Site of hemodynamic effects of intrathecal alpha 2-adrenergic agonists.

Abstract:

:Intrathecally administered alpha 2-adrenergic agonists produce analgesia in humans but may also produce hypotension and bradycardia. To further characterize hemodynamic depression produced by intrathecally administered alpha 2-adrenergic agonists, clonidine (100-1,500 micrograms) was injected into the cervical, thoracic, or lumbar intrathecal space of conscious sheep. Only thoracic intrathecal clonidine injection (100 or 300 micrograms) decreased blood pressure, whereas these doses did not affect blood pressure when injected at other sites. A greater clonidine dose (1,500 micrograms) increased blood pressure to a similar degree at all sites. Hypotension after thoracic intrathecal clonidine injection was inhibited by pretreatment with the alpha 2-adrenergic antagonist idazoxan (1 mg, intrathecally) or the depleter of acetylcholine stores hemicholinium-3 (2 mg, intrathecally), suggesting an action at alpha 2-adrenoceptors on cholinergic preganglionic sympathetic neurons. ST-91, a polar clonidine analog, did not decrease blood pressure after thoracic intrathecal injection. Intrathecal injection of the muscarinic receptor agonist carbamylcholine increased blood pressure. These data describe a complex action of intrathecal alpha 2-adrenergic agonists on hemodynamic parameters that is dependent on site of injection, drug dose, and drug lipophilicity; that can be explained by anatomic factors; and that may possibly be exploited to minimize hemodynamic depression from these agents.

journal_name

Anesthesiology

journal_title

Anesthesiology

authors

Eisenach JC,Tong CY

doi

10.1097/00000542-199104000-00021

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1991-04-01 00:00:00

pages

766-71

issue

4

eissn

0003-3022

issn

1528-1175

journal_volume

74

pub_type

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