Delinquent mortgages, neglected swimming pools, and West Nile virus, California.


:Adjustable rate mortgages and the downturn in the California housing market caused a 300% increase in notices of delinquency in Bakersfield, Kern County. This led to large numbers of neglected swimming pools, which were associated with a 276% increase in the number of human West Nile virus cases during the summer of 2007.


Emerg Infect Dis


Reisen WK,Takahashi RM,Carroll BD,Quiring R




Has Abstract


2008-11-01 00:00:00












  • Rickettsia felis in fleas, Western Australia.

    abstract::This study is the first confirmation of Rickettsia felis in Australia. The organism was identified from 4 species of fleas obtained from dogs and cats in Western Australia, by using polymerase chain reaction amplification and DNA sequencing of the citrate synthase and outer membrane protein A genes. ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schloderer D,Owen H,Clark P,Stenos J,Fenwick SG

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • West Nile virus epidemic in horses, Tuscany region, Italy.

    abstract::During the late summer of 1998, veterinary authorities in Tuscany, Italy, received reports of cases of neurologic disease among horses residing in a large wetland area located in the provinces of Florence and Pistoia. West Nile virus was isolated from two of the six horses that died or were euthanized. A retrospective...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Autorino GL,Battisti A,Deubel V,Ferrari G,Forletta R,Giovannini A,Lelli R,Murri S,Scicluna MT

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Outbreak of Severe Vomiting in Dogs Associated with a Canine Enteric Coronavirus, United Kingdom.

    abstract::The lack of population health surveillance for companion animal populations leaves them vulnerable to the effects of novel diseases without means of early detection. We present evidence on the effectiveness of a system that enabled early detection and rapid response a canine gastroenteritis outbreak in the United King...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Radford AD,Singleton DA,Jewell C,Appleton C,Rowlingson B,Hale AC,Cuartero CT,Newton R,Sánchez-Vizcaíno F,Greenberg D,Brant B,Bentley EG,Stewart JP,Smith S,Haldenby S,Noble PM,Pinchbeck GL

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric Complicated Pneumonia Caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 3 in 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccinees, Portugal, 2010-2015.

    abstract::Despite use of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, incidence of pleural effusion and empyema (pediatric complicated pneumococcal pneumonia [PCPP]) is reportedly increasing globally. We cultured and performed PCR on 152 pleural fluid samples recovered from pediatric patients in Portugal during 2010-2015 to identif...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Silva-Costa C,Brito MJ,Pinho MD,Friães A,Aguiar SI,Ramirez M,Melo-Cristino J,Portuguese Group for the Study of Streptococcal Infections.,Portuguese Study Group of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Society.

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cryptosporidium muris, a rodent pathogen, recovered from a human in Perú.

    abstract::Cryptosporidium muris, predominantly a rodent species of Cryptosporidium, is not normally considered a human pathogen. Recently, isolated human infections have been reported from Indonesia, Thailand, France, and Kenya. We report the first case of C. muris in a human in the Western Hemisphere. This species may be an em...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palmer CJ,Xiao L,Terashima A,Guerra H,Gotuzzo E,Saldías G,Bonilla JA,Zhou L,Lindquist A,Upton SJ

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Seropositivity in Camel Handlers and Their Families, Pakistan.

    abstract::A high percentage of camel handlers in Saudi Arabia are seropositive for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. We found that 12/100 camel handlers and their family members in Pakistan, a country with extensive camel MERS-CoV infection, were seropositive, indicating that MERS-CoV infection of these populations ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zheng J,Hassan S,Alagaili AN,Alshukairi AN,Amor NMS,Mukhtar N,Nazeer IM,Tahir Z,Akhter N,Perlman S,Yaqub T

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Bluetongue in Belgium, 2006.

    abstract::Bluetongue has emerged recently in Belgium. A bluetongue virus strain was isolated and characterized as serotype 8. Two new real-time reverse transcription-quantitative PCRs (RT-qPCRs) that amplified 2 different segments of bluetongue virus detected this exotic strain. These 2 RT-qPCRs detected infection earlier than ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Toussaint JF,Sailleau C,Mast J,Houdart P,Czaplicki G,Demeestere L,VandenBussche F,van Dessel W,Goris N,Bréard E,Bounaadja L,Etienne T,Zientara S,De Clercq K

