditory hallucinations were given CBT and coping training in an int...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wiersma D,Jenner JA,van de Willige G,Spakman M,Nienhuis FJ

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of dementia in a southern European population in two different time periods: the ZARADEMP Project.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare the prevalence of dementia in two different time periods and two different studies. METHOD:Representative, random samples of the elderly (>65 years) in the Zaragoza Study or ZARADEMP-0 (n = 1080) completed the previous decade, and now in Wave I of the ZARADEMP Project or ZARADEMP-I (n = 3715) were...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lobo A,Saz P,Marcos G,Dia JL,De-la-Camara C,Ventura T,Montañes JA,Lobo-Escolar A,Aznar S,ZARADEMP Workgroup.

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Obesity, but not metabolic syndrome, negatively affects outcome in bipolar disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Examine the effects of obesity and metabolic syndrome on outcome in bipolar disorder. METHOD:The Comparative Effectiveness of a Second Generation Antipsychotic Mood Stabilizer and a Classic Mood Stabilizer for Bipolar Disorder (Bipolar CHOICE) study randomized 482 participants with bipolar disorder in a 6-mo...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McElroy SL,Kemp DE,Friedman ES,Reilly-Harrington NA,Sylvia LG,Calabrese JR,Rabideau DJ,Ketter TA,Thase ME,Singh V,Tohen M,Bowden CL,Bernstein EE,Brody BD,Deckersbach T,Kocsis JH,Kinrys G,Bobo WV,Kamali M,McInnis MG

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • The availability of confiding persons for depressed patients.

    abstract::The availability of confiding persons both within and outside the household has been investigated in a series of 110 depressed patients and of 98 non-psychiatric controls. The depressive sample has been classified into diagnostic subgroups of unipolar, bipolar, reactive-neurotic and unspecified type of depression. The...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eisemann M

    更新日期:1984-08-01 00:00:00

  • Anorexia nervosa/bulimia in diabetes mellitus. A review and a presentation of five cases.

    abstract::Review of recent literature with emphasis on growth, development and epidemiology of eating disorders and diabetes reveals many common features of the conditions. Thus we hypothesize more concurrence than would occur by chance alone. At present epidemiological evidence is inconclusive, but prevalence of eating disorde...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nielsen S,Børner H,Kabel M

    更新日期:1987-05-01 00:00:00

  • The synergetic effect of childhood trauma and recent stressful events in psychosis: associated neurocognitive dysfunction.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A higher incidence of childhood trauma (CT) has been reported in first episode of psychosis (FEP). There is, however, a lack of knowledge about the synergetic effect between CT and recent stressful events (RSE). METHODS:Information on specific types of CT (under 17 years) and RSE (within the past 3 years) w...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ayesa-Arriola R,Setién-Suero E,Marques-Feixa L,Neergaard K,Butjosa A,Vázquez-Bourgon J,Fañanás L,Crespo-Facorro B

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of lithium on neuroendocrine function in affectively ill patients.

    abstract::Lithium is the primary treatment for manic-depressive illness. The mechanism of action of lithium and its endocrine effects remain unclear. Therefore, the hormone responses to sequential stimuli, namely arginine, TRH, and LHRH, were studied in eight patients with major depression before and during treatment with lithi...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joffe RT,Post RM,Ballenger JC,Rebar R,Gold PW

    更新日期:1986-05-01 00:00:00

  • Recovery and insight in schizophrenia.

    abstract::A study sample of 50 patients suffering from schizophrenia was examined at readmission and thereafter every second week until each patient had been interviewed five times i.e. eight weeks in total. Three types of recovery are identified, one with full and two with partial recovery of delusional beliefs. In patients wi...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jørgensen P

