The epidemiology and characteristics of stalking.


PURPOSE OF REVIEW:This article summarizes major results in the field of epidemiology and characteristics of stalking, as published in literature between 2003 and October 2005. RECENT FINDINGS:Although stalking had been only recently conceptualized, it soon became evident that it represents a significant social and medical problem. Community-based studies on the prevalence of stalking are scarce and predominantly from English-speaking countries. All epidemiological studies, however, revealed that stalking is a widespread phenomenon with lifetime prevalence rates of stalking victimization ranging 12-16% among women and 4-7% among men. With regard to the impact of stalking, studies suggest that stalking can cause serious economic, social, medical and psychiatric consequences. Growing evidence suggests that serious violence and even homicide may occur in the context of stalking, and research on risk assessment has yielded an improved understanding of risk factors. Research on therapy of stalkers and stalking victims is still at its beginning; however, there are some preliminary reports with encouraging results. SUMMARY:Although there are research activities in the main fields, many basic questions still remain to be adequately addressed. Increased social and political awareness and expanded research funding are obligatory prerequisites to realize sound and well designed studies.


Curr Opin Psychiatry


Dressing H,Kuehner C,Gass P




Has Abstract


2006-07-01 00:00:00














  • Diagnosis and treatment of patients with comorbid substance use disorder and adult attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder: a review of recent publications.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often presents with comorbid substance use disorders (SUD). Due to similarities in key symptoms of both disorders and suboptimal efficacy of the available treatments, clinicians are faced with difficulties in the diagnosis and treatment of these pati...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: van der Burg D,Crunelle CL,Matthys F,van den Brink W

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for pathological processes in Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To review the rationale behind and the use of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Established as well as new candidate biomarkers will be covered. RECENT FINDINGS:AD is a complex disorder and the AD brain is characterized by multiple pathological processes, in addition t...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rosén C,Zetterberg H

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Tardive dyskinesia: eliminated, forgotten, or overshadowed?

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The present review focuses on atypical antipsychotics and tardive dyskinesia. RECENT FINDINGS:We have known for many years that clozapine has a diminished risk of tardive dyskinesia compared with typical antipsychotics. The last decade has seen the introduction of a number of other atypical antipsych...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Remington G

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Sex and gender impacts on the behavioural presentation and recognition of autism.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:With increasing awareness of potential differences of autism presentation in nonmale versus male individuals, this review summarizes the rapidly evolving literature on sex and gender impacts on autism across nosology, behavioural presentation, developmental change and contextual recognition biases. R...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lai MC,Szatmari P

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Dysregulation of the gut-brain axis in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: probiotic supplementation as a supportive treatment in psychiatric disorders.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder are severe mental disorders, both placing a significant burden on individuals' wellbeing and global health generally. The complex interaction of multiple mechanisms, underlying these disorders, still needs further elucidation. Increased activation of components...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Genedi M,Janmaat IE,Haarman BBCM,Sommer IEC

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Adolescent athletes: psychosocial challenges and clinical concerns.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To review the recent literature (over the past 18 months) regarding psychosocial challenges and clinical concerns among adolescent athletes, and to address the advances made in understanding adolescent athletes' coping processes. RECENT FINDINGS:Coping research has moved from identifying discrete str...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tamminen KA,Holt NL,Crocker PR

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ethics and intellectual disability.

    abstract::A shift in accepted practice regarding sharing research led one editor to discuss adopting a legal rather than a moral stance to enforce ethical standards. Familiar ethical concerns regarding consent and balancing individual rights against those of others are considered, alongside lacunae in the field, by drawing on v...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clegg J

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Innovative strategies for closing the mental health treatment gap globally.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:In the field of global mental health, an enormous gap between what we know and what we do exists in the delivery of clinical care. Creative and effective strategies that surmount the barriers to provision of mental healthcare are essential to improve the lives of millions affected by mental illness. T...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rebello TJ,Marques A,Gureje O,Pike KM

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Recent advances in diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:This review summarizes recent progress in the diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome, with a focus on dietary and microbiota aspects. RECENT FINDINGS:From a pathophysiological point of view, IBS is a multifactorial condition with both peripheral (transit) as central (visceral hypersensi...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van den Houte K,Colomier E,Schol J,Carbone F,Tack J

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Inpatient services.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Inpatient services constitute the most highly specialized child and adolescent mental health provision and cater for the most severe disorders in this age group. In view of a number of mapping and audit initiatives in the UK in recent years and changing influences on admission policies worldwide, it i...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gowers SG,Rowlands L

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring psychosocial outcome is good.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Poor psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia can be conceptualized as an early indicator of chronic neurodevelopmental illness. Alternatively, impaired psychosocial functioning could be the result of social and environmental factors associated with the onset of psychotic illness. We review recent ev...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lin A,Wood SJ,Yung AR

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Magnitude and impact of comorbidity of mental disorders from epidemiologic surveys.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To consider comorbidity across multiple classes of disorders in data derived from recent large-scale community surveys. RECENT FINDINGS:There has been substantial recent progress in our understanding of patterns and implications of comorbidity of mental disorders. There is now converging evidence on ...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Merikangas KR,Kalaydjian A

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Sex differences in Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Women are more impacted by Alzheimer's disease than men - they are at significantly greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, and recent research shows that they also appear to suffer a greater cognitive deterioration than men at the same disease stage. The purpose of this article is to review r...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Laws KR,Irvine K,Gale TM

