Anxiety sensitivity, conscious awareness and selective attentional biases in children.


:The current study investigated whether physical anxiety sensitivity (AS) is associated with selective attentional biases to affective stimuli in children. The dot-probe paradigm was used to examine the deployment of attention towards words pertaining to anxiety symptomatology, socially threatening words, and positive words, in samples of 8-10-year-old children. Word pairs were presented under both masked and unmasked conditions. Irrespective of masking, children high in physical AS displayed an attentional vigilance for emotional words relative to neutral words, whereas those low in physical AS displayed a relative avoidance of such material. The results of this study are interesting as they not only suggest the presence of automatic AS-related biases in childhood, but that this is a general emotionality bias rather than one related to specific anxiety-related stimuli.


Behav Res Ther


Hunt C,Keogh E,French CC




Has Abstract


2007-03-01 00:00:00














  • Multimethod assessment of treatment process in chronic low back pain: comparison of reported pain-related anxiety with directly measured physical capacity.

    abstract::Although cognitive behavioural treatments (CBT) have proven efficacy in improving symptom management, pain-related distress, physical performance and return to work. few studies have examined the relationship between changes in behavioural process variables during treatment and improvement in outcome variables followi...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCracken LM,Gross RT,Eccleston C

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating and testing autocorrelation with small samples: a comparison of the C-statistic to a modified estimator.

    abstract::Huitema and McKean (Psychological Bulletin, 110, 291-304, 1991) recently showed, in a Monte-Carlo study, that five conventional estimators of first-order autocorrelation perform poorly for small (< 50) sample sizes. They suggested a modified estimator and a test for autocorrelation. We examine an estimator not conside...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DeCarlo LT,Tryon WW

    更新日期:1993-11-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized controlled trial comparing two cognitive-behavioral programs for adolescent girls with subclinical depression: A school-based program (Op Volle Kracht) and a computerized program (SPARX).

    abstract::Limited research has indicated the effectiveness of the school-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) prevention program 'Op Volle Kracht (OVK)' and the computerized CBT program 'SPARX' in decreasing depressive symptoms. Therefore, a randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of OVK and SPARX was conducted amo...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Poppelaars M,Tak YR,Lichtwarck-Aschoff A,Engels RC,Lobel A,Merry SN,Lucassen MF,Granic I

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Towards integrating personalized feedback research into clinical practice: Development of the Trier Treatment Navigator (TTN).

    abstract::In this study, a computer-based feedback, decision and clinical problem-solving system for clinical practice will be described - the Trier Treatment Navigator (TTN). The paper deals with the underlying research concepts related to personalized pre-treatment recommendations for drop-out risk and optimal treatment strat...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lutz W,Rubel JA,Schwartz B,Schilling V,Deisenhofer AK

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • How durable is the effect of low intensity CBT for depression and anxiety? Remission and relapse in a longitudinal cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Depression and anxiety disorders are relapse-prone conditions, even after successful treatment with pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is known to prevent relapse, but there is little evidence of the durability of remission after low intensity forms of CBT (LiCBT). METHOD:...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ali S,Rhodes L,Moreea O,McMillan D,Gilbody S,Leach C,Lucock M,Lutz W,Delgadillo J

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Group CBT for psychosis: a longitudinal, controlled trial with inpatients.

    abstract::Individual cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is a recommended treatment in the acute phase and beyond. However, less is known about the effectiveness of group CBTp in acute care. This mixed methods study explored the implementation and effectiveness of brief group CBTp with inpatients. This prospective ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Owen M,Sellwood W,Kan S,Murray J,Sarsam M

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Adherence during sessions and homework in cognitive-behavioral group treatment of social phobia.

    abstract::The relationship between adherence to group cognitive-behavioral treatment instructions and outcome was examined for 52 social phobic clients. Less symptomatic clients were no more likely to adhere to treatment instructions than more highly symptomatic clients. Clients were less likely to participate during group trea...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edelman RE,Chambless DL

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Manipulations of exposure-based therapy to reduce return of fear: a replication.

    abstract::Using exposure-based treatment for fear of heights, we tested two different manipulations, namely administering blocks of exposure trials on an expanding spaced schedule and varying the nature of the exposure, both of which have been shown to reduce return of fear [Rowe, M. K., & Craske, M. G. (1998a). Effects of an e...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lang AJ,Craske MG

