A 12 year prospective study of circulatory disease among Danish shift workers.


BACKGROUND:Previous studies of the risk of heart disease after shift work reached different estimates and review authors disagree about the validity of some of the studies. A cross sectional study showed that shift workers had a higher prevalence of nearly every unfavourable work environment factor investigated. Conflicts at work and low decision latitude were more frequent among shift workers, and all-day walking or standing work and part-time jobs were more often found among female shift workers. OBJECTIVES:To estimate the risk of circulatory disease in a prospective follow up of a representative sample of gainfully employed Danes, considering known or suspected confounding factors. METHODS:A cohort of 5517 people who were gainfully employed in 1990 were followed up for all hospital treatments due to circulatory diseases (390-458, ICD-8; I00-I99, ICD-10) from 1991 to 2002 inclusive. A log linear Poisson regression model was applied to control confounding factors and calculate the relative risk for 927 men and women working nights, evenings, or other non-day shifts compared to 4579 day workers. RESULTS:Non-day workers compared to day workers had a relative risk (RR) for all circulatory diseases of 1.31 (95% CI 1.06-1.63). Without control for BMI and smoking, the RR estimate was 1.33 (95% CI 1.07-1.65). For a subgroup of workers with at least three years' seniority, the RR was 1.40 (95% CI 1.09-1.81). The population based aetiological fraction of shift work was estimated to 5%. CONCLUSION:This study adds to a growing body of evidence suggesting that shift work carries an excess risk of circulatory diseases.


Occup Environ Med


Tüchsen F,Hannerz H,Burr H




Has Abstract


2006-07-01 00:00:00














  • Cancer and occupational exposure to inorganic lead compounds: a meta-analysis of published data.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To review and summarise the epidemiological evidence on the carcinogenicity of occupational exposure to inorganic lead. METHODS:Case-control and cohort studies were reviewed and combined for meta-analysis. Fixed and random effect methods were used to estimate the summary effects. RESULTS:The combined resul...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Fu H,Boffetta P

    更新日期:1995-02-01 00:00:00

  • A randomised controlled trial on whether a participatory ergonomics intervention could prevent musculoskeletal disorders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the efficacy of a participatory ergonomics intervention in preventing musculoskeletal disorders among kitchen workers. Participatory ergonomics is commonly recommended to reduce musculoskeletal disorders, but evidence for its effectiveness is sparse. METHODS:A cluster randomised controlled trial ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Haukka E,Leino-Arjas P,Viikari-Juntura E,Takala EP,Malmivaara A,Hopsu L,Mutanen P,Ketola R,Virtanen T,Pehkonen I,Holtari-Leino M,Nykänen J,Stenholm S,Nykyri E,Riihimäki H

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Does long term residency near industry have an impact on the body burden of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls in older women?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:For the retrospective study of environment and health linkages biomarkers of exposure are required. Polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and furans (PCDD/F) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been useful markers in some settings. This is the first study of PCDD/F body burden in a population based sample fr...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pless-Mulloli T,Edwards R,Howel D,Wood R,Paepke O,Herrmann T

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators and work-related injuries among Danish construction workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The current study examines and compares the relationship between both macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators, and work-related injuries among construction workers in Denmark using emergency department (ED) injury data and also officially reported injuries to the Danish Working Environm...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nielsen KJ,Lander F,Lauritsen JM

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of an office ergonomic randomised controlled trial among workers with neck and upper extremity pain.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Office computer workers are at increased risk for neck/upper extremity (UE) musculoskeletal pain. METHODS:A seven-month office ergonomic intervention study evaluated the effect of two engineering controls plus training on neck/UE pain and mechanical exposures in 113 computer workers, including a 3-month fol...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dropkin J,Kim H,Punnett L,Wegman DH,Warren N,Buchholz B

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Biomarkers of exposure to low concentrations of benzene: a field assessment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To carry out a comprehensive field investigation to evaluate various conventional and recently developed biomarkers for exposure to low concentrations of benzene. METHODS:Analyses were carried out on environmental air, unmetabolised benzene in blood and urine, urinary trans, transmuconic acid, and three majo...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ong CN,Kok PW,Ong HY,Shi CY,Lee BL,Phoon WH,Tan KT

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Risk of cancer among paper recycling workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Studies in traditional paper mills have indicated an excess cancer risk, and mutagenic compounds have been identified in the industry. No studies have reported on risk of cancer in paper recycling. Therefore the cancer incidence in Danish paper recycling mills was investigated. METHODS:5377 employees in fiv...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rix BA,Villadsen E,Engholm G,Lynge E

