The role of physical processes controlling the behaviour of radionuclide contaminants in the aquatic environment: a review of state-of-the-art modelling approaches.


:This paper is aimed at presenting and discussing the methodologies implemented in state-of-the-art models for predicting the physical processes of radionuclide migration through the aquatic environment, including transport due to water currents, diffusion, settling and re-suspension. Models are briefly described, model parameter values reviewed and values recommended. The different modelling approaches are briefly classified and the advantages and disadvantages of the various model approaches and methodologies are assessed.


J Environ Radioact


Monte L,Periañez R,Boyer P,Smith JT,Brittain JE




Has Abstract


2009-09-01 00:00:00














  • (137)Cs distributions in soil and trees in forest ecosystems after the radioactive fallout - Comparison study between southern Finland and Fukushima, Japan.

    abstract::The nuclear accidents at Chernobyl and Fukushima released large amounts of (137)Cs radionuclides into the atmosphere which spread over large forest areas. We compared the (137)Cs concentration distribution in different parts of two coniferous forest ecosystems (needle litter, stems and at different depths in the soil)...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pumpanen J,Ohashi M,Endo I,Hari P,Bäck J,Kulmala M,Ohte N

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Low altitude unmanned aerial vehicle for characterising remediation effectiveness following the FDNPP accident.

    abstract::On the 12th of March 2011, The Great Tōhoku Earthquake occurred 70 km off the eastern coast of Japan, generating a large 14 m high tsunami. The ensuing catalogue of events over the succeeding 12 d resulted in the release of considerable quantities of radioactive material into the environment. Important to the large-sc...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martin PG,Payton OD,Fardoulis JS,Richards DA,Yamashiki Y,Scott TB

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • On radiocarbon and plutonium leakage to groundwater in the vicinity of a shallow-land radioactive waste repository.

    abstract::A shallow-land radioactive waste repository operated in boggy forest environment from 1963 to 1989. During the operation period, a considerable amount of technogenic radionuclides, in solidified state, was disposed into the vault established in the geological structure at the depth of up to 3m. Environmental monitorin...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gudelis A,Gvozdaite R,Kubareviciene V,Druteikiene R,Lukosevicius S,Sutas A

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Shipboard determination of radiocesium in seawater after the Fukushima accident: results from the 2011-2012 Russian expeditions to the Sea of Japan and western North Pacific Ocean.

    abstract::A total of 88 seawater samples were collected during two Russian research expeditions (April-May 2011 and August-September 2012) to the Sea of Japan, the Oyashio Current region near Kuril Islands and the Kuroshio-Oyashio transition area in the western North Pacific Ocean. The observations were made aboard the R/V Pave...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramzaev V,Nikitin A,Sevastyanov A,Artemiev G,Bruk G,Ivanov S

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid and irreversible sorption behavior of 7Be assessed to evaluate its use as a catchment sediment tracer.

    abstract::Beryllium-7 (7Be) has been used as a sediment tracer to evaluate soil redistribution rates at hillslopes and as a tool to estimate sediment residence time in river systems. A key assumption for the use of 7Be as a sediment tracer is the rapid and irreversible sorption of 7Be upon contact with the soil particles. Howev...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ryken N,Al-Barri B,Blake W,Taylor A,Tack FMG,Van Ranst E,Bodé S,Boeckx P,Verdoodt A

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of human physical activity and contaminated clothing type on particle resuspension.

    abstract::A study was conducted to experimentally quantify the influence of three variables on the level of resuspension of hazardous aerosol particles from clothing. Variables investigated include physical activity level (two levels, low and high), surface type (four different clothing material types), and time i.e. the rate a...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDonagh A,Byrne MA

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Self-help countermeasure strategies for populations living within contaminated areas of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

    abstract::Countermeasures have been effectively employed within intensive agricultural systems in areas of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) affected by the Chernobyl accident. However, ingestion doses continue to be elevated in some areas as a result of few foodstuffs which are collected from the wild or produced by the household....

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beresford NA,Voigt G,Wright SM,Howard BJ,Barnett CL,Prister B,Balonov M,Ratnikov A,Travnikova I,Gillett AG,Mehli H,Skuterud L,Lepicard S,Semiochkina N,Perepeliantnikova L,Goncharova N,Arkhipov AN

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Distribution of natural radionuclides in the production and use of phosphate fertilizers in Brazil.

    abstract::The Brazilian phosphate fertilizer is obtained by wet reaction of igneous phosphate rock with concentrated sulphuric acid, giving as final product, phosphoric acid and dehydrated calcium sulphate (phosphogypsum) as by-products. Phosphoric acid is the starting material for triple superphosphate (TSP), single superphosp...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saueia CH,Mazzilli BP

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Use of CAP88 PC to infer differences in the chemical form of 129I emitted from a fuel reprocessing facility.

    abstract::Emissions of (129)I from nuclear fuel separations conducted at the Hanford Site in Washington State have been occurring since the 1940's. Fuel separation on the Hanford Site stopped in 1988, but emissions of (129)I have continued as venting of the PUREX Plant occurred. In this study, atmospheric measurements of (129)I...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fritz BG,Phillips NR

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Vertical distributions of (99)Tc and the (99)Tc/(137)Cs activity ratio in the coastal water off Aomori, Japan.

    abstract::Using a sector-field ICP-MS the vertical distributions of the (99)Tc concentration and (99)Tc/(137)Cs activity ratio were measured in the coastal waters off Aomori Prefecture, Japan, where a spent-nuclear-fuel reprocessing plant has begun test operation. The (99)Tc concentrations in surface water ranged from 1.8 to 2....