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Adaptive and maladaptive ruminative self-focus during emotional processing.

    abstract::Ruminative self-focus on mood, problems and other aspects of self-experience can have both mal adaptive consequences, perpetuating depression, and, adaptive consequences, promoting recovery from upsetting events. Increasing evidence suggests that these contrasting effects may be explained by distinct varieties of rumi...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watkins E

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prevention of chronic PTSD with early cognitive behavioral therapy. A meta-analysis using mixed-effects modeling.

    abstract::Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is of great interest to public health, due to the high burden it places on both the individual and society. We meta-analyzed randomized-controlled trials to examine the effectiveness of early trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral treatment (TFCBT) for preventing chronic PTSD. System...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Kliem S,Kröger C

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Depressogenic inferential styles, negative events, and depressive symptoms in youth: an attempt to reconcile past inconsistent findings.

    abstract::Research examining the diathesis-stress component of the hopelessness theory (HT) in youth has provided mixed support for the theory. One explanation for inconsistent findings is the failure to consider relationships among the three inferential styles posited to serve as vulnerability factors by the theory. The weakes...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abela JR,McGirr A,Skitch SA

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Return of fear after retrospective inferences about the absence of an unconditioned stimulus during extinction.

    abstract::We examined whether the effect of an extinction phase can be influenced retrospectively by information about the cause of the absence of the unconditioned stimulus (US) during that phase. Participants were subjected to a differential fear conditioning procedure, followed by an extinction procedure. Afterwards, half of...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raes AK,De Houwer J,Verschuere B,De Raedt R

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • The MABIC project: An effectiveness trial for reducing risk factors for eating disorders.

    abstract::Challenges in the prevention of disordered eating field include moving from efficacy to effectiveness and developing an integrated approach to the prevention of eating and weight-related problems. A previous efficacy trial indicated that a universal disordered eating prevention program, based on the social cognitive m...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Sánchez-Carracedo D,Fauquet J,López-Guimerà G,Leiva D,Puntí J,Trepat E,Pàmias M,Palao D

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Reasons for premature termination of dialectical behavior therapy for inpatients with borderline personality disorder.

    abstract::Although one of the main aims of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for borderline personality disorder (BPD) is to increase the retention rates, premature termination rates for DBT inpatient programs were found to be over 30%. The aim of the study was to identify the reasons for, and to analyze, patient characteristi...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kröger C,Roepke S,Roepke S,Kliem S

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Panic patients reveal idiographic associations between anxiety symptoms and catastrophes in a semantic priming task.

    abstract::In the present study, a modified semantic priming paradigm was used to test whether panic patients more strongly associate catastrophes with anxiety symptoms than nonclinical subjects. Subjects named catastrophic target words (e.g. infarction) and target words neutral to anxiety themes (e.g. weekend) that followed aud...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schneider R,Schulte D

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Endorphins stimulate approach behaviour, but do not reduce subjective fear. A pilot study.

    abstract::The present study explored whether endorphins have a short-term influence on behavioural approach to a phobic object and on the experience of fear. In a double-blind design, spider phobics (n = 30) received a placebo, a low dose (25 mg) or a high dose (100 mg) of naltrexone, an endorphin blocker. Approach to a spider ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Arntz A

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • The mediational role of panic self-efficacy in cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Cognitive models of panic disorder (PD) with or without agoraphobia have stressed the role of catastrophic beliefs of bodily symptoms as a central mediating variable of the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Perceived ability to cope with or control panic attacks, panic self-efficacy, has also been propos...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Fentz HN,Arendt M,O'Toole MS,Hoffart A,Hougaard E

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Obsessions, responsibility and guilt.

    abstract::Introduction of the concept of "inflated responsibility" into the so-called anatomy of obsessions gives rise to an elaborated analysis of obsessions, responsibility and guilt. The analysis touches on a range of phenomena including anger and guilt, control of thoughts, the fusion of thoughts and action, resistance to a...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rachman S

    更新日期:1993-02-01 00:00:00

  • An appraisal of chemical aversion (emetic therapy) approaches to alcoholism treatment.

    abstract::More than 35,000 alcoholics have received chemical aversion (emetic therapy) in at least 75 settings worldwide since the 1930s. This consummatory aversion (CA) treatment, which pairs ethanol ingestion with emetically induced nausea, incorporates the highly efficient variety of learning known as taste aversion (TA) con...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Elkins RL

