Stroop performance in depressive patients: a preliminary report.


BACKGROUND:The Stroop interference test requires executive control functions, in particular inhibition of a learned routine (in this case word reading). Depressive patients show deficits on tests of executive function. However, the impact of confounding variables like type of depression and anxiety level is not yet elucidated for depressive patients. This is of clinical importance, since executive functions seem to play an important role in predicting treatment response and functional outcome. METHODS:23 depressive patients and 27 healthy subjects performed a computerized mixed trial Stroop task. Depressive patients were divided according to DSM-IV diagnosis into melancholic and non-melancholic subgroups. Furthermore the level of anxiety was assessed in all subjects. RESULTS:When depressed patients were analyzed as a whole group, they showed only a trend towards higher Stroop interference effect at the beginning of the task. When analysis was performed using according to DSM-IV defined melancholic and non-melancholic subgroups, only non-melancholic patients were impaired in the Stroop task compared to melancholic patients and healthy subjects. LIMITATIONS:The sample size was small resulting in low statistical power. Furthermore, the patients were medicated. CONCLUSIONS:The unexpected result that melancholic patients perform better than non-melancholic ones may be due to their more pronounced rigidity, which makes them more resistant against distraction. Hence, more detailed psychopathological assessment is desirable for future investigations in executive functions of melancholic patients.


J Affect Disord


Markela-Lerenc J,Kaiser S,Fiedler P,Weisbrod M,Mundt C




Has Abstract


2006-08-01 00:00:00














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    abstract:BACKGROUND:Alexithymia is a problem of emotion regulation and for this reason alone may relate to suicidality. This article investigates the evidence for a direct relationship. It explores the possibility of an additional role for interoception in future research. METHODS:A scoping review of peer-reviewed journal arti...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Davey S,Halberstadt J,Bell E,Collings S

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Early risk factors for postpartum depression: A longitudinal Japanese population-based study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Postpartum depression (PPD) negatively impacts maternal health, parenting and development of children. Most previous studies on PPD risk factors are based on Western populations. Additionally, little is known about the association between psychosocial factors during early pregnancy period and PPD. We aimed t...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakano M,Sourander A,Luntamo T,Chudal R,Skokauskas N,Kaneko H

    更新日期:2020-05-15 00:00:00

  • A prospective study of the relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum depressive symptoms appearing at 1-5 months after delivery.

    abstract::Despite the fact that more than 90% of mothers in Japan prefer breastfeeding, the breastfeeding rate at 6 months postpartum is as low as approximately 35%. Postpartum depression and bonding disorder are recognized as factors associated with discontinuation of breastfeeding. However, these factors remain controversial....

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nishioka E,Haruna M,Ota E,Matsuzaki M,Murayama R,Yoshimura K,Murashima S

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in lithium prescription in Spain from 1985 to 2003.

    abstract::Lithium use for bipolar disorder has decreased in the United States. We aimed at studying lithium prescription in Spain from 1985 to 2003. Prescription data, expressed in daily defined dose per 1,000 inhabitants per day, were obtained. Lithium prescription increased uninterruptedly from 0.21 to 0.79 DID. The psychiatr...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castells X,Vallano A,Rigau D,Pérez J,Casas M,Capellà D

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • "Diminished" association between the serotonin transporter linked polymorphism (5HTTLPR) and body mass index in a large psychiatric sample.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The role of the promoter polymorphism (5HTTLPR) of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) in psychiatric illnesses has been studied extensively. Serotonergic function also regulates many central nervous system, including appetite and feeding behaviors. The 5HTTLPR short allele was found to be associated wit...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shinozaki G,Kumar Y,Rosen BH,Rundell JR,Mrazek DA,Kung S

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Interactions of childhood maltreatment and genetic variations in adult depression: A systematic review.

    abstract::Background Childhood maltreatment (CM) significantly increases the risk of adulthood psychopathology. Interplay between susceptible genetic variations and CM contributes to the occurrence of depression. This review aims to systematically synthesize the relationships between genetic variations and depression among thos...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Li M,Liu S,D'Arcy C,Gao T,Meng X

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:According to cognitive vulnerability stress models of depression, negative cognitions are supposed to be stable characteristics of depressed individuals even between depressive episodes. Depressed people also interpret social information more negatively than healthy people, perhaps even between depressive ep...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bäzner E,Brömer P,Hammelstein P,Meyer TD

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Development and assessment of stressful life events subscales - A preliminary analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Stress affects people of all ages, genders, and cultures and is associated with physical and psychological complications. Stressful life events are an important research focus and a psychometrically valid measure could provide useful clinical information. The purpose of the study was to develop a reliable an...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Buccheri T,Musaad S,Bost KK,Fiese BH,STRONG Kids Research Team.