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakanishi T,Zheng J,Aono T,Yamada M,Kusakabe M

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Monitoring rainwater and seaweed reveals the presence of (131)I in southwest and central British Columbia, Canada following the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan.

    abstract::Detailed analysis of (131)I levels in rainwater and in three species of seaweed (Fucus distichus Linnaeus, Macrocystis pyrifera, and Pyropia fallax) collected in southwest British Columbia and Bella Bella, B.C., Canada was performed using gamma-ray spectroscopy following the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident on M...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chester A,Starosta K,Andreoiu C,Ashley R,Barton A,Brodovitch JC,Brown M,Domingo T,Janusson C,Kucera H,Myrtle K,Riddell D,Scheel K,Salomon A,Voss P

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of an underground site in Northern Italy in view of low radioactivity measurements.

    abstract::A low background station for the measurement of low level radioactivity is under development in Northern Italy. The rock cover is about 300 m water equivalent. We report and discuss measurements of radon concentration in air and of gamma, muon and neutron fluxes performed in the neighborhood of the station site. We pr...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brofferio C,Cesana A,Fascilla A,Garlati L,Giuliani A,Pedretti M,Raselli GL,Terrani M

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Importance of colloids in the transport within the dissolved phase (

    abstract::The significance of colloidal fractions regarding the transport of artificial radionuclides in natural water systems is underlined by using sequential ultrafiltration both in the Rhône freshwater and the marine area under and outside the influence of the river outflow. Indeed, the Rhodanian aquatic system represents a...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eyrolle F,Charmasson S

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impacts of (14)C discharges from a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant on surrounding vegetation: Comparison between grass field measurements and TOCATTA-χ and SSPAM(14)C model computations.

    abstract::This article compares and discusses the ability of two different models to reproduce the observed temporal variability in grass (14)C activity in the vicinity of AREVA-NC La Hague nuclear fuel reprocessing plant in France. These two models are the TOCATTA-χ model, which is specifically designed for modelling transfer ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Limer LM,Le Dizès-Maurel S,Klos R,Maro D,Nordén M

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Validation and sensitivity study of Micro-SWIFT SPRAY against wind tunnel experiments for air dispersion modeling with both heterogeneous topography and complex building layouts.

    abstract::Micro-SWIFT SPRAY (MSS) is a 3D Lagrangian particle dispersion model that maintains a good balance between accuracy and computational cost. However, its capabilities for air dispersion modeling in the presence of both complex topography and high building densities have not been investigated for nuclear emergency respo...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang S,Li X,Fang S,Dong X,Li H,Zhang Q,Nibert M,Buty D,Alberge A

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Biomonitoring of environmental pollution by thorium and uranium in selected regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

    abstract::Two former uranium mines and a uranium reprocessing factory in the city of Aktau, Kazakhstan, may represent a risk of contaminating the surrounding areas by uranium and its daughter elements. One of the possible fingerprinting tools for studying the environmental contamination is using plant samples, collected in the ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zoriy P,Ostapczuk P,Dederichs H,Höbig J,Lennartz R,Zoriy M

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of different methodologies for the 90Sr determination in environmental samples.

    abstract::The paper describes different isolation/separation and detection procedures for 90Sr determination in the environmental samples which are routinely used in Laboratories A and B. In this context, four different methods for strontium isolation and two methods for detection were tested and compared by 90Sr determination ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grahek Ž,Dulanská S,Karanović G,Coha I,Tucaković I,Nodilo M,Mátel Ľ

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Feedback of the third interlaboratory exercise organised on wheat in the framework of the OBT working group.

    abstract::Organically bound tritium (OBT) has become of increasing interest within the last decade, with a focus on its behaviour and also its analysis, which are both important to assess tritium distribution in the environment and dose consequences. After the first OBT International Workshop which was held in France in May 201...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baglan N,Cossonnet C,Roche E,Kim SB,Croudace I,Warwick P

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Challenges in radioecology.

    abstract::Today, radioecology covers a broad scientific field; from the source to long term environmental impact from ionizing radiation. To summarize key challenges within radioecology, the present paper focuses upon knowledge gaps related to processes, mechanisms and variables contributing most to the overall uncertainties in...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salbu B

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Natural radioactive nuclides in some Tunisian thermo-mineral springs.

