Characterization of the leachate in an urban landfill by physicochemical analysis and solid phase microextraction-GC/MS.

Abstract:

:The aim of this study is to evaluate extensively the characterization and identification of major pollutant parameters by paying attention to the organic chemical pollution for unregulated dumping site leachate in Eskişehir/Turkey. The study that is first and only one research has been very important data related with before new sanitary landfill site in Eskişehir city. For this purpose, in this study leachate samples were collected in-situ at monthly interval for a period of 8 months. Firstly, thirty three physicochemical parameters were monitored. Secondly, SPME technique was used for identification of organic pollutants. Meteorological data were also recorded for the same sampling period to correlate meteorological data and physicochemical parameters. Mean values are used in the correlation analysis. Correlation is shown only for the relationship between air temperature and NO(3) (-). No correlation has been found between rain and leachate quality parameters since the amount of rain was very low during the sampling period. However, analysis results were generally decreased in winter season when each parameter and each sampling point are examined separately. According to correlation between every parameter, especially solid content and dissolved oxygen concentration of leachate is affecting to other parameters. Also, sodium and potassium are changing proportionally with same parameters (suspended solids, fixed solids, dissolved oxygen) and high correlation between chloride and heavy metal concentration is showing. The results were statistically evaluated by use of SPSS 10.0 program. Second part of the study, the leachate was extracted by Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) technique and then analyzed. Of the methodologies tested in this study, the best one selected was based on 100 micro m polydimethylsiloxane coated fiber (PDMS), headspace with heating (Delta HS) sampling mode and an extraction time of 15 min. at a temperature of 50 degrees C. Thirty three organic compounds in leachate were identified by GC/MS.

journal_name

Environ Monit Assess

authors

Banar M,Ozkan A,Kürkçüoğlu M

doi

10.1007/s10661-005-9144-y

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-10-01 00:00:00

pages

439-59

issue

1-3

eissn

0167-6369

issn

1573-2959

journal_volume

121

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Behavior of pathogenic microbes in a treated wastewater reuse system and examination of new standards for the reuse of treated wastewater.

    abstract::We researched the behavior of pathogenic microbes in a treated wastewater reuse system to acquire knowledge for establishing new standards for the reuse of treated wastewater. Based on the results that showed occasional growth of total coliforms but barely any growth of Escherichia coli in the supply tank, we found th...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-006-9424-1

    authors: Tajima A,Sakurai K,Minamiyama M

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization and origin of organic and inorganic pollution in urban soils in Pisa (Tuscany, Italy).

    abstract::We assessed the quality of 31 urban soils in Pisa by analyzing total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs), Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn, and the platinum group elements (PGEs). The risk was evaluated by the geological accumulation index (I geo) and the enrichment factor (EF). Results were compared with those obtained from ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-017-6264-0

    authors: Cardelli R,Vanni G,Marchini F,Saviozzi A

    更新日期:2017-10-12 00:00:00

  • Sensitive spectrophotometric methods for the assessment of nitrite in water sample.

    abstract::Two spectrophotometric methods have been developed for the determination of nitrite using dapsone (DAP) with alpha-naphthol and 4-amino-5-hydroxynapthalene-2,7-disulphonic acid monosodium salt (AHNDMS) as chromogenic reagents with maximum absorbance wavelength at 540 and 520 nm respectively. For the method that utiliz...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-007-0115-3

    authors: Nagaraj P,Prakash JS,Shivakumar A,Shrestha AK

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Using a noise monitoring station in a small quarry located in an urban area.

    abstract::Mining plays an important role in Brazilian exports. On the other hand, large urban centers like São Paulo, with approximately 21 million inhabitants, also demand an increasing domestic consumption of natural resources, such as construction aggregate. There are many quarries located in the surroundings of urban center...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-017-6404-6

    authors: Wichers M,Iramina WS,de Eston SM,Ayres da Silva ALM

    更新日期:2017-12-22 00:00:00

  • A proposal for a long-term baseline phytobenthos monitoring programme for the Finnish Baltic coastal waters: monitoring submerged rocky shore vegetation.