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Preventive measures reduce exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at a graphite electrode plant.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study assessed the efficacy of preventive measures in a graphite electrode plant aimed at reducing occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). METHODS:Electrode workers (n = 146) answered a questionnaire and provided an end of shift urine sample. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-hpur), a...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: dell'Omo M,Muzi G,Marchionna G,Latini L,Carrieri P,Paolemili P,Abbritti G

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Return-to-work interventions integrated into cancer care: a systematic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to review the literature on the content of interventions focusing on return to work, employment status, or work retention in patients with cancer. Furthermore, the effect of the interventions on return to work was assessed in studies reporting return to work. METHODS:A literatu...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tamminga SJ,de Boer AG,Verbeek JH,Frings-Dresen MH

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • The survival analyses of 2738 patients with simple pneumoconiosis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To explore whether the inhalation of coal mine dust increases the risk of premature death in miners, a survival analysis was conducted in a cohort of 2738 patients with simple pneumoconiosis in the Huai-Bei coal mine, in China. METHODS:Age specific mortalities were calculated by disease severity in terms of...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yi Q,Zhang Z

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cross sectional and longitudinal study on selenium, glutathione peroxidase, smoking, and occupational exposure in coal miners.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To understand the variations of selenium (Se) concentration relative to changes in occupational exposure to coal dust, taking into account age and changes in smoking habits in miners surveyed twice, in 1990 and 1994. To better understand the relation of Se concentration with glutathione peroxidase activities...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nadif R,Oryszczyn MP,Fradier-Dusch M,Hellier G,Bertrand JP,Pham QT,Kauffmann F

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Are there bidirectional relationships between psychosocial work characteristics and depressive symptoms? A fixed effects analysis of Swedish national panel survey data.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Psychosocial work characteristics have been prospectively associated with depressive symptoms. However, methodological limitations have raised questions regarding causality. It is also unclear to what extent depressive symptoms affect the experience of the psychosocial work environment. We examined contempor...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Åhlin JK,LaMontagne AD,Magnusson Hanson LL

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of bone and blood lead concentrations in the early postpartum period.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study investigated determinants of bone and blood lead concentrations in 430 lactating Mexican women during the early postpartum period and the contribution of bone lead to blood lead. METHODS:Maternal venous lead was measured at delivery and postpartum, and bone lead concentrations, measured with in vi...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown MJ,Hu H,Gonzales-Cossio T,Peterson KE,Sanin LH,de Luz Kageyama M,Palazuelos E,Aro A,Schnaas L,Hernandez-Avila M

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of occupational exposure to asthmagens derived from animals, fish and/or shellfish among Australian workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Several animal, fish and/or shellfish derived substances encountered in the workplace can initiate or exacerbate asthma. The aims of this study were: to produce a population-based estimate of the current prevalence of occupational exposure to animal, fish and/or shellfish derived asthmagens, to identify the m...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: El-Zaemey S,Carey RN,Darcey E,Reid A,Glass DC,Benke GP,Driscoll TR,Peters S,Si S,Abramson MJ,Fritschi L

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • A participatory approach to the study of lifting demands and musculoskeletal symptoms among Hong Kong workers.

    abstract:AIMS:To investigate the use of a worker based methodology to assess the physical stresses of lifting tasks on effort expended, and to associate this loading with musculoskeletal outcomes (MO). METHODS:A cross sectional study was conducted on 217 male manual handling workers from the Hong Kong area. The effects of four...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeung S,Genaidy A,Deddens J,Shoaf C,Leung PC

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers in the United States from 1992 to 2014.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Examine trends and patterns of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among construction workers in the USA, with an emphasis on older workers. METHODS:WMSDs were identified from the 1992-2014 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), and employment was estimated from the Current Populat...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang X,Dong XS,Choi SD,Dement J

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Urinary excretion of platinum from platinum industry workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Assessment of level of exposure to platinum and platinum concentration in urine from platinum industry workers to evaluate internal exposures and excretion kinetics. METHODS:Platinum concentrations in urine samples from 34 workers were measured by adsorptive voltammetry after UV-photolysis. Morning and even...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schierl R,Fries HG,van de Weyer C,Fruhmann G

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-induced oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation in relation to immunological alteration.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated the association between exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and immunological measurements using blood samples from coke oven workers exposed to high and low PAH levels. METHODS:A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 2008-2009 with coke oven workers and stee...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jeng HA,Pan CH,Diawara N,Chang-Chien GP,Lin WY,Huang CT,Ho CK,Wu MT

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Individual exposure to particulate air pollution and its relevance to thresholds for health effects: a study of traffic wardens.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the differences between measurements of personal exposure to particulate air pollution and static area measurements in a group of people working close to traffic and to determine whether such differences might obscure any threshold for health effects in epidemiological studies. METHODS:Persona...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watt M,Godden D,Cherrie J,Seaton A

