Understanding evaluation of faces on social dimensions.


:People reliably and automatically make personality inferences from facial appearance despite little evidence for their accuracy. Although such inferences are highly inter-correlated, research has traditionally focused on studying specific traits such as trustworthiness. We advocate an alternative, data-driven approach to identify and model the structure of face evaluation. Initial findings indicate that specific trait inferences can be represented within a 2D space defined by valence/trustworthiness and power/dominance evaluation of faces. Inferences along these dimensions are based on similarity to expressions signaling approach or avoidance behavior and features signaling physical strength, respectively, indicating that trait inferences from faces originate in functionally adaptive mechanisms. We conclude with a discussion of the potential role of the amygdala in face evaluation.


Trends Cogn Sci


Todorov A,Said CP,Engell AD,Oosterhof NN




Has Abstract


2008-12-01 00:00:00














  • Understanding culture across species.

    abstract::Recent claims of culture in great apes have provoked fervent argument about the 'true' definition of culture, most of which has been unhelpful. Instead, a range of definitions should be used to explore different aspects of the cognitive processes that together result in human culture, many of which can be productively...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Byrne RW,Barnard PJ,Davidson I,Janik VM,McGrew WC,Miklósi A,Wiessner P

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Sex-related variation in human behavior and the brain.

    abstract::Male and female fetuses differ in testosterone concentrations beginning as early as week 8 of gestation. This early hormone difference exerts permanent influences on brain development and behavior. Contemporary research shows that hormones are particularly important for the development of sex-typical childhood behavio...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hines M

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Parallel constraint-based generative theories of language.

    abstract::A re-evaluation of the goals and techniques of generative grammar since the mid-1960s suggests that its mentalistic/biological program for describing language is still sound and has been borne out by subsequent developments. Likewise, the idea of a generative system of combinatorial rules has led to a tremendous expan...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jackendoff R

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • Do action systems resist visual illusions?

    abstract::Arguments about the relative independence of visual modules in the primate brain are not new. Recently, though, these debates have resurfaced in the form of arguments about the extent to which visuomotor reaching and grasping systems are insensitive to visual illusions that dramatically bias visual perception. The fir...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carey DP

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Characterizing cognition in ADHD: beyond executive dysfunction.

    abstract::The hypothesis that Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) reflects a primary inhibitory executive function deficit has spurred a substantial literature. However, empirical findings and methodological issues challenge the etiologic primacy of inhibitory and executive deficits in ADHD. Based on accumulating ev...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Castellanos FX,Sonuga-Barke EJ,Milham MP,Tannock R

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Episodic memory: what can animals remember about their past?

    abstract::The question of whether episodic memory, the ability to recall unique, personal experiences, is restricted to humans is a matter of current controversy. Recent work on food-storing jays suggests that several features of episodic memory may not be as exclusive to humans as previously thought. In this review we outline ...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Griffiths D,Dickinson A,Clayton N

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Developing treatments for impaired cognition in schizophrenia.

    abstract::Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating of all common brain disorders, exacting a heavy toll on the afflicted and having a tremendous public health impact. Clinical outcome is more strongly predicted by cognitive deficits than psychotic symptoms, with no established treatment for these deficits. In this review, ...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Minzenberg MJ,Carter CS

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Core systems of number.

    abstract::What representations underlie the ability to think and reason about number? Whereas certain numerical concepts, such as the real numbers, are only ever represented by a subset of human adults, other numerical abilities are widespread and can be observed in adults, infants and other animal species. We review recent beh...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Feigenson L,Dehaene S,Spelke E

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Using Anesthesia to Reveal the Elements of Consciousness.

    abstract::General anesthesia provides an invaluable experimental tool to probe the essential neural circuits that underlie consciousness. A new study reports that cholinergic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex restores wake-like behaviors in anesthetized rodents, suggesting that cholinergic inputs to the prefrontal cortex pla...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Solt K

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Single-trial EEG-fMRI reveals the dynamics of cognitive function.

    abstract::Two major non-invasive techniques in cognitive neuroscience, electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), have complementary advantages with regard to their spatial and temporal resolution. Recent hardware and software developments have made it feasible to acquire EEG and fMRI data si...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Debener S,Ullsperger M,Siegel M,Engel AK

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • The Integrative Self: How Self-Reference Integrates Perception and Memory.

    abstract::We propose a new account of how self-reference affects information processing. We report evidence that self-reference affects the binding of memory to source, the integration of parts into perceptual wholes, and the ability to switch from a prior association to new associations. Self-reference also influences the inte...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sui J,Humphreys GW

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Metastability in Senescence.

    abstract::The brain during healthy aging exhibits gradual deterioration of structure but maintains a high level of cognitive ability. These structural changes are often accompanied by reorganization of functional brain networks. Existing neurocognitive theories of aging have argued that such changes are either beneficial or det...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Naik S,Banerjee A,Bapi RS,Deco G,Roy D

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Executive dysfunction in autism.

    abstract::"Executive function" is an umbrella term for functions such as planning, working memory, impulse control, inhibition and mental flexibility, as well as for the initiation and monitoring of action. The primacy of executive dysfunction in autism is a topic of much debate, as are recent attempts to examine subtypes of ex...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hill EL

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • How the Brain's Navigation System Shapes Our Visual Experience.

    abstract::We explore the environment not only by navigating, but also by viewing our surroundings with our eyes. Here we review growing evidence that the mammalian hippocampal formation, extensively studied in the context of navigation and memory, mediates a representation of visual space that is stably anchored to the external...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nau M,Julian JB,Doeller CF

