Efficacy and safety of dapsone as a second-line treatment in non-splenectomized adults with immune thrombocytopenic purpura.

Abstract:

:In adults with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), steroids are usually proposed as first-line therapy, but long-term complete responses are obtained in no more than 20% of patients. For the remaining patients, splenectomy is considered the treatment of choice, with reported "cure" rates from 60-70%. However, the inherent risks of surgery and sepsis after splenectomy without a guarantee of success justify the search for strategies aimed to avoid splenectomy. Here we retrospectively evaluated the results of dapsone treatment in ITP patients that failed first-line therapy with steroids. These patients received dapsone 100 mg/day for a minimum of 30 days before splenectomy was considered. Efficacy was defined as a sustained rise in platelet counts (>50 x 10(9)/l) clearly attributed to dapsone treatment. Among 52 steroid-dependent or refractory patients, dapsone resulted in sustained increases in platelet counts in 44.2% of patients, after a median follow-up of 21.10 months after treatment initiation. The long-term efficacy of dapsone in this setting is further corroborated by the observation that none of the "responding" patients required splenectomy in the follow-up, compared to 69.0% of the "non-responding" patients. Dapsone-related adverse events were mild and promptly reversed by treatment withdrawal. The results of our retrospective analysis suggest that dapsone is a safe and effective second-line agent for steroid-dependent or refractory ITP patients. Because of its well-known safety profile and low cost compared to other potential second-line treatments for ITP, a trial course of dapsone should be viewed as an attractive option before splenectomy in steroid-dependent of refractory adult ITP patients.

journal_name

Platelets

journal_title

Platelets

authors

Vancine-Califani SM,De Paula EV,Ozelo MC,Orsi FL,Fabri DR,Annichino-Bizzacchi JM

doi

10.1080/09537100802315110

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-11-01 00:00:00

pages

489-95

issue

7

eissn

0953-7104

issn

1369-1635

pii

905020137

journal_volume

19

pub_type

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