Relative lack of depressive cognitions in post-myocardial infarction depression.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Depression has been associated with adverse clinical events in myocardial infarction (MI) patients, but many questions about the nature of post-MI depression remain unanswered. We examined whether depressive cognitions characteristic of depression in psychiatric patients are also present in post-MI patients with major depression (MD). METHODS:Non-depressed (n=40) and depressed (n=40) post-MI patients, and psychiatric outpatients (n=40) treated for clinical depression, matched on age and sex, were interviewed using a structured clinical interview to diagnose DSM-IV MD. All patients also completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Cognition Checklist-Depression subscale (CCL-D). RESULTS:Mean levels of depressive cognitions were considerably higher in depressed psychiatric patients compared with depressed post-MI patients (34.9 versus 28.0; p=.013), and higher in depressed post-MI patients compared with non-depressed post-MI patients (28.0 versus 17.8; p<.0001), adjusted for age, sex, educational level, and marital status. Younger age (p=.024), absence of a partner (p=.016) and depressed psychiatric status (p=.016) were independently associated with depressive cognitions. Psychiatric patients also had higher mean levels of depressive symptoms as compared to depressed post-MI patients (25.1 versus 17.8; p=.001). LIMITATIONS:This study is based on a cross-sectional design. CONCLUSIONS:The symptom presentation of MD in post-MI patients is both quantitatively and qualitatively different from that seen in psychiatric patients, suggesting that depressive symptoms in post-MI patients differ in content from those in psychiatric patients. These findings could have important consequences for the design and contents of therapeutic programs for treating depression in post-MI patients.

journal_name

J Affect Disord

authors

Martens EJ,Denollet J,Pedersen SS,Scherders M,Griez E,Widdershoven J,Szabó B,Bonnier H,Appels A

doi

10.1016/j.jad.2006.04.023

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-08-01 00:00:00

pages

231-7

issue

1-3

eissn

0165-0327

issn

1573-2517

pii

S0165-0327(06)00195-9

journal_volume

94

pub_type

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