    更新日期:2018-01-15 00:00:00

  • Incident mental disorders in the aftermath of traumatic events: A prospective-longitudinal community study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few strictly prospective-longitudinal community studies examined the role of traumatic events for risk of developing a broad range of incident mental disorders over several years. METHOD:A representative community sample of adolescents and young adults (n = 2797, baseline age 14-24) was prospectively examin...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Asselmann E,Wittchen HU,Lieb R,Perkonigg A,Beesdo-Baum K

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Late-life depressive symptoms: prediction models of change.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Depression is a well-recognised problem in the elderly. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with predictors of change in depressive symptoms, both in subjects with and without baseline significant depressive symptoms. METHODS:Longitudinal study of community-dwelling elderly people ...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: García-Peña C,Wagner FA,Sánchez-García S,Espinel-Bermúdez C,Juárez-Cedillo T,Pérez-Zepeda M,Arango-Lopera V,Franco-Marina F,Ramírez-Aldana R,Gallo JJ

    更新日期:2013-09-25 00:00:00

  • Psychometric properties of the Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale supplemented with DSM-5 Mixed subtype questionnaire in Chinese patients with mood disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With the modification of DSM-5 mixed features specifier, a brief scale to screen mixed features in patients with mood disorders is needed in clinical practice. This study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale supplemented with DS...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Du YL,Hu JB,Huang TT,Lai JB,Ng CH,Zhang WH,Li C,Xu ZY,Zhou HT,Ruan LM,Xu Y,Hu SH

    更新日期:2021-01-15 00:00:00

  • Treatment adequacy of anxiety and depressive disorders: primary versus specialised care in Spain.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Literature suggests that a high proportion of the population with mental disorders remains either untreated or poorly treated. This study aimed to describe the adequacy of treatment for Anxiety and Depressive disorders in Spain, how this differs between providers (primary versus specialised care) and which f...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernández A,Haro JM,Codony M,Vilagut G,Martínez-Alonso M,Autonell J,Salvador-Carulla L,Ayuso-Mateos JL,Fullana MA,Alonso J

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of childhood trauma in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder spectrum: A preliminary study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Histories of childhood trauma (CT) are risk factors for affect dysregulation and poor clinical outcomes in women with bipolar disorder (BD). While much is known about the link between BD and CT in adult patients, there is limited data on this research topic in pediatric BD (PBD). The present study aims to inv...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cazala F,Bauer IE,Meyer TD,Spiker DE,Kazimi IF,Zeni CP,Zunta-Soares GB,Soares JC

    更新日期:2019-03-15 00:00:00

  • Reliability and validity of the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen for medical patients in the general German population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Beck Depression Inventory Fast Screen (BDI-FS) is a self-report instrument for the detection of depression in youths and adults. It measures the severity of the depression, corresponding to the non-somatic criteria for the diagnosis of a major depression according to DSM-5. Until now the psychometric pro...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kliem S,Mößle T,Zenger M,Brähler E

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cross validation with the mood disorder questionnaire (MDQ) of an instrument for the detection of hypomania in Brazil: The 32 item hypomania symptom check-list, first Revision (HCI-32-R1).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Bipolar disorders are frequently diagnosed and treated as unipolar depression initially and accurate diagnosis is often delayed by 8 to 10years. It has been demonstrated that the bipolar spectrum disorders are associated with notable disability and that the current diagnostic gold standard, the Structured Cl...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Leão IA,Del Porto JA

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Depression-related differences in lean body mass distribution from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although the association between depression and body composition has been widely discussed, the effects of depression on lean body mass (LBM) are unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the association of depression with LBM. METHODS:The study included 2406 participants aged 18-69 years. The sex and...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Y,Meng L,Li Y,Sato Y

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal self appraisal and continuous identity: Associations with depression and hopelessness.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While depression is associated with decreased self-worth, less is known about how depression relates to the degree of perceived unity of the self over time (CI; continuous identity) and appraisal of past and future selves (temporal self-appraisal). In Study 1, we examined the relationship between depression ...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sokol Y,Serper M

    更新日期:2017-01-15 00:00:00

  • Mental health diagnoses and early removal of long-acting reversible contraception.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Having a mental health diagnosis is associated with contraceptive non-adherence and user-related contraceptive failures of short-acting methods. There is a lack of research on the relationship between mental health diagnoses and early discontinuation of highly effective long-acting reversible (LARC) methods ...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bello JK,Salas J,Meyer D,Heiden-Rootes K,Davis DM,Keegan Garrett E,White MM,Schmeidler P

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • A meta-analysis of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) use during prenatal depression and risk of low birth weight and small for gestational age.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) act as the first-line antidepressants prescribed for the treatment of prenatal depression. Evidence from previous studies has suggested that the use of SSRIs treatment for prenatal depression has adversely affected fetal growth. However, these results are incon...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Zhao X,Liu Q,Cao S,Pang J,Zhang H,Feng T,Deng Y,Yao J,Li H