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Candida auris Sternal Osteomyelitis in a Man from Kenya Visiting Australia, 2015.

    abstract::In Australia in 2015, Candida auris sternal osteomyelitis was diagnosed in a 65-year-old man with a history of intensive care treatment in Kenya in 2012 and without a history of cardiac surgery. The isolate was South Africa clade III. Clinicians should note that C. auris can cause low-grade disease years after coloniz...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heath CH,Dyer JR,Pang S,Coombs GW,Gardam DJ

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Norovirus GII.17 as Major Epidemic Strain in Italy, Winter 2015-16.

    abstract::In winter 2015-16, norovirus GII.17 Kawasaki 2014 emerged as a cause of sporadic gastroenteritis in children in Italy. Median patient age was higher for those with GII.17 than GII.4 infection (55 vs. 24 months), suggesting limited cross-protection for older children. ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Giammanco GM,De Grazia S,Bonura F,Cappa V,Muli SL,Pepe A,Medici MC,Tummolo F,Calderaro A,Di Bernardo F,Dones P,Morea A,Loconsole D,Catella C,Terio V,Bànyai K,Chironna M,Martella V

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Strongyloidiasis and Culture-Negative Suppurative Meningitis, Japan, 1993-2015.

    abstract::Community-acquired Enterobacteriaceae infection and culture-negative meningitis are rare and atypical subtypes of meningitis in adults. Of 37 patients who had atypical suppurative meningitis during 1993-2015 in Okinawa, Japan, 54.5% had strongyloidiasis, of which 9.1% cases were hyperinfections and 3.0% dissemination....

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 历史文章,信件


    authors: Mukaigawara M,Nakayama I,Gibo K

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Age as risk factor for death from pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Chile.

    abstract::Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 affected Chile during the winter of 2009. The hospitalization rate was 0.56% overall and 3.47% for persons >60 years of age at risk for severe disease and death independent of concurrent conditions. Age >60 years was the major risk factor for death from pandemic (H1N1) 2009. ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dabanch J,Perret C,Najera M,Gonzalez C,Guerrero A,Olea A,Fasce R,Morales C,Advisory Committee of the Chilean Ministry of Health.

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Global distribution of novel rhinovirus genotype.

    abstract::Global surveillance for a novel rhinovirus genotype indicated its association with community outbreaks and pediatric respiratory disease in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and North America. Molecular dating indicates that these viruses have been circulating for at least 250 years. ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Briese T,Renwick N,Venter M,Jarman RG,Ghosh D,Köndgen S,Shrestha SK,Hoegh AM,Casas I,Adjogoua EV,Akoua-Koffi C,Myint KS,Williams DT,Chidlow G,van den Berg R,Calvo C,Koch O,Palacios G,Kapoor V,Villari J,Dominguez S

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of International Health Regulations in reporting emerging infectious diseases.

    abstract::Understanding which emerging infectious diseases are of international public health concern is vital. The International Health Regulations include a decision instrument to help countries determine which public health events are of international concern and require reporting to the World Health Organization (WHO) on th...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edelstein M,Heymann DL,Giesecke J,Weinberg J

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis E virus in rats, Los Angeles, California, USA.

    abstract::The role of rats in human hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections remains controversial. A genetically distinct HEV was recently isolated from rats in Germany, and its genome was sequenced. We have isolated a genetically similar HEV from urban rats in Los Angeles, California, USA, and characterized its ability to infect la...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Purcell RH,Engle RE,Rood MP,Kabrane-Lazizi Y,Nguyen HT,Govindarajan S,St Claire M,Emerson SU

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Fatal Infection with Murray Valley Encephalitis Virus Imported from Australia to Canada, 2011.

    abstract::Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV), a flavivirus belonging to the Japanese encephalitis serogroup, can cause severe clinical manifestations in humans. We report a fatal case of MVEV infection in a young woman who returned from Australia to Canada. The differential diagnosis for travel-associated encephalitis shou...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Niven DJ,Afra K,Iftinca M,Tellier R,Fonseca K,Kramer A,Safronetz D,Holloway K,Drebot M,Johnson AS

