Exposure to non-arsenic pesticides is associated with lymphoma among farmers in Spain.


OBJECTIVES:To estimate the risk of lymphoma among farmers in Spain. METHODS:This is a multicentre case control study conducted in Spain. Cases were subjects diagnosed with lymphoma according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in four hospitals between 1998-2002. Hospital controls were frequency matched to the cases by sex, age, and centre. All subjects were interviewed about jobs ever held in lifetime for at least one year and the exposures in those jobs were recorded. The risk of lymphomas among subjects ever having had a job as a farmer was compared with all other occupations. Farmers were analysed according to the type of farming job performed: crop farming, animal farming, and general farming. Occupational exposure was summarised into 15 main categories: organic dust, radiation, contact with animals, PAH, non-arsenic pesticides (carbamates, organophosphates, chlorinated hydrocarbons, triazines and triazoles, phenoxy herbicides, chlorophenols, dibenzodioxin, and dibenzofuran), arsenic pesticides, contact with meat, contact with children, solvents, asbestos, soldering fumes, organic colourants, polychlorinated biphenyls, ethylene oxide, and hair dyes. RESULTS:Although farmers were not at an increased risk of lymphoma as compared with all other occupations, farmers exposed to non-arsenic pesticides were found to be at increased risk of lymphoma (OR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.1 to 2). This increased risk was observed among farmers working exclusively either as crop farmers or as animal farmers (OR = 2.8, 95% CI 1.3 to 5.8). Risk was highest for exposure to non-arsenic pesticides for over nine years (OR = 2.4, 95% CI 1.2 to 2.8). CONCLUSIONS:Long term exposure to non-arsenic pesticides may induce lymphomagenesis among farmers.


Occup Environ Med


van Balen E,Font R,Cavallé N,Font L,Garcia-Villanueva M,Benavente Y,Brennan P,de Sanjose S




Has Abstract


2006-10-01 00:00:00














  • Exposure of Paris taxi drivers to automobile air pollutants within their vehicles.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To study the exposure of Parisian taxi drivers to automobile air pollutants during their professional activity. METHODS:A cross sectional study was carried out from 27 January to 27 March 1997, with measurements performed in the vehicles of 29 randomly selected drivers. Carbon monoxide (CO) content was meas...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zagury E,Le Moullec Y,Momas I

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Does long term residency near industry have an impact on the body burden of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls in older women?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:For the retrospective study of environment and health linkages biomarkers of exposure are required. Polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and furans (PCDD/F) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been useful markers in some settings. This is the first study of PCDD/F body burden in a population based sample fr...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pless-Mulloli T,Edwards R,Howel D,Wood R,Paepke O,Herrmann T

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • A participatory approach to the study of lifting demands and musculoskeletal symptoms among Hong Kong workers.

    abstract:AIMS:To investigate the use of a worker based methodology to assess the physical stresses of lifting tasks on effort expended, and to associate this loading with musculoskeletal outcomes (MO). METHODS:A cross sectional study was conducted on 217 male manual handling workers from the Hong Kong area. The effects of four...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeung S,Genaidy A,Deddens J,Shoaf C,Leung PC

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Should office workers spend fewer hours at their computer? A systematic review of the literature.

    abstract::Worldwide, millions of office workers use a computer. Reports of adverse health effects due to computer use have received considerable media attention. This systematic review summarises the evidence for a relationship between the duration of work time spent using the computer and the incidence of hand-arm and neck-sho...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: IJmker S,Huysmans MA,Blatter BM,van der Beek AJ,van Mechelen W,Bongers PM

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiological appraisal of studies of residential exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and adult cancers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To appraise epidemiological evidence of the purported association between residential exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and adult cancers. METHODS:Literature review and epidemiological evaluation. RESULTS:Seven epidemiological studies have been conducted on the risk of cancer among adults in rela...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Li CY,Thériault G,Lin RS

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Preventive measures reduce exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at a graphite electrode plant.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study assessed the efficacy of preventive measures in a graphite electrode plant aimed at reducing occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). METHODS:Electrode workers (n = 146) answered a questionnaire and provided an end of shift urine sample. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-hpur), a...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: dell'Omo M,Muzi G,Marchionna G,Latini L,Carrieri P,Paolemili P,Abbritti G

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Workers' understanding of chemical risks: electroplating case study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is limited research concerning how small companies in particular, respond to health and safety messages. AIMS:To understand individuals' knowledge and beliefs about chemical risks and to compare these with those of experts. METHODS:The use of chromic acid in particular, and also other chemicals assoc...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sadhra S,Petts J,McAlpine S,Pattison H,MacRae S

