Effect of copper intoxication on rat liver proteasome activity: relationship with oxidative stress.

Abstract:

:Copper toxicity is associated with formation of reactive oxygen species, which are capable to oxidize proteins. The selective removal of the latter by the 20S proteasome is considered an essential part of the cell antioxidant defense system. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether peptidase activities of rat liver proteasomes were affected by chronic (40 mg CuSO(4)/rat/daily with the drinking water for 2 weeks) and acute (20 mg/kg CuSO(4), s.c.) copper treatment. To evaluate the role of proteasome, its inhibitor MG132 was also used. The degree of copper-induced oxidative stress (OS), established by measuring lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, and cellular glutathione level, as well as activities of antioxidant enzymes--catalase, superoxide dismutase, and gultathionine peroxidase, depended on the mode of copper administration. Chronic copper administration (mild oxidative stress) did not affect proteasome activities, whereas acute copper treatment (severe oxidative stress) caused a decline in chymotryptic- and tryptic-like activities. The treatment of copper-loaded animals with MG132 did not change copper-induced alterations in the tested indices, except an additional increase in protein oxidation and inhibition of glutathionine peroxidase activity. The results suggested that the in vivo copper-induced oxidative stress was associated with changes in the catalytic activity of proteasome.

journal_name

J Biochem Mol Toxicol

authors

Alexandrova A,Petrov L,Georgieva A,Kessiova M,Tzvetanova E,Kirkova M,Kukan M

doi

10.1002/jbt.20248

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-09-01 00:00:00

pages

354-62

issue

5

eissn

1095-6670

issn

1099-0461

journal_volume

22

pub_type

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