Impact of metabolic syndrome on the outcome of patients with stable coronary artery disease: 2-year follow-up of the MASS II study.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:We characterized the impact of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components on cardiovascular adverse events in patients with symptomatic chronic multivessel coronary artery disease, which have been followed prospectively for 2 years. METHODS:Patients enrolled in the MASS II study were evaluated for each component of the MetS, as well as the full syndrome. RESULTS:The criteria for MetS were fulfilled in 52% of patients. The presence of MetS (P<0.05), glucose intolerance (P=0.007), and diabetes (P=0.04) was associated with an increased mortality in our studied population. Moreover, despite a clear tendency for each of its components to increase the mortality risk, only the presence of the MetS significantly increased the risk of mortality among nondiabetic study participants in a multivariate model (P=0.03, relative risk 3.5, 95% confidence interval 1.1-6). Finally, MetS was still associated with increased mortality even after adjustment for diabetes status. These results indicate a strong and consistent relationship of the MetS with mortality in patients with stable coronary artery disease. CONCLUSION:Although glucose homeostasis seems to be the major force driving the increased risk of MetS, the operational diagnosis of MetS still has information for stratifying patients when diabetes information is taken into account.

journal_name

Coron Artery Dis

journal_title

Coronary artery disease

authors

Lopes NH,Paulitsch FS,Pereira AC,Góis AF,Gagliardi A,Garzillo CL,Ferreira JF,Stolf NA,Hueb W

doi

10.1097/MCA.0b013e328306aa8a

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-09-01 00:00:00

pages

383-8

issue

6

eissn

0954-6928

issn

1473-5830

pii

00019501-200809000-00002

journal_volume

19

pub_type

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