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Bright light therapy of subsyndromal seasonal affective disorder in the workplace: morning vs. afternoon exposure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Bright light therapy in seasonal affective disorder (SAD) has been studied extensively. However, little attention has been given to subsyndromal seasonal affective disorder (SSAD) or the use of bright light in the workplace. Many patients using bright light boxes complain of the inconvenience of use. Much of ...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Avery DH,Kizer D,Bolte MA,Hellekson C

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship of parental bonding to child abuse and dissociation in eating disorders in Japan.

    abstract::Parental bonding patterns were studied in 52 female Japanese eating disorder outpatients with and without histories of sexual or physical abuse and with dissociation. Instruments included the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and the Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule (...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berger D,Ono Y,Saito S,Tezuka I,Takahashi Y,Uno M,Ishikawa Y,Kuboki T,Asai M,Suematsu H

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Synaesthesia and major affective disorder.

    abstract::Two patients with major affective disorder are described. In both cases synaesthesia was a prominent and integral feature of the disorder. The discussion considers the relationship of perceptual upset and affective disorders. ...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McKane JP,Hughes AM

    更新日期:1988-04-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between psychosocial and cognitive functioning in schizophrenic patients and expressed emotion and communication deviance in their parents.

    abstract::The relationship between the family variables of expressed emotion (EE) and communication deviance (CD) and patient attributes of cognitive functions and clinical symptoms were examined. Eleven schizophrenic patients and their parents were evaluated at the beginning and the end of a 2-year treatment programme. The tes...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Rund BR

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment of a mild form of neuroleptic malignant syndrome with oral diazepam.

    abstract::A mild form of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) in a schizophrenic patient who was receiving a depot neuroleptic is described and beneficial response to oral diazepam 50 mg daily is reported. ...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kontaxakis VP,Christodoulou GN,Markidis MP,Havaki-Kontaxaki BJ

    更新日期:1988-09-01 00:00:00

  • PET determination of regional cerebral glucose metabolism in alcohol-dependent men and healthy controls using 11C-glucose.

    abstract::Regional brain glucose metabolism was determined in 9 male alcohol-dependent inpatients and 12 male healthy controls. All the patients were socially impaired by the alcohol abuse. All the subjects had abstained from alcohol and drugs for more than four weeks before entering the study. Brain glucose metabolism was dete...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wik G,Borg S,Sjögren I,Wiesel FA,Blomqvist G,Borg J,Greitz T,Nybäck H,Sedvall G,Stone-Elander S

    更新日期:1988-08-01 00:00:00

  • A double-blind study of alprazolam and oxazepam in the treatment of anxiety.

    abstract::In a randomized double-blind study with parallel group design involving 60 anxious psychoneurotic outpatients, the anxiolytic activity of alprazolam was compared with that of oxazepam. Following a 4 to 7-day placebo washout period, both groups showed a similar and significant response to treatment during the 4-week ac...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Väisänen E,Jalkanen E

    更新日期:1987-05-01 00:00:00

  • Electroconvulsive therapy vs. paroxetine in treatment-resistant depression -- a randomized study.

    abstract::Failure to respond to adequate pharmacological treatment for major depression is now the most common indication for the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The advantages of ECT with respect to both speed and quality of response are clinically important issues, but surprisingly few studies have examined the effica...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Folkerts HW,Michael N,Tölle R,Schonauer K,Mücke S,Schulze-Mönking H

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • Information processing: a new model for understanding cognitive disturbances in psychiatric patients.

    abstract::Information processing models are influenced by the information sciences and by computer technology, which progressed in the 1960s and 1970s. During the last decade these models have formed the theoretical basis for much of the experimental research on cognitive dysfunctions in psychiatric patients. An essential eleme...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rund BR,Landrø NI

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mood instability and functional recovery in bipolar disorders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to identify psychopathological factors associated with long-term functional outcome in euthymic bipolar disorder patients and to test new measures of mood instability and symptoms intensity. METHOD:Fifty-five patients with more than 12 months of follow-up were included. In addition ...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strejilevich SA,Martino DJ,Murru A,Teitelbaum J,Fassi G,Marengo E,Igoa A,Colom F

