The development and validation of the impact of multiple sclerosis scale and the symptoms of multiple sclerosis scale.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To develop and validate the Impact of Multiple Sclerosis Scale (IMSS) and the Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis Scale (SMSS) using the Extended Disability Status Scale (EDSS) for construct validity. DESIGN:Panel design involving test-retest over 4 months. SETTING:A mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS:Volunteers with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) recruited from an MS support service in Australia: 193 people (mean age, 39y) and 150 people participated at time 1 and time 2, respectively. INTERVENTIONS:Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Principal components analyses, the Cronbach alpha, and descriptive statistics for the 2 scales; correlations for construct validity with the EDSS and retest; and confirmatory factor analysis to test the stability of IMSS and SMSS components over time. RESULTS:The IMSS yielded 5 independent and reliable components; the SMSS yielded 3 components; both component structures were stable over time. These scales showed convergent validity with the EDSS. CONCLUSIONS:The IMSS and SMSS are psychometrically sound scales suitable for clinical and research purposes to assess the symptoms and impact of MS.

journal_name

Arch Phys Med Rehabil

authors

McMillan L,Moore KA

doi

10.1016/j.apmr.2006.01.024

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-06-01 00:00:00

pages

832-41

issue

6

eissn

0003-9993

issn

1532-821X

pii

S0003-9993(06)00163-8

journal_volume

87

pub_type

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