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • The neural correlates of race.

    abstract::Behavioral analyses are a natural choice for understanding the wide-ranging behavioral consequences of racial stereotyping and prejudice. However, studies using neuroimaging and electrophysiological research have recently considered the neural mechanisms that underlie racial categorization and the activation and appli...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ito TA,Bartholow BD

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Fear not: manipulating sleep might help you forget.

    abstract::Memory storage is not static - updating is often needed. When it comes to traumatic memories, forgetting may be desired. Two innovative studies recently demonstrated that fear memories can be weakened during sleep using odors associated with fear-learning episodes. New strategies along these lines should be carefully ...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oudiette D,Antony JW,Paller KA

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Does colour constancy exist?

    abstract::For a stable visual world, the colours of objects should appear the same under different lights. This property of colour constancy has been assumed to be fundamental to vision, and many experimental attempts have been made to quantify it. I contend here, however, that the usual methods of measurement are either too co...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foster DH

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring the natural foundations of religion.

    abstract::A new cognitive approach to religion is bringing fresh insights to our understanding of how religious concepts are maintained, acquired and used to motivate and direct actions. This approach suggests that seemingly extraordinary thoughts and behaviours can be supported by quite ordinary cognition and may thus be terme...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barrett JL

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Neurocognitive mechanisms of anxiety: an integrative account.

    abstract::Anxiety can be hugely disruptive to everyday life. Anxious individuals show increased attentional capture by potential signs of danger, and interpret expressions, comments and events in a negative manner. These cognitive biases have been widely explored in human anxiety research. By contrast, animal models have focuse...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bishop SJ

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Emotion regulation and successful aging.

    abstract::Despite normative declines in old age, healthy elderly typically report surprisingly high levels of well-being. It is not clear why this is so. A study by Brassen and colleagues suggests that one factor may be reduced responsiveness to regret. These findings highlight the role of emotion regulation in successful aging...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Suri G,Gross JJ

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • The surprising empathic abilities of rodents.

    abstract::Many believe empathy and related pro-social behaviors to be the sole province of humans. The evolutionary antecedents of such phenomena, however, have been observed in lower mammals. By demonstrating empathy-based helping behavior in rats, a recently published study has provided clear-cut evidence that pro-social beha...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mogil JS

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Awake Reactivation of Prior Experiences Consolidates Memories and Biases Cognition.

    abstract::After experiences are encoded into memory, post-encoding reactivation mechanisms have been proposed to mediate long-term memory stabilization and transformation. Spontaneous reactivation of hippocampal representations, together with hippocampal-cortical interactions, are leading candidate mechanisms for promoting syst...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tambini A,Davachi L

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Discovering oscillatory interaction networks with M/EEG: challenges and breakthroughs.

    abstract::The systems-level neuronal mechanisms that coordinate temporally, anatomically and functionally distributed neuronal activity into coherent cognitive operations in the human brain have remained poorly understood. Synchronization of neuronal oscillations may regulate network communication and could thus serve as such a...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Palva S,Palva JM

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Impaired processing of rapid stimulus sequences in dyslexia.

    abstract::Apart from their reading difficulties, dyslexic subjects often suffer from a variety of subtle sensory and motor deficits. Whether these deficits have a causal relationship to the reading disorder, form additional risk factors, or are totally independent of the reading problem, is under vivid debate. In this article, ...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hari R,Renvall H

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental dyscalculia: heterogeneity might not mean different mechanisms.

    abstract::Research indicates that developmental dyscalculia (DD; a mathematical deficiency) involves a single brain area abnormality - in the intraparietal sulcus. This is surprising because, (i) the behavioural deficits are heterogeneous, (ii) multiple problems are most common in most cases (co-morbidity) and (iii) different a...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rubinsten O,Henik A

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding face perception by means of human electrophysiology.

    abstract::Electrophysiological recordings on the human scalp provide a wealth of information about the temporal dynamics and nature of face perception at a global level of brain organization. The time window between 100 and 200 ms witnesses the transition between low-level and high-level vision, an N170 component correlating wi...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rossion B

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Climate Crisis Needs Attention from Cognitive Scientists.

    abstract::To prevent the devastating consequences of anthropogenic global heating, immediate collective action is needed to reduce fossil fuel emissions. Cognitive scientists are in a special position to facilitate collective action by researching the factors underlying belief and action, and by teaching students how to think a...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Aron AR

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Drinking During Pregnancy and the Developing Brain: Is Any Amount Safe?

    abstract::Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure can have lifelong, disabling effects on brain and cognition. Unlike animal studies, research on light-to-moderate drinking in humans demonstrates less consistent impact. Discussions of negative research findings in popular media underestimate potential adverse outcomes and complicate de...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Charness ME,Riley EP,Sowell ER

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Genetics and criminal responsibility.

    abstract::Some believe that genetics threatens privacy and autonomy and will eviscerate the concept of human nature. Despite the astonishing research advances, however, none of these dire predictions and no radical transformation of the law have occurred. Advocates have tried to use genetic evidence to affect judgments of crimi...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morse SJ

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative Connectomics.

    abstract::We introduce comparative connectomics, the quantitative study of cross-species commonalities and variations in brain network topology that aims to discover general principles of network architecture of nervous systems and the identification of species-specific features of brain connectivity. By comparing connectomes d...

    journal_title:Trends in cognitive sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: van den Heuvel MP,Bullmore ET,Sporns O

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00