Building capacity for tobacco control research and policy.


:The Fogarty International Center (FIC) initiative, "International Tobacco and Health Research Capacity Building Program" represents an important step in US government funding for global tobacco control. Low- and middle-income countries of the world face a rising threat to public health from the rapidly escalating epidemic of tobacco use. Many are now parties to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and capacity development to meet FCTC provisions. One initial grant provided through the FIC was to the Institute for Global Tobacco Control (IGTC) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH) to support capacity building and research programmes in China, Brazil, and Mexico. The initiative's capacity building effort focused on: (1) building the evidence base for tobacco control, (2) expanding the infrastructure of each country to deliver tobacco control, and (3) developing the next generation of leaders as well as encouraging networking throughout the country and with neighbouring countries. This paper describes the approach taken and the research foci, as well some of the main outcomes and some identified challenges posed by the effort. Individual research papers are in progress to provide more in-depth reporting of study results.


Tob Control


Tobacco control


Stillman F,Yang G,Figueiredo V,Hernandez-Avila M,Samet J




Has Abstract


2006-06-01 00:00:00










15 Suppl 1


  • Perspectives of US military commanders on tobacco use and tobacco control policy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Tobacco use among members of the US military service is unacceptably high, resulting in substantial healthcare and personnel costs. Support of military command is critical to the success of tobacco control policies because line commanders are responsible for implementation and enforcement. This study is the ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poston WSC,Haddock CK,Jahnke SA,Jitnarin N,Malone RE,Smith EA

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Early symptoms of nicotine dependence among adolescent waterpipe smokers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although waterpipe smoking is increasingly popular among youth and can lead to nicotine dependence (ND), no studies have documented how ND develops in waterpipe smokers. We examined the emerging symptoms of ND among adolescent waterpipe smokers in Lebanon. METHODS:Individual confidential interviews were use...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bahelah R,DiFranza JR,Fouad FM,Ward KD,Eissenberg T,Maziak W

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of policies directed at youth access to smoking: results from the SimSmoke computer simulation model.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To develop a simulation model to predict the effects of youth access policies on retail compliance, smoking rates, and smoking attributable deaths. METHODS:A model of youth access policies is developed based on empirical research and a theory of perceived risk. The model incorporates substitution into other...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy DT,Friend K,Holder H,Carmona M

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of hookah smoking on indoor air quality in homes.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Hookahs (water pipes) are rapidly increasing in popularity worldwide. Evidence suggests that although perceived as safer than cigarette smoke, hookah smoke may be as, or even more, dangerous as cigarette smoke. METHODS:Air samples from 33 homes-11 where only hookah-smoking occurred, 12 with only cigarette...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weitzman M,Yusufali AH,Bali F,Vilcassim MJR,Gandhi S,Peltier R,Nadas A,Sherman S,Lee L,Hong Z,Shearston J,Park SH,Gordon T

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Geographic density and proximity of vape shops to colleges in the USA.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Vape shops have been spreading rapidly in the USA since 2008, catering to the fast-growing market for electronic cigarettes. Little is known about the geographic density and proximity of vape shops near colleges. METHODS:Names and addresses of vape shops were collected from 3 online directories:, Y...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dai H,Hao J

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Survivors of tobacco-related diseases and advocacy for tobacco control.

    abstract::Survivors and victims of tobacco-related diseases can and should play significant roles in tobacco control advocacy efforts. This article describes one example of how to successfully incorporate their talents into a statewide programme. ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathew M,Goldstein AO,Hampton K

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of local youth-access regulations on progression to established smoking among youths in Massachusetts.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To test whether community-level restrictions on youth access to tobacco (including both ordinances and enforcement) are associated with less smoking initiation or less progression to established smoking among adolescents. DESIGN:Prospective cohort study of a random sample of adolescents in Massachusetts whos...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomson CC,Hamilton WL,Siegel MB,Biener L,Rigotti NA

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • YouTube as a source of quit smoking information for people living with mental illness.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:YouTube is the most popular video sharing website, and is increasingly used to broadcast health information including smoking cessation advice. This study examines the quality and quantity of YouTube quit smoking videos targeted at people living with mental illness (MI). METHODS:We systematically searched Y...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sharma R,Lucas M,Ford P,Meurk C,Gartner CE

