Attitudes and subjective norms: determinants of parents' intentions to reduce childhood fever with medications.


:Fever is a natural protective response of the host organism. Mild to moderate fevers, up to 40.0 degrees C, have immunological benefits and do not need to be reduced. However, parents regularly reduce fever with medications to prevent perceived harmful outcomes. This study identified the determinants of parents' intentions to reduce childhood fever with medications. A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted with 391 Australian parents of children aged between 6 months and 5 years. Recruitment was through advertising, face-to-face and snowball methods. The survey targeted constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior: attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intentions and previously identified background factors. Structural equation modeling identified 69% of the variance in intentions. The strongest influences were from non-scientifically based attitudes (phobic) (beta=0.55) and subjective norms (husband/partner and doctors) (beta=0.36). Attitudes (beta=0.69) and subjective norms (beta=0.52) were strongly determined by child medication behavior (whether the child took medications easily when febrile) which had a total effect on intentions of beta=0.66. Perceived control, education and number of children had minimal influence on intentions. There is an urgent need for (i) the education of both parents in the benefits of fever and (ii) for doctors to consistently provide parents with evidence-based information.


Health Educ Res


Walsh A,Edwards H,Fraser J




Has Abstract


2009-06-01 00:00:00














  • 'I felt that I was benefiting someone': youth as agents of change in a refugee community project.

    abstract::Youth can be 'powerful catalysts' in their own and their community's development. The paper describes the experience of youth based on their participation as decision makers in and implementers of a community-based research project in a Palestinian refugee camp of Beirut, Lebanon. In-depth interviews were conducted wi...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Makhoul J,Alameddine M,Afifi RA

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Oral tobacco cessation with UK resident Bangladeshi women: a community pilot investigation.

    abstract::Our objective was to establish the short-term outcomes for successful tobacco cessation of a programme offering UK resident Bangladeshi women chewing paan with tobacco nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in addition to brief advice and encouragement alone. We used a short-term longitudinal, quasi-experimental study des...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Croucher R,Islam S,Jarvis MJ,Garrett M,Rahman R,Shajahan S,Howells G

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • The use of television series in health education.

    abstract::This paper reviews evidence of the impact which television generally, and drama series in particular, can have on health beliefs, attitudes and behaviours. It describes how a television series, The Family House, was planned in Egypt to disseminate key health messages in an entertaining context. As only a very small nu...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Elkamel F

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Process evaluation of an innovative healthy eating website promoting the Mediterranean diet.

    abstract::The Internet offers a promising medium for delivering nutrition education. This study aimed to evaluate user perceptions and usage patterns of an innovative healthy eating website promoting the Mediterranean diet. The website was evaluated over a 6-month period by female employees of University of Glasgow, aged 25-55 ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Papadaki A,Scott JA

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Process and outcome constructs for evaluating community-based participatory research projects: a matrix of existing measures.

    abstract::Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been widely used in public health research in the last decade as an approach to develop culturally centered interventions and collaborative research processes in which communities are directly involved in the construction and implementation of these interventions and i...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sandoval JA,Lucero J,Oetzel J,Avila M,Belone L,Mau M,Pearson C,Tafoya G,Duran B,Iglesias Rios L,Wallerstein N

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Case study of a healthy eating intervention for Swedish lorry drivers.

    abstract::Professional drivers, i.e. lorry, truck, bus and taxi drivers, have been identified as a particular health risk group. An intervention to study the efficacy of a series of educational programmes, involving improved nutritional balance in meals served, food preparation routines and carrying out personal health profiles...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gill PE,Wijk K

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring the use of fact-based and story-based learning materials for HIV/STI prevention and sexual health promotion with South Asian women in Toronto, Canada.

    abstract::Story-based learning is well recognized as an effective strategy for adult health education. However, there is a scarcity of research on story-based health education among women in South Asian diasporic communities. To address this gap, we undertook a pilot study in Toronto to explore how South Asian women respond to ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong JP,Kteily-Hawa R,Chambers LA,Hari S,Vijaya C,Suruthi R,Islam S,Vahabi M

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • An application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour to blood donation: the importance of self-efficacy.

    abstract::Given that self-efficacy has emerged as a key construct in health psychology, this study set out to explore its utility in the context of blood donation as defined within the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). An Ajzen and Fishbein-type questionnaire was administered to 100 undergraduate students at the University of ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giles M,McClenahan C,Cairns E,Mallet J