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Renal function in 153 manic-depressive patients treated with lithium for more than five years.

    abstract::Renal function was examined in 153 manic-depressive patients treated with lithium for more than 5 years, mean 10 years. No significant change was detectable in plasma creatinine. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreased slightly, but significantly, and not until after 17 years of treatment did the regression line re...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Løkkegaard H,Andersen NF,Henriksen E,Bartels PD,Brahm M,Baastrup PC,Jørgensen HE,Larsen M,Munck O,Rasmussen K

    更新日期:1985-04-01 00:00:00

  • Stress, depression and left-sided psychogenic chest pain.

    abstract::Ninety men between the ages of 20 to 65 were studied to investigate the relationships between stress, depression and psychogenic pain. Three groups (the coronary heart disease (CHD) group; the left-sided psychogenic chest pain (LPCP) group; and the control group) comprising 30 patients per group, each completed the So...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Naidoo P,Patel CJ

    更新日期:1993-07-01 00:00:00

  • Chinese diagnostic interview schedule. II. A validity study on estimation of lifetime prevalence.

    abstract::The validity of DIS-CM (Chinese modified version of Diagnostic Interview Schedule) was examined by analyzing lifetime prevalence of each age group, age at onset, and recency of illness. The magnitude of the discrepancy between the empirical and the estimated data was adopted as the criterion of the degree of deviation...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hwu HG,Yeh EK,Chang LY,Yeh YL

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Care utilization and the incidence of suicide: suicide victims' contacts with primary health care and psychiatry in six psychiatric districts in the Country of Stockholm from 1979 to 1990.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to ascertain whether suicide victims had ever been in contact with a primary health-care centre, a psychiatric out-patient treatment centre or any form of institutional psychiatric care, and whether there had been any change in such patterns over time. The results show an increase in the numb...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hydén LC

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • The truth about suicide in Portugal.

    abstract::It seems odd that male suicide rates have decreased in Portugal over the last few years, whereas the opposite has happened in most other countries. In order to investigate the reasons for such a decrease, suicide rates were compared with controversial cases (ICD-9 category E 980-989) and with homicide rates. The resul...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Castro EF,Pimenta F,Martins I

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • Greek version of the General Health Questionnaire: accuracy of translation and validity.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of translation and to test the validity of the Greek version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). In the translation study, the English and the Greek versions of the GHQ were administered to a sample of 50 bilingual respondents. The internal consistency, item...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Garyfallos G,Karastergiou A,Adamopoulou A,Moutzoukis C,Alagiozidou E,Mala D,Garyfallos A

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Serum cholesterol and aggressive behavior in psychiatrically hospitalized children.

    abstract::The relationship between serum cholesterol and a number of measures of impulsiveness and aggression was examined in 38 prepubertal, psychiatrically hospitalized children. Although care was taken to use reports and direct observations of both variables within 2 weeks of admission and 8 weeks later, no consistent relati...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rao U,Carlson GA,Rapport MD

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Torsade de pointes in a patient with complex medical and psychiatric conditions receiving low-dose quetiapine.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Describe potential cardiac complications of low-dose quetiapine and other atypical antipsychotic drugs. METHOD:We present a case report of a 45-year-old Black woman with multiple medical and psychiatric problems taking low-dose quetiapine. RESULTS:Coincident with a generalized seizure, the patient developed...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vieweg WV,Schneider RK,Wood MA

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Prognosis of treated hypochondriasis. A clinical study.

    abstract::Thirty-six patients who had hypochondriacal neurosis for 6 months or longer were treated with individual psychotherapy which focused predominantly on presenting complaints, fears and beliefs. Antianxiety drugs were used at times of anxiety. Sixty-four percent either recovered or improved to the extent that they no lon...

    journal_title:Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kellner R

    更新日期:1983-02-01 00:00:00