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of flavourants and humectants on waterpipe tobacco puffing behaviour, biomarkers of exposure and subjective effects among adults with high versus low nicotine dependence.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Flavourants and humectants in waterpipe tobacco (WT) increase product appeal. Removal of these constituents, however, is associated with increased intensity of WT puffing, likely due to reduced nicotine delivery efficiency. To clarify the potential public health outcomes of restrictions on flavourants or h...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keller-Hamilton B,Mehta T,Hale JJ,Leavens ELS,Shihadeh A,Eissenberg T,Brinkman MC,Wagener TL

    更新日期:2021-01-06 00:00:00

  • Tobacco Institute lobbying at the state and local levels of government in the 1990s.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe variation in Tobacco Institute (TI) lobbying expenditures across states and test whether these expenditures vary in relationship to measures of tobacco control activity at the state level. INDEPENDENT VARIABLE:Data for this study came from the TI's State Activities Division (SAD) annual budgets f...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morley CP,Cummings KM,Hyland A,Giovino GA,Horan JK

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Differential responsiveness to cigarette price by education and income among adult urban Chinese smokers: findings from the ITC China Survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few studies have examined the impact of tobacco tax and price policies in China. In addition, very little is known about the differential responses to tax and price increases based on socioeconomic status in China. OBJECTIVE:To estimate the conditional cigarette consumption price elasticity among adult urba...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huang J,Zheng R,Chaloupka FJ,Fong GT,Jiang Y

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Association between exposure to secondhand smoke and sleep bruxism in children: a randomised control study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is a serious public health threat and represents a preventable cause of morbidity among children. Sleep bruxism is characterised by teeth grinding or clenching movements during sleep and may begin in adulthood as well as in childhood. OBJECTIVES:To investigate the associat...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Montaldo L,Montaldo P,Caredda E,D'Arco A

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Illicit cigarettes and hand-rolled tobacco in 18 European countries: a cross-sectional survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Little evidence, other than that commissioned by the tobacco industry, exists on the size of the illicit tobacco trade. This study addresses this gap by examining the level and nature of illicit cigarettes and hand-rolled tobacco in 18 European countries. DESIGN:Face-to-face cross-sectional survey on smoking...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joossens L,Lugo A,La Vecchia C,Gilmore AB,Clancy L,Gallus S

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Dependence measures for non-cigarette tobacco products within the context of the global epidemic: a systematic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Validated metrics of tobacco dependence exist, but their value for global surveillance of tobacco dependence and development of tobacco control interventions is not well understood. This paper reviews tobacco dependence metrics for non-cigarette products, and whether measures of tobacco dependence have been ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: De Leon E,Smith KC,Cohen JE

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Twenty-year health and economic impact of reducing cigarette use: Minnesota 1998-2017.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Adult smoking prevalence in Minnesota fell from 21.8% in 1997 to 15.2% in 2016. This reduction improved heart and lung health, prevented cancers, extended life and reduced healthcare costs, but quantifying these benefits is difficult. METHODS:1.3 million individuals were simulated in a tobacco policy model ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maciosek MV,LaFrance AB,St Claire A,Xu Z,Brown M,Schillo BA

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • A mire of highly subjective and ineffective voluntary guidelines: tobacco industry efforts to thwart tobacco control in Malaysia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe tobacco industry efforts in Malaysia to thwart government efforts to regulate tobacco promotion and health warnings. METHODS:Systematic keyword and opportunistic website searches of formerly private tobacco industry internal documents made available through the Master Settlement Agreement and sec...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Assunta M,Chapman S

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Are quitting-related cognitions and behaviours predicted by proximal responses to plain packaging with larger health warnings? Findings from a national cohort study with Australian adult smokers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Implementation of tobacco plain packaging (PP) with larger graphic health warnings (GHWs) in Australia had positive effects on responses reflecting the specific objectives of the PP policy and on follow-up quitting-related cognitions and behaviours. The aim of this study was to examine predictive relationshi...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brennan E,Durkin S,Coomber K,Zacher M,Scollo M,Wakefield M

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Cigarette smoking and smoking cessation among older adults: United States, 1965-94.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To characterise patterns of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation among older adults in the United States. DESIGN:Data from the National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) 1965-94 were analysed. The NHIS is a cross-sectional survey using a representative national sample. SETTING:In most cases interviews were...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Husten CG,Shelton DM,Chrismon JH,Lin YC,Mowery P,Powell FA

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • The process of pregnancy smoking cessation: implications for interventions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:There is a growing body of knowledge about the pregnant smoker and what happens as she goes through the pregnancy and postpartum periods. This article reviews the process of smoking cessation in the context of pregnancy. DATA SOURCES:Epidemiological data, extant reviews of the literature, and current origina...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DiClemente CC,Dolan-Mullen P,Windsor RA