    abstract::Several local surveys on the submerged vegetation have been conducted in past decades along the Finnish Baltic coastal areas. Surveys have been carried out by using various methods, which make the temporal comparisons of the results difficult. The need of a joint programme for coastal phytobenthic monitoring is emphas...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1023/a:1020095220957

    authors: Bäck S,Ekebom J,Kangas P

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of heavy metal contents in water, sediments, and fish tissues of Shizothorax plagiostomus in river Panjkora at Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

    abstract::The present study was conducted to investigate the contamination of water, sediments, and fish tissues with heavy metals in river Panjkora at Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Water, sediments, and fish (Shizothorax plagiostomus) samples were collected from September 2012 to January 2013 at three different site...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-014-3932-1

    authors: Ahmad K,Azizullah A,Shama S,Khattak MN

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Interactions of atmospheric deposition with coniferous canopies in Estonia.

    abstract::Throughfall and open field bulk precipitation were measured at three coniferous sites during 1995-2002 in the framework of ICP Integrated Monitoring and at five coniferous sites during 1996-2002 in the framework of ICP Forests (Level II). The coniferous canopies acted as a sink for nitrate and ammonium and as a source...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-006-0360-x

    authors: Pajuste K,Frey J,Asi E

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • The risk assessment of inorganic and organic pollutant levels in an urban area affected by intensive industry.

    abstract::The city of Litvínov (North Bohemia, Czech Republic) is seriously affected by coal mining, coal processing, and intensive industrial activities. Within the urban area, the potential environmental hazard of risk elements (in soil and vegetation) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs, in soils) was estimated using ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-020-08825-x

    authors: Hanousková B,Száková J,Rychlíková E,Najmanová J,Košnář Z,Tlustoš P

    更新日期:2021-01-18 00:00:00

  • Spatial modelling of the probability of obtaining a detectable concentration of ammonia in Moreton Bay, Australia.

    abstract::Ammonia is an important water quality variable, which in excess, can be detrimental to waterways and their ecosystems. In the Ecosystem Health Monitoring Program in South-east Queensland ammonia is monitored monthly, however, often more than 50% of the ammonia observations in Moreton Bay are below detection limit, mak...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-007-9773-4

    authors: Toscas PJ

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Residue behavior and risk assessment of mixed formulation of imidacloprid and chlorfenapyr in chieh-qua under field conditions.

    abstract::A simple and rapid method based on high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of imidacloprid and chlorfenapyr residues in chieh-qua. Field trials were designed to investigate the dissipation and terminal residue behavior of the mixed f...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-015-4846-2

    authors: Huang JX,Liu CY,Lu DH,Chen JJ,Deng YC,Wang FH

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Ecosystem types of boreal forest in the North Klondike River Valley, Yukon Territory, Canada, and their productivity potentials.

    abstract::Vegetation, environmental characteristics, and forest productivity were studied in the boreal forest in the North Klondike River Valley, Yukon Territory, Canada. The concept and approach of biogeoclimatic ecosystem classification were followed. For the treed vegetation, five ecosystem types were distinguished based on...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/BF00396149

    authors: Kojima S

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative study on the archives of xanthine oxidase and aldehyde oxidase in different fish species from two rivers in the Western Niger-Delta.

    abstract::Glycaemia, a classical indicator of stress, xanthine oxidase and aldehyde oxidase which are involved in phase I detoxication were investigated in two different fish species from two rivers with different pollution levels in the Western Niger-Delta. Four sampling zones covering the entire lengths of Warri and Ethiope R...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1023/b:emas.0000009242.94035.a4

    authors: Isamah GK,Asagba SO

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of three methods to collect submerged aquatic vegetation in a shallow lake.

    abstract::Two boat-based and one in-water sampling method have been used to collect submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) as part of a long-term monitoring program in Lake Okeechobee, Florida, USA. The boat-based methods consisted of collecting SAV with a ponar dredge, used only to collect Chara, and an oyster tongs-like rake appa...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-005-6338-2

    authors: Rodusky AJ,Sharfstein B,East TL,Maki RP

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Summer time haze characteristics of the urban atmosphere of Gwangju and the rural atmosphere of Anmyon, Korea.