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Transmission of Babesia microti Parasites by Solid Organ Transplantation.

    abstract::Babesia microti, an intraerythrocytic parasite, is tickborne in nature. In contrast to transmission by blood transfusion, which has been well documented, transmission associated with solid organ transplantation has not been reported. We describe parasitologically confirmed cases of babesiosis diagnosed ≈8 weeks posttr...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brennan MB,Herwaldt BL,Kazmierczak JJ,Weiss JW,Klein CL,Leith CP,He R,Oberley MJ,Tonnetti L,Wilkins PP,Gauthier GM

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence-based tool for triggering school closures during influenza outbreaks, Japan.

    abstract::Guidelines available to school administrators to support school closure decisions during influenza outbreaks are usually not evidence-based. Using empirical data on absentee rates of elementary school students in Japan, we developed a simple and practical algorithm for determining the optimal timing of school closures...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sasaki A,Hoen AG,Ozonoff A,Suzuki H,Tanabe N,Seki N,Saito R,Brownstein JS

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Travel-related dengue virus infection, The Netherlands, 2006-2007.

    abstract::To assess the incidence of and risk factors for clinical and subclinical dengue virus (DENV) infection, we prospectively studied 1,207 adult short-term travelers from the Netherlands to dengue-endemic areas. Participants donated blood samples for serologic testing before and after travel. Blood samples were tested for...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baaten GG,Sonder GJ,Zaaijer HL,van Gool T,Kint JA,van den Hoek A

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hospitalized patients with pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Kenya.

    abstract::To describe the epidemiology and clinical course of patients hospitalized with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Kenya, we reviewed medical records of 49 such patients hospitalized during July-November 2009. The median age (7 years) was lower than that in industrialized countries. More patients had HIV than the general Kenyan p...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Osoro EM,Munyua P,Muthoka P,Gikundi S,Njenga MK,Lifumo S,Achilla R,Waiboci L,Nzioka C,Omolo J,Feikin DR,Breiman RF,Katz MA

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Differentiating human from animal isolates of Cryptosporidium parvum.

    abstract::We analyzed 92 Cryptosporidium parvum isolates from humans and animals by a polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism method based on the thrombospondin-related anonymous protein 2 gene sequence. Used as a molecular marker, this method can differentiate between the two genotypes of C. parvum a...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sulaiman IM,Xiao L,Yang C,Escalante L,Moore A,Beard CB,Arrowood MJ,Lal AA

    更新日期:1998-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cosavirus infection in persons with and without gastroenteritis, Brazil.

    abstract::To determine possible cosavirus association with clinical disease, we used real-time reverse transcription PCR to test children and HIV-positive adults in Brazil with and without gastroenteritis. Thirteen (3.6%) of 359 children with gastroenteritis tested positive, as did 69 (33.8%) of 204 controls. Low prevalence, fr...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stöcker A,Souza BF,Ribeiro TC,Netto EM,Araujo LO,Corrêa JI,Almeida PS,de Mattos AP,Ribeiro Hda C Jr,Pedral-Sampaio DB,Drosten C,Drexler JF

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • IgG Seroconversion and Pathophysiology in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection.

    abstract::We investigated the dynamics of seroconversion in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. During March 29-May 22, 2020, we collected serum samples and associated clinical data from 177 persons in London, UK, who had SARS-CoV-2 infection. We measured IgG against SARS-CoV-2 and compared a...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Staines HM,Kirwan DE,Clark DJ,Adams ER,Augustin Y,Byrne RL,Cocozza M,Cubas-Atienzar AI,Cuevas LE,Cusinato M,Davies BMO,Davis M,Davis P,Duvoix A,Eckersley NM,Forton D,Fraser AJ,Garrod G,Hadcocks L,Hu Q,Johnson M,

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Failures of 13-Valent Conjugated Pneumococcal Vaccine in Age-Appropriately Vaccinated Children 2-59 Months of Age, Spain.

