How much do the benefits cost? Effects of a home-based training programme on cardiovascular fitness, quality of life, programme cost and adherence for patients with coronary disease.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate cost, adherence and effects on cardiovascular function and quality of life of a home-based cardiac rehabilitation programme for patients with coronary disease. DESIGN:A randomized, prospective controlled trial. SETTING:Department of Rehabilitation, University Hospital, Brazil. SUBJECTS:Thirty-nine low-risk patients were assigned to a home exercise training group (n = 19) or a control group (n = 20). INTERVENTIONS:The home group performed home-based training for three months with biweekly telephone monitoring. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:The aerobic capacity and the quality of life (Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36)) of all patients were evaluated before and after the three-month period. Adherence was evaluated weekly. Programme cost was estimated using the Brazilian Classification of Medical Procedures. RESULTS:After training, the home group had higher peak Vo2 from 28.8 (6.4) to 31.7 (8.1) mL/kg per minute, peak heart rate from 135 (22) to 143 (20) bpm, work rate from 4780 (2021) to 7103 (3057) kpm/min and exercise time from 11.5 (1.9) to 13.6 (2.3) minutes (P < or = .05). The control group showed reduction in peak Vo2 from 28.6 (6.6) to 26.8 (7.2) mL/kg per minute, peak Vo2 pulse from 15.5 (3.9) to 14.3 (3.8) mL/bpm and exercise time from 11.5 (2.3) to 11.4 (2.7) minutes (P < or = 0.05). The home group reported improvements in all domains of SF-36. The control group showed improvement in only three domains of SF-36. In the home group the average cost per patient was US$502.71 and the adherence achieved 100%. CONCLUSION:The programme seems to provide an efficient low-cost approach to cardiac rehabilitation in low-risk patients.

journal_name

Clin Rehabil

journal_title

Clinical rehabilitation

authors

Salvetti XM,Oliveira JA,Servantes DM,Vincenzo de Paola AA

doi

10.1177/0269215508093331

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-10-01 00:00:00

pages

987-96

issue

10-11

eissn

0269-2155

issn

1477-0873

pii

22/10-11/987

journal_volume

22

pub_type

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