Immediate effects of an individually designed functional ankle-foot orthosis on stance and gait in hemiparetic patients.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the immediate effects of individually designed functional in-shoe ankle-foot orthoses (AFO) made of soft and hard cast on balance, standing, and gait parameters in hemiparetic patients. DESIGN:Crossover design with randomized order of the intervention. SETTING:A rehabilitation centre for adults with neurological disorders. SUBJECTS:Twenty-eight patients with hemiparesis due to stroke or traumatic brain injury. MEASURES:Postural sway, standing and gait parameters based on ground reaction forces in two conditions: Patients were randomly assigned to varying sequences of wearing AFO in footwear or wearing footwear alone. RESULTS:AFO significantly improved weight-bearing on the affected leg (affected/ unaffected side symmetry: 2.25 +/- 1.5 with AFO versus 3.4 +/- 2.5 without AFO, P<0.05) and postural sway in stance (12.5 mm +/- 5.2 with AFO versus 15.7 mm +/- 6.7 without AFO, P < 0.05), double stance duration (21.1 +/-14.4% of gait cycle with AFO versus 25.9 +/- 21.6% of gait cycle without AFO, P < 0.05), and symmetry ratios of gait parameters such as stance duration (2.0 +/- 1.5 s with AFO versus 3.3 +/- 3.6 s without AFO, P < 0.05) and deceleration forces (1.6 +/- 0.5 with AFO versus 1.9 +/- 0.6 without AFO, P < 0.05) during gait. No significant differences were observed in all other symmetry ratios of gait parameters. CONCLUSION:An individually designed functional in-shoe AFO can improve stance and gait parameters, even in a single use, in patients with hemiparesis.

journal_name

Clin Rehabil

journal_title

Clinical rehabilitation

authors

Pohl M,Mehrholz J

doi

10.1191/0269215506cr951oa

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-04-01 00:00:00

pages

324-30

issue

4

eissn

0269-2155

issn

1477-0873

journal_volume

20

pub_type

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