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Do adolescents perceive police officers as credible instructors of substance abuse prevention programs?

    abstract::Although program recipients' attitudes toward instructors are crucial to program outcomes, they have not been adequately examined in the substance abuse prevention literature. This study uses survey data to explore attitudes toward instructors of prevention programming held by students from a national longitudinal eva...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hammond A,Sloboda Z,Tonkin P,Stephens R,Teasdale B,Grey SF,Williams J

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Compliance with recommendations for pandemic influenza H1N1 2009: the role of trust and personal beliefs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To investigate the relationship between risk perception, worry, control, trust, exposure to an educational campaign, media exaggeration with recommendations for pandemic influenza H1N1 2009. METHODS:Cross sectional telephone survey using random digit dialing. A total of 1010 adult Italians were interviewed ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prati G,Pietrantoni L,Zani B

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • A multi-component stage model for matching drug prevention strategies and messages to youth stage of use.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper was to describe the development of a comprehensive, stage-based model for the prevention of drug use titled the multi-component motivational stages (McMOS) model. The McMOS model is proposed as a multi-element, integrative theoretical framework for the development of prevention strategies an...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Werch CE,DiClemente CC

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • A review of the effectiveness of Smokebusters: community-based smoking prevention for young people.

    abstract::Smokebusters is a community-based smoking prevention initiative for young children which aims to prevent them from starting to smoke. Despite the increase of Smokebusters clubs throughout the UK and Europe there is little published evidence of the effectiveness of this health promotion intervention. The aim of this st...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bruce J,van Teijlingen E

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Everybody's talking: using entertainment-education video to reduce barriers to discussion of cervical cancer screening among Thai women.

    abstract::Although Southeast Asian women are at exceedingly high risk for cervical cancer, low rates of the Pap testing necessary for early detection and successful treatment continue among this group. Previous research suggests that discussions about Pap testing with important people in a woman's life, particularly her doctor,...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Love GD,Mouttapa M,Tanjasiri SP

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Reporting standards for studies of tailored interventions.

    abstract::Message tailoring is a promising innovative approach to persuasive communication that involves designing messages to meet a person's psychological, behavioral and/or demographic characteristics. Although the tailored intervention literature has many strengths, a weakness is inconsistency in reporting information relat...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harrington NG,Noar SM

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding reasons for participating in a school-based influenza vaccination program and decision-making dynamics among adolescents and parents.

    abstract::Influenza remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Vaccinating school-aged children has been demonstrated to be beneficial to the child and in reducing viral transmission to vulnerable groups such as the elderly. This qualitative study sought to identify reasons parents and students...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herbert NL,Gargano LM,Painter JE,Sales JM,Morfaw C,Murray D,Diclemente RJ,Hughes JM

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Free school fruit--sustained effect 1 year later.

    abstract::This study reports the effect of a school-randomized fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a subscription to the Norwegian School Fruit Programme at no parental cost, and the Fruit and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM) educational programme, both delivered in the school year of 2001-02. Nine randomly chosen sc...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bere E,Veierød MB,Bjelland M,Klepp KI

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • '10 000 Steps Flanders': evaluation of the state-wide dissemination of a physical activity intervention in Flanders.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of the state-wide dissemination of a physical activity (PA) intervention in Flanders. In 2011, a random sample was taken of the entire adult (25-75 years) population of Flanders. Data of the Flemish sample were compared with baseline data of the intervention and control ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dubuy V,De Cocker KA,De Bourdeaudhuij IM,Maes L,Metsu P,Van Acker R,Cardon GM

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Could pets be of help in achieving health literacy? A media analysis demonstration study.

    abstract::This paper asks whether, when seeking to reach the public, interest in the health of pets merits consideration. Our data set consisted of 128 items from Canadian media coverage, 1996-2006, that dealt with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) as well as with cats, dogs or both. Three main messages regarding pet healt...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rock M,Lail P

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Widening the aim of health promotion to include the most disadvantaged: vulnerable adolescents and the social determinants of health.

    abstract::Growing numbers of adolescents are marginalized by social factors beyond their control, leading to poor health outcomes for their families and future generations. Although the role of the social determinants of health has been recognized for many years, there is a gap in our knowledge about the strategies needed to ad...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mohajer N,Earnest J

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • A youth mentor-led nutritional intervention in urban recreation centers: a promising strategy for childhood obesity prevention in low-income neighborhoods.