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Intrusive memories: A mechanistic signature for emotional memory persistence.

    abstract::Memories of negative emotional events persist more over time relative to memories for neutral information. Such persistence has been attributed to heightened encoding and consolidation processes. However, reactivation of the encoded information may also lead to reduced memory decay through rehearsal or a reconsolidati...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herz N,Bar-Haim Y,Holmes EA,Censor N

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Responsibility to continue thinking and worrying: evidence of incremental validity.

    abstract::This two-part study examined the role of the responsibility to continue thinking, beliefs that one needs prolonged thinking about stressful problems, in the prediction of excessive worry. This construct is considered to reflect high levels of motivation to continue inflexible thinking and the use of rigid stop rules. ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sugiura Y

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in dyadic communication during and after integrative and traditional behavioral couple therapy.

    abstract::To examine changes in dyadic communication, as well as links between communication and long-term relationship outcomes, 134 distressed couples randomly assigned to either Traditional Behavioral Couple Therapy (TBCT; Jacobson & Margolin, 1979) or Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT; Jacobson & Christensen, 1998...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Baucom KJ,Baucom BR,Christensen A

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Driving fear and driving skills: comparison between fearful and control samples using standardised on-road assessment.

    abstract::The present study explores driving skills in a group of 50 media-recruited driving-fearful and 50 control drivers, all of whom were women. Participants completed an on-road practical driving assessment with a professional driving instructor. Diagnostic as well as pre-post self-report and instructor driving assessments...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor JE,Deane FP,Podd JV

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Repetitive negative thinking following exposure to a natural stressor prospectively predicts altered stress responding and decision-making in the laboratory.

    abstract::Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) represents a transdiagnostic risk factor for affective disorders, and stress is theorized to exacerbate this vulnerability. One mechanism by which stress may influence individual differences in psychiatric symptoms is through altered decision-making, and loss aversion in particular. ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stamatis CA,Puccetti NA,Charpentier CJ,Heller AS,Timpano KR

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • "If I feel disgusted, I must be getting ill": emotional reasoning in the context of contamination fear.

    abstract::Patients suffering from anxiety disorders have been shown to infer danger on the basis of their anxiety responses "if I feel anxious, there must be danger." This tendency logically hampers the identification of false alarms and may thus act in a way to confirm the a priori threat value of the feared stimuli/situations...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Verwoerd J,de Jong PJ,Wessel I,van Hout WJ

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Gratitude and hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in Vietnam war veterans.

    abstract::Little information exists on the contribution of psychological strengths to well-being in persons with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Data from other populations suggest that gratitude, defined as the positive experience of thankfulness for being the recipient of personal benefits, may have salutary effects on...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kashdan TB,Uswatte G,Julian T

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Psycho-educational CBT-Insomnia workshops in the community. A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial.

    abstract::Around one in three of the UK population suffer from sleep problems, resulting in high costs to society. Cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been shown to be effective. Community-based workshops may be a cost-effective way to provide CBT-I to groups that are usually hard to reach or reluctant to seek ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bonin EM,Beecham J,Swift N,Raikundalia S,Brown JS

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • An effectiveness trial of a new enhanced dissonance eating disorder prevention program among female college students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Efficacy trials indicate that a dissonance-based prevention program in which female high school and college students with body image concerns critique the thin-ideal reduced risk factors, eating disorder symptoms, and future eating disorder onset, but weaker effects emerged from an effectiveness trial wherein...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Stice E,Butryn ML,Rohde P,Shaw H,Marti CN

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • On fatalism, pessimism, and depressive symptoms among Mexican-American and other adolescents attending an obstetrics-gynecology clinic.

    abstract::There is growing evidence that Mexican-American adolescents may be at increased risk for depressive symptoms. We sought to replicate and explain this result in a study of adolescent girls attending an obstetric-gynecologic clinic. Three hundred and four girls of diverse ethnic backgrounds completed measures of depress...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joiner TE Jr,Perez M,Wagner KD,Berenson A,Marquina GS

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Causing harm and allowing harm: a study of beliefs in obsessional problems.

    abstract::This study investigates two factors hypothesised as relevant to obsessional problems because of the way in which they influence decisions whether or not to act to prevent harm. These are (i) the way in which intrusive thoughts increase the internal awareness of harm, and confront the person with the possibility of tak...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wroe AL,Salkovskis PM

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00