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Mental disorders in Spanish university students: Prevalence, age-of-onset, severe role impairment and mental health treatment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The university period carries risk for onset of common mental disorders. Epidemiological knowledge on mental disorders among Spanish university students is limited. AIMS:To estimate lifetime and 12-month prevalence, persistence and age-of-onset of mental disorders among Spanish first-year university student...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ballester L,Alayo I,Vilagut G,Almenara J,Cebrià AI,Echeburúa E,Gabilondo A,Gili M,Lagares C,Piqueras JA,Roca M,Soto-Sanz V,Blasco MJ,Castellví P,Mortier P,Bruffaerts R,Auerbach RP,Nock MK,Kessler RC,Jordi A,UNIVER

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Bidirectional association between migraine and depression among probands and unaffected siblings: A nationwide population-based study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Evidence suggests a bidirectional association between migraine and depression in individuals and in twins. However, whether a bidirectional association between migraine and depression also occurs among siblings (probands and unaffected nontwin siblings) remains unknown. METHODS:Using the Taiwan National Hea...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen MH,Pan TL,Lin WC,Huang KL,Hsu JW,Li CT,Tsai SJ,Su TP,Chen TJ,Bai YM

    更新日期:2021-01-15 00:00:00

  • Is anxiety/depression increasing among 5-25 year-olds? A cross-sectional prevalence study in Ontario, Canada, 1997-2017.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Self-reported data and media suggest youth mental health is declining. To more objectively measure this, we conducted a population-wide investigation of changes in diagnosed point prevalences of anxiety/depression among children and young adults between 1997 and 2017 in Ontario, Canada. METHODS:All Ontarian...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillips SP,Yu J

    更新日期:2020-12-30 00:00:00

  • Maternal depression and psychiatric outcomes in adolescent offspring: a 13-year longitudinal study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Maternal postnatal depression (PND) has been associated with adverse outcomes in young children, but an association with longer-term psychiatric disorder has not been demonstrated. We present the preliminary findings of a 13-year longitudinal study. METHODS:In the course of a prospective longitudinal study,...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Halligan SL,Murray L,Martins C,Cooper PJ

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of switching from mania to depression in a large observational study across Europe (EMBLEM).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The risk of switching from mania to depression in bipolar disorder has been poorly studied. Large observational studies may be useful in identifying variables that predict switch to depression after mania and provide data on medication use and outcomes in "real world" patients. METHOD:EMBLEM (European Mania...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Vieta E,Angst J,Reed C,Bertsch J,Haro JM,EMBLEM advisory board.

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences in the prevalence of depression: a survey in primary care.

    abstract::Epidemiological surveys demonstrate that unipolar depression is more common in females than in males. Gender-specific cultural and social factors may contribute to the female preponderance. This study explores this possibility in a cross-cultural sample of general-practice patients systematically recruited in the WHO ...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maier W,Gänsicke M,Gater R,Rezaki M,Tiemens B,Urzúa RF

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Passive and mentally-active sedentary behaviors and incident major depressive disorder: A 13-year cohort study.

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    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hallgren M,Owen N,Stubbs B,Zeebari Z,Vancampfort D,Schuch F,Bellocco R,Dunstan D,Trolle Lagerros Y

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship of depression, chronic disease, self-rated health, and gender with health care utilization among community-living elderly.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We investigated the interactive effects of depressive symptoms and chronic diseases on health care utilization among elderly people and explored the potential moderating effect of gender and the mediating effect of self-rated health (SRH) on the association between depressive symptoms and health care utiliza...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Han KM,Ko YH,Yoon HK,Han C,Ham BJ,Kim YK

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Severity of bipolar disorder is associated with impairment of response inhibition.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pathological impulsivity in bipolar disorder could be related to deficiencies in mechanisms involved in attention or response inhibition. We investigated these mechanisms in subjects with bipolar disorder and examined relationships to severity of course of illness, use of medication, affective state, age, ed...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Swann AC,Lijffijt M,Lane SD,Steinberg JL,Moeller FG

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of temperament on depression and anxiety symptoms and depressive disorder in a population-based birth cohort.

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    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nyman E,Miettunen J,Freimer N,Joukamaa M,Mäki P,Ekelund J,Peltonen L,Järvelin MR,Veijola J,Paunio T

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Occurrence of depression in the postpartum state.

    abstract::Using multiple variables of illness, comparisons were made between 17 postpartum depressives with recurrent affective disorder and 37 women with children and recurrent affective disorder but no postpartum depressions. An earlier age of onset in patients with postpartum depression was the only variable that was signifi...

    journal_title:Journal of affective disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garvey MJ,Tuason VB,Lumry AE,Hoffmann NG

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00