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Are changes in objective working hour characteristics associated with changes in work-life conflict among hospital employees working shifts? A 7-year follow-up.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether changes in objective working hour characteristics are associated with parallel changes in work-life conflict (WLC) among hospital employees. METHODS:Survey responses from three waves of the Finnish Public Sector study (2008, 2012 and 2015) were combined with payroll data from 91 days p...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karhula K,Koskinen A,Ojajärvi A,Ropponen A,Puttonen S,Kivimäki M,Härmä M

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome-like caseness as a predictor of work status in fatigued employees on sick leave: four year follow up study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess whether CFS-like caseness (meeting the criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)) predicts work status in the long term. METHODS:Prospective study in a sample of fatigued employees absent from work. Data were collected at baseline and four years later, and included CFS-like caseness and work stat...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huibers MJ,Leone SS,Kant IJ,Knottnerus JA

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Occupational asthma in New Zealanders: a population based study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the effect of occupation on respiratory symptoms in a randomly selected adult population aged 20-44 years. METHODS:It is based on the phase II sampling of the New Zealand part of the European Community respiratory health survey. 1609 people (63.9% response rate) completed a detailed respiratory q...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fishwick D,Pearce N,D'Souza W,Lewis S,Town I,Armstrong R,Kogevinas M,Crane J

    更新日期:1997-05-01 00:00:00

  • Urinary neutral endopeptidase in workers exposed to cadmium: interaction with cigarette smoking.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Structural impairment of the renal proximal tubular epithelium induced by cadmium (Cd) was investigated by measuring the concentration of neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP), an ectoenzyme of the apical brush border, in the urine of 106 male workers employed in a Cd smelter (among whom 52 were occupationally e...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nortier J,Bernard A,Roels H,Deschodt-Lanckman M,Gueuning C,Lauwerys R

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of an office ergonomic randomised controlled trial among workers with neck and upper extremity pain.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Office computer workers are at increased risk for neck/upper extremity (UE) musculoskeletal pain. METHODS:A seven-month office ergonomic intervention study evaluated the effect of two engineering controls plus training on neck/UE pain and mechanical exposures in 113 computer workers, including a 3-month fol...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dropkin J,Kim H,Punnett L,Wegman DH,Warren N,Buchholz B

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lymphohaematopoeitic cancer mortality among workers with benzene exposure.

    abstract::Lymphohaematopoeitic cancer mortality was examined among 4417 workers at a chemical plant by cumulative and peak benzene exposure. There was little evidence of increasing risk with increasing cumulative exposure for all leukaemias or acute non-lymphocytic leukaemias (ANL), or the other lymphohaematopoeitic cancers wit...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collins JJ,Ireland B,Buckley CF,Shepperly D

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Association between NAG-B and cadmium in urine with no evidence of a threshold.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To explore the significance of the increase in urinary excretion of the lysosomal enzyme beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAG) at low exposures to cadmium (Cd) that is frequently found in the absence of any other sign of renal dysfunction. METHODS:The activity was measured of the two main isoenzymes of NAG (NA...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bernard A,Thielemans N,Roels H,Lauwerys R

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • The impacts of traffic-related and woodsmoke particulate matter on measures of cardiovascular health: a HEPA filter intervention study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Combustion-generated fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. Both traffic-related air pollution and residential wood combustion may be important, but few studies have compared their impacts. OBJECTIVES:To assess and compare effects of traffic-related and woodsmoke PM2.5 ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kajbafzadeh M,Brauer M,Karlen B,Carlsten C,van Eeden S,Allen RW

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental factors associated with baseline and serial changes in fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in spice mill workers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study evaluated the determinants of high fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO; >50 ppb) and serial changes in FeNO over a 24-hour period in spice mill workers at risk of work-related allergic respiratory disease and asthma. METHODS:A cross-sectional study of 150 workers used European Community Respira...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van der Walt A,Baatjies R,Singh T,Jeebhay MF

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Reconstructing past occupational exposures: how reliable are women's reports of their partner's occupation?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Most of the evidence on agreement between self- and proxy-reported occupational data comes from interview-based studies. The authors aimed to examine agreement between women's reports of their partner's occupation and their partner's own description using questionnaire-based data collected as a part of the p...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tagiyeva N,Semple S,Devereux G,Sherriff A,Henderson J,Elias P,Ayres JG

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review.

    abstract::This paper systematically reviews the scientific literature on the effects of individual and work-related factors on the Work Ability Index (WAI). Studies on work ability published from 1985 to 2006 were identified through a structured search in PubMed, and Web of Science. Studies were included if the WAI was used as ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: van den Berg TI,Elders LA,de Zwart BC,Burdorf A

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Lung cinescintigraphy in the dynamic assessment of ventilation and mucociliary clearance of asbestos cement workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To verify in vivo whether lung cinescintigraphy confirms the effect of asbestos on the patency of the smallest airways and on the efficiency of mucociliary clearance in asbestos cement workers. METHODS:39 male subjects were examined: 30 asbestos cement workers and nine workers never exposed to occupational ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Di Lorenzo L,Mele M,Pegorari MM,Fratello A,Zocchetti C,Capozzi D