    abstract::Vaccination with the 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal disease (PCV13) has reduced invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), but there have been reports of vaccine failures. We performed a prospective study in children aged 2-59 months who received diagnoses of IPD during January 2012-June 2016 in 3 pediatric hospitals in ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hernández S,Moraga-Llop F,Díaz A,de Sevilla MF,Ciruela P,Muñoz-Almagro C,Codina G,Campins M,García-García JJ,Esteva C,Izquierdo C,González-Peris S,Martínez-Osorio J,Uriona S,Salleras L,Domínguez Á

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Phylogenetic and ecologic perspectives of a monkeypox outbreak, southern Sudan, 2005.

    abstract::Identification of human monkeypox cases during 2005 in southern Sudan (now South Sudan) raised several questions about the natural history of monkeypox virus (MPXV) in Africa. The outbreak area, characterized by seasonally dry riverine grasslands, is not identified as environmentally suitable for MPXV transmission. We...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakazawa Y,Emerson GL,Carroll DS,Zhao H,Li Y,Reynolds MG,Karem KL,Olson VA,Lash RR,Davidson WB,Smith SK,Levine RS,Regnery RL,Sammons SA,Frace MA,Mutasim EM,Karsani ME,Muntasir MO,Babiker AA,Opoka L,Chowdhary V,D

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Emergence of Bordetella holmesii as a Causative Agent of Whooping Cough, Barcelona, Spain.

    abstract::We describe the detection of Bordetella holmesii as a cause of whooping cough in Spain. Prevalence was 3.9% in 2015, doubling to 8.8% in 2016. This emergence raises concern regarding the contribution of B. holmesii to the reemergence of whooping cough and the effectiveness of the pertussis vaccine. ...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mir-Cros A,Codina G,Martín-Gómez MT,Fàbrega A,Martínez X,Jané M,Van Esso D,Cornejo T,Rodrigo C,Campins M,Pumarola T,González-López JJ

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Outbreak-related porcine epidemic diarrhea virus strains similar to US strains, South Korea, 2013.

    abstract::In late 2013, outbreaks of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) infection recurred in South Korea. Genetic and phylogenetic analyses showed that isolates from the outbreaks were most closely related to emergent US strains of PEDV. These US strain-like PEDV variants are prevalent in South Korea and responsible for re...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee S,Lee C

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Risk Factors for Legionella longbeachae Legionnaires' Disease, New Zealand.

    abstract::Legionella longbeachae, found in soil and compost-derived products, is a globally underdiagnosed cause of Legionnaires' disease. We conducted a case-control study of L. longbeachae Legionnaires' disease in Canterbury, New Zealand. Case-patients were persons hospitalized with L. longbeachae pneumonia, and controls were...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kenagy E,Priest PC,Cameron CM,Smith D,Scott P,Cho V,Mitchell P,Murdoch DR

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Loiasis in US Traveler Returning from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, 2016.

    abstract::The filarial parasite Loa loa overlaps geographically with Onchocera volvulus and Wuchereria bancrofti filariae in central Africa. Accurate information regarding this overlap is critical to elimination programs targeting O. volvulus and W. bancrofti. We describe a case of loiasis in a traveler returning from Bioko Isl...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Priest DH,Nutman TB

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Human rickettsialpox, southeastern Mexico.

    abstract::The detection of Rickettsia akari in 2 human patients increased the diversity of rickettsioses affecting the public health in the southeast of Mexico. Rickettsialpox should be considered in the differential diagnosis with other febrile illnesses for the correct diagnosis and accurate treatment of this potential threat...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zavala-Castro JE,Zavala-Velázquez JE,Peniche-Lara GF,Sulú Uicab JE

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Nasopharyngeal bacterial interactions in children.

    abstract::Antimicrobial treatments and vaccines can alter bacterial interactions in the nasopharynx, thereby altering disease processes. To better understand these interactions, we examined colonization rates of 3 respiratory bacterial pathogens among 320 children when healthy and at onset of acute otitis media (AOM). Bacterial...

    journal_title:Emerging infectious diseases

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xu Q,Almudervar A,Casey JR,Pichichero ME

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00