    abstract::An extensive visibility monitoring was carried out simultaneously in the urban area of Gwangju and the rural area of Anmyon, Korea. This study examines patterns of visibility impairment and haze-forming pollutant concentrations on both sites resulting from natural and anthropogenic sources of gases and particles. Opti...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-007-9887-8

    authors: Kim KW,Kim YJ,Bang SY

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of setback distance on ability of gravel trenches to intercept contaminated groundwater.

    abstract::Computer simulations tested the ability of gravel interceptor trenches to capture a plume of contaminated groundwater. The plume had a maximum length and width of 87 and 19 m, respectively. In alternate simulations, one-meter wide trenches were located 5, 10, 20, and 50 m downgradient of the plume. A minimum trench le...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-005-1682-9

    authors: Hudak PF

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Residual levels, tissue distribution and risk assessment of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in edible fishes from Taihu Lake, China.

    abstract::Tissue distribution and bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in edible fishes collected from Taihu Lake, Cyprinus carpio (C. carpio) and Ctenopharyngodon idellus (C. idellus), were studied. OCPs were detected in all samples with hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), aldrins (including aldrin, dieldrin, endrin,...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-013-3249-5

    authors: Zhao Z,Zhang L,Wu J,Fan C

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Risk assessment of trihalomethanes from tap water in Fortaleza, Brazil.

    abstract::The cancer risks (CR) by oral ingestion, dermal absorption, and inhalation exposure of trihalomethanes (THM) from tap water of ten districts in Fortaleza, Brazil were estimated. The mean levels of THM compounds were obtained in Fortaleza tap water as follow: 63.9 microg L(-1) for chloroform (CHCl(3)), 40.0 microg L(-1...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0273-y

    authors: Viana RB,Cavalcante RM,Braga FM,Viana AB,de Araujo JC,Nascimento RF,Pimentel AS

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Ecotoxicological sediment evaluations in marine aquaculture areas of Chile.

    abstract::Given its geographic characteristics, the southern Chilean fjord area is subjected to growing environmental pressure from the development of diverse forms of aquaculture (i.e., fish, algae, shellfish). The sediments accumulate substances as a natural sink, and ecotoxicology assays offer a reliable and robust proxy for...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0444-x

    authors: Rudolph A,Medina P,Urrutia C,Ahumada R

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Quantifying nickel in soils and plants in an ultramafic area in Philippines.

    abstract::In this study, concentrations of nickel (Ni) were quantified in the soils and plants in the agricultural areas of Salcedo watershed in Eastern Samar Island, Philippines. The quantity of total Ni in soils (TS-Ni) was significantly high with a mean of 1,409 mg kg(-1), while the soil available Ni (SA-Ni) was low with a m...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-009-1067-6

    authors: Susaya JP,Kim KH,Asio VB,Chen ZS,Navarrete I

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Habitat conditions and correlations of sediment quality triad indicators in Delaware Bay.

    abstract::This paper summarizes sampling results from NOAA's National Status and Trends (NS&T) Program for marine environmental quality in Delaware Bay. A stratified-random design was used to determine the spatial extent of sediment contamination and toxicity in Delaware Bay from offshore stations in the coastal zone, the lower...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-005-9115-3

    authors: Hartwell SI,Hameedi MJ

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments from the Curonian Lagoon and the Nemunas River Delta (Lithuania, Baltic Sea): distribution, origin, and suggestions for the monitoring program.

    abstract::Curonian Lagoon is the largest lagoon in the Baltic Sea region suffering from a great anthropogenic pressure. Pollution sources within the Nemunas River basin and those within the Klaipėda Port are the main threats to this sensitive water area. For the first time, such a detailed study on 16 priority polycyclic aromat...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-019-7367-6

    authors: Stakėnienė R,Jokšas K,Galkus A,Raudonytė-Svirbutavičienė E

    更新日期:2019-03-09 00:00:00

  • The backend design of an environmental monitoring system upon real-time prediction of groundwater level fluctuation under the hillslope.