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Have e-cigarettes renormalised or displaced youth smoking? Results of a segmented regression analysis of repeated cross sectional survey data in England, Scotland and Wales.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine whether during a period of limited e-cigarette regulation and rapid growth in their use, smoking began to become renormalised among young people. DESIGN:Interrupted time-series analysis of repeated cross-sectional time-series data. SETTING:Great Britain PARTICIPANTS: 248 324 young people aged ap...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hallingberg B,Maynard OM,Bauld L,Brown R,Gray L,Lowthian E,MacKintosh AM,Moore L,Munafo MR,Moore G

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cigarette sales to minors via the internet: how the story has changed in the wake of federal regulation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess how easily minors can purchase cigarettes online and online cigarette vendors' compliance with federal age/ID verification and shipping regulations, North Carolina's 2013 tobacco age verification law, and federal prohibitions on the sale of non-menthol flavoured cigarettes or those labelled or adver...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williams RS,Derrick J,Phillips KJ

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • The tobacco-free generation proposal.

    abstract::The tobacco-free generation proposal advocates legislation precluding the sale and supply of tobacco to individuals born after a certain year. The measure is aimed at overcoming defects with current youth access laws that suffer from rite-of-passage and mixed signalling effects. Since its introduction in 2010, the pro...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berrick AJ

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Air quality and presence of air ventilation systems inside waterpipe cafés in North Carolina.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:After North Carolina (NC) fire inspectors detected unsafe carbon monoxide (CO) levels inside several waterpipe cafés, the state fire code was amended to include provisions regulating waterpipe cafés, adding a requirement for air ventilation. These regulations apply to new buildings constructed after 1 Januar...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seidenberg AB,Orlan EN,Travers MJ,Sutfin EL

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to smoking in movies among British adolescents 2001-2006.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To estimate youth exposure to smoking in movies in the UK and compare the likely effect with the USA. METHODS:We collected tobacco occurrences data for 572 top-grossing films in the UK screened from 2001 to 2006 and estimated the number of on-screen tobacco impressions delivered to British youths in this tim...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anderson SJ,Millett C,Polansky JR,Glantz SA

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Global sale of tobacco products and electronic nicotine delivery systems in community pharmacies.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To estimate the proportion of countries/territories that allow sales of tobacco products and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in community pharmacies. METHODS:International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) member organisations were contacted by email and asked to respond to a two-item survey assess...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hudmon KS,Elkhadragy N,Kusynová Z,Besançon L,Brock TP,Corelli RL

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • The role of tobacco control policies in reducing smoking and deaths in a middle income nation: results from the Thailand SimSmoke simulation model.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:With the male smoking prevalence near 60% in 1991, Thailand was one of the first Asian nations to implement strict tobacco control policies. However, the success of their efforts has not been well documented. METHODS:The role of tobacco control policies are examined using the "SimSmoke" tobacco control mode...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy DT,Benjakul S,Ross H,Ritthiphakdee B

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • The wealth effects of smoking.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the impact of smoking on the wealth of US young baby boomers. METHODOLOGY:The research analyses self reported responses of both smoking habits and wealth holdings from a nationally representative sample of US individuals born between 1957 to 1964 (n = 8908). Data are from four waves (1984, 199...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zagorsky JL

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Use of prescribed smoking cessation pharmacotherapy following release from prison: a prospective data linkage study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A significant proportion of people who cycle through prisons express a desire to quit smoking, yet smoking rates in this population are two to four times higher than in the general community. Smoking cessation pharmacotherapy (SCP) is an important component of evidence-based cessation support, yet no studies...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Puljević C,de Andrade D,Carroll M,Spittal MJ,Kinner SA

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Disease burden of adult lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease from passive tobacco smoking in China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To address the health hazards tobacco smoking imposes upon non-smokers in China, this paper estimates the burden of diseases in adults from passive tobacco smoking for two major diseases--lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS:The disease burden was estimated in terms of both premature mortal...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gan Q,Smith KR,Hammond SK,Hu TW

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Smokers in Brazil: who are they?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Brazil has experienced a large decline in smoking prevalence due to several tobacco control policies that were implemented in the past 25 years. Previous population-wide studies found a consistent reduction over time in daily cigarette consumption among all socioeconomic groups. OBJECTIVE:To examine changes...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Szklo AS,de Souza MC,Szklo M,de Almeida LM

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00