    abstract::B'More Healthy Community for Kids (BHCK) is an ongoing multi-level intervention to prevent childhood obesity in African-American low-income neighborhoods in Baltimore city, MD. Although previous nutrition interventions involving peer mentoring of youth have been successful, there is a lack of studies evaluating the in...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sato PM,Steeves EA,Carnell S,Cheskin LJ,Trude AC,Shipley C,Mejía Ruiz MJ,Gittelsohn J

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of the secondary school setting on the food practices of young teenagers from disadvantaged backgrounds in Scotland.

    abstract::In this paper, we explore the secondary school environment as an important context for understanding young teenagers' eating habits and food practices. We draw on data collected during semi-structured interviews with 36 young teenagers (aged 13/14 years) living in disadvantaged circumstances in Scotland. We found that...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wills W,Backett-Milburn K,Gregory S,Lawton J

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Association between socioeconomic status, weight, age and gender, and the body image and weight control practices of 6- to 19-year-old children and adolescents.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to examine the effect of socioeconomic status (SES), age, weight and gender on the body image and weight control practices of children and adolescents, and to investigate whether health education about weight issues should target low socioeconomic groups. The study participants were a randomly...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Dea JA,Caputi P

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • 'It's kinda bad, honestly': Australian students' experiences of relationships and sexuality education.

    abstract::Relationships and sexuality education for young people in Australia and elsewhere is a controversial topic. Numerous studies in Australia have focused on curriculum, policy, teachers, schools, sexting and other behaviours, and knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infection (STI)/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Waling A,Bellamy R,Ezer P,Kerr L,Lucke J,Fisher C

    更新日期:2020-12-23 00:00:00

  • Health circles for teleworkers: selective results on stress, strain and coping styles.

    abstract::Telework is decentralized computer-mediated performance of work activities at a location distant from the employing organization. In order to improve well-being at such remote workplaces, we developed a health circle (HC) concept for teleworkers. Three HC sessions were conducted with a total of 17 teleworkers from div...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Konradt U,Schmook R,Wilm A,Hertel G

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Socio-environmental influences on physical activity among young people: a qualitative study.

    abstract::This multi-methods qualitative study aimed to identify environmental factors that influence physical activity participation among young people in Edinburgh, Scotland. School pupils (aged 11-13 years) took part using photography, computer blogs, maps and focus group discussions (FGDs). Eleven computer sessions (n = 131...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kirby J,Levin KA,Inchley J

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Beyond Good Intentions: the development and evaluation of a proactive self-management course for patients recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

    abstract::This paper describes the development and first results of a brief self-management course for patients recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. The intervention incorporates elements from proactive coping and self-regulation theory in a five-step plan to help newly diagnosed patients formulate and carry out intentions ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Thoolen B,de Ridder D,Bensing J,Gorter K,Rutten G

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptions of research and evaluation in health promotion practice and influences on activity.

    abstract::This paper reports on a study undertaken with health promotion specialists working in the National Health Service in England. In-depth interviews were held with 25 people with the aim of investigating the place of research and evaluation in health promotion practice, the contextual factors that influenced such activit...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: South J,Tilford S

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived condom norms and HIV risks among social and sexual networks of young African American men who have sex with men.

    abstract::The association between condom norms and unprotected sexual intercourse was examined within social and sexual networks of young African American men who have sex with men (MSM) in an HIV epicenter of the southern United States. We used a chain-link design to recruit 158 young African American men: 95 initial participa...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peterson JL,Rothenberg R,Kraft JM,Beeker C,Trotter R

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Designing in the social context: using the social contextual model of health behavior change to develop a tobacco control intervention for teachers in India.

    abstract::This article provides a theory-based, step-by-step approach to intervention development and illustrates its application in India to design an intervention to promote tobacco-use cessation among school personnel in Bihar. We employed a five-step approach to develop the intervention using the Social Contextual Model of ...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nagler EM,Pednekar MS,Viswanath K,Sinha DN,Aghi MB,Pischke CR,Ebbeling CB,Lando HA,Gupta PC,Sorensen GC

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • A worksite smoking intervention: a 2 year assessment of groups, incentives and self-help.

    abstract::Sixty-three companies in the Chicago area were recruited to participate in a worksite smoking cessation program. Participants in each worksite received a television program and newspaper supplement (part of a community-wide media campaign), and one of three conditions: (1) self-help manuals alone (M), (2) self-help ma...

    journal_title:Health education research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jason LA,Salina D,McMahon SD,Hedeker D,Stockton M

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00