    abstract::The groundwater level represents a critical factor to evaluate hillside landslides. A monitoring system upon the real-time prediction platform with online analytical functions is important to forecast the groundwater level due to instantaneously monitored data when the heavy precipitation raises the groundwater level ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-011-1975-0

    authors: Lin HC,Hong YM,Kan YC

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental monitoring and assessment of heavy metals in surface sediments at Coleroon River Estuary in Tamil Nadu, India.

    abstract::The combined studies on grain size distribution, organic matter contents of sediments, sequential extraction and bulk concentration of heavy metals, statistical analysis, and ecological risk assessments were carried out to investigate the contamination sources and ecological risks of surface sediments at Coleroon Rive...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-015-4709-x

    authors: Venkatramanan S,Chung SY,Ramkumar T,Selvam S

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal change in land use by irrigation source in Tamil Nadu and management implications.

    abstract::Interannual variation in rainfall throughout Tamil Nadu has been causing frequent and noticeable land use changes despite the rapid development in groundwater irrigation. Identifying periodically water-stressed areas is the first and crucial step to minimizing negative effects on crop production. Such analysis must be...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-014-4155-1

    authors: Gumma MK,Kajisa K,Mohammed IA,Whitbread AM,Nelson A,Rala A,Palanisami K

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of ozone effects on local rice cultivar by portable ozone fumigation system in Hanoi, Vietnam.

    abstract::This study examined the effects of troposphere ozone (O3) on rice by developing a portable ozone fumigation system and applied to the field in Hanoi, Vietnam. The system was nearly identical to the open top chamber but designed to easily and cheaply assess the O3 sensitivity of local agricultural crops in the actual f...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0456-6

    authors: Van DT,Ishii S,Oanh NT

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Isoenzymes and protein polymorphism in Blaps polycresta and Trachyderma hispida (Forsskål, 1775) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) as biomarkers for ceramic industrial pollution.

    abstract::The expression levels of Esterase Isoenzyme and total soluble protein fractionation were studied in two coleopteran insects Blaps polycresta and Trachyderma hispida to evaluate the possible hazards from ceramic and plastic factories in the Khorshed Region, East of Alexandria, Egypt. Two insect collection sites were se...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-019-7517-x

    authors: Kheirallah DA,El-Samad LM

    更新日期:2019-05-17 00:00:00

  • Precision and accuracy of pest and pathogen damage assessment in young eucalypt plantations.

    abstract::Fungal pathogens, browsing mammals, birds, insects, nutrient deficiencies, drought, frost and waterlogging are all damaging agents to plantation species. The subsequent loss in leaf tissue or reduced photosynthetic potential can reduce growth and potentially lead to tree death. The Crown Damage Index (CDI) was develop...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-005-8222-5

    authors: Smith AH,Pinkard EA,Stone C,Battaglia M,Mohammed CL

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Restoring the Great Basin Desert, U.S.A.: integrating science, management, and people.

    abstract::The Great Basin Desert lies between the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the west and the Rocky Mountains to the east. Nearly 60% of the area's deserts and mountains (roughly 30 million ha) are managed by the U. S. Department of Interior's Bureau of Land Management. This area is characterized by low annual precipitation, di...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-004-4017-3

    authors: Pellanti M,Abbey B,Karl S

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Refined assessment of heavy metal-associated health risk due to the consumption of traditional animal medicines in humans.

    abstract::Little is known about the extent of heavy metal accumulation in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). In this study, the levels of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), and mercury (Hg) in traditional animal medicines were monitored using inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS). Additionally, for the fi...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-019-7270-1

    authors: Zuo TT,Li YL,He HZ,Jin HY,Zhang L,Sun L,Gao F,Wang Q,Shen YJ,Ma SC,He LC

    更新日期:2019-02-19 00:00:00

  • Assessment of water quality using cluster analysis in coastal region of Mumbai, India.

    abstract::The coastal water quality of Mumbai is deteriorating due to various point and non-point wastewater sources. Hence, it is desirable to monitor coastal water quality for various water-related activities like bathing, contact water sports, recreation, and commercial fishing. The objective of this paper is to assess the s...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s10661-010-1692-0

    authors: Kamble SR,Vijay R

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00