Social disadvantage and schizophrenia. A combined neighbourhood and individual-level analysis.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To study, in a geographically defined area, associations between the neighbourhood social environment and individual socioeconomic status on the one hand, and treated incidence of schizophrenia and level of subsequent service use on the other. METHOD:A combined data set of (i) patients with a case register diagnosis of schizophrenia and (ii) population controls was subjected to multilevel analyses, including neighbourhood exposures (neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and social capital) and individual level confounders. Separate analyses were conducted for inpatient and outpatient psychiatric service consumption as indexed by the case register. RESULTS:Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and neighbourhood social capital did not impact on the treated incidence of schizophrenia, but quantity of inpatient service consumption was higher in neighbourhoods with higher level of social control (i.e. where it is more likely that neighbours intervene in neighbourhood-threatening situations). In addition, most indicators of lower individual socioeconomic status were associated with higher treated incidence, while treated incidence was lower when individual educational status was low. CONCLUSION:Residents of high social control neighbourhoods may seek greater levels of resolution of psychiatric disorder in patient-residents, and by consequence may induce greater levels of inpatient service consumption in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Individual-level indicators of social disadvantage are associated with higher risk of treated psychotic disorder, with the exception of lower educational status, which may confer a lower probability of treatment given the presence of psychotic disorder.

authors

Drukker M,Krabbendam L,Driessen G,van Os J

doi

10.1007/s00127-006-0081-z

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-08-01 00:00:00

pages

595-604

issue

8

eissn

0933-7954

issn

1433-9285

journal_volume

41

pub_type

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