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effect evaluation of a self-management programme for employees with complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder: a randomised controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of a self-management intervention (including an eHealth module), compared with usual care, in employees with chronic non-specific complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (persisting >3 months). METHODS:Participants were randomised into the self-management group (SG) or usual car...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hutting N,Staal JB,Engels JA,Heerkens YF,Detaille SI,Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Particulate air pollution and preeclampsia: a source-based analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the association between preeclampsia and maternal exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM10) and 2.5 μm (PM2.5) mass and sources. METHODS:Our analysis was based on a hospital cohort of pregnant women (N=3182) residing in Barcelona, Spain, duri...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dadvand P,Ostro B,Amato F,Figueras F,Minguillón MC,Martinez D,Basagaña X,Querol X,Nieuwenhuijsen M

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Biomonitoring results and cytogenetic markers among harbour workers with potential exposure to river silt aerosols.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Workers on dredgers and lighters on rivers are potentially exposed to a variety of substances. AIMS:To determine the internal load of heavy metals and arsenic as well as levels of cytogenetic markers in workers exposed to river silt aerosols. METHODS:One hundred exposed workers were examined up to eight ti...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wegner R,Radon K,Heinrich-Ramm R,Seemann B,Riess A,Koops F,Poschadel B,Szadkowski D

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Point-of-sale glass bottle recycling: indoor airborne exposures and symptoms among employees.

    abstract:AIMS:To assess the impact of newly introduced point-of-sale glass bottle recycling on indoor air quality and employee health. METHODS:Airborne exposures and both chronic and acute respiratory and somatic symptoms were surveyed among 226 employees at 36 randomly selected liquor stores with bottle recycling and in-house...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kennedy SM,Copes R,Bartlett KH,Brauer M

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Accelerated lung function decline in an aluminium manufacturing industry cohort exposed to PM2.5: an application of the parametric g-formula.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Occupational dust exposure has been associated with accelerated lung function decline, which in turn is associated with overall morbidity and mortality. In the current study, we assess potential benefits on lung function of hypothetical interventions that would reduce occupational exposure to fine particulate...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neophytou AM,Costello S,Picciotto S,Noth EM,Liu S,Lutzker L,Balmes JR,Hammond K,Cullen MR,Eisen EA

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Asbestos, cement, and cancer in the right part of the colon.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim was to investigate associations between exposure to mineral fibres and dust, and cancer in subsites within the large bowel. DESIGN:Pooled retrospective cohort studies. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS:Blue collar workers, employed for at least one year in different trades; asbestos cement or cement workers (n ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jakobsson K,Albin M,Hagmar L

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Random effects regression models for trends in standardised mortality ratios.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) play an important role in the epidemiological literature, particularly in evaluations of occupational hazards. While some authors have argued that comparisons of SMRs should be avoided, many investigators find such analyses appealing particularly when data are sparse. For...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richardson DB,Cole SR,Chu H

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Association between long-term exposure to air pollution and specific causes of mortality in Scotland.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study investigated the association between long-term exposure to black smoke (BS) air pollution and mortality in two related Scottish cohorts with 25 years of follow-up. METHODS:Risk factors were collected during 1970-1976 for 15331 and 6680 participants in the Renfrew/Paisley and Collaborative cohorts ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yap C,Beverland IJ,Heal MR,Cohen GR,Robertson C,Henderson DE,Ferguson NS,Hart CL,Morris G,Agius RM

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of individual counselling and education on work ability and disability pension: a prospective intervention study in the construction industry.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effectiveness of a counselling and education programme on work ability and work disability pension for employees in the construction industry. METHODS:Employees with a high disability risk of 38% or more in the following four years were included. Employees in the intervention group were e...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: de Boer AG,Burdorf A,van Duivenbooden C,Frings-Dresen MH

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Under-estimation of self-reported occupational exposure by questionnaire in hospital workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of the study was to determine whether self-reported occupational exposure to cleaning/disinfecting agents in hospital workers is accurate, in comparison to expert assessment, taken to be the gold standard. METHODS:In the Epidemiological Study of the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA), partici...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donnay C,Denis MA,Magis R,Fevotte J,Massin N,Dumas O,Pin I,Choudat D,Kauffmann F,Le Moual N

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Fitness tests and occupational tasks of military interest: a systematic review of correlations.

    abstract::: Physically demanding occupations (ie, military, firefighter, law enforcement) often use fitness tests for job selection or retention. Despite numerous individual studies, the relationship of these tests to job performance is not always clear. : This review examined the relationship by aggregating previously reported...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Hauschild VD,DeGroot DW,Hall SM,Grier TL,Deaver KD,Hauret KG,Jones BH

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00