    abstract::Radioactivity in some Tunisian thermo-mineral springs (11 hot mineral springs and one cold spring) has been determined for the first time in Tunisia using radiochemical separation procedures. The obtained results show that 238U activity concentrations vary between 1.5 and about 43 mBq/l. The measured activities of 234...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Labidi S,Dachraoui M,Mahjoubi H,Lemaitre N,Salah RB,Mtimet S

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Land application of mine water causes minimal uranium loss offsite in the wet-dry tropics: Ranger Uranium Mine, Northern Territory, Australia.

    abstract::Ranger Uranium Mine (RUM) is situated in the wet-dry tropics of Northern Australia. Land application (irrigation) of stockpile (ore and waste) runoff water to natural woodland on the mine lease is a key part of water management at the mine. Consequently, the soil in these Land Application Areas (LAAs) presents a range...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mumtaz S,Streten C,Parry DL,McGuinness KA,Lu P,Gibb KS

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Dose assessment to workers in a dicalcium phosphate production plant.

    abstract::The production of dicalcium phosphate (DCP) uses phosphate rock (PR) as a raw material. Sedimentary phosphate rocks are enriched with relevant concentrations of natural radionuclides from the 238U decay chain (around 103 Bq·kg-1), leading to the need of controlling potential exposures to radiation of workers and membe...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mulas D,Garcia-Orellana J,Casacuberta N,Hierro A,Moreno V,Masqué P

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Biosorption of uranium by immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    abstract::A novel biosorbent was prepared and applied for the removal of uranium from aqueous solution. A new immobilization method was studied and used to embed living yeast cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (2% w/v) by sodium sulfate (0.5 mol/L) based on saturated boric acid-alginate calcium cross-linking method. The swelling...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen C,Hu J,Wang J

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of natural radiation exposure and radon exhalation from building materials in Greece.

    abstract::In controlling the natural radiation exposure for the residents of dwellings, it is necessary to determine the levels of natural radioactivity (external exposure) and radon exhalation rate (internal exposure) from building materials. Using a high-resolution gamma ray spectrometry system, the activity concentration of ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stoulos S,Manolopoulou M,Papastefanou C

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dry and wet deposition of 7Be, 210Pb and 137Cs in Monaco air during 1998-2010: seasonal variations of deposition fluxes.

    abstract::Temporal variations of (7)Be, (210)Pb and (137)Cs activity concentrations in precipitation in Monaco from 1998 to 2010 showed that maxima of (7)Be and (210)Pb deposition fluxes coincide with the peaks of precipitation amounts observed in different months of a year, and most of (7)Be and (210)Pb was washout from the at...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pham MK,Povinec PP,Nies H,Betti M

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Canadian inter-laboratory organically bound tritium (OBT) analysis exercise.

    abstract::Tritium emissions are one of the main concerns with regard to CANDU reactors and Canadian nuclear facilities. After the Fukushima accident, the Canadian Nuclear Regulatory Commission suggested that models used in risk assessment of Canadian nuclear facilities be firmly based on measured data. Procedures for measuremen...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim SB,Olfert J,Baglan N,St-Amant N,Carter B,Clark I,Bucur C

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Natural releases from contaminated groundwater, Example Reference Biosphere 2B.

    abstract::Safety assessment is a tool which, by means of an iterative procedure, allows the evaluation of the performance of a disposal system and its potential impact on human health and the environment. Radionuclides from a deep geological disposal facility may not reach the surface environment until many tens of thousands of...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simón I,Naito M,Thorne MC,Walke R

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • 222Rn and 220Rn concentrations in soil gas of Karkonosze-Izera Block (Sudetes, Poland).

    abstract::Soil gas 222Rn and 220Rn concentrations were measured at 18 locations in the Karkonosze-Izera Block area in southwestern Poland. Measurements were carried out in surface air and at sampling depths of 10, 40 and 80 cm. Surface air 222Rn concentrations ranged from 4 to 2160 Bq m(-3) and 220Rn ranged from 4 to 228 Bq m(-...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Malczewski D,Zaba J

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Radioactivity levels in the mostly local foodstuff consumed by residents of the high level natural radiation areas of Ramsar, Iran.

    abstract::Among High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) all over the world, the northern coastal city of Ramsar has been considered enormously important. Many studies have measured environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, however, no survey has been undertaken to measure concentrations in the diets of residents. This study de...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fathabadi N,Salehi AA,Naddafi K,Kardan MR,Yunesian M,Nodehi RN,Deevband MR,Shooshtari MG,Hosseini SS,Karimi M

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Probabilistic biokinetic modelling of radiocaesium uptake in Arctic seal species: verification of modelled data with empirical observations.

    abstract::The necessity to provide information about radionuclide concentrations in Arctic marine species has been heightened in recent years due to a number of accidents in Arctic regions involving nuclear vessels and the presence of a large number of potential radioactive contamination sources. The provision for such informat...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental radioactivity

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown J,Dowdall M,Gwynn JP,Børretzen P,Selnaes ØG,Kovacs KM,Lydersen C

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00