Prophylaxis against infection in cataract surgery: a survey of routine practice.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:To survey the routine practice of consultant ophthalmic surgeons in the United Kingdom in preventing postoperative endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. METHODS:This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. A questionnaire was sent to consultant ophthalmic surgeons in university teaching hospital ophthalmology departments in the United Kingdom. RESULTS:Questionnaires were sent to 391 consultant ophthalmic surgeons in 36 ophthalmology departments. The response rate was 55.0% (215 responses). Eleven (5.1%) did not perform cataract surgery routinely. Of the remaining 204 respondents, all performed phacoemulsification as routine. A total of 28 (13.7%) reported a 0% rate of postoperative infective endophthalmitis. Preoperative topical antibiotics were routinely prescribed by 12 respondents (5.9%). The most common immediately preoperative measure was the usage of povidone iodine (203 respondents, 99.5%). A total of 19 (9.3%) used an antibiotic infusion during surgery. Postoperative subconjunctival antibiotics were given by 138 (67.6%), most commonly cefuroxime. A total of 33 (16.2%) administered postoperative intracameral antibiotics. A total of 141 (69.1%) prescribed topical antibiotics after surgery, most commonly neomycin. None gave systemic antibiotics routinely pre-or postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS:The results show a wide variation of prophylactic measures used in the United Kingdom. The routine practices adopted reflect personal preferences, and were not necessarily evidence-based. Further prospective studies are required to provide evidence for the efficacy of these prophylaxis techniques.

journal_name

Eur J Ophthalmol

authors

Ang GS,Barras CW

doi

10.1177/112067210601600306

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-05-01 00:00:00

pages

394-400

issue

3

eissn

1120-6721

issn

1724-6016

journal_volume

16

pub_type

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