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Blood lead and erythrocyte protoporphyrin levels in association with smoking and personal hygienic behaviour among lead exposed workers.

    abstract:AIMS:To investigate the effects of smoking and personal hygienic behaviour on blood lead (BPb) and free erythrocyte protoporphyrin levels (FEP) in lead exposed workers. METHODS:Subjects were 105 lead exposed male workers in a battery recycling plant during the years 2000-03. BPb and FEP were measured as part of the on...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karita K,Nakao M,Ohwaki K,Yamanouchi Y,Nishikitani M,Nomura K,Sato M,Yano E

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of indoor air problems at work with a questionnaire.

    abstract:AIMS:To assess the extent of indoor air problems in office environments in Finland. METHODS:Complaints and symptoms related to the indoor environment experienced by office workers were collected from 122 workplaces in 1996-99 by using the modified Indoor Air Questionnaire established by the Finnish Institute of Occupa...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Reijula K,Sundman-Digert C

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Oral and dermal absorption of chlorpyrifos: a human volunteer study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the kinetics of elimination of urinary dialkylphosphate metabolites after oral and dermally applied doses of the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos to human volunteers and to determine whether these doses affected plasma and erythrocyte cholinesterase activity. METHOD:Five volunteers ingest...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Griffin P,Mason H,Heywood K,Cocker J

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Biological effects of inhaled magnesium sulphate whiskers in rats.

    abstract::Male Wistar rats were exposed to two types of magnesium sulphate whiskers by inhalation for six hours a day, five days a week, for four weeks (sub-chronic study), or for one year (chronic study) to clarify the biological effects of the whiskers. There were few whiskers detected in the rat lungs even at one day after t...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hori H,Kasai T,Haratake J,Ishimatsu S,Oyabu T,Yamato H,Higashi T,Tanaka I

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Shift-related sleep problems vary according to work schedule.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Shift-related sleep and sleepiness problems may be due to characteristics of both shifts (ie, day, evening and night shifts) and work schedules (ie, permanent vs rotational schedules). The Bergen Shift Work Sleep Questionnaire (BSWSQ) was used to investigate associations between shift-related sleep problems ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flo E,Pallesen S,Åkerstedt T,Magerøy N,Moen BE,Grønli J,Nordhus IH,Bjorvatn B

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Cancer incidence among women flax textile manufacturing workers in Lithuania.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine site-specific cancer incidence among women spinning-weaving and dyeing-finishing workers in the largest flax textile factory in Lithuania. METHOD:The cancer incidence of a cohort of 3447 women workers from a flax textile factory was investigated for the period 1978-2002. All subjects were employ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuzmickiene I,Stukonis M

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of particulate air pollution on daily deaths: a multi-city case crossover analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Numerous studies have reported that day-to-day changes in particulate air pollution are associated with day-to-day changes in deaths. Recently, several reports have indicated that the software used to control for season and weather in some of these studies had deficiencies. AIMS:To investigate the use of th...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Schwartz J

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Blood lead in pregnant women in the urban slums of Lucknow, India.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the concentrations of blood lead (PbB) in pregnant women in the slums of Lucknow, north India. METHODS:Of the 203 designated municipal slums in Lucknow, 70 were randomly selected for study and a cohort of 500 pregnant women was enrolled. Each participant was interviewed with questions on possib...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Awasthi S,Awasthi R,Pande VK,Srivastav RC,Frumkin H

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Allergic airway disease in Italian bakers and pastry makers.

    abstract::A survey was carried out on respiratory symptoms and skin prick test response to common allergens (atopy), storage mites, and occupational allergens among 226 bakers and pastry makers from 105 small businesses in northern Italy. Atopy was present in 54 workers (23.4%); 40 workers (17.7%) were skin positive to at least...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Zotti R,Larese F,Bovenzi M,Negro C,Molinari S

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00

  • Occupational radiation exposure and excess additive risk of cataract incidence in a cohort of US radiologic technologists.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Previous analyses of cataract in radiation-exposed populations have assessed relative risk; radiogenic excess additive risk (EAR), arguably of more public health importance, has not been estimated. Previous analysis of a large prospective cohort of US radiologic technologists (USRT) quantified excess relativ...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Little MP,Cahoon EK,Kitahara CM,Simon SL,Hamada N,Linet MS

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Working hours and the onset of depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine whether working beyond the standard working hours was associated with a greater risk of depressive disorder among workers included in published prospective studies. This manuscript was prepared according to the PRISMA guideline checklist. A database search wa...

    journal_title:Occupational and environmental medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Watanabe K,Imamura K,Kawakami N

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00