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • The importance of faith-based mental healthcare in African urbanized sites.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:This review highlights what current research says about how local beliefs and norms can facilitate expansion of mental healthcare to meet the large unmet need for services in Africa. RECENT FINDINGS:In contemporary Africa, religious beliefs exert important influences on mental health as well as the w...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ojagbemi A,Gureje O

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Decriminalization of drug use.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To review the literature on decriminalization of drug use from 2016 to 2017 and suggest the way forward. RECENT FINDINGS:The systematic review of the literature on decriminalization resulted in seven articles that discuss decriminalization as compared with 57 published articles on legalization. Decri...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vicknasingam B,Narayanan S,Singh D,Chawarski M

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Evolution of bodily distress disorders.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The nomenclature and classification of somatoform disorders have undergone revisions in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM 5) and the upcoming eleventh edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The present review describes the changes that have evol...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Basavarajappa C,Dahale AB,Desai G

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol-related problems in adolescents and adults with intellectual disabilities.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Alcohol is widely available and one of the most commonly used psychoactive substances. This review examined the recent literature for empirical research addressing the cause, prevalence and treatment of alcohol-related problems in adolescents and adults with intellectual disabilities. RECENT FINDINGS...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Barrett N,Paschos D

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Public policy in intellectual and developmental disability.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To summarize research into public policy affecting people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, published in 2009 and early 2010. RECENT FINDINGS:There is a growing body of international policy relating to intellectual disability, usually expressed as general moral objectives. However, th...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cumella SJ

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Psychiatry, philosophy and the self.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The aim of this article is to investigate psychopathology in order to illuminate the nature of personal identity. RECENT FINDINGS:Predominantly, the authors reviewed here defend a more robust version of the narrative self against Dennett's claim that narrative self is ultimately a useful fiction. Aut...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hansen J,Maynes J

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Integrated care in patients with schizophrenia: results of trials published between 2011 and 2013 focusing on effectiveness and efficiency.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Overview on integrated care trials focusing on effectiveness and efficiency published from 2011 to 2013. RECENT FINDINGS:Eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 21 non-RCT studies were published from 2011 to 2013. Studies differed in several methodological aspects such as study population, psyc...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schöttle D,Karow A,Schimmelmann BG,Lambert M

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • A review of evidence-based early intervention for behavioural problems in children with autism spectrum disorder: the core components of effective programs, child-focused interventions and comprehensive treatment models.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:This article reviews recent evidence and other earlier relevant articles regarding early intervention studies for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). RECENT FINDINGS:There is a well-established body of empirical evidence for the effectiveness of Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention (EIB...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tonge BJ,Bull K,Brereton A,Wilson R

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Parenting and the development and prevention of child mental health problems.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The government is recognizing the need to deal with the growing numbers of antisocial young people through investing in early preventive parenting support. It is important that the services provided are evidence-based and delivered effectively. This review briefly discusses the contribution of parenti...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hutchings J,Lane E

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • How does level of personality functioning inform clinical management and treatment? Implications for ICD-11 classification of personality disorder severity.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition (ICD-11) classifies personality disturbance according to levels of severity. This article reviews the literature on levels of personality functioning in relation to clinical management and treatment, and proposes how these findings apply to th...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bach B,Simonsen S

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Situational expectations mediate the effect of global beliefs on depressive symptoms: a 1-year prospective study using a student sample.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Recent research suggests that expectations might be a particularly important subgroup of cognitions in major depression. The present study aimed to further specify the role of situation-specific dysfunctional expectations (SDEs) in the development of depressive symptoms. It was hypothesized that the e...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kube T,Glombiewski JA,Rief W

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Cognition in major depressive disorder: a 'Systemically Important Functional Index' (SIFI).

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Cognitive dysfunction in major depressive disorder (MDD) is common, pervasive across multiple subdomains of cognitive function, and is a principle determinant of health outcomes from patient, provider, and societal perspectives. The overarching aim herein is to provide rationale for the evaluation, me...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McIntyre RS,Lee Y

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Do we need sex-oriented clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of schizophrenia?

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) do not usually offer a sex-specific approach for the management of schizophrenia. With this narrative review, we aim to give an integrated and synthesized overview of the current state of knowledge regarding sex-specific aspects in schizophrenia and how this topic m...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernando P,Sommer IEC,Hasan A

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Recent neuro-imaging findings with respect to conduct disorder, callous-unemotional traits and psychopathy.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To review recent neuro-imaging findings with respect to conduct disorder and callous-unemotional traits in childhood and comparable psychopathy in adult-hood that deepen the literature in important ways. RECENT FINDINGS:Recent structural findings particularly bring clarity to the literature. First, t...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blair RJR,Zhang R

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acurate diagnosis of delirium in elderly patients.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Delirium remains one of the most common complicating diagnoses in ailing elderly patients and a leading cause of morbidity, decreased quality of life, prolonged hospital stay, institutionalization and mortality. Despite its clinical importance and health-related costs, it often remains unrecognized or...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Moraga AV,Rodriguez-Pascual C

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • The contribution of failing adult hippocampal neurogenesis to psychiatric disorders.

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Failing adult neurogenesis is increasingly considered a factor in the pathogenesis and course of psychiatric disorders. The level of evidence in favor of such hypotheses varies, but disturbed cellular plasticity in the hippocampus may be a common aspect of several neuropsychiatric diseases. RECENT FI...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kempermann G,Krebs J,Fabel K

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • What are the key directions in the genetics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

    abstract:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The aim of this review is to describe the considerable advances in consolidating the empirical evidence on several key topics in the genetics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, namely the quantitative genetic studies of the nature of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its comorbidi...

    journal_title:Current opinion in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Martin N,McDougall M,Hay DA

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00